26TH JULY 2017 GRAINS RESEARCH UPDATE - GRDC .26TH JULY 2017 GRAINS RESEARCH UPDATE WENARO DRIVING

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  • grdc.com.au

    26TH JULY 2017

    GRAINS RESEARCH UPDATE ROWENA

    DRIVING PROFIT THROUGH RESEARCH

  • AGENDATime Topic Speaker(s)9:00AM Welcome

    9:10AM WhatAsiawantsfromAustralianwheatinanincreasinglycompetitivemarket

    KenQuail(AEGIC)

    9:40AM Croprotationshowtheycompareforrisk,profitandsystembenefit Cropchoice,frequencyandsequence Yield,priceandgrossmarginrelationshipsandthevalueof

    rotationonsoilwater,nutrition,weedsanddisease

    SimonFritsch(AgriPath)

    10:15AM Landingthechickpeacropsafelystrategiesforlateseasondiseasemanagement

    KevinMoore(NSWDPI)

    10:45AM Morningtea

    11:15AM Russianwheataphidwhat'shappening? MelinaMiles(DAFQld)

    11:30AM Buyinganewsilo?Designfeaturestolookforandfaultstoavoid

    PhilipBurrill(DAFQld)

    12:00PM Spraydrifthowdowestopit? Identifyingacceptablesprayconditions Driftmitigationstrategiesandwhentostopspraying Productvolatilityandformulationdifferenceshow

    importantarethey?

    BillGordon(Nufarm)

    12:30PM Boomsetupfordifferentsprayjobspreandpostemherbicidesinstubbleandlateseasonfungicides/insecticides

    BillGordon(Nufarm)

    1:00PM Lunch

    1:50PM Autonomoustractorsplatformsandapplicationsunderdevelopment

    CraigBaillie(USQ)

    2:20PM Chickpeasandheaderfireswheredotheystartandhowcanwebettermanagerisk?Lessonsfromthermalimagingofcomponentsinworkingheaderstoidentifypotentialignitionsources

    BenWhite(KondininGroup)

    2:50PM Groundcover,stubbletypeandmanagementimpactonfallowefficiency

    RichardDaniel(NGA)

    3:15PM Close

    RowenaGrainsResearchUpdate

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    Contents

    WhatdoesAsiawantfromAustralianwheatinanincreasinglycompetitivemarket.....................................3KenQuail,RoslynJettner,ChrisCarterandLarisaCato

    Croprotationshowtheycompareforrisk,profitandsystembenefit..........................................................7SimonFritsch

    Minimisingriskofdiseasein2017chickpeacrops.........................................................................................8KevinMoore,NicoleDron,KristyHobson,KurtLindbeck,MarkRichardsandSeanBithell

    InsectpestmanagementupdateCanolaaphids,Russianwheataphid,andrutherglenbug.........................14MelinaMiles,AdamQuadeandRichardLloyd

    Buyinganewsilofaults&designfeaturestolookfor...............................................................................20PhilipBurrill

    Sprayapplicationtipsandtactics................................................................................................................23BillGordon

    10tipsforreducingspraydrift....................................................................................................................28BillGordon

    Developmentsinautonomoustractors.......................................................................................................30CraigBaillie,CraigLobsey,CherylMcCarthy,DioAntille,AlexThomasson,ZheXuandSalahSukkarieh

    Harvesterfires:tipsforavoidance..............................................................................................................36BenWhite

    Groundcoverandstubbletypeimpactonfallowefficiency.........................................................................39BrendanBurton

    CompiledbyIndependentConsultantsAustraliaNetwork(ICAN)PtyLtd.

    POBox718,HornsbyNSW1630Ph:(02)94824930,Fx:(02)94824931,Email:northernupdates@icanrural.com.auFollowusontwitter@GRDCNorthorFacebook:http://www.facebook.com/icanrural

    DISCLAIMER

    ThispublicationhasbeenpreparedbytheGrainsResearchandDevelopmentCorporation,onthebasisofinformationavailableatthetimeofpublicationwithoutanyindependentverification.NeithertheCorporationanditseditorsnoranycontributortothispublicationrepresentthatthecontentsofthispublicationareaccurateorcomplete;nordoweacceptanyomissionsinthecontents,howevertheymayarise.Readerswhoactontheinformationinthispublicationdosoattheirrisk.TheCorporationandcontributorsmayidentifyproductsbyproprietaryortradenamestohelpreadersidentifyanyproductsofanymanufacturerreferredto.Otherproductsmayperformaswellorbetterthanthosespecificallyreferredto.

    CAUTION:RESEARCHONUNREGISTEREDPESTICIDEUSE

    Anyresearchwithunregisteredpesticidesorunregisteredproductsreportedinthisdocumentdoesnotconstitutearecommendationforthatparticularusebytheauthors,theauthorsorganisationsorthemanagementcommittee.Allpesticideapplicationsmustbeinaccordwiththecurrentlyregisteredlabelforthatparticularpesticide,crop,pest,usepatternandregion.

    VarietiesdisplayingthissymbolbesidethemareprotectedunderthePlantBreedersRightsAct1994.

    Registeredtrademark

  • Rowena GRDC Grains Research Update 2017 3

    WhatdoesAsiawantfromAustralianwheatinanincreasinglycompetitivemarket

    KenQuail,RoslynJettner,ChrisCarterandLarisaCatoAustralianExportGrainsInnovationCentre

    Keywords

    Wheat,quality,noodles,bread,Asia

    GRDCCodeAEG00005

    Keymessages

    AustralianwheatiswellregardedinmanySouthEastAsian(SEA)marketsforitsqualityandsuitabilityforawiderangeofnoodleshowevertextureattributesandtargetscouldbemoretargeted.

    Atpresent,AustraliahaslessopportunitytosupplywheatwithsuitablequalityforthegrowingSEAbreadandconfectionarymarkets.

    UkrainianandRussianwheatarecurrentlyamodestthreattoAustraliaskeywheatexportmarketsinSEA,howeveritisrecognisedthatthepotentialthreatislarge.Weneedtouseourwindowofopportunityeffectively.

    Background

    SouthEastAsia(SEA)isthelargestandfastestgrowingmarketforAustralianwheat,importing42.9mmtoverthepast5yearsvaluedatA$2.6billionperannum.ThisaccountsforoverhalfoftheAustraliantotalwheatexportrevenue.ThehistoricallydominantandgrowingmarketshareheldbyAustralianwheatinSEAhastraditionallybeenunderpinnedbyfactorsincludingproximitytoAustraliangrainports,whichmeansshortervoyagetimes,aswellasthequalityattributesAustralianwheat.

    TheseSEAmarketsarecriticaltosupportingdemandandpricesforAustralianwheatandtherefore,extremelyimportantforAustraliangrowers.Withinthesemarkets,AustralianexportsareexperiencingintensecompetitionfromwheatsuppliedfromtheUkraine,RussiaandArgentinaatlowerprices,aswellasstrongcompetitionfromNorthAmericanwheatbasedonfunctionalperformanceforbakingapplications.ToremaincompetitiveinSEAandmaintainorimproveourpricedifferentialrelativetothealternativesuppliers,itisessentialthatweunderstandSEAmarketrequirementsforwheat.

    AbetterunderstandingofSEArequirementswillbetteraligntheAustralianindustrytosupplythesemarketsandtranslatetoanimprovedvalueproposition,makingusmorecompetitive.Withimprovedcompetitiveness,thevaluereturnedtogrowersfromthesemarketswillbestrongerthanthescenariowherewecompetepurelyonapricebasiswithlowcostoriginssuchastheBlackSeaandArgentina.

    Aims

    ToidentifythequalityattributesandtheirpreferredlevelsmostvaluedbykeySEAwheatendusersfornoodleandbreadproductsthatcanenhancethedemandandvalueofAustralianwheat.

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    ToassessthecompetitivethreatofwheatsuppliedfromUkraineandRussia.

    Method

    WheattechnicalandpurchasingstafffromtwentyflourmillingcompaniesacrossMalaysia,Singapore,IndonesiaandthePhilippinesparticipatedintheresearchprojectaimedatidentifyingtheirpreferencesandtargetlevelsofwheatqualitycharacteristicsforarangeoffreshnoodlesandbreadsandtheirtechnicalservicerequirements.TheproductrangeincludedMalaysianstyleHokkiennoodles,Indonesianfreshnoodles(miebasah),Philippinesfreshwetnoodles,Malaysianloafbread,Indonesiansweetbunsandloafbread,andPhilippinesPandeSalandsandwichbread.

    Theprojectappliedchoiceanalysismethodologytocollectobjectiveinformationonwheatpreferenceofgrainendusers.ThisisatechniquederivedfrompairedcomparisonsandadaptedbyLouviereandWoodworth(1983)todeliveranexperimentalframeworkthatprovidesacoherentwaytostudystatedpreferencesusingasmallsampleset.

    Theexecutiveinterviewwastheinitialcontactwithflourmills,designedtointroducetheresearchprojecttomanagement,confirmparticipation,collatecompanybackgroundandselectendproductsforthestudy.

    Thecomparativeimportanceof31wheatquality,functionalandtechnicalserviceattributesfortheselectionofwheatforSEAfreshnoodleandbreadproductswasrankedfrommosttoleastimportancebymilltechniciansandwheatpurchasersfromeachcompanyusingabestworstscaling(BWS)surveymethodasdescribedbyLouviereetal(2013).

    TheBWSformilltechniciansconsistedof31choicesetsofsixattributesperset,withthesixattributesbeingdrawnfromapoolof31attributes.Theexperimentaldesignensuredthateachattributewasequallyrepresentedin31choicesetsandallattributeswereevaluatedagainsteachother.Whenfacedwithaparticularchoiceset,eachmilltechnicianwouldchoosethemostandleastimportantofthepresentedattributesbasedontheirneedtoselectgrainforaparticularenduse.Forwheatpurchasers,thesurveyconsistedof30choicesetsoffiveattributesperset,withthosefiveattributesbeingdrawnfromapoolof25attributes.

    Bypresentingeachparticipantwithaseriesofsubsets,andthenundertakingappropriateanalysis,itispossibletocreatearankingofthefulllistofattributes.ExperimentaldesignwasprovidedbyProfessorJordanLouviere,UniversityofAdelaideandutilisesaBalancedIncompleteBlockDesign(BIBD)beinganorthogonalfunctionofthefullfactorial.

    EachoftheBWSsurveyswaspresentedtoprojectparticipantsintheformofacustomisedmacroenabledexcelsheetontouchscreentablets.Atthemidpointofeachsurvey,participantscompletedaquestionsettodefinetheminimum,maximumandpreferredvaluesforasetofqualityattributesfornoodleandbreadproducts.

    Results

    Forwheatpurchasers,perhapsunsurprisingly,priceandwheatproteincontent,overwhelminglydominatetheirselectionofwheattobuyforfreshnoodlesandbreadsinthestudiedmarkets.Moreinterestingandlesswellknownwasmilltechnicianspreferencesfordifferentattributeswhenmakingnoodleorbread