68 English Language Arts/Literacy Test Booklet Language Arts/Literacy Test Booklet ... Species Survival Plan ... Read this passage titled The Zoos Go Wild, from the book No More Dodos. Then answer ...

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    Student Tutorial

    68English Language Arts/Literacy

    Test Booklet

    194426-001 ISD107541 2 3 4 5 A B C D E Printed in the USA

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    English Language Arts/Literacy

    Directions:

    Today, you will be taking the 68 English Language Arts/Literacy StudentTutorial. The following tasks are provided for you to practice with the differentkinds of questions and response types that will be included in the PARCCAssessments. These items and passages are from the practice tests and samplesets. To experience the passages and the full set of accompanying items, pleasego to practice tests and sample sets at http://parcc.pearson.com/.

    Throughout the tutorials you will see hints to help you answer questions andunderstand the directions. The hints are in boxes at the top of the item pages.These hints are not part of the actual test, but available only in the tutorials. Thedirections below will be used during the actual test. During the tutorial, pleasemake sure you understand the directions, and ask your teacher if you have anyquestions.

    Read each passage and all items carefully. Some items will ask you to chooseone answer, while others will ask you to choose more than one answer. You maylook back at the passage or passages as often as necessary.

    To answer a question that asks you to pick one answer, fill in the circle as shownin your Test Booklet.

    ACDEFG

    To answer a question that asks you to pick more than one answer, fill in thecircles as shown in your Test Booklet.

    ACFG

    Mark your answers by filling in the circles in your test booklet. Do not make anystray marks in the Test Booklet. If you need to change an answer, be sure toerase your first answer completely.

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    Today you will research the impact zoos have on animals. Youwill read one passage titled The Stripes Will Survive. Then youwill read a passage from The Zoos Go Wild and read anotherpassage titled Our Beautiful Macaws and Why They NeedEnrichment. As you review these sources, you will gatherinformation and answer questions so you can write an essay onthe impact zoos have on animals.

    Read the article titled The Stripes Will Survive. Then answer questions1 through 3.

    The Stripes Will Surviveby Jacqueline Adams

    Danya nips his mothers furry back over and over, as if hes trying to see howmany times he can get away with it. It doesnt seem like a very smart game,considering Mom is a Siberian tigress! But Danya and his twin sister, Dasha,know how special they are to their mother.

    Theyre also special to visitors who travel to Cleveland Metroparks Zoo in Ohiofor a glimpse of these rare cubs. But if Siberian tigers werent so rare, Danyaand Dasha would never have been born.

    A hundred years ago, no one worried that the world might run out of tigers.One hundred thousand tigers belonging to eight different subspecies prowledthe forests and jungles of the world. But today three subspeciesthe Balinese,Caspian, and Javan tigersare now extinct, and a fourththe South Chinatigeris almost extinct. Fewer than 5,000 tigers roam the wild. Only about 400of those are Siberian tigers, which are the largest, lightest-colored, andlongest-furred tigers. And only 500 Siberian tigers live in zoos.

    In 1981, the American Zoo and Aquarium Association (AZA) started theSpecies Survival Plan (SSP) to make sure that threatened and endangeredanimal species dont disappear. The members of the Tiger SSP teach the publicabout the plight of tigers and do research. They keep a computerized familytree of zoo tigers that helps match males and females for breeding.

    The Tiger SSPs computer program matched four-year-old Gaia, from theMinnesota Zoo, with fifteen-year-old Tatja, from the Milwaukee Zoo. The tigersmet at Cleveland Metroparks Zoo, and Danya and Dasha were born a few

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    months later. When the twins entered the world on April 4, 2001, each was atwo-pound ball of woolly, striped fur.

    Tiger fathers in the wild dont help care for their cubs and sometimes try to killthem. Tatja, whom zookeeper Steve Gove describes as a mellow tiger, getsalong well with Gaia and likes watching his cubs play. Although the zoo staffmembers keep Tatja in a separate area, they dont think he would hurt thecubs.

    Gaia had never had cubs before, but Gove says, Shes been an absolutelyperfect mothertolerant, loving, and protective. In the wild, tiger mothersteach their cubs to hunt. Danya and Dasha wont need to hunt, but Gaiateaches them chasing and stalking techniques, as well as how to swim andgroom themselves.

    These lessons are pure fun for the twins. As soon as his sisters back is turned,Danya crouches, then pounces, and the two roll across the grass in a wrestlingball of stripes and teeth. But shell get him back later, maybe when hessplashing in the pool during his swimming lesson or struggling to carry thepiece of log hes turned into a toy. Theyll make a toy out of anything, saysGove.

    Grooming lessons come in handy for playful cubs who cant resist rolling in themud. Gove explains, Sometimes theyre so black you can hardly see theirstripes when they come in at night, but theyre completely clean by morning.Mom has taught them to wash their fur with their tongues, and swallowing acouple pounds of mud doesnt seem to bother them a bit.

    If mud doesnt sound very tasty to you, how about raw horse meat? Tatjawould tell you (if he could) that nothings more delicious. On some nights helets supper sit for a while, but on horse-meat night he cares about nothing elseuntil hes eaten every bite. Danya crouches jealously over his slab of meat. IfMom or Sis wanders too close, he lets out a deep growl that sounds as if itshould have come from his 500-pound father.

    With supper over, everyone in the tiger building is content. Gaia and the cubsare pretty friendly, says zoo-keeper Curt Gindlesperger. Proving him right,Gaia strolls to the fence and rubs against his hand like a 300-pound house cat.

    The tiger family seems comfortable in Cleveland, where the weather is similarto that of their natural habitat in eastern Russia. But the time may come tomove on. Tatja, who has cubs at two other zoos, will probably leave. The TigerSSP may also transfer one or both cubs to zoos where they will raise their own

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    families. Then Danya and Dasha will help make sure Siberian tigers are aroundfor a long, long time.

    But what about the 400 Siberian tigers left in their natural habitat? How willthey survive?

    The World Wildlife Fund (WWF) and other organizations are working with theRussian government to set aside protected areas for these big cats. Rangerspatrol for poachers, and educational programs help the local people understandthe need to protect Siberian tigers. These efforts seem to be working. TheWWF believes that the number of Siberian tigers in the wild has doubled sincethe antipoaching patrols began, bringing the tiger numbers from around 200 in1994 to about 400 today.

    The Stripes Will Survive by Jacqueline Adams from Spider Magazines Vol. 11No. 4 April 2004 issue, copyright 2004 by Carus Publishing Company.Reprinted by permission of Spider Magazine.

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    HINT: Multiple-choice items appear with four answer options.These items, which require a single response, will not identify thespecific number of responses needed. Read all items and answerchoices carefully to determine the number of responses needed.

    1. Part A

    What does the word plight mean as it is used in paragraph 4 of TheStripes Will Survive?

    Part B

    Which sentence from the article supports the answer to Part A?

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    B

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    desperate situation

    hiding place

    movement

    recovery

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    B

    C

    D

    One hundred thousand tigers belonging to eight different subspeciesprowled the forests and jungles of the world.

    Fewer than 5,000 tigers roam the wild.

    The tigers met at Cleveland Metroparks Zoo, and Danya and Dashawere born a few months later.

    Although the zoo staff members keep Tatja in a separate area, theydont think he would hurt the cubs.

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    HINT: Look back at the passage or passages as many times asnecessary to select the best possible response.

    2. Part A

    What is the authors main purpose in The Stripes Will Survive?

    Part B

    Which sentence from the article supports the answer to Part A?

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    B

    C

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    to describe the different lessons Gaia teaches her cubs

    to explain recent changes in how zoos raise Siberian tigers

    to explain the efforts being made to preserve Siberian tigers

    to describe how Danya and Dasha interact with their parents

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    B

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    D

    It doesnt seem like a very smart game, considering Mom is aSiberian tigress!

    Only about 400 of those are Siberian tigers, which are the largest,lightest-colored, and longest-furred tigers.

    And only 500 Siberian tigers live in zoos.

    Rangers patrol for poachers, and educational programs help the localpeople understand the need to protect Siberian tigers.

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    HINT: Multiple-select items will require more than one answer.Pay careful attention to the directions to see if more than oneanswer is required. One item may direct you to select threeanswers, while another item may ask you to select two answers.Part B of this item asks for three pieces of evidence.

    3. Part A

    The author makes the claim that steps have been taken to helpendangered tigers. Select the main strategy used throughout the articleto develop the claim.

    Part B

    Select three pieces of evidence that support the answer to Part A.

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    B

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    The author explains a problem and then presents solutions.

    The author details the cause and effect of an event or action.

    The author shares important events or actions in their order ofimportance.

    The author presents a detailed list of problems.

    A

    B

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    D

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    F

    G

    Theyre also special to visitors who travel to Cleveland MetroparksZoo in Ohio for a glimpse of these rare cubs.

    But today three subspeciesthe Balinese, Caspian, and Javantigersare now extinct, and a fourththe South China tigerisalmost extinct.They keep a computerized family tree of zoo tigers that helps matchmales and females for breeding.

    Tatja, whom zookeeper Steve Gove describes as a mellow tiger, getsalong well with Gaia and likes watching his cubs play.

    Grooming lessons come in handy for playful cubs who cant resistrolling in the mud.

    One hundred thousand tigers belonging to eight different subspeciesprowled the forests and jungles of the world.

    The World Wildlife Fund (WWF) and other organizations are workingwith the Russian government to set aside protected areas for thesebig cats.

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    English Language Arts/Literacy

    Read this passage titled The Zoos Go Wild, from the book No MoreDodos. Then answer question 4.

    The Zoos Go Wild from No More Dodosby Nicholas Nirgiotis and Theodore Nirgiotis

    The small lowland gorilla was just three years old when he was caught bypoachers, people who illegally kill or capture wild animals. He was taken awayfrom his mother and out of his African rainforest home. Few gorillas that agecould survive such an ordeal, but this one was lucky. Soon after his capture in1961, an animal trader sold him to Zoo Atlanta. He spent the next 27 years ofhis life alone in an indoor cage. Zoo personnel named him Willie B. afterWilliam B. Hartsfield, the mayor of Atlanta.

    Willies keepers wanted him to be happy. They hung an old tire from a wall ofhis cage and put a television set in one corner. They hoped these toys wouldkeep Willie from being bored. But the tire and the television set were hardlythe playthings a growing gorilla needed.

    By age 12, Willie had grown into a magnificent 460-pound,6-foot-tallsilverback, a mature male with a distinguishing streak of silver hair on hisback. His broad chest and powerful arms made people think of King Kong. Theycrowded in front of his cage to see him.

    Gorillas are gentle, shy creatures, despite their size and fearsome appearance.But confinement in a cramped cage and lack of exercise had made Willierestless and bad-tempered. He grew fat and lazy, paced in his cage, andignored visitors. His cage was a real prison, and Willie B. was a very unhappygorilla.

    A turning point in Willies life came in 1988. That year Zoo Atlanta opened theFord African Rainforest, a brand-new home for Willie and the zoos otherlowland gorillas. It was a large open-air enclosure designed to resemble therainforest of Willies native central Africa.

    The Way Willie Likes It

    Willies rainforest home is just one example of the far-reaching changes thathave taken place in zoos in recent years. Zoos no longer feel their primarymission is simply to collect and display as many different species of animalsfrom around the world as they possibly can. They no longer believe that themore unusual animals a zoo has, the better it is. Instead, zoos are changing

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    into conservation parks that cooperate to help save animals threatened withextinction. The first step toward this goal was to get rid of the cages andchange the way zoo animals lived.

    When Willie was let out of his cage into his new home, he found himself in alarge grassy area leading to a gradually rising, rock-covered slope. All aroundthe edges of the slope were trees and plants similar to those in his Africanhome.

    In no time, Willie acted like a different animal. He was no longer bored oreasily angered. There were tree branches he could pull to test his strength orbend into a nest for his afternoon siesta1, and there was a rocky hillside hecould climb. More important, he had company. He shared his new home withthree females, and other groups of gorillas lived nearby. Willie could finally actlike the silverback he was. He could have his own family and be the dominantmale.

    Willie had not lost the instinct for peaceful family life that gorillas live by in thewild. He watched over his family when it was feeding or resting, ever alert fordanger. His companions could chase each other and wrestle, knowing he wasthere to protect them. Every so often, he would cup his hands and thump hischest to show the females and nearby rival males who was boss. Willie B. hadfinally become a real gorilla. In February 1994, he became a father as well.

    Three other gorilla groups share Zoo Atlantas African Rainforest enclosure withWillies family. They are kept apart from each other by trees and small hills thatmark their territories, just the way it would be in Africa. The gorillas spendtheir time looking for bamboo shoots and leaves to eat, grooming each other,napping between meals, or just resting.

    Willies story has a happy ending. But the best part is that he is not alone in hisgood fortune. Thousands of other zoo animals throughout the world have beenmoved into new homes that replaced the old, cramped cages in which theylived before.

    Lessons from Germany

    Housing animals in open-air, natural enclosures is not a new idea. The first touse such a setting was Karl Hagenbeck at the Hamburg Zoo, Germany, in 1907.He moved antelopes into a grassy, open area. To add a touch of drama, heplaced a pride of lions just behind them. Visitors to the zoo were startled to

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    find lions living next to antelopes. They could not see the moat that separatedthe predators from their prey.

    Hagenbecks novel idea of allowing animals to move about freely in large openspaces caught on. He was asked to redesign the Detroit Zoo in the 1930s. Hisideas were also used in New Yorks Bronx Zoo, Chicagos Brookfield Zoo, andthe San Diego Zoo.

    But large-scale redesigning of zoos didnt begin until the 1960s, when naturalhabitats of wild animals around the world began to shrink in size, and scores ofspecies dwindled to the point of vanishing. Zoo designers traveled to theanimals natural habitats in faraway places to study not only what the habitatslooked like but how the animals used the space and behaved in it. Housinganimals in spaces that were as close to the animals habitats as the designerscould make them was an important step in the struggle to save endangeredspecies.

    Excerpt from No More Dodos: How Zoos Help Endangered Wildlife by NicholasNirgiotis and Theodore Nirgiotis, copyright 1996 by Nicholas Nirgiotis andTheodore Nirgiotis. Used by permission of the authors.

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    Refer to the article titled The Stripes Will Survive and passage titled TheZoos Go Wild. Then answer question 4.

    HINT: Some items will refer to multiple passages. Pay carefulattention to the directions, and refer to the passages as manytimes as necessary to select the best possible response.

    4. Part A

    Choose a central idea that is developed in both The Stripes Will Surviveand The Zoos Go Wild.

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    Zoos are constantly changing exhibits to keep visitors interested inthe animals.

    Zoos are sometimes responsible for caring for animals that peoplehave abandoned.

    One responsibility of a zoo is to prevent the extinction of species bybreeding them.

    Zoos are changing their approaches to caring for their animals.

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    Part B

    Choose one detail from each passage that supports the answer to Part A.

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    B

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    F

    But Danya and his twin sister, Dasha, know how special they are totheir mother. (The Stripes Will Survive)

    In 1982, the American Zoo and Aquarium Association (AZA) startedthe Species Survival Plan (SSP) to make sure that threatened andendangered animal species dont disappear. (The Stripes WillSurvive)Gaia had never had cubs before, but Gove says, Shes been anabsolutely perfect mothertolerant, loving and protective. (TheStripes Will Survive)They hung an old tire from a wall of his cage and put a television setin one corner. (The Zoos Go Wild)

    His companions could chase each other and wrestle, knowing he wasthere to protect them. (The Zoos Go Wild)

    Thousands of other zoo animals throughout the world have beenmoved into new homes that replaced the old, cramped cages in whichthey lived before. (The Zoos Go Wild)

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    English Language Arts/Literacy

    Read the passage from the article Our Beautiful Macaws and Why TheyNeed Enrichment. Then answer question 5.

    from Our Beautiful Macaws and Why They NeedEnrichmentby Alicia Powers

    Oakland Zoos Animal Care, Conservation, and Research team has the privilegeand challenge of providing our animal residents with an enriching, well-balanced life and advocating for the conservation of their wildcounterparts.

    The zoos flock of Blue and Gold Macaws recently got a healthy dose of extraenrichment. The ACCR1 team combed through a handful of creative ideas togive the Macaw Exhibit a new, fresh look. In addition to replacing some of thewood perching that had suffered significant wear-and-tear from years of theMacaws using them to keep their beaks sharp and strong, the team also addedtwo twenty foot sections of rope. The rope is a novel perching surface in this

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    1ACCRAnimal Care, Conservation, and Research

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    exhibit. It will not only give our Blue and Gold Macaws something new and funto play with, but it will also help keep their little feet healthy. With someresourceful alterations to the ends of the rope, the keepers are able to movethe ropes to different angles whenever they please. This way the birds get a bitof a different look with their perching without the keepers having to makeany permanent rearrangements.

    The fun doesnt stop there though! The team recycled some cargo netting andstretched it out between some perching to support brand new bird baths. Justlike the native songbirds that like to bathe in the little puddles in your yard,Macaws and other Parrots love to keep themselves clean too.

    But one may wonder . . . why? Why do our Blue and Gold Macaws deserve thisspecial treatment?

    Macaws are smart. Macaws are REALLY smart and curious. It is this verycharacteristic that makes them coveted as pets. Ironically, it is also whatmakes them inappropriate as a pet. Meeting the behavioral and enrichmentneeds of these incredibly smart birds is difficult. A behaviorally unhealthy birdmay become aggressive, destructive, or even sick.

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    Add to this the fact that Blue and Gold Macaws can live for over 60 years, andthe bird often becomes an unbearable burden even for well-intentionedowners. In fact, the four Blue and Gold Macaws in the zoos collection camefrom such circumstances. The keepers responsible for the daily care of ourMacaws are tasked with keeping them behaviorally and medically sound.Having flexible and varied perching options will help immensely with this goal.

    Alicia Powers, Oakland Zoo

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    Directions:

    Some questions will ask you to provide a written response to the passages youhave read. You may plan your response using scratch paper. Be sure to writeyour response in the box provided in your test booklet. Work on scratch paper,crossed-out work, or writing that falls outside of the box will not be scored.

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    Refer to the article titled The Stripes Will Survive, the passage titled TheZoos Go Wild, and the article Our Beautiful Macaws and Why They NeedEnrichment. Then answer question 5 in your test booklet.

    HINT: Pay careful attention to the instructions for constructed-response items. Use the space provided in your test booklet tocreate a clear and well-developed response. Use information fromthe provided passages to develop your ideas. Use the promptbelow to practice writing a response.

    5. You have read three texts that claim that the role of zoos is to protectanimals. Write an essay that compares and contrasts the evidence eachsource uses to support this claim. Be sure to use evidence from all threesources to support your response.

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    5. Continued

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    5. Continued

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    5. Continued

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