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(How) Have representations of youth changed over time? Exam Question: How do contemporary representations compare to previous time periods?

A Clockwork Orange

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Demonisation: Past representations

Text of A Clockwork Orange

  • (How) Have representations of youth changed over time?Exam Question: How do contemporary representations compare to previous time periods?

  • What do you know?

  • A Clockwork Orange1962 dystopian British novel Anthony BurgessFirst person narrationNasdat invented youth language/ adolescent slangTitle was a metaphor: "...an organic entity, full of juice and sweetness and agreeable odour, being turned into an automaton."

  • A Clockwork Orange1971 Film adaptation directed by Stanley KubrickThe story functions on several levels, political, sociological, philosophical and, whats most important, on a dreamlike psychological-symbolic level - KubrickThemes: Morality; Youth; Psychology; The State and The Individual; ViolenceWithdrawn by Kubrick in 1972Released in 2000 after Kubricks death (1999)

  • Does the film reinforce similar representations of youth/ themes of youth to contemporary media texts?

  • What would Maffesoli say about this film?Tribes?The power of Media?The decline of family?How do the droogs express their tribalism?How is the youth culture (their clothing and culture) an example of bricolage?

  • What would Stanley Cohen say about this film and its reception in the media?

  • How is A Clockwork Orange of its time?

  • 1971 BritainThe Modern WorldModernist buildings (Brutalist architecture)Rise in MediaSynthetics (fabrics/ furniture/ lifestyles)

  • 1971 BritainPost World War 2The violence and barbarism of humanity;The value of youth (we fought for our children);Liberty; Freedom

  • 1971 BritainCold War paranoiaWhere is the threat coming from?

  • 1971 BritainNew BritainPost-Empire weakened powerChanging relationships between the classesDecline in industry

  • 1971 BritainRise in Youth cultures1960s subcultures (Mod/ Rockers/ Hippies);Rise in Media (esp music);Generational divide;The death of the hippy generation (Summer of Love = 1967)

  • How is A Clockwork Orange of its time?Post World War 2The violence and barbarism of humanity;The value of youth (we fought for our children);Liberty; FreedomCold War paranoiaWhere is the threat coming from?New BritainPost-Empire weakened powerChanging relationships between the classesDecline in industryRise in Youth cultures1960s subcultures (Mod/ Rockers/ Hippies);Rise in Media (esp music);Generational divide;The death of the hippy generation (Summer of Love = 1967)Modernism/ The Modern WorldModernist buildings (Brutalist architecture)Rise in MediaSynthetics (fabrics/ furniture/ lifestyles)