The Persian Empire
The Persian Empire500 B.C.GreecePersia
Greek and Persian EmpiresThe Persian territory was very large, and needed to be linked by road systems.
The Royal Road was the largest (1500 miles).
The Road connected Persia to Anatolia and had stations along the way for travelers to obtain food, water, and fresh horses.The Royal RoadLink the students knowledge to the road system of the city. Ex. Can you imagine trying to get to the beach without being able to get on Hwy 17?
3SardisNinevehSusaMajor CitiesPoint out their location on the Royal Road4Caspian SeaBlack SeaMediterranean SeaRed SeaPersian GulfArabian SeaMajor Bodies of WaterAsk the students why it might be important that there are so many large bodies of water surrounding the empire.5Cyrus1st KingCreated an army that grew into the Persian EmpireUnder Cyrus rule, the empire stretched to be about the size of the continental United States.Cyrus held his kingdom together by ruling fairly.Allowed his peoples to keep their own languages, religions, and laws.
KingsBrought Mesopotamia, Syria, Judah, and Greek City-states of the area under Persian rule.
6King Cyrus the Great
Darius (522-486 B.C.)Reorganized the government to make it more efficient.Divided empire into provinces called satrapies.Each satrapy was ruled by a governor called satrap. Which means defender of the kingdom.Collected taxes, judged legal cases, managed police, recruited for army.KingsKing Darius I
The Persians first worshiped many gods (polytheistic).Then a religious teacher, named Zoroaster, preached a new monotheistic (having one god) religion.This religion was called Zoroastrianism.Believed that there was one supreme god: Ahura Mazda (Wise Lord).Believed there was good and evil in the world and people were free to pick between the two.ReligionSymbol of Zoroastrianism
Take out a sheet of paper.Draw a Venn Diagram.Label 1 section Persia, the middle Both, and the other section Greece.Work with a partner to fill in all three sections with at least 3 similarities/differences.Compare and Contrast!At the beginning of the 400s B.C., the Persians wanted to expand.Quickly clashed with the Greeks in the Mediterranean.The two societies were very different.Persians already controlled Greek cities in Anatolia.Athenians sent warships to help rebels that were rising up, but Persians stopped the uprising.Persian WarsPoint out the way in which the empires were ruled, the religion, the size, the armies.13490 B.C. Darius sent a fleet of 600 ships and an army to invade Greece.Landed in Marathon.Persians outnumbered Greeks, so Greeks never came to fight.Persians were leaving to attack Athens, then Greeks attacked as the Persians were leaving and caught Persians by surprise and won.MarathonAsk the students if they can tell me what a fleet is, since it is a vocabulary word.14Persian Fleet
480 B.C. Persian King Xerxes attacked Greece at Thermopylae.Persians won on land, but lost at sea.Athenian fleet ships lured Persian fleet into strait of Salamis near Athens.Greeks won because their ships were fast and easy to maneuver.Greek city-states combined forces to make a larger army, trained, and defeated Persia.Land and SeaTell the students that it would be a good idea to have their maps out so they can keep track of where these events are taking place.16First you read.Second you annotate.Third you answer the questions with a partner.Make sure you agree before writing anything down for an answer.Primary SourceAfter losses in Greece, Persia faced many challenges.Couldnt defend entire empire.Unhappy with government.High taxes.Disagreement on who should rule.By 300s B.C. Persia couldnt defend against any attacks.Persia ended and a new Greek Empire emerged and extended beyond Persias boundaries.Decline Make sure to mention that Alexander was the name of the young and promising new leader of the empire.18