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1 LECTURE 8-B INTRODUCTION TO SWMM CEEN 4800/6965 - Special Topics 1 Geographic Information Systems and Hydrologic & Hydraulic Modeling Sam Shamsi, Ph.D., P.E. Adjunct Professor Department of Civil / Environmental & Chemical Engineering OUTLINE Download instructions Description Capabilities Applications User interface Input data Ot t lt 2 Output results Tutorial Exercise

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LECTURE 8-BINTRODUCTION TO SWMM

CEEN 4800/6965 - Special Topics

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Geographic Information Systems and Hydrologic & Hydraulic ModelingSam Shamsi, Ph.D., P.E.

Adjunct ProfessorDepartment of Civil / Environmental & Chemical Engineering

OUTLINEDownload instructions

Description

Capabilities

Applications

User interface

Input data

O t t lt

2

Output results

Tutorial

Exercise

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EPA SWMM WEB SITEhttp://www.epa.gov/ednnrmrl/models/swmm/index.htm

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http://www.epa.gov/ednnrmrl/models/swmm/index.htm#Downloads

SWMM DOWNLOAD

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• A hydrologic and hydraulic (H&H) and water quality model• Models sanitary, combined, and storm sewers and their drainage areas

WHAT IS SWMM?WHAT IS SWMM?

HYDROLOGYWet Weather FlowWet Weather Flow

Quantity And Qualityin Drainage Areas

HYDRAULICSFlow and Quality Routing

in Conduits

cso

TP

WHAT IS SWMM?WHAT IS SWMM?SWMM is a dynamic rainfall-runoff simulation model used for single event or long-term (continuous) simulation of runoff quantity and quality from primarily urban areas (sewersheds).

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HYDROLOGIC MODELING FEATURESHYDROLOGIC MODELING FEATURES

Spatially and time varying rainfallEvaporation of standing surface waterSnow accumulation and meltingInterception from depression storageInfiltration into soil layers

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Nonlinear routing of overland flow

HYDRAULIC MODELING FEATURESHYDRAULIC MODELING FEATURESModels drainage networks of any sizeAccommodates various conduit shapes as well as irregular natural channelsas irregular natural channelsModels pumps, regulators, storage basinsAllows external inflows, For example:

Rainfall Dependent Inflow and Infiltration (RDII)Dry Weather Flow (DWF) or sanitary flow

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Models various flow regimes, such as backwater, surcharging, reverse flow, and surface ponding

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WATER QUALITY MODELING FEATURESWATER QUALITY MODELING FEATURESPollutant buildup over different land usesPollutant washoff during runoff eventsReduction in buildup from street cleaningReduction in washoff from Best M t P ti (BMP )

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Management Practices (BMPs)Water quality routing through the drainage networkUser-defined treatment functions

TYPICAL APPLICATIONS OF SWMMDesign and sizing of drainage system components including detention facilitiesC t l f bi d d itControl of combined and sanitary sewer overflowsGenerating non-point source (NPS) pollutant loadings for wasteload allocation studiesEvaluating BMPs for sustainability goals

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Flood plain mapping of natural channel systems

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LIMITATIONS OF SWMMNot applicable to large-scale, non-urban watersheds

Not applicable to forested areas or irrigated cropland

Not suitable with highly aggregated (e.g., daily) rainfall data

It’s an analysis tool not an automated design

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It s an analysis tool, not an automated design tool

USER INTERFACE

Object Toolbar

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USER INTERFACE (DATA BROWSER)

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Object Toolbar

USER INTERFACE (MAP BROWSER)

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SWMM’S VISUAL OBJECTS

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SWMM NETWORK (JUNCTIONS AND CONDUITS)

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INPUT DATA - HYDROLOGICPrecipitationChannel CharacteristicsWatershed characteristics

ImperviousnessSlopeRoughnessWidth (a shape factor)

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Width (a shape factor)Depression StorageInfiltration Parameters

Infiltration parameters for either the Horton or Green-Ampt equations for up to 100 subcatchments.

Coordinates (can import from GIS)

Rain gauge (rainfall hyetograph)

SWMM INPUT: SUBCATCHMENTSSWMM INPUT: SUBCATCHMENTS

Rain gauge (rainfall hyetograph)

Outlet

Area

Width

Slope (%)

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S ope (%)

Percent imperviousness

Roughness

Infiltration parameters

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KEY SUBCATCHMENT PROPERTIES

19Figures from PCSWMM 2000

Nodes (manholes)Coordinates (can import

SWMM INPUT: NODESSWMM INPUT: NODES

from GIS)

Inflow (cfs)

Invert (bottom) elevation

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Maximum depth

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KEY NODE PROPERTIES

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Inlet nodeO tl t d

SWMM INPUT: CONDUITSSWMM INPUT: CONDUITS

Outlet nodeShape (e.g., circular)Maximum depth

Diameter for circular pipes

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LengthRoughness (Manning’s coefficient)Offset

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KEY CONDUIT PROPERTIES

shape

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ROUGHNESS TABLESROUGHNESS TABLES

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SWMM INPUT FILE (*.INP)Like EPANET input file

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Subcatchmentsrainfall rate (in/hr or mm/hr)

snow depth (inches or millimeters)

SWMM OUTPUTSWMM OUTPUT

snow depth (inches or millimeters)

losses (infiltration + evaporation in in/hr or mm/hr)

runoff flow (flow units)

groundwater flow into the drainage network (flow units)

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groundwater elevation (ft or m)

washoff concentration of each pollutant (mass/liter)

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Nodes (manholes)water depth (ft or m above the node invert elevation) hydraulic head (ft or m, absolute

SWMM OUTPUTSWMM OUTPUT

hydraulic head (ft or m, absolute elevation per vertical datum) stored water volume (including ponded water, ft3 or m3) lateral inflow (runoff + all other external inflows, in flow units) total inflow (lateral inflow + upstream inflows, in flow units) surface flooding (flow lost from the

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surface flooding (flow lost from the system when the water depth exceeds the defined maximum node depth, flow units) concentration of each pollutant after any treatment (mass/liter)

Support\Manhole overflow Youtube.avi

Links (pipes)Flow rate (flow units)

Average water depth (ft or m)

SWMM OUTPUTSWMM OUTPUT

Average water depth (ft or m)

Flow velocity (ft/sec or m/sec)

Froude number (dimensionless)

Capacity (ratio of depth to full depth)

Concentration of each pollutant

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(mass/liter)Total suspended solids (TSS)

Lead

etc.

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SWMM OUTPUTTabular output

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GRAPHICAL OUTPUT

TIME SERIES PLOT

HGL PLOT

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ANIMATED OUTPUTPLAN AND HGL ANIMATION

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..\..\..\..\2008\YSUGIS08\Lectures\11-SWMM\Support\SWMM5 Animation Plan and HGL.avi

STEPS IN RUNNING SWMM 5Draw drainage system objects

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Draw drainage system objects

Edit their properties

STEPS IN RUNNING SWMM 5

Edit their properties

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Draw drainage system objects

Edit their properties

STEPS IN RUNNING SWMM 5

Edit their properties

Alternatively, create and edit a SWMM 5 input file using the format described in the Users Manual.

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Draw drainage system objects

Edit their properties

STEPS IN RUNNING SWMM 5

Edit their properties

Set analysis options

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Draw drainage system objects

Edit their properties

STEPS IN RUNNING SWMM 5

Edit their properties

Set analysis options

Run a simulation (using the run button)

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Draw drainage system objects

Edit their properties

STEPS IN RUNNING SWMM 5

Edit their properties

Set analysis options

Run a simulation

View a variety of ad hoc

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yreports

SWMM5 comes with three examples to help one become familiar with the program.

The example input files are installed in the “Examples” folder of the SWMM5 installation directory

SWMM EXAMPLESSWMM EXAMPLES

SWMM5 installation directoryC:\Program Files\EPA SWMM 5.0\Examples

Each example consists of a .INP file which holds the model data and a .TXT file which includes suggestions on running it.

Examples include:EXAMPLE1.INP models runoff quantity and quality from a small watershed and its routing through a network of storm sewers. It can be run in either single event mode or in continuous mode using the companion rainfall filesingle event mode or in continuous mode using the companion rainfall file.

EXAMPLE2.INP is Example 1 of the 1988 EXTRAN Users Manual. It illustrates how SWMM5 can graphically compare its results to observed data stored in a text file.

EXAMPLE3.INP illustrates the use of the rule-based controls feature in SWMM5 for simulating real-time control.

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SWMM TUTORIALSWMM TUTORIAL1. Open tutorial.chm file from C:\Program Files\EPA SWMM 5.0, or2. Open Chapter 2 (Quick Start Tutorial) of the Users Manual, or3. Select Tutorial from SWMM Help menu

C:\Program Files\EPA SWMM 5.0

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SWMM TUTORIALSWMM TUTORIAL

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SWMM TUTORIALSWMM TUTORIAL

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LAB EXERCISE: SWMM TUTORIALLAB EXERCISE: SWMM TUTORIALDownload and print the exercise from the Course Web site

SWMM ExerciseSWMM Exercise(SWMMExercise.pdf)

Same as the above tutorial example up to “Viewing a Profile Plot” step (about 75% of the tutorial).

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SWMM EXERCISESWMM EXERCISE

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ACKNOWLEDGEMENTSACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

Lewis RossmanEnvironmental ScientistWater Supply and Water Resources Division U.S Environmental Protection Agency

Many thanks to Lew for proving some slides used in this lecture and tutorial files

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