9 Academic Vocabulary

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    innovation(noun) new idea or way of doing something

    Another form: innovative (adjective)

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    An innovative way of checkingthe correct spelling of a wordwould be to use the spellcheck on your computer.

    A great innovation formankind was the inventionof the wheel.

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    Sentence starters:

    I believe the greatest technological innovation was

    Companies encourage their workers to design innovative

    products because

    Failure can lead to innovation. For example,

    A good example of innovative teaching would be

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    Sentence starters:

    A rare phenomenon in the night sky is

    We learned about the interestingphenomenon of the life cycle of the

    caterpillar. [Explain]

    An exciting phenomenon in science classoccurred when

    The explorer observed severalphenomena during her trip to theAmazon. These included

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    modify(verb)

    to make small changes to somethingOther forms: modification (noun); modified (adj)

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    Jamie will modify herpaper tomorrow bycorrecting the grammar

    mistakes.

    I modified my bedroom bypainting it purple.

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    Sentence starters:

    The scientists had to modify thehypothesis after

    If you are cooking and you run out

    of, you can modify the recipe bysubstituting

    He has made several modifications tohis car, such as

    Because the student is blind, herteacher must modify her lessons by

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    segment(noun)

    a separate part: a section; any of the parts intowhich a thing is divided or naturally separates

    Only one segment ofhomework is due this

    Wednesday.

    We could break a yardstickinto segments of three

    feet.

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    1 ft

    2 ft

    3 ft

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    Sentence starters:

    Name some candy bars that either come in segmentsor easily break into segments.

    What happens if you cut a worm into segments?If you cut a worm into segments,

    My favorite segment of [name a movie] is when

    I can name [#] fruits that naturally divide intosegments. [Name them.]

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    magnitude

    (noun) greatness of size, volume, or extent; the size andscope of something;importance

    The magnitude of light that themoon gives out at nightbrightens up the whole sky.

    The magnitude of theearthquake in California wasso large I felt it inMichigan.

    http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://questgarden.com

    http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://apod.nasa.gov/apod/image/0709/saguaroMoon

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    Sentence starters:

    It can be overwhelming to think about the magnitude ofproblems such as world hunger and ____.

    The magnitude of the oil spill was tremendous. Itcovered ____ square miles!

    Problems of small magnitude such as ____ or ____ maynot require the involvement of the President of theUnited States.[Ex: litter in school hallways]

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    When the magnitude of an earthquake is between____ and______, [Tell what happens.]

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richter_magnitude_scale

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    illustrate(verb)

    to make clear by using examplesOther forms: illustration (noun); illustrated (adj)

    After I wrote a poem Iillustrated it with pictureson the bottom ofthe page.

    After the teacher read hisstudents the story, he wouldillustrate what it was talkingabout by writing the mainideas on the chalkboard.

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    Sentence starters:

    Tell about a time when the teacher illustrated thelesson with examples in order to be more clear.

    I really enjoy the illustrations of ________.[Name an author/illustrator.]

    I illustrated _______ in _____ class. [Explain somekind of drawing you did as part of an assignment.]

    I illustrated _________ in my descriptive writingassignment.

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    hypothesis(noun)something not proved but assumed to be true forpurposes of argument or further study or investigation

    Other forms: hypothesize (verb)

    The scientists hypotheses isthat the chemicals willbecome a solid when theyellow liquid is mixed withthe red liquid.

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    The students hypothesizedthat the reason the plantsdid not grow well was thatthey did not get enough

    sunlight.

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    Sentence starters:

    My hypothesis explaining the greatermagnitude of homelessness todaycompared to 20 years ago is

    I hypothesize that a toy car will go

    faster if the slope (angle) of theboard is

    My hypothesis for my plant experiment is that if a plantgets enough____ the plant will grow well.

    The health department hypothesized that the reason somany people who ate in that restaurant got sick was

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    conceive(verb)

    think of or imagine somethingOther forms: conception = idea (noun); conceptual (adj)

    He conceived ofa robotthat would clean his room

    for him.

    It is difficult to conceive ofaworldwithout war.

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    Sentence starters:

    Can you conceive of a school where?

    An example of an outdated conception is the idea

    that

    He has some odd conceptions about

    She never conceived of the possibility that

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    construct(verb)

    to build something; to create something in the mindOther forms: construction (noun), constructed (verb)

    To construct the treehouse, he would have touse wood and nails.

    Sam constructed new ideas onhis science project that would

    help him getf

    irst plac

    e.

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    Sentence starters:

    The company plans to construct on the corner ofMain st.

    A new wing is being constructed on

    She constructed many complex sentences using

    The new stadium was constructed to hold [give anumber] of people.

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    emphasize(verb)

    to stress or give importance to somethingAnother form: emphasis (noun)

    Judge Garcia emphasized theimportance ofstudents

    attending school.

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    The model emphasized hereyes with makeup.

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    Sentence starters:

    When we learn a new vocabulary word, the teachersemphasize

    In a Word document, you can add emphasis by

    When President Obama gives a speech, heemphasizes the main points by

    In multi-syllabic words, one syllable has greateremphasis than the others. For example