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Formal Report On Leadership: Research on World Leaders,
their qualities, and Learning
UCCS College of Business: Leadership Guide
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Leadership is a quality thats inside of
everyone. Some of us are born leaders
others assume that role. In any given
situation, a leader can emerge, and
when that day comes, I will bring will
take with me all the things in life I
learned. I see leadership as the
forefront of the biblical stories, wars,
and our own search for democracy.
Leadership is at the forefront of The
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Leadership is a situational or assumed role
that places an individual in a position to
influence, persuade, or provide guidance to
people, processes, and practices by making
connections, articulating vision, and the use
of empowerment to reach an overall goal or
Leadership is a balance between self-
interest (Goal oriented) and Utilitarianism.
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In the long history of the world, only a few generations have been granted the role of defending freedom in its hour of maximum danger. I do not shrink from this responsibility -- I welcome it. "Change starts when someone sees the next step. William Drayton The optimist sees the opportunity in every difficulty." - Winston Churchill "You can succeed best and quickest by helping others to succeed." - Napoleon Hill If everyone is moving forward together, then success takes care of itself. " - Henry Ford "The greatest danger for most of us is not that our aim is too high and we miss it, but that it is too low and we reach it." - Michelangelo
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Table of Contents
Chapter 1: Leadership Theory Page 5
Status: Assumed Role Page 6
Assumptions: Situational Page 9
Vision Page 10
Inspiration Page 11
Stories, Analogies, Metaphor Page 13
Drawing Connections Page15
Transformation Relationship Page 17
Task Completion/Group Cohesion Page 19
Morale: Buy in Page 21
Analysis and Role Identification Page 25-31
Chapter 2: Leadership Skills
Chapter 3: Leadership through Example
List the leaders discussed in your journal
Chapter 4: Opposing Views in Mangeament
A: Leadership handouts from the class [use A-1, A-2 B: Handout on the best business leaders in history B-1, B-2 C: Articles used for Leadership journal C-1, C-2
D: Key economic and political issues handouts D-1, D-2
E: Other material as you see fit (its your handbook !) [can write numbers in pencil]
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Chapter 1: Leadership Theory
The Leadership Model involves 3 main parts. These parts are inputs, integration, and outputs. Our inputs
include values, people, standards, and previous influences. There are two leadership scenarios:
1. Subjective or Situational Role
2. Assumed Role
The integration process starts the communication process or derives intentions or purpose. This is
divided into two categories which are method and purpose or drawing connections and visions. This the
people verse process comparison but can be used interchangeably for both. Within this process of
integration is the ability to communicate through speech and writings or to inspire people. The end result
is high morale, group cohesion and task completion.
Chapter 1 reviews the Leadership model from leadership principles and dialogue. The chapter covers the
subjective inputs of various leaders up to tasks completion. Not only will leadership discover the
variability of skills but the transferrable skill sets that foster education today.
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The leaders chosen for the assumed role or delegated tasks are Lincoln, Walton, Powell, Martin
Luther King and Obama. All leaders have their strengths and weakness in comparison to the model but
overall these leaders delegated from a status and a particular process. The different processes
generated from their leadership principles or speeches. For example, Obama and King change
assumptions and status throughout their speech as they spoke to a larger audience. Following the
description of the leaders, an Analysis is conducted on each with direct source documentation in the
For Lincoln the assumed role is showed in the dialogue Get out of the office and circulate among the
troops. This means to assume a role and communicate with people and become interpersonal. Lincoln
communicates the importance of processes and the flow of information. Also, He believed to have a
strong hand and to be decisive which means taking a role in decision making.
Mr. Walton believed that despite the role people assume there need to be communication. Overall,
understanding the roles of communication is important for people with assumed roles. For example,
Walton rule number 7 states the folks on the front line-the ones who actually talk to customers-are
the only ones who really know whats going on out there. You better find out what they know. Part of
the responsibility associated with assuming a role is information search, processes as well as intentions.
To accomplish such, a leader must assume a role and communicate amongst other associates of the
The assumed role in Colin Powell leadership principles reads to Perpetual Optimism is a force
multipler, meaning, be confident, remain Calm, and be demanding. To act ones role and to dont
take counsel of your fears! Colin Powell makes the connection between leaders leading from formal
leadership. A leadership stance that is dictating, directing, and with order! Overall, follow the process
and dont stray from them unless the obstacle can be breech.
Martin Luther King
The assumed role in the speech is delegated through the power of his speaking and audience. Such self-
awareness, education, and negotiation skill shows a leader that is transitioning between subjective and
objective inputs. Objective inputs such as We must forever conduct our struggle on the high plan of
dignity and discipline. As leader he describes the process and the intentions that speaks differently to
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As the president of the United States, Obama objective approach surfaces through the connections with
the audience and victims. In the big picture, he captivated information, life experiences, and American
history to speak leadership, commitment, and inspiration. The process taken to communicate status and
change assumptions is throughout the speech.
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This section will discuss the same leaders presented previously but their situational approach to
leadership. In this section, the subjective input description becomes generated from purpose and
transformational of methods. For example, this analysis will cover not only what they say, but taking
into account under what circumstances those comments became reality. The section focuses on people.
The assumptions highlighted by people familiar with Lincoln consider him an executive force and vigor
which is the result of the leadership roles in which, he showed persistence and perseverance. Under
any situation, Lincoln philosophy to be leader and inspire others created a situational process where
there was a tasks and he assumed the role with right intentions.
For situational leadership, Sam Walton explains the situation role with ignore the conventional
wisdom meaning everyone is placed in a situation for something. Under such leadership he
recommends motivating your partners and to make bets with outrages payoffs. His intentions are to
gain commitment through purpose, evaluating assumptions, and vision.
Colin Powell situational leadership evolved around security and dedication. The situational role model
must be firm, decisive, and free from influences. The vision is in the situation rather than the situation
adapting a vision. Such a transformational viewpoint Colin Powell recommends such as Remain calm,
Be Kind and Dont take counsel of your fears. This is highly effective when intentions, audience, and
vision is relied upon in situation measures embodied around assumptions and purpose.
Martin Luther King Jr.
Dr. King excellence in personifying the situational roles in society while assuming those roles, and
articulating a vision shows the situational measures of leadership and how to over them. His language
of peace and injustice highlights his role of searching for doors of opportunity, as a child of God. A
situational role that is not only biblical in history but relevant for such leadership.
President Barack Obama
The situational leadership of Obama to respond to a unordinary event for politicians at this day in time is
astonishing as intentions to bring together the American people spread interpretations that influence
his audience. Such a role and vision highlights such a power purpose. Obama ability to relate to culture,
values, and American standards were the inputs to his visionary speech and biblical message of
relativeness to multiple platforms of America.
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For situational leadership intended to persuade or inspire the foundation of vision enables
leaders to be passionate, charismatic, and attentive to the needs of their audience. For this section
discover the passion within our leaders to pursue dreams, to dream, and to look into tomorrow for
actions thats demanded today.
Presidents use of vision is magnified from strong sense of togetherness and teamwork. He believed that
success is accomplish by setting goals with individuals who are result oriented . Lincoln was described
as He was open, civil, tolerant, and fair, and he maintained a respect for the dignity of all people at all
times. Such characteristics means not only did people have the upmost respect for his character but
such traits help propel his visions from start to finish.
Sam believed in having a vision by setting high goals, encourage competition, and finding different ways
to solve problems. A belief that leaders must believe in it more than anything else and everyone else
must be committed to your business, then success will follow. Sam Waltons description of vision
through his 10 rules of success is encouraging with a strong sense of teamwork toward tasks
A strong stance on vision: Think the impossible because it can be done. He extends vision toward
have a vision. Be demanding. A vision to think the impossible first, and then, one should consider
downgrading but dont let adverse facts stand in the way of a good decision. His vision is tactical by
considering all things and paying attention to detail. His vision is through intentions and those
objectives should be clear.
Martin Luther King
Through the persuasion speech of Martin Luther King he inspired his audience by articulating a vision of
fairness. This vision is relevant throughout his speech in many different comparisons. His vision
integrates many influences and appeal to a wider audience.
Obama articulates vision through the image of the country. He uses situational measures to vision the
decisions victims would make today. By rising questions with his audience he allows vision to speak
loudly and connect with the people of this Nation So sudden loss causes us to look backward - but it
also forces us to look forward; to reflect on the present and the future, on the manner in which we live
our lives and nurture our relationships with those who are still with us.
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What leader is not inspirational? Is it not inspiration that drives people idolize and write. For our 5
leaders below, a discussion on how purpose leads to inspiration or the use of integration to reach similar
results. The leader discuss gains inspiration from their audience.
Donald Phillips stated He lifted people out of their everyday selves and into higher level of
performance, achievement and awareness. He believed to encourage innovation. He believed to
persuade rather than to coerce. Also a belief to Lead by being led! Such inspiration shows the
character of Lincoln and his belief to Lead by example and to persuade. This is embodied within the
transformational relationship that leads to overall morale and people who are inspired.
Sam Walton principles are very inspiring through is ability to communicate inspiration through wisdom,
people, and behavior. Sam Walton inspires his audience through messages such as: Swim Upstream.
Go the other Way. Ignore the conventional Wisdom, and Have fun and always show Enthusiasm.
Nothing else can quite substitute for a few well-chosen, well-timed, sincere words of praise. Theyre
absolutely free and worth a fortune, a principle that alarms inspiration through social dialogue.
From the generals standpoint inspiration is reanalyzing things following feedback: it aint as bad as you
think. It will look better in the morning. Such encouragement inspires his audience by connecting tasks
completion with feedback and vision. Colin Powell inspires through commands and strong statements
by telling his audience what needs to be done with positive feedback and constructive criticism.
Martin Luther King Jr.
Martin Luther Kings speech provides inspires through well explained visions and connections between
people, places, and things. The use of the environment and public publications collected connections
from the audience with a message to persuade or inspire.
"Free at last! free at last! thank God Almighty, we are free at last!"
Obama inspired his audience through a transformational relationship of drawing connections, and
stories. For many paragraphs during his speech he ended by calling for a buy in such as ending process
for a more perfect union, Americas Fidelity to the law and I want to live up to her expectations.
Together these phrases communicate with the entire economy from city workers, to grade school kids,
parents, and college students. As well still live in a world divided by hatred his inspiring words rings:
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And I believe that for all our imperfections, we are full of decency and goodness, and that the forces
that divide us are not as strong as those that unite us
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Stories, Analogy, Metaphor
Many good speakers and writers communicated their connections through analog, stories, and
metaphors. Some leaders personify things while others comparing two things that are alike. For this
section, the same leaders observed before now take the evaluation of effective communication within
the transformational process. From the firsthand accounts of Lincoln to the implications in Waltons
principles in the first steps the section concludes with analyzing some great speeches.
Lincoln use of stories and metaphors is relevant in his ability to engage in stories and conversations.
Lincoln communication principle is for people to master public communication. Horace Greely, claims
Lincoln profited by the teaching of events and circumstances, no matter how adverse and unwelcome.
Such teachings, comparisons, and relativeness not only enhance the probability of stories and
metaphors but complete the communication model of gaining acceptance.
Walton believed communication is very important even more so, to find out what they know. To
communicate his principles he used metaphors such as swimming upstream and comparisons
between costs and benefits. Sam Metaphors are engaging through stories to gain information and to
share credit. As he believed information in business is powerful.
Colin uses a metaphor such as avoid having your ego so close to your position that when your position
falls, your ego goes with it a very symbolic outlook towards generals in history. Such generals such as
Julius Cesar and George Washington encountered the same obstacles, told many stories, and many
stories written about them. Not only does stories draw connections and gain commitment but they can
also be inspiring by influencing and placing the reader in control.
Martin Luther King
Martin Luther King used stories throughout his speech to engage the audience. He related to the bible,
law, politics, and society. Such success elevated the speech to influence and connect with his audience.
An Example includes:
We cannot turn back. There are those who are asking the devotees of civil rights, "When will you be
satisfied?" we can never be satisfied as long as our bodies, heavy with the fatigue of travel, cannot gain
lodging in the motels of the highways and the hotels of the cities.
The inspiration from the stories in the speech include speaking of a victims dream and differentiating
between Heaven and Earth : "I hope you jump in rain puddles. If there are rain puddles in Heaven,
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Christina is jumping in them today. (Applause.) And here on this Earth -- here on this Earth, we place our
hands over our hearts, and we commit ourselves as Americans to forging a country that is forever worthy
of her gentle, happy spirit. Not only does this gives the reader a vivid image, but transforms the
unfortunate situation into a vision through stories, drawing a religious connection, and inspiring
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A connection is made between the leaders inputs and outputs through a transformational process that
allows many leaders to be quite predictive. For this section, 2 public speeches and the remaining 3
leadership qualities or principles are viewed from purpose and methods. Such integration explains our
leader use of the model.
Lincoln knew that true leadership is often realized by exerting quiet and subtle influence on a day-to-
day basis, by frequently seeing followers and other people face to face. Lincoln was known to treat
everyone with respect with principles such as Keep searching until you find your Grant. That draws
connection and shows his mastering of the paradox. Anyone searches for connections assume a role
with a purpose to talk face to face, draw connections, and gain commitment.
Sam Walton believes in making connections through communicating or hearing the voice of the people
around you. Through this belief Sam Walton rules of leadership makes connections between life and
work, passion and power, and information and empowerment. Sam Walton ability to connect behavior
with success in dont take you seriously means that leadership is humid and there are connections
between the tasks and yourself that deserves a relax approach.
Collin Powell makes connections between being calm and kind. Also, General Powell makes
connections between success-ego and choices- outcomes. Overall he bridges the connection between
people and results which are decisions before and after. This connection he evaluates throughout his
principles of leadership.
Martin Luther King
Martin Luther King draws connections through environmental influences and laws. He refers to
people as Gods Children and that all men would be guaranteed the inalienable rights of life, liberty,
and the pursuit of happiness when referencing the Declaration of Independence. Martin Luther kings
ability to connect with geographical locations also, energizes his speech and strengthens his audience.
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Barak Obama draws connections with the victims and uses those connections to tell stories by not only
relating to their previous life but their life after death. He also draws connections between Americans
and circumstances. Such connections are broad, narrow, personal , and routine. A process thats
tactical through verbal and nonverbal communications and relating to Genre as well as an audience.
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This section reviews the transformational process and how many leadership qualities come together
interchangeably. The section will discover the strategy and tactics through communication from the 5
leaders previously discuss.
Lincolns assassination is an example of a transformational conflicts between his vision, tasks completion
and the overall buy-in resulting in a spillover effect. Lincoln understood the value of vision and making
important connections. Rather than a response towards generations he challenge his audience, inspired
them, and gained commitment.
The transformational relationship through Waltons rule of leadership is shown in messages such as
money and ownership arent enough and make bets with outrageous payoffs as he draws
connections, inspiration, and vision under the single purpose to persuade or inspire through a method
of decision making based on verbal and nonverbal evidence.
Colin Powell use the transformational process through the purpose of viewing everything from a
positive direction and to be care what you choose in decision making while not allowing adverse facts
stand in the way of a good decision. This transformational relationship asserts an analytical approach
to leadership and integrating different inputs and outputs of the communication model.
Martin Luther King
Martin Luther King use of a transformational relationship is the embodiment of the speech as it gains
such outputs as Morale and Group Cohesion while articulating vision-drawing connections. Mr. King
purpose change with the message and delivered interchangeably through metaphors and Stories: So
we have come to cash this check -- a check that will give us upon demand the riches of freedom and the
security of justice. We have also come to this hallowed spot to remind America of the fierce urgency of
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President Barak Obama
There are a lot of disagreements with Obama vision but he does a great job exercising his vision through
purpose and transforming his vision through biblical analogy, and drawing connections that are
inspirational. Barak Obama does transition his vision by drawing connections with his environment, the
inspiration of his culture, and the stories of the victims to gain commitment. The overall purpose is to
inspire America during a time of Grief. Obama completed intentions resulted from a transformational
process that utilized all key elements, change interpretations, and provided a status for each victim.
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Task Completion/Group Cohesion
Group cohesion is generated from the audience or the impact of principles. For the public speakers
group cohesion measured from the categories previous discuss toward the likelihood of their
effectiveness on the audience. Again, Colin Powell and Lincoln principles are viewed toward their
opinion of teamwork, group cohesion and performance.
He lifted people out of their everyday selves and into a higher level of performance, achievement, and
awareness Not only is this inspirational but the overall feedback toward group cohesion and task
completion. Within his leadership principles Lincoln highlights to be results oriented meaning
building strong alliances and actually completing the tasks.
Sam Walton believes to celebrate your success in honor of completing a tasks and gaining group
cohesion. His rules of leadership discuss interpersonal skills such as loosen up and everyone around you
will loosen up for leaders to gain insight to accurately complete a tasks and group commitment in the
process because together you will all perform beyond your wildest expectations. Overall, he provides
disciplines to gaining commitment.
Colin Powell believed in winning as a General for his principles that sharing credit and to avoid having
your ego so close to your position shows his ability to complete tasks successfully, provide recognition,
and control the success. To embody this thought takes handling the fame and fortune that comes from
gaining commitment and channeling that energy back through the transformational process.
Martin Luther King
Martin Luther King speech has a finish and an end. Through this journey he engages obstacles between
him and his audience, similarities, and expresses tasks completion is Group Cohesion. Group Cohesion
in his speech is represented through comparisons, everyday life, and publications use as part of his
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Obama speech following the Tuscon Shooting stress group cohesion and tasks completion through the
lifestyles of the victims and the challenges facing the country. To engage the audience the stated, it
raises the question of what, beyond prayers, and expressions of concern is required of us going forward,
how can we honor the fallen? This not only speaks of the tasks America has already completed but the
start of one at that time, that requires full commitment, and requested action from fellow citizens. His
acknowledgement and recognition of the victim and his audience engages commitment.
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Morale: Buy in
Each of the leaders are able to gain the buy in by increasing Morale. Some of our leaders
outcome came after death rather than within their lifetime. For example, Sam Walton believes Morale
is generated through qualities such as commitment.
Lincoln stresses character within his vision as his principle to have courage and to handle unjust
criticism describes how to deal with gaining acceptance and getting everyone one board. To sustain it
he claims people should preach a vision and continually reaffirm it. This message sends leaders
around the world that interpretations need to be reaffirmed and there is nothing more important then
getting everyone involved.
Sam Walton believes that commitment to your business and love your work will spread like a germ
and engage everyone around you. A powerful message of communication that is healthy and open by
encouraging information and empowerment to increase morale and gain commitment.
The buy-in for a general is the demanding of the leadership. This means the commitment needed is
sought by demands, dedication, and good decisions. Good decisions determine morale and the overall
buy in due to measurability of the outcome and the consequences. Colin Powell embrace good
intentions and inspiration comes from demands and direction.
Martin Luther King Jr.
Martin Luther King uses his ability to inspire and draw connections to gain commitment. Again, his
ability to be flexible within his influences and elevates those qualities that are most important to any
man. For example, But we refuse to believe that the bank of justice is bankrupt. We refuse to believe
that there are insufficient funds in the great vaults of opportunity of this nation makes connections and
gains commitment from a wide audience.
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Obama buy in and morale is signified through the applauses in his speech. Overall, he utilized the same
strategy as king by relating not only to the victims, god, and the giving environment but also, creating a
vision for America. By taking the role as the average American he was able to communicate with the
audience effectively by questioning actions, expressing gratitude, and joining the nation in prayer.
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Feedback comes in many shapes and sizes just as our leaders. Feedback is the analytical phrase of
adjusting the model during the transformational process. Feedback means actions following tasks
completion, critiques, or recommendations. Feedbacks communicated directly and indirectly by the
leaders for discussion.
For feedback, Lincoln believed that people should handle criticism and never act out of vengeance. This
is very important when provided with constructive feedback. Lincoln believed in feedback in the form of
drawing connections or stories.
The greatest feedback one can receive according to Sam Walton is you make a lot of mistakes and still
recover if you run an efficient operation. Or you can be brilliant and still go out of business if youre too
inefficient. Also, Sam believed people should exceed customers expectations and give them what
they want. On the positive leadership note Sam encourage people to set high goals, encourage
competition, and then keep score. The greatest payoffs are those that are measured and feedback
Colin Powell feedback is within the decisions people make. He communicates things will be better in
the morning, ego-control and to remain calm when making decisions. Such feedback from a general
is more direct and intentional in the message.
Martin Luther King
Martin Luther King feedback was presented by the accounts of history and the lives of African Americans
at that time. He brings to light the urgency of the moment implying the need for immediate action,
feedback, and tranquility in America.
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The feedback present in the speech addressing the nation is the attention to inspire demographic and
geographic boundaries by connecting with Americans through situations: After all, thats what most of
us do when we lose somebody in our family - especially if the loss is unexpected. Were shaken out of
our routines. Were forced to look inward. We reflect on the past: Did we spend enough time with an
aging parent, we wonder. Did we express our gratitude for all the sacrifices that they made for us? Did
we tell a spouse just how desperately we loved them, not just once in a while but every single day?
The feedback is for the victims and the sacrifice that they made inspiring politics in such an unwilling
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Leadership Model Analysis
Lincoln Principles on Leadership Personal Character
Lincoln Core Principles
People (vision, persuade, inspire)
Character (Drawing connections, assumed role, situational)
Endeavor (Drawing connections and vision)
Communication (group cohesion or morale, metaphors)
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Motivate your partners, set high goals, encoutage competition
Communicate everything you possibly can to your partners
Dont take yourself seriously, loosen up and have fun
Appreciate everything your associates do for the busienss
Listen to everyone and figure out ways to get them talking
Exceed customer expectations
Make good on all your mistakes, swim upstream
Sam Walton Leadership Culture
Award and Recognize
Listen and Respond
Focus on the Customer
Avoid having your ego so close to your position that when your position falls, your ego
goes with it.
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Powell Leadership Analytical Reasoning
Vision and Assumed Role
Think the impossible because It can be done.
Dont let adverse facts stand in the way of a good decision.
Be careful what you choose. You may get it.
It aint as bad as you think. It will look better in the morning.
Get mad, then get over it.
Perpetual optimism is a force multiplier.
Big headed, stay in control and never
Consider all possibilities
Make informed decisions
Negotiate to win
Attention to detail
Vision and Pursue
Consider all assumptions
Whats possible may not be
Make informed decisions
Pursue and take risks
Stay in control
Negotiate to win
Get mad, then get over it
Control opportunities, Alternatives
Negotiate to win
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Martin Luther King, Jr.: Persuasion Speaking
Analysis to compare communication model
Communicate Powerfully: word choice and message and ensure it aligns with a diversity of people.
Example of metaphors, connections, the passage above we cannot walk alone, we must make the pledge that we shall march ahead, satisfied as long as our bodies, heavy with the fatigue of travel
Effective Questioning: Ask questions that challenges either the assistor or the resistor
Example of transformational "When will you be satisfied?"
Persuasive Statements: After making the connection, end by describing and persuading the
Example Inspiring/vision: We cannot walk alone. And as we walk, we must make the pledge that we shall march ahead. We cannot turn back.
Negotiations: Seek diplomacy, psychological fear, and war simultaneous to either
persuade or inspire overall, connect with audience through visions and
Outcome: Increase in cultural acceptability, Networking, Internal Marketing,
Motivation, and Empowerment.
Through such examples, Martin Luther King personifies and metaphorically communicate his vision by drawing connections upon influences and differences that completes the leadership model
Such a passion of leadership is a result of vision and the intent to inspire and draw
connection to captivate the audience, gain commitment, and increase cultural
We cannot walk alone. And as we walk, we must make the pledge that we shall march ahead. We cannot turn back. There are those who are asking the devotees of civil rights, "When will you be
satisfied?" we can never be satisfied as long as our bodies, heavy with the fatigue of travel, cannot gain
lodging in the motels of the highways and the hotels of the cities. We cannot be satisfied as long as the
Negro's basic mobility is from a smaller ghetto to a larger one. We can never be satisfied as long as a Negro in Mississippi cannot vote and a Negro in New York believes he has nothing for which to vote.
No, no, we are not satisfied, and we will not be satisfied until justice rolls down like waters and
righteousness like a mighty stream.
This passage from Martin Luther Kings I have a dream is powerful and inspirational and draws connections through the environment. Each line sends a message that completes the communication and leadership model. Analytically we are viewing a speech that effectively communicate, gain morale
and the buy-in and in the end empowers any audience with word substitution.
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Acknowledge and recognize everyone Evolve
And, Daniel, I'm sorry, you may deny it, but we've decided you are
a hero because
We are grateful to Daniel Hernandez
Gabby opened her eyes, so I can tell you she knows we are here
His final act of selflessness was to dive on top of his wife,
sacrificing his life for hers
Our hearts are full of hope and thanks for the 13 Americans who
President Barack Obama: Inspirational Speech
These men and women remind us that heroism is found not only on the fields of battle. They remind us that heroism does not require special training or physical strength. Heroism is here, in the hearts of so many of our fellow citizens, all around us, just waiting to be summoned - as it was on Saturday morning. Their actions, their selflessness poses a challenge to each of us. It raises a question of what, beyond prayers and expressions of concern, is required of us going forward. How can we honor the fallen? How can we be true to their memory?
Learning Lessons and Leadership Model
1. Acknowledge and recognize everyone Evolve
2. Relate and tell stories about those you recognize
3. Use Metaphors, stories, and comparisons to relate to your audience
4. Create a vision
President Obama made connections with his audience and align them under a vision of the lives
of the victim, Americans, and the challenges to come. He use inspirational speaking throughout
the speech as indicated in the quote below: they help me believe
I believe we can be better. Those who died here, those who saved lives here - they help me
believe. We may not be able to stop all evil in the world, but I know that how we treat one
another is entirely up to us. I believe that for all our imperfections, we are full of decency and
If there are rain puddles in Heaven, Christina is jumping in them today
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Five Marks of a Great Leader
It is the willingness to stick to one's beliefs, to pursue a course of action in the face of overwhelming
criticism, great adversity and, not least, the faintheartedness of friends and allies
. Clever people with enormously high IQs often show scarifying bad judgment. Nor is it education. When
I need advice, I rarely turn to someone with first-class honors from a top university.
Being able to judge well is often linked to an ability to mix with and learn from other people
A sense of priority
Sorting out the truly big from the small takes an innate horse sense that's not given to most human
beings. It has little to do with intelligence, but it is nearly always the hallmark of a great leader.
The disposal and concentration of effort
Metaphor and Storytelling
As a schoolboy right after World War II, I had the good fortune to get a minute of Winston Churchill's
time."Mr. Churchill, sir," I asked, "to what do you attribute your success in life?" He replied
instantly,"Conservation of energy
Who communicated chiefly through one-liners, of which he had many thousands, that covered every
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