2 2. SAFEGUARDING CHILDREN AND YOUNG . SAFEGUARDING CHILDREN AND YOUNG PEOPLE ... She mentioned this to the reception teacher and ... was becoming distressed.

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    Original text and illustrations Pearson Education Limited, 2011

    BTEC Apprenticeship Assessment Workbook Level 3 Child Care

    2. SAFEGUARDING CHILDREN AND YOUNG PEOPLE

    The following activities will help you to demonstrate that you understand the concept of safeguarding. Childcare workers must know how national legislation and policy governs their role and responsibilities, including the implications for confidentiality. You will also need to show an understanding of the role of different organisations that may be involved when a child has been abused or harmed.

    KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING

    These tasks will enable you to demonstrate your understanding of national legislation, guidelines and policies which work to safeguard the welfare of children and young people. You will be able to identify the roles and responsibilities of organisations and individuals to keep children safe including ways of working with children to support them in protecting themselves. You will show that you can recognise when children may be at risk from abuse and the correct action to take while maintaining confidentiality.

    Task 1a

    In the table, list the current relevant legislation, guidelines, policies and procedures of your home nation which govern the safeguarding of children and young people. Against each one write a brief outline of its purpose. An example has been given for you.

    Legislation, guideline, policy and procedure

    The purpose of the legislation, guideline, policy, procedure

    Safeguarding Vulnerable Groups Act 2006 Safeguarding Vulnerable Groups (Northern Ireland) Order 2007

    This act provides a system for vetting staff and barring those who are unsuitable to work with children

    CYPW Unit 3: 1.1CCLD Unit 3: 1.1

    The NSPCC website, www.nspcc.org.uk, is a good source of information about

    safeguarding legislation and guidelines for your home nation.

    BTEC Apprenticeship L3 Child Care WB_Book.indb 54 18/05/2011 16:12:10

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    Original text and illustrations Pearson Education Limited, 2011

    BTEC Apprenticeship Assessment Workbook Level 3 Child Care

    Task 1b

    It is important that you understand how legislation guidelines, policies and procedures work in practice. Information enabling you to complete this activity should be gathered from the written procedures in your setting, from your own observations and discussions with your manager and work colleagues.

    In the space below analyse how the national guidelines, policies and procedures you identified in Task 1a affect the work in your setting.

    If you have selected CYPW Unit 32 or CCLD Unit 21 as an option, also explain the procedures which must be followed at your setting to protect babies and young children when providing personal care and explain why this is necessary. For example, consider not only how this protects the babys or childs welfare but also your own. You may wish to continue on another sheet.

    Write your answer here:

    CYPW Unit 3: 1.3 Unit 32: 1.4

    CCLD Unit 3: 1.3 Unit 21: 1.4

    BTEC Apprenticeship L3 Child Care WB_Book.indb 55 18/05/2011 16:12:12

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    Original text and illustrations Pearson Education Limited, 2011

    BTEC Apprenticeship Assessment Workbook Level 3 Child Care

    Task 1c

    The concept of safeguarding has developed over recent years in response to high profile cases and is now far more than just child protection. Explain what you understand by the concept of safeguarding, including the different aspects of safeguarding work.

    Write your answer here:

    Task 2

    It is essential that all those working with children and young people understand the importance of protecting children from harm within the setting and ensure that children have the knowledge and skills to make their own choices about their safety. Produce a short oral presentation (five to ten minutes) to deliver to your peers and/or assessors explaining these issues. You should include information on:

    why it is important that children and young people are protected from harm, eg the role and responsibility of all adults working with children, the role and responsibility of childcare workers, the issues relating to safeguarding and the effects these may have on children in the setting

    why it is important that children are given the power to protect themselves, eg to recognise the risks and make their own decisions about safety

    examples of ways that childcare workers can empower children, eg ways to work with children, examples of activities.

    CYPW Unit 3: 1.2CCLD Unit 3: 1.2

    CYPW Unit 3: 2.1, 3.1, 6.3, 6.4 CCLD Unit 3: 2.1, 3.1, 6.3, 6.4

    WorkSkills Unit 7: 2.1, 2.2, 2.3, 2.4 PLTS RL: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6

    SM: 6

    BTEC Apprenticeship L3 Child Care WB_Book.indb 56 18/05/2011 16:12:13

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    Original text and illustrations Pearson Education Limited, 2011

    BTEC Apprenticeship Assessment Workbook Level 3 Child Care

    Use these spider diagrams to jot down your ideas to help plan your presentation.

    The importanceof protecting

    children from harm

    The importanceof and ways to

    empower children to protect

    themselves

    When presenting information you will be communicating your learning. You may

    want to invite feedback, which will help you to review your progress and aid your

    future learning.

    BTEC Apprenticeship L3 Child Care WB_Book.indb 57 18/05/2011 16:12:14

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    Original text and illustrations Pearson Education Limited, 2011

    BTEC Apprenticeship Assessment Workbook Level 3 Child Care

    Task 3

    This activity will enable you to show your understanding of procedures when there are concerns about the safety and wellbeing of children in your setting. Before starting this task, read through the policies and procedures of your setting for responding to concerns that a child may have been abused.

    Read the following scenario and answer the questions in spaces provided on the next three pages:

    Case studyMegan is four years old and is in the reception class at her local primary school. She lives with an older sister and her mum. Gill Adams works at the school as a support assistant. Two weeks ago Gill noticed that Megan was not her normal cheery self and had wet herself on two occasions. She mentioned this to the reception teacher and they agreed that they would observe her closely. A few days later Megans mum informed Gill that her new partner, Alan, would collect Megan from school each day. On Monday Gill noticed that Megan was reluctant to go with him saying she wanted Mum to fetch her. The following morning she appeared withdrawn and did not want to play with her friends. Shortly before home time, Gill could see that Megan was becoming distressed. She tried to comfort her by saying that she could take her painting home to Mum. Megan then said that she wanted Mum because Alan might get cross and hurt her.

    CYPW Unit 3: 2.1, 2.4, 3.2, 4.1, 4.2, 4.3 Unit 6: 3.3

    CCLD Unit 3: 2.1, 2.4, 3.2, 4.1, 4.2, 4.3 Unit 6: 3.3

    You must understand the procedures for when you have concerns about the safety or wellbeing of children in your setting.

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    Original text and illustrations Pearson Education Limited, 2011

    BTEC Apprenticeship Assessment Workbook Level 3 Child Care

    1. Explain Gill Adamss own responsibility to protect Megan.

    Write your answer here:

    2. Describe the roles and responsibilities of agencies and organisations who may be involved in safeguarding Megan.

    Agency/organisation Role and responsibility

    BTEC Apprenticeship L3 Child Care WB_Book.indb 59 18/05/2011 16:12:19

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    Original text and illustrations Pearson Education Limited, 2011

    BTEC Apprenticeship Assessment Workbook Level 3 Child Care

    3. Consider how the childcare worker in this situation must respond to the child and what actions she should take. Explain what action Gill should take in response to the allegations of possible abuse, eg what she should say and do, what she should not say or do, ways she should record what she has observed and been told, how and to whom she should pass on information.

    Write your answer here:

    4. When Gill became concerned that Megans behaviour had changed she observed her more closely. Describe the signs and symptoms that may be displayed by children experiencing abuse or harm. When describing signs consider the four main types of abuse: neglect, physical, sexual, emotional. Where signs and symptoms suggest a particular type of abuse (for example, grasp marks suggest physical abuse) you should indicate this. Other signs and symptoms, for instance withdrawal, may happen when children are experiencing any of the types of abuse.

    Type of abuse Signs and symptoms

    Neglect

    Physical

    BTEC Apprenticeship L3 Child Care WB_Book.indb 60 18/05/2011 16:12:20

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    Type of abuse Signs and symptoms

    Sexual

    Emotional

    5. Complete the following sentences to explain the rights of Megan and her mother.

    Megan has the right to...

    Megans mother has the right to...

    6. Gill is aware that she must keep any information confidential but she is also aware of her role and responsibility to safeguard Megan. In the space below analyse the tension she may experience in relation to:

    a) her concerns that abuse may have been committed b) her worries that a crime may have been committed.

    Write your answer here:

    BTEC Apprenticeship L3 Child Care WB_Book.indb 61 18/05/2011 16:12:21

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    Original text and illustrations Pearson Education Limited, 2011

    BTEC Apprenticeship Assessment Workbook Level 3 Child Care

    Task 4a

    Bullying can take a number of forms. In the table below, explain the types of bullying and the effects these may have on children. Complete the first example and add four more of your own.

    Type of bullying Possible effects on children

    Verbal bullying may include direct verbal abuse such as name calling and insults

    Verbal bullying can cause children to become isolated and this will affect their self esteem

    CYPW Unit 3: 5.1 CCLD Unit 3: 5.1

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    Original text and illustrations Pearson Education Limited, 2011

    BTEC Apprenticeship Assessment Workbook Level 3 Child Care

    Task 4b

    1. Obtain and become familiar with your settings policy and procedure on bullying and use it to provide:

    a brief description of the policy procedures you should follow if you are concerned that bullying may be happening

    an explanation of why there needs to be policies and procedures in place.

    Write your answer here:

    2. Explain ways in which you could support a child and their family when bullying is suspected or a claim of bullying has been made.

    Write your answer here:

    CYPW Unit 3: 5.2, 5.3 CCLD Unit 3: 5.2, 5.3

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    Original text and illustrations Pearson Education Limited, 2011

    BTEC Apprenticeship Assessment Workbook Level 3 Child Care

    Task 5

    The letter below has been sent to the family page of a local newspaper.

    Dear James,

    My son aged 10 has asked for a computer for his birthday. His grandparents have agreed to buy one

    but Im not sure about it, as I have recently read about children being put in danger when they have

    used the internet, particularly social networking sites. However, I am also aware that it will help him

    with his school work.

    He has also asked if he can have a mobile phone when he moves up to secondary school in September.

    Can you tell me if there are particular dangers for children using the internet and mobile phones? I

    would also appreciate advice on what I can do to reduce any risks.

    Yours

    Amina Sabir

    Respond to the letter, explaining the risks and possible consequences for children and young people when using the internet and mobile phones and giving advice on ways to reduce the risk. Include advice about:

    social networking using the internet buying online using a mobile phone.

    Write your answer here:

    CYPW Unit 3: 7.1, 7.2 CCLD Unit 3: 7.1, 7.2

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    Original text and illustrations Pearson Education Limited, 2011

    BTEC Apprenticeship Assessment Workbook Level 3 Child Care

    PROFESSIONAL DISCUSSION

    Your assessor will conduct a professional discussion with you, which will capture evidence necessary to prove your level of knowledge and understanding of safeguarding issues.

    Below are two topic areas you will need to consider when preparing for the professional discussion with your assessor.

    Situations when and reasons why inquiries and serious case reviews may be required.

    Lessons that can be learned following serious cases of abuse and how these may lead to changes in policy and practice.

    Your assessor will plan the content of your professional discussion and will advise you how to prepare beforehand. The professional discussion may cover more than this section of your Assessment Workbook.

    Discussion process

    The discussion process will offer you the opportunity to show your knowledge of the safeguarding policies and processes when the outcomes for children following abuse are serious.

    To prepare for your professional discussion, you should think about the following:

    The role of the Local Safeguarding Children Board (LSCB). The circumstances in which abuse cases might be investigated

    by the local safeguarding children board. Examples of where legislation, policy and procedures have

    changed following a serious case review.

    CYPW Unit 3: 1.4CCLD Unit 3: 1.4

    BTEC Apprenticeship L3 Child Care WB_Book.indb 65 18/05/2011 16:12:28

    1a_a: 1a_b: 1a_c: 1a_d: 1a_e: 1a_f: 1a_g: 1a_h: 1a_i: 1a_j: 1b: 2_a: 2_b: 2_f: 2_c: 2_e: 2_d: 2_g: 2_h: 2_i: 2_j: 2_k: 2_l: 1c: 2_2a: 2_2b: 2_2c: 2_2d: 2_2e: 2_2f: 2_2g: 2_2h: 2_1: 2_4a: 2_4b: 2_4c: 2_4d: 2_5a: 2_5b: 2_3: 4a_3: 4a_4: 4a_5: 4a_6: 4a_7: 4a_8: 4b_1: 4b_2: 2_6: 5: 4a_1: 4a_2: 4a_0a: 4a_0b:

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