A Study Of The Apostle Pauls Letter To The Hebrews Dont drift away! Dont neglect your salvation! Dont Depart! Dont fall away! Dont cast away your confidence!

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A Study Of The Apostle Pauls Letter To The Hebrews Dont drift away! Dont neglect your salvation! Dont Depart! Dont fall away! Dont cast away your confidence! Dont harden your heart! How can we neglect so great a salvation? ~ Hebrews 2:3 Slide 2 Hebrews: Christ Is Superior! Superior Person (1:14:13) Superior to Prophets (1:1-3) Superior to Angels (1:42:18) Superior to Moses (3:1-19) Superior to Joshua (4:1-13) Superior Priest (4:147:28) Superior to Aaron (4:146:12) Superior to Melchizedek (6:137:10) Superior to Levi (7:11-28) Slide 3 Hebrews: Christ Is Superior! Superior Pact to Moses (8:110:18) Superior Promises (8:1-13) Superior Sanctuary (9:1-15) Superior Sacrifice (9:16-28) Superior Results (10:1-18) Superior Principle (Faith) to Moses (10:1913:25) Superior Things (10:19-39) Superior Actions (11:1-40) Superior Relationship (12:1-29) Superior Way of Life (13:1-25) Slide 4 In our study of, we examined Pauls points concerning Jesus being superior to Moses, not only in His office () and His ministry (), but also in His reward or rest. In our study of chapter 3, we examined Pauls points concerning Jesus being superior to Moses, not only in His office ( 3:1-2 ) and His ministry ( 3:3-6 ), but also in His reward or rest. Slide 5 Today were going to investigate Christs reward (His rest) a little further, bring- ing Joshua into the picture, which means that Paul was also teaching that Jesus is greater than Joshua who brought the Israelites directly into the land of rest promised to them through Abraham and Moses. Pauls main purpose here was to warn his readers against forfeit- ing the soon coming spiritualand ultimately eternalreward as their forefathers forfeited their physical and ultimately their eternalreward. Slide 6 Therefore, since a promise remains of entering His rest, let us fear lest any of you seem to have come short of it. Hebrews 4:1 Hebrews 4:1 Slide 7 Therefore, since a promise remains of entering His rest, let us fear lest any of you seem to have come short of it. This statement im- plies the idea of ful- fillment; i.e., Paul was saying that al- though the promise to Moses for a phy- sical rest in Canaan is past, the promise of our entrance into Gods rest is yet ( AD 63 ) to be fulfilled. Slide 8 Therefore, since a promise remains of entering His rest, let us fear lest any of you seem to have come short of it. If we just replace the word with appear ( which is ac- ceptable here ), this clause isnt difficult to interpret; i.e., Paul wouldve been tact- fully saying that they needed to get busy so they wouldnt appear outside the soon coming king- dom of rest/peace. If we just replace the word seem with appear ( which is ac- ceptable here ), this clause isnt difficult to interpret; i.e., Paul wouldve been tact- fully saying that they needed to get busy so they wouldnt appear outside the soon coming king- dom of rest/peace. Slide 9 Therefore, since a promise remains of entering His rest, let us fear lest any of you seem to have come short of it. This word means the same thing as in ; speaking to Christi- ans about Jews, Paul wrote, (). This word means the same thing as beware in 3:12; speaking to Christi- ans about Jews, Paul wrote, Because of unbelief they were broken off. [So] do not be haughty, but fear ( Rom. 11:20 ). Slide 10 Therefore, since a promise remains of entering His rest, let us fear lest any of you seem to have come short of it. Though this phrase may make us think of the many Israel- ites who of the promised land, Paul may have actu- ally had the Grecian games in mind, be- cause the judges applied this same phrase to the loser, no matter how close he came to being the winner. Though this phrase may make us think of the many Israel- ites who came short of the promised land, Paul may have actu- ally had the Grecian games in mind, be- cause the judges applied this same phrase to the loser, no matter how close he came to being the winner. Slide 11 For indeed the Gospel was preached to us as well as to them; but the word which they heard did not profit them, not being mixed with faith in those who heard it. Hebrews 4:2 Hebrews 4:2 Slide 12 For indeed the Gospel was preached to us as well as to them; but the word which they heard did not profit them, not being mixed with faith in those who heard it. To get a good grasp on this verse, we should note that In the original, there is no defi- nite article (the). And 1. In the original, there is no defi- nite article (the). And The word simply means good news; i.e., good news was proclaimed to both groups. 2. The word Gospel simply means good news; i.e., good news was proclaimed to both groups. Slide 13 Since the context defines this, then we know that Paul was writing about the physical rest for the generation that came out of Egyptian bondage and wilderness hardship as well as the spiritual rest for the generation that was then ( AD 63 ) coming out of sins bondage and persecution hardship. Since the context defines this good news, then we know that Paul was writing about the physical rest for the generation that came out of Egyptian bondage and wilderness hardship as well as the spiritual rest for the generation that was then ( AD 63 ) coming out of sins bondage and persecution hardship. Slide 14 For indeed the Gospel was preached to us as well as to them; but the word which they heard did not profit them, not being mixed with faith in those who heard it. This word means to unite one thing to another, simply meaning that the good news of rest in Canaan promised to those of Moses day didnt do them any good. Why? This word means to unite one thing to another, simply meaning that the good news of rest in Canaan promised to those of Moses day didnt do them any good. Why? Slide 15 For indeed the Gospel was preached to us as well as to them; but the word which they heard did not profit them, not being mixed with faith in those who heard it. Because, due to dis- belief and distrust in God, they rebelled against Him and thus failed to make it into that rest. This teaches us that the coin is double- sided: Gods Word + Our Faith = Reward ( cf. ). This teaches us that the coin is double- sided: Gods Word + Our Faith = Reward ( cf. Mat. 7:26-27 ). Slide 16 For we who have believed do enter that rest, as He said, So I swore in My wrath, they shall not enter My rest, although the works were finished from the foundation of the world. Hebrews 4:3 Hebrews 4:3 Slide 17 For we who have believed do enter that rest, as He said, So I swore in My wrath, they shall not enter My rest, although the works were finished from the foundation of the world. When and are read together, the contrast and meaning are clear: because of unbelief those of Moses day did not enter into rest, while because of belief When verses 2b and 3a are read together, the contrast and meaning are clear: because of unbelief those of Moses day did not enter into rest, while because of belief Slide 18 For we who have believed do enter that rest, as He said, So I swore in My wrath, they shall not enter My rest, although the works were finished from the foundation of the world. those of that day were entering into rest. ( The term eisep- chometha for isnt only present in its tense, its also passive, meaning that they were being carried into this rest; i.e., at this point, Paul implied that they had yet to enter it. ) those of that day were entering into rest. ( The term eisep- chometha for do enter isnt only present in its tense, its also passive, meaning that they were being carried into this rest; i.e., at this point, Paul implied that they had yet to enter it. ) Slide 19 For we who have believed do enter that rest, as He said, So I swore in My wrath, they shall not enter My rest, although the works were finished from the foundation of the world. By referring to this promise, Paul was saying to them that if Gods promise against unbelievers was fulfilled, then surely His promise to believers would likewise be fulfilled. Slide 20 For we who have believed do enter that rest, as He said, So I swore in My wrath, they shall not enter My rest, although the works were finished from the foundation of the world. This clause is diffi- cult to connect, but it seems that Paul was saying that even though God had worked all things out for the forefath- ers to enter their rest, He still forbade entrance to those who distrusted and disobeyed. So Slide 21 For we who have believed do enter that rest, as He said, So I swore in My wrath, they shall not enter My rest, although the works were finished from the foundation of the world. It seems that the implication is that Hed do the same to them; i.e., no matter how much He put into providing them this rest, if they failed to trust and obey, they, like- wise, wouldnt be allowed entrance! Slide 22 For He has spoken in a certain place of the seventh day in this way: And God rested on the seventh day from all His works; & again in this place: They shall not enter My rest. Hebrews 4:4-5 Hebrews 4:4-5 Slide 23 Since Paul used an- other typefrom here, the picture becomes a little more complex; i.e., not only do we have the Canaan- rest typifying the Christian-rest, but we also have the Sabbath-rest typi- fying the Christian- rest. Since Paul used an- other type from Gen. 2:2 here, the picture becomes a little more complex; i.e., not only do we have the Canaan- rest typifying the Christian-rest, but we also have the Sabbath-rest typi- fying the Christian- rest. For He has spoken in a certain place of the seventh day in this way: And God rested on the seventh day from all His works; & again in this place: They shall not enter My rest. Slide 24 Paul said this, I be- lieve, because he was referring to the statement of David that he had just quoted in this context twice before ( & ). Paul said this, I be- lieve, because he was referring to the statement of David that he had just quoted in this context twice before (