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A Sageworks report for: Sample Narrative Client · PDF filePage 1 / 12 Sample Narrative Client Narrative Report Industry: 333519 - Rolling Mill and Other Metalworking Machinery Manufacturing

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    Sample Narrative Client Narrative Report

    Industry: 333519 - Rolling Mill and Other Metalworking Machinery Manufacturing


    $1M - $10M


    12 months against the same 12 months from the previous year

    Prepared by:

    Global Tax Management


    Jason Feist


    (513) 206-9673

    Report Summary

    Liquidity 23 out of 100

    A measure of the company's ability to meet obligations as they come due.

    Operating Cash Flow Results

    The company has generated good cash flow from operations and is profitable for the period. These may be needed results, as overall liquidity conditions appear quite weak (this will be discussed in more detail below). Cash flow is typically the driver of long-run liquidity for

    most companies.

    General Liquidity Conditions This company's liquidity position seems weak as compared to other similar companies on

    two levels. At the very top of the Balance Sheet, cash and near-cash accounts do not seem to be as strong as they might be in comparison to the level of current obligations. This was

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    true last period as well. This area is important because bills are paid out of the specific cash accounts of a company. It is usually important to keep this position strong to assure that

    the company does not run into trouble meeting its obligations. Another advantage of having a strong "quick cash" position is that it frees up management time from having to worry about cash management and allows managers to focus on growing the business.

    On a second level, the company also does not seem to have a large amount of support below the specific cash accounts. In other words, the current ratio, which measures all current assets against all current liabilities, also seems lower than other similar companies.

    Furthermore, perhaps partly due to the drop in sales this period, the current ratio has fallen from last period. The company may not want to see much additional depreciation in this area at this time.

    There are some specific areas in the liquidity analysis that could see some improvement. In particular, the company's inventory days ratio is high. This statistic shows that the company may be taking longer than competitors to turn inventory. It also should be noted that

    bills/payables are being met relatively quickly (the accounts payable days are low). There may be some opportunity to increase the companys payment period if needed. Over time, a good goal may be to align inventory, receivable, and payable days so that none will

    individually put a strain on cash.

    LIMITS TO LIQUIDITY ANALYSIS: Keep in mind that liquidity conditions are volatile, and this is a general analysis looking at a

    snapshot in time. Review this section, but do not overly rely on it.

    Generally, this metric measures the overall liquidity position of a

    company. It is certainly not a perfect barometer, but it is a good

    one. Watch for big decreases in this number over time. Make

    sure the accounts listed in "current assets" are collectible. The

    higher the ratio, the more liquid the company is.

    This is another good indicator of liquidity, although by itself, it is not a

    perfect one. If there are receivable accounts included in the numerator,

    they should be collectible. Look at the length of time the company has

    to pay the amount listed in the denominator (current liabilities). The

    higher the number, the stronger the company.

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    This metric shows how much inventory (in days) is on hand. It indicates how

    quickly a company can respond to market and/or product changes. Not all

    companies have inventory for this metric. The lower the better.

    This number reflects the average length of time between

    credit sales and payment receipts. It is crucial to

    maintaining positive liquidity. The lower the better.

    This ratio shows the average number of days that lapse between the purchase of material and labor, and payment for them. It is a rough

    measure of how timely a company is in meeting payment obligations. Lower is normally better.

    Profits & Profit Margin 81 out of 100

    A measure of whether the trends in profit are favorable for the company.

    It is positive that this company has been able to improve its net profitability, even though it saw decreased sales this period. Net profits and net profit margins have increased from last

    period; the company has earned more cents of net profit per sales dollar and more total net profit dollars -- a very good combination. The company seems to be managing its sales revenue better, which is important considering that sales dropped. More importantly, the

    net profit margin is generally strong. This specifically means that net profitability is excellent as compared to other similar companies. From the graphs, it is clear that the company's net profits are good in absolute financial terms, and also strong compared to the earnings of the


    The company also performed well in the gross profit area. Gross profits increased because

    the gross profit margin increased quite significantly. It appears that the company may have found a way to cut the costs of sales (direct costs) significantly as a percentage of sales. The cost of sales is now fewer pennies per sales dollar than it was last period. From a more

    practical view, even though sales fell, gross profits rose because of savings in direct costs.

    It is rare when gross margin performance and net profitability performance both improve as sales decrease. It might be interesting to assess whether the company can continue to

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    improve profitability through decreased revenue performance over the long run -- it could be that the company's optimal profitability range is at lower sales levels, although this is

    rare for most companies.

    This number indicates the percentage of sales revenue that is not

    paid out in direct costs (costs of sales). It is an important statistic

    that can be used in business planning because it indicates how many

    cents of gross profit can be generated by each dollar of future sales.

    Higher is normally better (the company is more efficient).

    This is an important metric. In fact, over time, it is one of the more

    important barometers that we look at. It measures how many cents

    of profit the company is generating for every dollar it sells. Track it

    carefully against industry competitors. This is a very important

    number in preparing forecasts. The higher the better.

    This metric shows advertising expense for the company as a percentage

    of sales. This metric shows rent expense for the company as a percentage

    of sales.

    This metric shows G & A payroll expense for the company as a percentage of sales.

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    Sales 26 out of 100

    A measure of how sales are growing and whether the sales are satisfactory for the company.

    The company's sales have fallen this period, while fixed assets remained relatively stable. This dynamic could negatively affect net profitability if sales continue to fall in the future.

    Typically, companies want to see revenue increasing over time; this is true because the cost of business continually increases, no matter what the inflation rate is. Of course, as mentioned in the previous section, managers will want to look for longer-term results in this

    area -- profitability is more important than sales generally.

    Borrowing 29 out of 100

    A measure of how responsibly the company is borrowing and how effectively it is managing debt.

    Even though net profitability has improved considerably from last period as already discussed, there is a slight concern with the results in this area: total debt has grown

    significantly faster than profitability. This could be a troubling trend if it continues. The long term goal is not only to keep improving profitability, but also to make sure that improvements in profitability outstrip growth in debt over the long run. Otherwise, over time

    the company could end up with too much debt for its profitability level.

    Although the companys trend of debt and profitability does not seem positive, it should be noted that the company has derived enough earnings (before interest and non-cash

    expenses) to meet interest expenses. Also, this has been accomplished while maintaining a large amount of debt relative to total equity. Often, companies that are highly leveraged with a relatively unfavorable trend of debt and profitability would also have poor coverage

    ratios. Therefore, in this specific case, we would need to balance these considerations against the company's overall score.

    This ratio measures a company's ability to service

    debt payments from operating cash flow (EBITDA).

    An increasing ratio is a good indicator of improving

    credit quality. The higher the better.

    This Balance Sheet leverage ratio indicates the composition of a companys total

    capitalization -- the balance between money or assets owed versus the money or

    assets owned. Generally, creditors prefer a lower ratio to decrease financial risk

    while investors prefer a higher ratio to realize the return benefits of financial


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    This ratio measures a company's ability to repay debt obligations from annualized operating cash flow (EBITDA).

    Assets 92 out of 100

    A measure of how effectively the compan

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