2014_15 CVNG1002 Student File.pdf

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  • 1. Introduction to Design 2h IKK 20-Jan

    2. Design Appreciation /H&S for site visit 2h IKK 27-Jan

    3. Site Visit Field IKK 3-Feb

    4. Discussion & Assignment 1h IKK 10-Feb

    5. Civil Eng. Materials in Construction 2h RiC 24-Feb

    6. do. 2h RiC 3-Mar

    7. Soils in the Caribbean 2h DG 10-Mar

    8. do. 2h DG 17-Mar

    9. Health & Safety Issues 2h RiC 24-Mar

    10.Guest Lecture 2h To be announced 31-Mar


    Civil Engineering Design ICVNG1002 Lecture schedule

  • CVNG1002 Civil Engineering Design I 2014/15

    Coursework Assignments

    Group Report #1 (Due 18th February) IKKA site visit will be arranged in Week 3 of the semester. This report will consist of a general description of the site, the engineering issues and drawings - Autocad is acceptable. The following is a suggested list of drawings: Site plan Plan of the bridge Elevation of the bridge, Your field notes and sketches must accompany the report as an appendix. Health and safety issues related to this site visit must be discussed in a separate appendix. You should comment on the adequacy of the preparatory pre-site visit briefing (lectures in Weeks 1&2). Discuss the hazards that were identified on site and the suitability of the preplanned safety precautions.


    Group Report #2 (Due11th March) IKKCarry out a qualitative analysis (load path and distribution) of how the loads are carried by the various elements of the superstructure and its supports.

    Good details are required for the successful performance of any bridge. Discuss the details used for the parapets, the surface water run-off from the deck, and the steel beam bearings.


    Group Report #3 (Due 25th March) RCApply the principles of sustainable development w.r.t. the construction of a beach house. In particular discuss the suitability of the materials selected. How can the thermal comfort of the occupants be catered for in an energy efficient manner?


    Group Report #4 (Due 7th April) IKK

    A hobbyist fabricates two beams of Styrotex cubes and rubber bands. He then loads them at mid-span using a stack of coins. Investigate the behaviour of these beams by fabricating and loading the beams. Write a report describing your observations. Explain how these post-tensioned beams work. Please note that the class of Tuesday 8 April will be held in the Design Studio. The groups are required to demonstrate their models for assessment and grading during this period.


    These assignments must be submitted by the dates set forth above. Late submissions will, under normal conditions, be penalised.

    Ian Khan-Kernahan

    30 x 30 x 30cube

    Fig. 1 240



    NB. Pull tight and anchor


  • CVNG1002 Civil Engineering Design I 2014/15

    Group Instructions

    The following guidelines must be applied in carrying out the group activities:

    The groups shall meet and elect a leader who shall be responsible for submitting the project on time.

    The group shall meet and discuss over a period of not less than 4h during the preparation of each report. The number of sessions is not specified.

    All members are required to participate in these sessions. Leaders shall report at the earliest opportunity any member who does not attend the scheduled meetings.

    Components of the group work shall be assigned in an equitable manner. Members who do not contribute to the report shall not be permitted to sign. Only those members who have signed shall be given credit.

    Ian Khan-KernahanJanuary 2015



    CVNG1002 Civil Engineering Design I

    Site visit on Tuesday 3 February @ 10.00am

    Guidelines Students are hereby advised of the following requirements for the site visit on Tuesday 4 February. Attire Students must provide their own hard hat

    (helmet). Trousers must be worn by all students. A sensible pair of shoes, not sneakers, must

    be used. Ensure that toes are fully enclosed. Instruments Each group must have at least one

    measuring tape, preferably 6m long. Each group should have at least one camera. Each student should bring along a note

    pad/clipboard for making neat sketches. Ian Khan-Kernahan 20 January, 2015 Design Project Co-ordinator c. Course File

  • CVNG 1002 Civil Engineering Design I

    Writing technical reports

    Monash University



    In Engineering, one of the major forms of communication is the technical report. This is the conventional format for reporting the results of your research, investigations, and design projects. At university, reports are read by lecturers and tutors in order to assess your mastery of the subjects and your ability to apply your knowledge to a practical task. In the workplace, they will be read by managers, clients, and the construction engineers responsible for building from your designs. The ability to produce a clear, concise, and professionally presented report is therefore a skill you will need to develop in order to succeed both at university and in your future career.

    While reports vary in the type of information they present (for example, original research, the results of an investigative study, or the solution to a design problem), all share similar features and are based on a similar structure.

    Note: This document contains general engineering report-writing guidelines only. For specific course requirements, see your unit or study guide.

    Key features of reportsReports: are designed for quick and easy communication of information are designed for selective reading use sections with numbered headings and subheadings use figures and diagrams to convey data.

    Basic structure of a reportA report usually has these components:Title pageSummaryTable of ContentsIntroduction

  • Middle sections with numbered headings (i.e., the body of the report)ConclusionsReferencesAppendices

    Title pageThis page gives: the title of the report the authors' names and ID numbers the course name and number, the department, and university the date of submission.

    The title of the report should indicate exactly what the report is about. The reader should know not only the general topic, but also the aspect of the topic contained in the report. Consider the following title:

    Bridge Analysis vs. Analysis of a Prestressed Concrete Bridge

    Most of the reports you write at university will form part of the assessment for particular subjects. You will therefore often talk about Assignment 1 or the Water Project, for example, especially where several reports will be submitted in the course of the semester or as part of an ongoing project. These terms form part of the title, but the report will usually need a more specific title also.

    SummaryThe summary (sometimes referred to as the executive summary) provides a brief overview of the substance of the report; usually no more than half a page. It is not an introduction to the topic. The summary should outline all the key features of your report, including the topic, what you did and how you did it, and the main outcomes of your work. A busy manager who might not have time to read the full report should be able to get the gist of the whole report by reading the summary.

    The summary: states the topic of the report outlines your approach to the task if applicable gives the most important findings of your research or investigation, or the key aspects of your design states the main outcomes or conclusions.The summary does NOT: provide general background information explain why you are doing the research, investigation or design refer to later diagrams or references.

  • Example summary

    This summary is from a report entitled Preliminary Design of a Bridge.

    SummaryThis report presents a design for a bridge to be constructed on the Calder Freeway crossing Slaty Creek in the Shire of Macedon Ranges. Two designs for the bridge were devised and then compared by considering the cost, construction and maintenance of each bridge. Design 1 is a super-T beam bridge while Design 2 is a simple composite I girder bridge. It is concluded that Design 1 is the better design. This design is cheaper, easier to construct, more durable and easier to maintain.

    Table of contentsThe contents page sets out the sections and subsections of the report and their corresponding page numbers. It should clearly show the structural relationship between the sections and subsections. A reader looking for specific information should be able to locate the appropriate section easily from the table of contents. The conventions for section and page numbering are as follows: Number the sections by the decimal point numbering system:

    1.0 Title of first main section (usually Introduction)

    1.1 First subheading1.2 Second subheading

    2.0 Title of second main section2.1 First subheading2.2 Second subheading

    2.2.1 First division in the second subheading2.2.2 Second division in the second subheading

    3.0 Title of third main section

    Number all the preliminary pages in lower-case Roman numerals (i, ii, iii, iv, ...). You don't have to place the number i on the title page. Just count it and put ii on the second page of your report. Preliminary pages are any which come before the introduction, including the summary and, where applicable, acknowledgements.

    Number all the remaining pages of your report with Arabic numerals (1, 2, 3, 4, ...). Thus the report proper begins on page 1 with your introduction, which is usually Section 1.

  • Provide a title in your table of contents to describe the contents of each appendix (Note: one appendix, two or more appendices). Don't just call them Appendix 1 or Appendix 2.Example:Appendix 1: Sample Calculations

    Example contents page

    This contents page is from a report entitled Preliminary Design of a Bridge.


    Summary ii

    1.0 Introduction 12.0 Design 1: 33m Steel I-girder bridge 2

    2.1 Superstructure 22.2 Abutments 32.3 Construction method 3

    3.0 Design 2: 25m Super T-girder bridge 43.1 Superstructure 43.2 Abutments 53.3 Construction method 6

    4.0 Comparison of designs 74.1 Economics 7

    4.1.1 Construction costs 74.1.2 Long-term maintenance 8

    4.2 Safety 84.3 Aesthetics 9

    5.0 Conclusions and recommendations 96.0 References 10

    Appendices:Appendix 1 Design 1 scale drawingsAppendix 2 Design 2 scale drawings


    The introduction provides the background information needed for the rest of your report to be understood. It is usually half to three-quarters of a page in length. The purpose of the introduction is to set the context for your report, provide sufficient background information for the reader to be able to follow the information presented, and inform the reader about how that information will be presented.

  • The introduction includes: the background to the topic of your report to set your work in its broad context a clear statement of the purpose of the report, usually to present the results of your research, investigation, or design a clear statement of the aims of the project technical background necessary to understand the report; e.g. theory or assumptions a brief outline of the structure of the report if appropriate (this would not be necessary in a short report)

    Example introduction 1Introduction from a report entitled "A Review of Greenhouse Gas Reduction Actions and Opportunities: the Current Status of the Kyoto Protocol".

    1. Introduction

    The greenhouse effect is a natural phenomenon that keeps the earth's surface warm. Greenhouse gases trap heat from solar radiation, analogous to the way glass panes trap heat in a greenhouse. Due to increasing greenhouse gas emissions from human activities, the greenhouse effect has been significantly augmented, causing a rise in the earth's surface temperature. This temperature rise has led to climate change, causing frequent natural disasters. This has generated increasing awareness of the importance of reducing greenhouse gas emissions through international and domestic initiatives.

    The aims of this project are to examine the Kyoto Protocol and the effect it would have on participating countries. Another aim is to investigate actions already taken by three industrialized countries, namely Australia, the United States, and Canada.

    Example introduction 2

    Introduction from a report entitled "Preliminary Design of a Bridge". In this report, two alternative designs are presented and evaluated according to the given criteria, and then the better design selected.

    1. Introduction

    A dual carriageway bridge with two traffic lanes in each direction is to be constructed on the Calder Freeway crossing Slaty Creek in the Shire of Macedon Ranges in Victoria. The bridge is to span 125 metres between man-made compacted fill embankments, and is approximately 15 metres above the river surface, with a grade of 0.056 m/m.

  • This report presents two possible concept designs for the bridge. In evaluating these designs, the following criteria are considered: construction method, construction and maintenance costs, possible disruption to traffic during construction, the durability and the aesthetics of the bridge.

    The two conceptual designs are presented in the form of sketches of the elevations and cross-sections of the structures.

    Body of the report

    This is main part of the report, where you present your work. The introduction and conclusions act as a frame for the body only: therefore all the details of your work (including a summarised version of material in the appendices) must be included here in the appropriate section. You will need to put some thought into the ordering of the sections; the presentation of information should flow logically so that the reader can follow the development of your project. It is also essential that you choose concise but informative headings and subheadings so that the reader knows exactly what type of information to expect in each section.The body of the report: presents the information from your research, both real world and theoretical, or your design organises information logically under appropriate headings conveys information in the most effective way for communication:

    uses figures and tables can use bulleted or numbered lists can use formatting to break up large slabs of text


    The conclusions section provides an effective ending to your report. The content should relate directly to the aims of the project as stated in the introduction, and sum up the essential features of your work. This section: states whether you have achieved your aims gives a brief summary of the key findings or information in your report highlights the major outcomes of your investigation and their significance.

    The conclusions should relate to the aims of the work:

    Example 1:

  • Aim The aim of this project is to design a mobile phone tower.Conclusions In this report, a design for a mobile phone tower has been presented. The key features of the tower are... It was found that...

    Example 2:

    Aim The aim of this investigation is to analyse the bus delays at the intersecti...