8. e.p. and chancellorsville

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Text of 8. e.p. and chancellorsville

  • 1. The Emancipation Proclamation And the Battle of Chancellorsville

2. The Emancipation Proclamation Came into effect on January 1st, 1863 Declared all slaves held in rebel states to be free The war was now a struggle to destroy slavery and free the slaves 3. Setting free the slaves Theproclamation had no practical effect on slaves in the Confederacy, the importance was more symbolic Making the war about slavery ensured that no European country would aid the Confederacy Lincoln knew the slavery issue had to be addressed as it lay at the heart of the war 4. Contrasting Reactions In the South it caused outrage. Jefferson Davis accused Lincoln of trying to start a slave revolt In the North it was widely welcomed and it meant that freed slaves could now join the Union army to fight against the South and slavery 5. Beginning of a process TheEmancipation Proclamation began the process of freeing slaves It gave the Union cause in the war a moral force It also ensured the Confederacy would get no European support The true end of slavery didnt come until the passage of the 13th Amendment in December 1865 6. Battle of Chancellorsville Confederate commander Robert E. Lee has a reputation as one of the outstanding generals of the Civil War. At Chancellorsville his tactics allowed him to defeat a Union army twice his size. 7. The Union army was still trying to capture Richmond Lincoln appointed General Joseph Hooker to go on the offensive against Robert E. Lee His nickname was Fighting Joe He reorganized the Army of the Potomac and grew it to strike at Robert E. Lees army 8. Hooker divided his army He left half his troops at Fredricksburg to hold the Confederates in position He then led 75,000 men upstream to attack Lees army from behind 9. By April 30th, 1863 Hookers troops had forded the Rappahannock River They were in an area of tangled woodland known as the Wilderness The center of their position lay on a crossroads at Chancellorsville, Virginia 10. Robert E. Lee was preparing his defenses Realizing Hooker was trying a flanking march he sent two spies to determine their location Lee then went on the attack, also dividing his forces against Hooker and to keep protecting Fredricksburg 11. The attack took Hooker completely by surprise Despite his reputation as Fighting Joe he lost his nerve He halted his advance and ordered his forces to take up defensive positions back at Chancellorsville 12. A bold maneuver Leehad the advantage and he pushed hard He sent Thomas Stonewall Jackson and his 28,000 men on a march to strike Hookers right flank Lee and his remaining troops faced three Union corps Lee had now divided his army not once, but twice. It was one of the boldest moves of the whole war 13. Jacksons army succeeded in breaking Hookers forces However, that night Stonewall Jackson was returning from a patrol and was accidentally shot and fatally wounded by his own man 14. J.E.B. Stuart took over for Stonewall Jackson Stuart reopened the attack the next day At the same tome Lees army was striking from the south The Confederates pushed the Union line back toward the river 15. Union General Hooker faced total defeat Hooker withdrew across the river on May 5th Defeat had cost him more than 17,000 men Lees 12,800 casualties included Stonewall Jackson, who died a few days later 16. Lees Masterpiece This was a battle so brilliantly planned that historians have dubbed it Lees Masterpiece Morale for the Union army was at an all-time low, The Confederates were winning