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J DEFENSE SECURITY ASSISTANCE AGENCY WASHINGTON, DC 20301-2800 s 0 JUN 1988 MEMORANDUM FOR SEE DISTRIBUTION SUBJECT: SAMM Maintenance 1. Effective 1 May 1988, the focal point for SAMM maintenance was changed from Program Analysis Division, Plans Directorate to Management Division, Operations Directorate. 2. SAMM changes will be developed by the responsible DSAA action office, coordinated with each directorate of DSAA, DSAA General Counsel, and other appropriate elements within DOD, provided to the military departments for review, and edited and published by DISAM. 3. One directorate is assigned as the lead area of expertise for SAMM changes as follows: Chap 1 2 3 4 5 6 8\2 9\1 10 OPS X X X X X X X Plans X X X X Compt X X X X Chap 12 13 14\2 15 App A B C D E F G Index OPS Plans Compt X X X X X X X X x "X X '}.. .0 111 ' X -,f' f/) v 60 /) '.( X ') ----- « .Iy OPS - Sections I and II, Section III.e. and f., Figure 7-111- 2 and Table 7-III-2; Compt - Balance of chapter. 2/ Compt - Section IV and Table OPS - Balance 1/ OPS- Section 111.1. and J., Section IV, Tables 9-111-3 Exhibits Band C, 9-111-6, 9-111-7, and 9-111-8; Compt - Balance Plans - Section II; Compt -Balance Plans - Section I; OPS - Balance 4. The lead directorate will assign responsible individuals to develop or approve each change to its assigned sector of the SAMM and to assure coordination. Operations Directorate, Management Division, will be the overall focal point for managing SAMM changes. psc4

1987-07-31 - SAMM

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SUBJECT: SAMM Maintenance
1. Effective 1 May 1988, the focal point for SAMM maintenance was changed from Program Analysis Division, Plans Directorate to Management Division, Operations Directorate.
2. SAMM changes will be developed by the responsible DSAA action office, coordinated with each directorate of DSAA, DSAA General Counsel, and other appropriate elements within DOD, provided to the military departments for review, and edited and published by DISAM.
3. One directorate is assigned as the lead area of expertise for SAMM changes as follows:
1 2 3 4 5 6 7\~ 8\2 9\1
10 11\~
App A B C D E F G
X '}.. .0 111 ' X -,f' f/) v 60 /) ~ '.( X ~~~..., ')
-----~ « .Iy ~/ OPS - Sections I and II, Section III.e. and f., Figure 7-111- 2 and Table 7-III-2; Compt - Balance of chapter. 2/ Compt - Section IV and Table 8-III~3; OPS - Balance 1/ OPS- Section 111.1. and J., Section IV, Tables 9-111-3 Exhibits Band C, 9-111-6, 9-111-7, and 9-111-8; Compt - Balance ~/ Plans - Section II; Compt -Balance ~/ Plans - Section I; OPS - Balance
4. The lead directorate will assign responsible individuals to develop or approve each change to its assigned sector of the SAMM and to assure coordination. Operations Directorate, Management Division, will be the overall focal point for managing SAMM changes.
5. Following development of changes and approval by the lead directorate and the Command Group, changes should be brought to DSAA/OPS-E. OPS-E will:
a. For changes, to be provided by message, which require immediatenotification--
(1) Provide an interim change number, for use in distributing the change to users worldwide.
(2) Consolidate and forward the change to DISAM for inclusion in the next formal SAMM change.
b. For routine changes, consolidate and forward to DISAM for incorporation into the next formal SAMM change.
6. Questions orcornments regarding information above may be directed tb DSAA/OPS-E, Mr. Wayne Wells, X78108.
Distribution: Comptroller Congressional Relations Director, DISAM General Counsel Director for Operations Director for Plans
prepd by: Mr. Wells/DSM/OPS-E/28 Jun 88 DSAA/OPS- X781Q8
Distr: Orig addee , cc It shown USDP Other: DSAA Chron CMD (1) ops- E Subj OPS- E Chron OPS-Chron
OPS- E Bold
SUBJECT: Security Assistance Management Manual (SAMM) Maintenance
The attached 30 June 1988 memorandum, subject as above, is furnished for information. It suggests DSAA directorates to which issues pertaining to specific areas within the SAMM, DOD 5105.38-M, may be raised. Administrative (format, edit, etc.) changes or general comments or questions regarding the SAMM should be directed to DSAA/OPS-E.
It is expected that the SAMM will continue to be a living document, with continual change resulting from legislation, foreign policy adjustments, improvements in security assistance management capability, and increases in operating efficiency. In general, the following guidelines are expected to be applied in order to keep the SAMM up to date:
- Minor technical adjustments, format changes, edit corrections, and dictated changes such as those required by legislation will be coordinated with your organization when implementation flexibility exists and your programs will be substantially affected.
· .. .,
users, since failure to do this may result in changes without benefit of your comments~
- The organization sponsoring a SAMM change is responsibile for coordination with other organizations, including other military services, affected by the change.
- It is anticipated that potential SAMM changes will continue to be developed informally, with formal documentation used only in the final stages of these changes. Your point of contact for formal actions pertaining to SAMM changes·should be provided to DSAA/OPS-E. . j
As the SAMM users having the greatest impact on the day-to­ day support of security assistance customers,· your past support has been important in maintaining DOD 5105.38-M. With your continued assistance, we expect to make the manual as current, accurate, and user-friendly as possible.
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'DOD 5105. 38-M
SUBJECT: SAMM Change 9 Transmittal
The attached revised material updates the basic publication.
Make the applicable change to the SAMM in accordance with the attached list of changes by inserting new pages.
This change is effective 31 July 1987.
Attachments 1. List of Changes 2. List of Effective Pages 3. List of material incorporated
within Change 9 4. SAMM Updated pages
SUBJECT: SAMM Change 8 Transmittal
The attached revised material updates the basic publication.
Make the applicable change to the SAMM in accordanae with the attached list of changes by inserting new pages.
This change is effecti~e 31 March 1987.
Attachments 1. List of Changes 2. List of Effecti~e Pages 3. List of material incorporated
within Change a 4. SAMM Updated pages
15 september 1986
In reply re fe r to: Transmittal No. 7 DOD 5105. 38-M
SUBJECT: SAMM Change 7 Transmittal
The a ttached rev ised rna ter ial update s the basic publication.
Make the applicable change to the SAMM in accordance with the attached list of changes by inserting new pages.
Th is change is effec tive 15 September
Attachments 1. List of Changes 2. List of Effective Pages 3. List of material incorporated
with in Change 7 4. SAMM Updated pages
SUBJECT: SAMM Change 6 Transmittal
The attached revised material updates the basic publication.
Make the appplicable change to the SAMM in accordance with the attached list of changes by inserting new pages.
This change is effective 1 March 1986.
Attachments 1. List of Changes 2. List of Effective Pages 3. List of material incorporated
within Change 6 4. SAMM Update pages
Section A. B. C. D. E. F. G. H. 1.
I - Manual Purpose and Structure Purpose Organizat.ion Chapter Identification System Applicability Objectives Basic Issues and Changes Distribution Interpretation, Recommendations and Deviations. Effective Date and Implementation
Section II - Rationale and Scope ------~. Purpose
B. Rationale for Security Assistar.re Program C. Security Assistance Scope D. Implementation
Section I - General .. A. Purpose
B. Background
Section II - Grant Aid A. Genera 1 B. ~1i1 itary Assistance (MAP) C. Training (IMET)
Section III - Foreign Military Sales (FMS) A. Legislative Authority for n1s B. Pol icies
Table 2-III-l - Part 121-The United States Munitions List
Section IV - SpeCial Provisions A. Constraints on Eligibility B. Ship Transfers C. Security Notes Related to Man-Portable Air Defense
Sys.tems (MANPAOS) Sales
1-3 1-3
2-2 2-2 2-4
vii Change No.9, 31 July 1987
** ** *
Section I - ResfonSibiilitieS --_. A. Ger.£: ra .
B. Thp Department of Defense Table 3-1-1 - Decision Cha"rE,ls for Security Assistance Table 3-1-2 - Armaments Cooperation Decision Relationships
for ODC/MAAGs Table 3-1-3 - Armaments Cooperation Programs Table 3-T-4 - SAp Security Assistance Program Managemprt
and Oversight Functions Tablf> 3-1-5 - SAO A,rrnampnts Cooperation Functions
Spctiori II - Rl'!lat i onshi..£2., . It -Charnels of" ICommunlcations B. Directives ~nd Record Communications ,
CHAPTER 4 - SECURI1Y ASSISTANCE PLANNING -, I Section 1 - General ---- A. Purpose and~Scope ;
Basic Policies B. C. Materiel Requirements Surveys
anning onS1 eratlons B. u.S. Government Planning Approach Figure 4-IJ -1 -! Security Assistance Communities Figure 4-IT-2 ..; Community Interrelationships Figure 4-11-3 i Budget a~d Sales Process
Sectior: I - Transfer of Technology "!;. B. C.
Purpose Definitions
,- ~ I .• , •• ,j
1 . Section
Policy /';
II - DistlosUre of Classified Militaf·Information. to n overnments an nternationa
'. urpose B. Policy , C. Qisclosure Authorities D. Responsibilities E. Disclosure Decisions F. False Iffipressions G. Control of Foreign Repff~sentat;ves H. Industrial Security . . I. Defense Industrial Security Clearance Office (DISCO) J. User Agenc~_Co~tracts Requiring Overseas Deliveries
5-1 5-1 5-1 5-3
5-3 5-3 5-4 5-4 5-4 5-4 5-5 5-5 5-5 5-6 5-6
viii Change No.9, 31 July 1987
** ** **
* **
* * *
* *
L. U.S. Contract to Foreign Firms
Section III - Security Classification and Re1easp (If - Information
A. Turpose B. Security Classification Guidelines C. Release of Information D. RCS: DSAA (fIR) 1200 FMS Report Submission E. Foreign Country Involvement in the DOD Contractual
Process F. Foreign Government Information
Section IV - Ex ort License and Customs Clearancp. Guidance orel~n il ltary ~a es ustomers A. urpose B. USDOD Sponsored Shipments of FMS Materiel C. Shipments of Unclassified FMS Purchased Materiel
through' Country Representatives or Frei9ht Forwarders D. FMS Customer Responsibility E. Intransit Shipments of Unclassified Defense Articles F. State Department Approval of Proposals Relating to SME G. Procedures for the Export of Classified Defense
Articles and Services H. FMS Credit Financed Direct Commercial Contracts
Figure 5-IV-l - "Authority to Export Defense Ar'ticles and Defense Services Sold under the ForeiQn
~1ilitary Sales Program (Form DSP-94) - 5-18 Figure 5-IV-2 - "Application/license for Temporary
Import of Unclessified Defense Articles" (Form DSP-61) 5-19
Figure 5-IV-3 - "Application/License for Permanent/ ,Temporary Export or Temporary Import of C1e5sified Defense Articles and Rel ated Cl ass ifi ed Techni ca 1 Data"­ (Form DSP-85)
Figure 5-IV-4 - "Transportatior: P1an" Figure-5-IV-5 - "Equivalent Foreigri and International
Pact Organization Security Classifications"
Sf'ction A. B. c.
Figure 6-1-1 Security -Assistance Surveys Authorized Table 6-1-1 - Foreign Countries and International Organi­
zations Eligible to Purchase Defense Articles and Defense Services Under the
5-20 5-2]
ix Change No.9, 31 July 1987
** *
* *
** *
Table 6-1-2 - General Terms'of Reference for Security Jlssistance Survey Teams 6-16
Table 6-1-3 - Security Assistance Survey Team Checklist 6-18
Section A. 8. C. D. E. F.
Applicability Policy Responsibilities Guidelines Procedures tior Processing Industry Requests for Direct Sale Preference Designation Procedures 'for Processing Requests for Direct Sale Preference Notification of Sig.nificant Commercial Sales Activity DoDPS;A Versus a Commercial PrC'posal
6-20 6-20 6-20 6··20 6-21 6-21
A. Purpose
B. Background/;Definitions C. Prncedurp.s I
Figure 7-1-1 - R~coupment of Nonrecurring Costs on Sales :of Major Defense Equipment (MDE)
Figure 7-1-2.- r~emerar;dum for the Chairman, Joint Chiefs . of Staff, S~bject: SA Requests for MOE
Figure 7-1-3 - United.States Depdrt~ent of Defense Letter of Intent (DO Fom ?(12)
Figure 7-1-4 -I' United States Department of Defense Letter . of Intent (DD Form 2012-1)'
Figure 7~T-5 -I United States Department of Defense Letter of Intent (DD Form 2012-2)
Table 7-1-1 rt~a.ior DE-fense Equipment List
Figure 7-II-l
end Processin of Foreian Militar
- United States Department of Defense Offer and ,A.cceptance (DD Form 1513)
- General Conditicns - United Stat~s Department of Defense
Continuation Sheet - Financial Analysis Worksheet - Termination Liability Worksheet
7-1 7-1 7-1 7-4
000 5105.38-M
Summary " . . ..... 7-54 Figure 7-II-7 - Supplementary Information· for: L~tters of
Offer 7-55 Figure-7~Il~8 - Offer and Acceptance.PreRaration Work~heet 7-56 Table 7-II-1 - Instructions for Pr~pa,ring the Uniteq,.: ..
States Department of. Defense Offer an~ Acceptance (DO Form 1513) 7-57
Table 7-11-2 - Transportation Instructions, DO Form 1513 7-60 Table 7-11-3 - Additional Terms and Conditions,·Atrcraft 7-65 Table7-II-4 - Additional Conditions, Aircraft Ferrying:
(Purchaser Owned) 7-66 Table 7-Il-5 - Additional Terms and Conditions, Trans-
. portation:and Services 7-67 Table 7-IJ-6 - Additional Terms and Conditions, Safe-
guards for Contractor Personnel 7-68
Secticn A. B. C.
III - Financial Principles and Procedures Purpose Responsibilities and Requirements Basic Principles Pricing of FMS Transactions Direct Charges to FMS Cases· Government-Provided Engineering Services Asset Use Charges for Items Provided from Inventory Rep 1 acement Pri ce ,for Secondary Items Financial Administration of FMS Credit Program Preparation and Implementation of DD Form'1513, Letters of Offer and Acceptance (LOA)
K. Terms of Sale and Type of Assistance Codes (Refer to Table 7-111-1)
L. Multiple Sources of Financing Financial Control of FMS Agreements
Figure 7-IJI-1 - Key Dates in FMS Billing .and Collection Figure 7-111-2 - Contract Administration Reciprocal
Agreements Figure 7-1II-3 Financial Annex, Supplementary
Financial Terms and Conditions Table 7-III-1 . - Summary of Terms of Sale and Type of
Assistance C0des Table 7-111-2 - Foreign Countries and International
Organizations Authorized Direct Authorities fer Dependable Undertaking
Section IV - Conqressional Section 36(b) Notificati~ns and T{eports and Section 118 Reports of Foreign Mil,tary Sales
A. Purpose B. Statutory Provision, Executi,ve Requirements, and
Exceptions C. Criteria and Responsibilities for Congressional
7-73 7-73 7-73 7-74 7-75 7-83 7-85 7-86 7-87 7-87
DoD 5105.38-M
E~ Classification
Figute 7-IV~1 - Milestones for LOA Requests for SME Figure 7-IV-2 - Milestones for LOA Requests for Non-SME Table 7-IV-l - Advance Notification Data Table 7-IV-2 - :Mil ;tory Justification Data Table 7-IV-3 - Statutory Notification Data
Table 7-IV-4". - !Sensitivity of Technology Data Table 7-IV-4B - /Enhancement or Upgrade of Sensitivity of
IT~chnologyof Items Planred to be IDelivered, Section 36(b)(5)(A) Report
Table 7-IV-4C - ;Statutory I~otification Data on Enhance- r rflent or UpgradE of Capabi 1 tty or ,Sehsitivity of Technology
Table 7-IV-5 -i Impact on Current Readiness Report Data Table 7-IV-6 -iTransmittal Letter for the Unsigned lOA
Section V - Case Manpgement . A. The Scope of Case Management
B. Case '''anage,ment Authority, Respcrsibility, Acr.ountabfllity , and COl1trol
C. Reporting R'equ;rements D. The Case M~nager's Role in the Assianment of Tasks E. PerformancJ Specifications and Measurement
Standards ! F. Formal Training to Meet Special Requirements
of the Cas, Manager
Figure 7-V-l -!Charter for Case Manager Table 7-V-l -ICase Manaaer Data Elements
I ' - I '
Section A. B.
II - Acqui~ition for FMS
Follow-on! Support Requisitibn Procedures ~1anagemenlt· Revi ew Adherenc, ~o Stated Conditions
I ' I
I xii I
E. System Support Buy Out F. Transportation of FMS Materiel
Table 8-111-1 - Foreign Countries and Iriterrational. Organizations Authorized Receipt of· DLA Excess Property Listings
Table 8-111-2 - Putential Sourtes for Listi~gscf Freight Forwarders
Table B-III-3 - Financing Reports of Discrepancy When the USG is Liable
Section IV - Performance Reeortiny and Case Closure A. Performance Reportlng/Ci ling . B. Delinquent Accounts for FMS Billing C. Interest Assessment on Delinquent Debts D. Closure of FMS Cases E. Cancellation of FMS Cases f. Financing Reports of Discrepancy (ROD) When the
USG is Liable . . C. Address of the Central Collection ahd Billing Office
Section --A.
B. c.
v - Amendments and Modifications DO Form 1513-1 - Amendment to Offer and Acceptance Pen-and-Ink Changes - DO Forms 1513 and 1513-1 DO Form l513-2 - Notice of Modification of Offer and Acceptance
Figure 8-V-1 - United States Department of Defense Amend­ ment to Offer and Acceptance (DD Form 1513)
Figure 8-V-2 - United States Department of Defense Notice of ~odification of Offer and Acceptance (DO Form 1513-2)
Section A. B. C. D. E.
I - General Purpose Introduction Arms Export Control Act (AEeA} Authorization Additional Provisions of the Att .. Classified Materiels
Section 11 - Eligibility A. Need for FinanCing B. Use of Financing for Essential Items C. Denial of FMS Credit D. Exceptions.
Section III - Process and Procedures
A. General B. Congressional Authorization and Appropriation
8-49 8-50
9-4 9-4 9-4 9-4 9-5
DoD 5105.38-M
C. Apportionment . D. Implementation and Management of Loans E. Iss.uance of FMS Leans . F. Approvai of FMS Credit-Financed Purchases G. Commitment of FMS Credit Funds H. Disbursement of FMS Loan Fund~ I. Direct Commercial Purchase~ J. Offshore Procurement (aSP) K. Repayment of FMS Loans
Table 9-III-1 .~ DoD Guaranteed Loan Agreement Issued by the FFB
Table 9-111-2 - Guaranty Table 9-III-3 - Loan Agreement ". Table 9-III-4 - DSAA Sample Letter to Purchasing Country
Approving Use of FMS Loan Fin'ancing '. ,4' for Direct Commercial Purchases.
Table 9-III-~ - DSAA Sample Letter t6 Supplier Approving Use of FMS Loan Financing for Direct Commercial Purchases
Table 9-III-6 - Essentlal Contract Elements . Table 9-III-7 - Contractor's Certification ,and Aqreement
with Defense Security ASSistance" Agency Table 9..:.;III-8
1 - Notification of Requirements for Direct
i.i, I AcquiSition to be 'Funded wi.th U.S. FMS I· Loan Funds
. Secticr . tl"
Marine Transportatio~Waiver Procedures Reports ~~ U.S. Depart~ent6f Transptirtation
Section I - lnter~~tioral r,lilitary' EducatiQP and Training tIMET) I
G. Extraordinary Expenses H. Other Training Support I. Training;Materials J. Political Asylum and Temporary Refuge K. Program Management L. Program Development and Submission M. IMET Programming Instructions N. Implementation O. TraininglAnnual Integrated Assessment of Security
Assistance (AIASA) Reports . I - I
9-6 9-6 9-7 9-8 9-R 9-9 9-10 9-·] 6 9-16
9-18 9-40 9-42
10-1 10-1 10-2 10-2 10-4.2 10-19.1 10-26 10-27 10-28 10-28 10-28 10-30 10-35 10-40
II - Foreign ~'ilitary Sales Traininq Purpose Basic Guidelines English Language Training FMS Training Tuition Rates Cancellation of Training-Penalty Charge Training at Civilian Institutions or by Contractor Transportation and Travel
H. Living Allowances/Privileges I. Training of Civilians under FMS J. FMS Orientation Troining Courses and Visits K. Mobile Training Teams and Field Training Services L. Training Relations M. Restrictions of Transfer of Training N. Police, Intelligence, and Other Sensitive Training O. Security Assistance Management Training ,
Figure 10-11-1 - Invitational Travel Order (ITO) for Foreign f.1ilitary Trainees (FtH)
000 5105. 38-f·1
10-45 10-45 10-45 10 .. ,49 . 10-50 10-50 10-50 10-51 10-51 10-52 10-52 10-52 10-52 10-52 10-53 10-53
(DO Form 2285) 10-5~ Table 10-11-1 - Program Card Formats 10-58 Table 10-11-2 - Table of Daily Supplemental Living
A 11 owances for IMET Forei gn Mi 1 i tary Trainees (FMTs) 10-6C
Table 10-11-3- MILDEP Execution Agency Identifier Codes 10-62 Table 10-11-4- Train~ng Analysis Codes 10-67
Section III - Reciprocal Exchange Training A. Purpose B. Professional Military Education (PME) Exchange
Training C. Unit Exchange Training and Related Support D. Reports
Section I - Use:of MAP Funds to Finance Foreign ~lilitary Sales A.GrantAid (MAP) Funding . , .
Section II - Utilization, Redistribution and Disposal of MAp Materiel
A. Purpose B. Legal Limitations C~ Supervision of End-item Use an~ c .
Maintenance of Inventories D. Transfer of MAP Excess Materiel E. Cannibalization and Retention of MAP Property F. Disposal of MAP Property
Section III - Section 506 Special Authority A. Purpose B. Section 506(a)
DoD 5105.38-M
Section - A.
I - leases Authority ar.d Purpose Lease Terms and Conditions Coordinatir.n Congressional Notification Financial Arrangements Lease Closure Reporting U.S. Navy Ships
Figure 12-1-1 .. Determination Regarding the. Lease of Article(s) to Countries or International Organizetiolls Pursuant to the Arms Export
: : Control Act, Chapter 6 Figure 12-1-2 - Memo for the Director, DSAA;
Subject: Lease under Chapter 6, AECA Figure 12-I~3 -Sample Lease Figure 12~I-4 - Memo for the Director for Operations,
DSAA; Subject: Congressional Certifica­ tion under Chapter 6, AECA
- Transmittal .. Notice of Proposed Lease Pursuant to the AECA, Section 62
- Letter to the Honorable Speaker of the House of Representat.ives
- Letter to the Honorable Chairman, Committee on Foreign Relations
Figure 12-I~8 - Letter to the Honorable Chairman, Committee on Armed Services
Figure 12-I~9 - Letter to the Prospective ~essee AdviSing Lessee of Congressional Notification of a Lease for Over One Year
Figure 12-r-l0 - Let.ter Advisirlg Lessee of .Conqressional i Notification of Lpasefor MDE for Over
Fi gure Figure Figure
One Yea.r 12-1-11 - RCS: DSAA{O)1146 12- I -12 - Certificate of De livery 12-1-13 - Lease Closure Information
Section II .. Loans of Defense Articles A. Authority and Purpose B. Reporting Requirements C. lmplementir.g Loan Documents
Section I - SecJrity Assistance Budgets A. Purpose' B. Financial Resour~es
12-1 12-1 12 .. 2 12-4 12-4 12-6 12-6 12-6 12-7
xvi Change No.9, 31 July 1987
C. Operation of the FMS Administrative and MAP Administrative Overhead and Support and SAO Budget Systems
Table 13-1-1 - MAP/MAAG Budget Reports, Instructions and Sample Format
Figure 13-1-1 - Request for Revenue Traffic Airlift (Form DSAA 78-001)
Section A. B. C. D.
II - Audits and Inspections Purpose Types of Audits/Inspections Notification of Audits and Inspections Policy Concerning Releasability of DoD Records Relating to MAP and FMS
E. Relationship with Audit/Inspection Agency F. Exit Conference G. Action on GAO Draft Reports H. Action on GAO Final Reports I. Action on DoD-IG Reports J. Corrective Action Follow-up
Section III - DSAA Financial Management Review Program A. Background B. Purpose C. Procedures
DoD 5105.38-M
13-17 13-17 13-17 13-17
Figure 13-111-1 - Sources of Data for RCN 1150 13-19 Figure 13-111-2 - Sample Tasking Letter for DSAA RCN 1150 13-20
Section I - Special Defense Acquisition Fund (SDAF) A. Authority and Purpose B. Management C. Funding D. Operating Concepts E. Criteria for Procurement F. Program Implementation G. FMS Sales of SDAF Items H. Equipment Loans I. Transfers Financed by MAP Funds J. Reporting K. Administrative Expenses
Figure 14-1-1 - Defense Security Assistance Agency Special Defense Acquisition Fund - Loan Agreement
Figure 14-1-2 - Defense Security Assistance Agency Special Defense Acquisition Fund - Inventory Report
14-1 14-1 14-1 14-1 14-2 14-2 14-3 14-5 14-7 14-7 14-7 14-9
000 5105.38-M
Section II - Foreign Manufacture of U.S. Defense Equipment 14-12 A. Purpose 14-12 B. Background and Scope 14-12 C. Authority to Negotiate and Sign International
Agreements 14-13 D. Principles Regarding Coproduction Policy 14-14 E. NATO Cooperative Projects Under the AECA, Sectipn 27 14-16 F. Requests for Offset Procurement 14-17 G. Release of U.S. Government-Owned Technical Data 14-17 * H. Royalty Fee Management 14-25 ** Figure 14-1 I-I - Data Sheet for TOP Transferred for
Operation and Maintenance 14-29 ** Figure 14-11-2 - Data Sheet for TOP Transferred for
Study or Production 14-30 **
Section I - DSAA 1200 Foreign Military Sales (FMS) System Overview, Guidance, and Data Submission Instructions 15-1
A. Purpose , 15-1 B. Descriptio'n of the Foreign Mi 1 itary and Construction
Sales Infqr;mation System 15-1 C. Reporting :F,requency 15-3 D. Data Base Updates 15-3 E. Preparatidn and Submission of Data Input for the
DSAA 1200 System "15-3
Table 15-1-1 .~ Letter of Request Format - Transaction : Type SI 15-5
Table 15-1-2 - Congressional Transaction Format - Trans- action Type S2 15-8
Table 15-1-3 - DO Form 1513 Format - Transaction Type S3 15-11 Table 15-1-4 - Implementing Agency Format - Transaction
, ,Type S4 . 15-15 Table 15-1-5 - IRedesignating Key Format - Transaction
Type S5 15-17 Table 15-1-6 ~ Under 000 Preparation Format (Add/Change/
; Delete) - Transaction Type S6 15-18 Tablp. 15-1-1' -:;Under DoD Preparation Format (Change) -
Transaction Type S7 15-20
Section II - DSAA 1200 Foreign Military Sales (FMS) System Output Products 15-22
A. Purpose , 15-2? B. Source of Output Reports 15-22 C. Categories of DSAA 1200 System Output Reports 15-22 D. Requests for DSAA 1200 System Output Reports 15-22 E. DSAA 1200 System Output Reports 15-22 F. Abbreviated Titles Used in DSAA 1200 System Output
Products/Reports 15-26
000 5105.38-M
Figure 15-II-1 Figure 15- II-2 Figure 15-II-3 Figure 15-II-4 Figure 15- II-5 Figure 15-II-6 Figure 15-II-7 Figure 15-Il-8
Figure 15-II-9
Table 15-II-3
Table 15-II-4
- FMS Item Delivery Status - FMS Item Purchases by NSN - FMS Summary of Purchases - FMS Selected Item Summary - FMS Status of Purchases and Deliveries - FMS Fiscal Year Activity - FMS Case Listing - FMS Case Milestone Dates and Their
Intervals - FMS Congressional Section 36(b), AECA
Case Dates - FMS Case Level Summary - Sample Request Form - Abbreviated Titles Used in the DSAA 1200
System Output Reports - Sort and Select Options for Item Detail
Level and Item Detail Summarized to Category Reports
- Sort and Select Options for Case and Summary Management Reports
Section III - DSAA1000 Materiel and Training System Overview, Data Submission Instructions, and Reports .. .
A. Purpose B. System Description C. DSAA 1000 System Reports D. Data Preparation and Submission
Figure 15-III-1 - ~li1itary Department MAP Order Figure 15-111-2 - Military Department IMET Order Figure 15-111-3 - Grant Aid Detail Listing - Materiel Figure 15-111-4 - Training Summary by Implementing
Agency and Generic Code Figure 15-1II-5 - Student Count by Type and Program Year Table 15-111-1 - Sort and Select Options (DSAA 1000
System) . Table 15-111-2 - Abbreviated Titles Used in the DSAA
1000 System Output Products
Section IV - Militarfi Articles and Services List (MASL) Overview, Guidance,ata Submission Instructions and S stem
ro ucts Purpose General fvlASL Content MASL Relationship to DSAA Program Data MASL Distribution Inquiries on MASL Content MASL Data Submission Data Submission Instructions and Formats
15-51 15-52 15-53
xix Change No.8, 31 March 1987
* * * * * * ~
* * * *
Figure I5-IV-1 - Materiel MASL 15-81 Figure 15-IV-2 - Training MASL (IMET) 15-82 Figure 15-IV-3 - Training MASL (FMS-NATO) 15-83 Figure 15-IV-4 - Training MASL (FMS/IMET) 15-84 Figure 15-IVr5 - Training MASL (FMS) 15-85 Figure 15-IV-6 - Card 1 and 2 Formats 15-86 Table 15-IV~1 - Abbreviated Titles Used in the MASL
Output Reports 15-87 , ,
APPENDIX D - OSAA INFORMATION SYSTEMS OATA ELEMENT DICTIONARY D-1 Table 0-1 - Act jon Code ~ 1000 System D-23 Table 0-2 - Commitment Code - 1000 System D-25 Table 0-3 - Condition Code - 1000 System D-26 Table 0-4 - CostlCode - 1000 System 0-27 Table D-5 - Cou~try/Activity Code - Alphabetic D-28 Table 0-6 - Footnote Code - MASL D-35 Table D.,.7 - Gen~ric Codes - All Systems D-37 Table D-8 .,. MAP Element Code - 1000 System D-72 Table D-9 - Source of Supply Code - 1000 System D-76 Table 0-10 - Sta~us Code - 1200 System 0-78 Table D-l1 - Type lof Assistance Code .. 1000 System 0-80 Table 0-12 - Unit of Issue Code - All Systems 0-81
CONTROL SYSTEM A. Purpose B. Congressional Reports Inventory C. Reporting Instructions '
Figure E-1 - priJ~ and Availability Report (RCS: DSAA(Q) 1138) Figure E-2 - Report of EDA Sold Under Foreign Military Sales Figure E-3 - Foreign Military Construction Sales Figure E-4 - DSA~IReports Control System Figure E-5 - Ins~ructions for Preparation of DSAA Reports
: Control Fonn " Tab' e E-1 .. St~tu;tory Reports to Congress Submi ttedby DoD
on Security Assistance Table E-2 - Current Reporting Requirements under DSAA
Reports Control System . I
B. Procedu res ' C~ Transportatibn Cost Look-Up Table
E-1 E-1 E-1 E-1
E-3 E-4 E-5 E-6
** **' ** **
Table F-l - CONUS Transportation Costs Table F-2 - Overseas Transportation Costs
000 5105.38 .. M
** **
** ** ** **
A. PURPOSE. 000 SI0S.38-M, "Security Assistance Management Manual" (SAMM), formerly the Military Assistance Sales Manual .(MASM), has been published to establish policies and procedures required to carry out the management of security assistance in accordance with the Foreign Assistance Act (FAA) 1961, as amended; the Arms Export Control Act (AECA), 1976, as amended; and other applicable statutes and directives.
B. ORGANIZATION. The Manual has been organized to follow the logical steps associated with the various processes that occur in security assistance management.
1. Major related categories of information are organized by chapter. Categories within each chapter are refined at the section level. Sections within individual chapters are sequentially' numbered using Roman numerals, e.g. SECTION I, SECTION II, etc.
t.~ 2. It should be noted that the organization of the chapters ..a-re such
that closely related topics are brought under one heading while still retain~ ing the unique, though interrelated, characteristics addressed in the separate sections of the chapter. Through this arrangement the reader has an opportun­ ity to review the contrasts and comparisons of each related topic in close proximity, thereby enhancing the understanding of each process and its inher­ ent procedures.
1. Within each chapter section, paragraphs are numbered consecutively using an alpha/numeric system.
a. Major paragraph headings are identified by capital letters, underlined, and preceded by a sequential capital letter (e.g., A. MAJOR HEADING.).
b. Subparagraphs are likewise identified consecutively using Arabic numbers (e.g., 1.), lower case letters (e.g., a.), Arabic numbers in parentheses (e.g., (1)), and lower case letters in parentheses (e.g., (a)), with appropriate indentations. Subparagraphs may be preceded by underl ined subheadings (e.g., 1. Subheading.) on an optional basis for emphasis and ease of understanding.
2. Page numbers consist of a two part Arabic number. The ,first part indicates the chapter, the second part indicates the page within the chapter.
3. Tables, charts, and other illustrations are listed consecutively within each section of the separate chapters, labeled "Table" or "Figure" as
000 5105.38-M
appropriate. An illustration would be numbered as "Table 1-1-1" or "Figure 1-1-1" with the first Arabic number indicating the chapter, the second Roman number designating the chapter section, and the third Arabic number identify­ ing the consecutive illustration within the section.
D. APPLICABILITY. The provisions of this Manual apply to the Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD), its separate agencies, the Military Departments (hereinafter noted as MILDEPs), Unified Commands and their agencies, security assistance organizations (SAO), the Organization of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (OJCS) and all other Defense agencies (hereinafter referred to collectively as "000 Components II engaged in the management or implementation of security assistance).
E. OBJECTIVES. The general objectives of the Manual are to:
1. Assure full compliance with the legislative authorities of the FAA, AECA, and other relevant statutes.
2. Provide an organized compilation of related guidance and procedures.
3. Facilitate its use as a practical management tool. , I
4. Provide a definitive cross-index for ease in its use.
5. Provide cross-reference to other applicable directives and regula- tions, where appropriate. :
6. Ensure compliance with all policies, procedures, and management reporting requirements.
1. The Manual, published in a loose-leaf format, is designed to accom­ modate changes to policy and procedures with minimum effort.
2. The Defense Security Assistance Agency (DSAA) is responsible for determining and developing all changes to the Manual. Two types of changes are involved -- interim and formal. Interim changes will be made through a DSAA message (TWX) or memorandum format. A formal change, published as required, will incorporate all applicable interim changes issued during the immediate preceding period.
3. Formal changes, sequentially numbered and dated, will be made to the extent feasible by the reissuance, addition or deletion of complete pages. Lines that are being changed will be indicated by asterisk (*) in the margins. If a complete rewrite of a paragraph or subparagraph, or the addition of a new paragraph or subparagraph. is involved in the pages reissued, only the first line of such paragraph or subparagraph will be annotated with a double aster~ i sk (**).
G. DISTRIBUTION. The Manual and formal changes thereto will be distributed to DoD activities by the Defense Institute of Security Assistance Management (DISAM-DRP), Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio, 45433. Distribution within each military department, i.e., USN, USA, and USAF will be provided
through each military department's publication distribution sy~tem. The respective points of contact are:
NAVY: Office of the Chief of Naval Operations (CNO/OP-63) ATTN: OP-631D3 U.S. Department of the Navy Washington DC 20350-2000
ARMY: Department of the Army Deputy Chief of Staff for Logistics Security Assistance Policy Coordinating Office ATTN: <DAL1J;S~~:)
3~~\)Q-Rm~, The Pentagon ..3 Washington DC 20310-05}Z
AIR FORCE: Publication Distribution Center 2800 Eastern Blvd. r"iddle River Baltimore MD 21220-5000
Such distribution will be in accordance with addressee lists developed and provided by the DSAA Comptroller, Office of FMS Control Division, Washington DC, 20301. Requests for commercial purchases of the SAMM should be directed to the Defense Institute of Security Assistance Management, DISAM/DRP, Build- * ;ng 125, Area B, Wright-Patterson AFB OH 45433-5000. *
H. INTERPRETATION, RECOMMENDATIONS AND DEVIATIONS. Requests for clarifica­ tion or interpretation of, or changes to, the provision of this Manual should be submitted through security assistance management channels to the DSAA (ATTN: SAMM Coordinator), Washington DC, 20301. Any guidance contained in this Manual that appears to be in conflict with other DoD issuances or govern­ ing statutes and regulations should be reported to the DSAA SAMM Coordinator. Deviations from the policies presented in this Manual may not be implemented without the exp1jci.!-pr-ior..~appr..QY!L of _thELDirector, DSAA, based upon jus­ tified requests;~ the components of the DoD-:->
I. EFFECTIVE DATE AND IMPLEMENTATION. The provisions of this Manual are effective upon date of transmittal.
A. PURPOSE. Section I addressed the basic structure and organization of the SAMM, its authorities, appl icabil ity) and responsibil ities. This section is designed to sununarize the rationale and scope of the security assistance program.
1. Security assistance has historically played a prominent role in U.S. foreign and defense policy. The security assistance program is an essential complement to the overall U.S. defense effort. When we directly assist other
1-3 Change No.8, 31 March 1987
7 ,
000 5105.38-M
nations in meeting their defense requirements, we also make a contribution to our own security.
2. Security assistance represents a most visible aspect of our foreign policy iii that its implementation results in tangible evidence of U.S. inter­ ests and presence. Such evidence is represented by the del ivery of defense weapon systems to friendly foreign governments; by numbers of international military students in U.S. service schools; by U.S. personnel advising other governments in increasing their internal defense capabilities; and by provid­ ing guidance and assistance in establ ishing a practical infrastructure and economic base through which regional stability can be achieved and maintained.
1. Security assistance, defined in its simplest terms, concerns the transfer of military and economic assistance through sale, grant, lease, or toacn~to~fdendly_to_rej.gn_go-ve~nments.-Tra ns-fersa recarri ed out uncfertne grioctple that if they are essential to the security and~economic well-beirfg of such governments and international organi zations, they-a.re-equa.l-l.y-v-Ua.l-tb t~e security and economic well-being of the United StaLes]
2. Security assistance consists, interalia, of the following major programs:
a. Programs administered by the 000:
(1) The Internlltiona 1 Mi 1 itary Education and Training (IMET)
(2) Foreign Military Sales (FMS) Financing; and
(3) Foreign Military Sales (FMS).
b. Programs administered by the Department of State:
(1) Economic Support Fund (ESF);
(2) Peacekeeping Operations (PKO);
(3) Commercial Export Sales licensed under the Arms Export Control Act (AECA).
3. Prior to 1981, defense articles and defense services were provided as grant aid through a separate program, the Mi 1 itary Assistance Program (MAP), which was administered under procedures entirely different from those used for FMS. Legislation effective in FY 1982, however, allows grant funds to be merged wi th other funds held for the forei gn gOV~(I1me.lJ.tlaccojJnt_(~._g~, cash,J~S c!,edi~in that country's FMS trust fullSL-Jhis technique, whicus
,.-used exclUSively today, preclUc1es-dlSfinguiSnfng-items as having been proviaed Vs-g.r-ant~ Specfal-rules, proceaures, ana constraintS-for ftems provhJe~
as grant aid, essentially those set forth in the MASM, apply only to programs initiated under the old system. FMS rules and procedures apply to all others.
1-4 Change No.8, 31 March 1987
000 S10S.38-M
D. IMPLEMENTATION. The Department of Defense (000) administers and manages all transactions that involve the transfer of defense articles and services and the provision of military training for international students. In this regard, security assistance is an integral element of the 000 mission. The development and execution of the program shall be accorded the same high degree of attention and efficiency as other 000 programs. To the extent practical, security assistance requirements shall be integrated with other 000 requi rements and implemented through the same 000 systems, facil iti es, and procedures.
A. PURPOSE. Thi s chapter hi gh 1 i ghts the fundamental 1 ega 1 authorities and restrictions that apply to the components of the overall security assistance program managed by the Department of Defense.
B. BACKGROUND. Military Assistance (~P» and Int~rnational Military Educa­ tion and Training OMET~1~re~g!,ant_aj~d_Rrog~gmini5tered under authority of the ]oreign--ASSl stance Act (FAA) of 1961, as iLrngnded7._Eot:.e.ign_~ti.LUaTY S~e~M~:tare-JifaaDnde~fwthority of the Arms Export Control Act (AECA) ,-:J (1976, as amended J
1. The Admini~tration annually makes specific requests to Con9ress for the security assistance budget and any legislative amendments necessary to meet changing requirements. The Congress reviews the Administration's request and then appropriates the funds, and enacts such amendments deemed appropriate for carrying out the program. Standing authorizations relate to~
a. The sale of defense articles, services, and training (FMS).
b. The sale of design and construction services (FMCS).
c. The extension of direct and guaranteed credit in connection with sales (FMSCR).
d. Lease of defense articles.
e. The transfer of mil itary assistance (MAP) funds to the FMS Trust Fund.
f. Grant training under the International Military Education and Training Program (IMETP).
g. Furnishing defense articles, defense services, and training as grant aid from DoD resources (FAA Section .506 drawdown).
2. Ap~ropriations. Appropriations must be obtained from the Congress for paragrap s c., e., and f. of ·the above USG-financed program authoriza­ tions. Appropriations also are requested. to reimburse 000 for the value of items furnished under FAA Section 506 drawdown.
3. Continuing Resolution Authorit~ (CRA). In the event that the regu- lar foreign aid appropriations are notegislated prior to the beginning of the fiscal year, essential FMSCR, MAP, and IMET activities are usually carried out under a CRA which constitutes temporary or stop-gap appropriations made by the Congress.
A. GENERAL. Grant aid is furnished through programs for Military Assistance (MAP) and International Military Education and Training (IMET).
1. General authority and conditions of eligibility appear in Chapter 2 of the FAA.
2. The program includes furnishing defense articles, defense services, and training by drawdown of DoD resources under emergency conditions and procedures as set forth in SeCtion 506, FAA. Procurement is not authorized under this provision.
3. Except for administrative costs and the close-out of country pro­ grams initiated prior to FY 1982, funded programs are implemented under the provisions of Section 503(a)(3) which permits transfer of funds to the coun­ tries' FMS trust account. Articles, services, and training acquired with such· funds are indistinguishable from other FMS acquisitions and thus are treated identically.
C. TRAINING (IMET). The International Military Education and Training (IMET) program ;s operated as a discrete grant aid program under unique policies and procedures. Refer to Chapter 10 for appropriate details.
1. Arms Export Control Act (AECA), 1976, as amended.
a. Eligibility. No defense articles or defense services may be sold or leased to any country or international organization under the AECA unless the President finds, in accordance with Section 3 thereof as amended, that:
(1) The furnishing of defense articles and defense services to such country or international organiiation will strengthen the security of the U.S. and promote world peace.
(2) The country or internationai organization shall have agl'eed not to transfer title of, or possession of, any defense article or related training or other defense service so furnished to it to anyone not an officer, employee, or agent of that country or international organization and not to use or permit the use of such article or related training or other
defense service for purposes other than those for which furnished unless the consent of the President has first been obtained.
(3) The country or international organization shall have agreed that it will maintain the security of such article and will provide sub~tantially the same degree of security protection afforded to such article by the U.S.; and
. (4) The country or international organization is otherwise eligible to purchase or lease defense articles or defense services. The countries or international organizations found eligible to purchase or lease defense articles or defense services under the Presidential finding are also subject to other provisions of the AECA.
b. List of Eligible Countries. The current list of eligible coun- tries and international organizations determined by the President is provided in Chapter 6 of this Manual.
c. Presidential Determination. The President must det.ermine the eligibility of the prospective purchaser on the basis that sales will strengthen U.S. security and promote World peace [AECA, Sec. 3(a)(1)].
d. Designation .of Defense Articles and Services. The terms "de_ fense article" and "defense service" are defined by AECA, Sec. 47, for pur­ poses generally of the AECA, including FMS and leases. However, for the purposes of direct commercial exports, the President is authorized to desig­ nate those items [AECA~ Sec. 47(7)J which shall be considered defense articles and defense services, and to promulgate regulations for control of the export and import of such articles and services. The items so designated shall con­ stitute the United States Munitions List [AECA, Sec. 38(a)]. Items in cate­ gories which are asterisked on this list are considered Significant Military Equipment (SME). A copy of the U.S. munitions list is enclosed at Table 2-III-1.
e. secretar~ of State Approval Authority. J..tre_S.e:c.teIary-of-:State' Lsha:n-liEre:s p,OJ1.si61EL ot" determi nlng_wh.ethe.~the.resJiall=b-e~a-sa·le=.!.Q--,a c:oun:tr-y-a·nd-the-amount-tne_~e:().f,_whe.the,.---t~er:e=s.haJJ=5e--a-l ease to_a cou'l!!Y, (and=-whetlrer--ther:e-s:haJJ=b:e=ct.eJt'le.r:y_o.r-o.tlie-r-pe:tformance-under-such-sa-le-o.r Jease-o.f.:e-xp-'--Cir:t_1:o·-tne_e-r:la:that-sa~leS...,1-easesLand~exports-are~integriLtea with other-U--;S.~a:ctJvit.tes-ana-fhat-~the-for.ejgn-p-oti.cy-oI~tne=l.f:S_._i.s_6es-t-se-iie.o tb.e.r..eJiy_~1\ECA,_S.e-'--c_._2:ttiY-]:J
f. Arms Control Consideration. Arms control consequences must be ** taken into consideration when evaluating any FMS sale [FAA, Sec. 511; AECA, Sec~ 38(a)(2); AECA, Sec. 42(a)(3)]. Decisions to d:ssue l=i·cen--.--s.es-o.r.-appr.ove Is-ales under the Arms Export Control Act or to furnish military assistance lincte"r the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, as amended, shall be made i:n=coo.r.djl­ nafion_w~{fI·Ctl'-e_Dlr.ector--o.f--=--the-Arm-s-c.o1ittoJ-ana=D~i.s-ajjjfame n tlgency and s ha 11 take into account the Director's opinion on the extent to which such exports~ sales, or assistance will contribute to an arms race, increase the possibi1~ty of outbreak or escalation of conflict, or prejudice the development of bilateral or multilateral arms control arrangements.
2-3 Change No. 8,31 March 1987 .
g. Atomic Energy Aet and Major Ship Transfers. Provisions of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended, and title 10 Usc 7307 requiring sepa­ rate legislation for major ship transfers are unaffected by the AECA, Sec. 44. (See Section IV, paragraph B. of this chapter for futher discussion.)
h. Sources of Sales Materiel. Defense articles or services may be sold from the stocks of the 000 or the 000 may enter into contracts for procurement of defense articles or defense services for sale to eligible foreign countries or international organizations (AECA, Sees. 21 and 22).
i. Use of FMS Credit Funds for Procurement Outside United States. F-MS-c.re~d.tt fultds_may.-b~e=u.sed-fo:r-:.-p.~ocllr-emen-t-':"ol:J-ts·i:de-the-tJ-.:S:.-onty..::::if_the e..r.e~s iden t-d ~te_rmtr.fe-s tnat=so:ch=rH::-ocu.r-ement w,i·-T .. l::not=r-esu:lt=;n-a dYe rse-ef.fe~t~ ,u.pon tt:le_U~S-. e.:.c~Qn.Qmy.-or-tb:e-i:n-du:s:tr-i.a.l=mQ9-~":'i-1:_~f.i:oll~e _ EAECA-Sec-. 4~kJ b (P-r--i·or.:: con-~-ta-t-i-eFl·s-w-i-th-i-n-the-Depa·rtment-of-l)efense-~05A:A:)-and-w.ttlt:.:t~ [le.partmen t s-of-S~ta·te-a nd-Tre:a.sJU'y-are-re.Qui're ch
- [This space left blank intentionally.]
2-3.1 Change No.8, 31 March 1987
2-3.2 Change No.8, 31 March 1987
I ~ j. Termination Due to Unnecessary Military Expenditures. Further
sales, credits, and guaranties shall be terminated to any economically less developed country which diverts economic aid, or its own resources to unneces­ sary military expenditures, to a degree which materially interferes with its development (AECA, Sec. 35). Existing sales, credits, and guaranties need not be terminated.
k. Prohibition Against Discrimination, Intimidation or Harassment. No sales will be made and no credits or guaranties extended to, or for any country whose laws, regulations, official policies or governmental practices prevent any person from participating in the furnishing of defense articles or defense services on the basis of race, religion, national origin, or sex. No sales will be made and no credits or guaranties extended to any country determined to be engaged inl a consistent pattern of acts of intimidation or harassment directed against individuals in the U.S. (AECA, Secs. 5 and 6).
1. Genera 1.
a. Basic Sales Pol icy. In Chapter 1, Section 1 of the AECA, the Congress:
(1) Recognized the increasing cost and complexity of defense equipment and the continued need for international defense cooperation to maintain peace and security.
(2) Established the policy that sales will facilitate the common defense by entering into international arrangements with friendly countries on projects or, cooperative exchange of data, research, development, production, procuremenf~' and logistics support to achieve national defense requirements and objectives of mutual concern;
(3) Declared that the AECA authorizes sales that further U.S. security objectives to friendly countries to equip their forces with due regard to impact of sales on social and economic development and on arms races; and
(4) Declared the sense of the Congress that all such sales be approved only when they are consistent with U.S. foreign policy interests.
, I
2. Materiel Transfer PolicX.
a. Use of Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) and 000 FAR Supple­ ment. When procuring for a foreign government, ODD will apply the same contract clauses and contract administration as it would use in procuring for itself, except where deviations are authorized in the 000 FAR Supp1ement~ 1~~
La s.ole-s(}uJ~ce_p_r:o~c.urement-r-e€!ues-ted=by-a-fore"i-gn government appea~r-:s=to=b~eJ (moti va-te:-d=by-oQjective-s=ib'=:con.f-1=i:ct wjth::..th"i=-s=t-equ"i~r-:ement7 or wi th any U. S. legislation, the request must be forwarded to the DSAA, which may forward the request to the Department of State for consideration. No LOA in such cases will be issued without approval of the Director, DSAA.
2-4 Change No.8, 31 March 1987
b. Foreign Military Construction Sales (FMCS). In addition to sa 1 es of defense items and defense servi ces, the Department of Defense may sell design and construction services to eligible foreign countries or inter­ national organizations (AECA, Sec. 29). Such sales are ~t-:-r.'ea~te.a=-a~s-a=sepa-~a~t:e ca-tego-t-y ---':frQm_EMS~;=5ltt-a-s~AECA=s~te_s~
c. Proper Use of Materiel. Consistent with its reSDurces and the situation prevailing in country, the designated U.S. SAO is responsible for supervising and reporting on the utilization by the foreign country of defense articles and services acquired through FMS Dr leased to the recipient by the 000.
d. Diversion Df Materiel. 000 policy calls for a determination to be made that sale of a defense item will not degrade U.S. defense efforts by taking needed equipment from U.S. stocks (withdrawals), or by disrupting deliveries of critical items from production for U.S. forces (diversions), unless security or foreign policy requirements are such that sale of the item is in the overall U.S. national interest.
e. Insurance. ,P-('I-l'!ch·a~se:r-s=-w-iJ:l~s:e:l:f~tnsllr.e7 FMS sh i pments or Dbta in commercial insurance without any right of subrogation of any claim against the United States. In=ext~aoJ:dinary--s-ttuatj~on:s::;:,and upon specific request by the purchaser and receipt of written authorization from the purchaser for the designated departmental procurement activity to act as the agent of the purchaser to' Dbtain pricing quotes and, if necessary, prDcure the insurance required, insurance may be obtained by the military department concerned and billed as a separate line item on DD Form 1513. For FMS cases already imple­ mented, authorized insurance coverage can be added by amendment. Whenever a mi 1 itary department does provide these services to a purchasing country or organization, it shDuld obtain insurance from a U.S. insurance· firm if possi­ ble, and in any event it should pDint out that this is an exceptional arrange­ ment, and should encourage and assist the purchaser to make its own arrange­ ments for insurance for subsequent cases.
f. Delivery Commitments. The availability data set forth in FMS cases which have been properly accepted and funded by the purchasing country or internatiDnal organization cDnstitute commitments by the U.S. Fulfillment of these commitments is an impDrtant measure of the good faith of the U.S. in dealing with its friends and allies. Accordingly, all mm-tomponents_s.na.l'l a~s:su~e-that-F-MS . deJ'::'i.N.:eJ'Y:-c_ommj~tlfien.ts-,::ar.e f uJj,Y. ·co·ord tnat-:-e.d-;-an d- tha t-th~ [email protected] -the-I:OA-, -and~can--be-de-livered-j:n-tne a_gre.e.CCtlme-p_eJ:foQ) Cases where proposed sales i nvo 1 ve the delivery of major \.~) equipment which is in relatively short supply, or in less than procurement ~T"'~ lead time, or which the military departments determine to be in conflict with}~ . U.S. requirements, shall be referred promptly to the DSAA. In this matter, ( early awareness Df foreign requirements which generate production/delivery conflicts will enable the 000 to establish the most favorably attainable delivery schedule.
g. Materiel Standards. It is 000 policy that defense articles offered and sold to foreign governments and international organizations should reflect favorably upon the 'United States. Therefore, defense articles offered and ~old under FMS will normally be new or unused, or as a result of rehabili­ tation, possess original appearance insofar as possible, and, as a minimum,
2-5 Change No.7, 15 September 1986
~ h. Procurement in Foreign Countries. Unless dictated by overrid-'0' ing logistics considerations approved by the Secretary of Defense, the DoD
7 ~i 11 not enter into sa 1 es arrangements whi ch enta i 1 commi tments for DoD
. procurement in foreign countries. ')
ill' 3. Financial Management.
a. Recovery of Cost. The FMS program must be managed at no cost to the U.S. Government (with certain exceptions specifically covered by law), while insuring prompt and complete service to the customer. This requires a thorough understanding of procedures for pricing items or services furnished, administering FMS cases, and reporting of deliveries of materiel or services. The LOA agreement makes it mandatory for the purchaser to pay for the full value of the transaction, regardless of terms of sale speCified for the individual case. '
~,~~ b. Payment in U.S. Dollars. Sales may be made under FMS only if _~,~~he eligible purchaser agrees to g~y in U.S. dollar? (AECA, Secs. 21 and 22).
,,-it'·17rr'~~¥ment-=:iy-==-!Jnd=J:b~~r-~e-p..)-~.~'€flori~ea=15y See-t-i'on 2"Hn-)-AECA=unde_cthe=Um-i-ted::1 ~~~~. c>,.cum "tanc es-s peCJ.f:1ea-there, n>
J7.n~Y c. Credits. '~'" ~/r ,,-yP.I (1) Use of Credit for Essential Iteins. Credit and credit ~ guaranties under the AECA will be used only to assist countries in acquiring
essential -items which cannot reasonably be financed by other means and normal­ ly will be used only to finance investment requirements.
(2) Use of Concessionary Credit Terms. Concessionary credit terms (i .e.', interest rates less than cost of money to the U.S. Government) will be granted only when determined by the President (Sec. 23, AECA).
(3) Repayment of Credit. FMS credits must be repaid in U.S. dollars within 12 years after the loan agreement has been signed on behalf of the U.S. Government (Sec. 23, AECA) , unless otherwise provided for by U.S. law.
(4) Use of Credit Payments. Cash received from FMS and from repayments of FMS credits shall not be used for financing new credits or guaranties. (Sec. 37, AECA).
d. Financing of Sales.
(1) U.S. Guaranties. Financing by any individual, corpora­ tion, partnership, or other Jud,cia1 entity doing business in the U.S. (ex­ cluding U.S. government agencies other than the Federal FinanCing Bank) may be guaranteed by the U.S. Government if such financing is in connection with FMS
2-6 Change No.7, 15 September 1986
* *
or FMCS or direct commerc i a 1 sa 1 es of defense items • Fees sha 11 be cha rged for such guaranties. (Sec. 24, AECA)
(2) Export-Import Bank. Export-Import Bank financing of sales of defense items to economlcally less developed countries is prohibited. (Sec. 32, AECA).
2-7 Change No.7, 15 September 1986
[Extracted from the International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR), printed in the Federal Re~ister, Vol. 49; No. 236, December 6, 1984, Rules and Regula- tions, pages 4768 through 47712.J *
Enumeration of Artides
Munitions List. 121.3 Aircraft and related articles. 121.4 Amphibious vehicles. 121.5 Apparatus lInd,devices under
Category lV{c). ' 121.6 Cartridge and shell casings. 121.7 Chemical agents. 121.8 End·items. components. accessories.
attachments. parts. firmware. software and systems.
121.9 Firellrms. 121.10 Forgings. castings and mllchined
bodies. 121.11 Military demolition blocks and
blasting caps. ' 121.12 Military explosives. 121.13 Militllry fuel thickenel'll. 121.14 Propellants. 121.15 Vessels of war and special naval
equipment. Authority: Section 38. ArrnsExport Control
Act. 90 Stat. 744 (22 U.S.C. 2778); E.O. 11958, I 42 FR 4311; 22 U.S.C. 2658.
Enumeration of Articles
§ 121.1 General. The United Statea Munitions Usl
(a) The following articles. services and related technical data are designated as defense articles and defense services pursuant to, sections 38 and 47(7) of the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C.-2778 and 2794(7)j.
Changes in designations will be published in the Federal Register. Information and clarifications on whether specific items are defense articles and services under this subchapter may appear periodically in the Munitions Control Newsletter published by the Office of Munitions Control.
(b) Significant Military Equipment. An asterisk precedes certain defense articles in the following list. The asterisk means that the article is deemed to be "significant military equipment'~ to the extent specified in § 120.19. The asterisk is placed as a convenience to help identify such articles.
CattllOry l-FinnmD.
*(al Nonautomatic, semi-automatic and fully automatic firearms to caliber .50 inclusive, and all components and parts for such firearms. (See II 121.1 and 123.16- 123.19.)
(b). ~jfl~8Copea D18Dufactured 10 mililary specIfIcatIOns, and specifically desiped or moaified components therefor; firearin silencers and luppressors. includina flash suppressors.
* (c) Insurgency-counterinllUr8ency type firearms or other weapons having a special military application (e.g. close assault weapons systems) regardless of caliber and all components and parts therefor.
CatetOl)' II-Artillery Projec:IonI *(a) Guns over caliber .50, howitzers,
mortars, and'recoilless rifles. *(b) Military flamethrowers and projectors. Ic) Components. parts, accessories and
attachments for the articles in paragraphs (a) and (b) of this category. including but not limited to mounts and carriages for these articles.
[NOTE: lI'SliA:i:::f.icanl-m:i::.,\=i:::ta:r-Y-=-equ-::ipment ll means arti cl es for whi ch spec; a 1 export control~ _are warranted because of theirca:paG=i=ty--ftrt suos_tantjaJ_nTtLO· t-arf ut:fl-n:f O:r--capIcjIYJ. J
TABLE 2-111-1. The United States Munitions List.
2-8 Change No.7, 15 September 1986
* (del
Category III-AIIHmIIIitiOD
*(a) Ammunition for the anns in Categories I and II DC this section. (See i .. m.6.)
(b) Components, parts, accessories, and attachments for articles in paragraph (II) of this category. including but not limited to cartridge cases, power bags, bullets, jackets. cores, shells (excluding shotgun shells), projectiles, boosters, fuzes and components therefor, primers, and other detonating devices for such ammunition. (See § 121.8.)
(c) Ammunition belting and linking machines.
*(d) Ammunition manufacturing machines and ammunition loading machines {except handloading ones).
Category IV-Launch Vehicles. Guided Missiles, Ballistic Missiles. Rockets. Torpedoes. Bombs and Minetl
*(a) Rockets (including but not limited to meteorological and other sounding rockets). bombs, grenades, torpedoes, depth charges. land and naval mines, as well as launcher6 for such defense articles, and demolition blocks and blasting caps. (See § 121.11.)
• *(b) Launch vehicles and miasile and anti· miasile systems including bul not limited to guided, tactical and strategic missiles, launchers, and systems.
(c) Apparatus, devices, and materials for the handling, control. activation, monitoring detection. protection, discharge, or detonation of the articles in paragraphs (a) and lb) of this category. (See § 121.5.)
*(d) Missile and space vehicle powerplants.
Ole) Military explosive excavating devices *(f) Ablative marerials fabricated or semi·
Cabricated from advanced composites (e.g.. silica, graphite, carbon, carbon/carbon. and boron filaments) for the articles in this category that are derived directly from or specifically developed or modified for defense articles.
*(g) Non/nuclear warheads for rockets and guided missiles.
(h) All specifically designed or modified components, parts, accessories. attachments. and associated equipment Cor the articles in this category.
Catepry V-Explgsivea, PropeI!aat .. aed Incendiary Apo&s
*(al Military exploeivea. (See I 121.12.) -(b) Military fuel thickeners. (See 1121.13.) (c) PropeHants for the articles ;n Gategories
III and IV of this section. (See i 121..14.) (d) Military pyrotechnics, except
pyrotechnic materials having dual military and commercial use. - (e) All compounds specificaUy fonnulated
for the articles in this category.
Category VI-Vessels of War and Special Naval Equipment
'(a) Warships, amphibious warfllre vessels, landing craft, mine warfare vessels, patrol vessels, auxiliary vessels and service craft, experimental types of naval ships and any vessels specifically designed or modified for military purposes. (See §121.15.)
*(b) Turrets and gun mounts, arresting gear, special weapons systems, protective systems, submarine storage batteries, catapults and other components. parts, attachmeRts, and accessories speCifically designed or modified for combatant vessels.
(c) Mine sweeping equipment, components, parts, attachments and accessories specifically designed or modified therefor.
(d) Harbor entrance detection devices, (magnetic, pressure, and acoustic ones) and controls and components therefor.
'(e) Naval nuclear propulsion plants, their land prototypes, and special facilities for their construction support, and maintenance. This includes any machinery, device, component, or equipment specifically developed, designed or modified for use in such plants or facilities. (See § 123.21.)
Category VII-Tanks and Military Vehicles
'(a) Military type armed or armored vehicles, military railway trains, and vehicles specifically designed or modified to accommodate mountings for arms or other specialized military equipment or fitted with such items.
'(bl Military tanks, combat engineer vehicles. bridge launching vehicles, half· tracks and gun carriers.
'(c) Self·propelled guns and howitzers. (d) Military trucks, trailers, hoists. and
skids specifically designed, modified. or equipped to mount or carry weapons of Categories. I. II and IV or for carrying and handling the articles in paragraphs (a) oC Categories III and IV.
Ole) Military recovery vehicles. *(f) Amphibi'ous vehicles. (See § 121.4.) *(g) Engines specifically designed or
modified for the vehicles in paragraphs (a), (b). lc). and (f) of this category.
(h) All specifically designed or modified components and parts. accessories, attachments, and associated equipment for the articles in this category, including but not limited to military bridging and deep wllter fording kits.
TABLE 2-111-1 (Continued)
'(a) Aircraft. including but not limited to helicopters. non-expansive balloons. drones. and lighter-than-air aircraft. which are specifically designed. modified. or equipped for military purposes. This includes but is not limited to the following military purposes: gunnery. bombing. rocket or missile launching. electronic and other surveillance. reconnaissance. refueling. aerial mapping. military liaison. cargo carrying otdropping. personnel dropping. airborne warning and control. and military training. (See 1121.3.)
(b)*(l) Spacecraft. including manned and unmanned. 'active and passive ... tellites (except those listed in Category VIII(b){Z).
(2) Non-military communication satellites (excluding ground stations and associated equipment not enumerated elsewhere in § 121.1).
*(c) Military aircraft engines.. except reciprocating eoSines. and spacecraft engines specifically designed or modified for the aircraft and spacecraft in paragraphs (a) and (b) of this category.
Old) Cartridge-actuated devices utilized in emergency escape of personnel and airborne equipment (including but not limited to airborne refueling equipment)lpecifically designed or modified for use with the aircraft. spacecraft. and engines of the types in paragraphs (a). (b). and (c) of this category.
(e) Launching and recovery equipment for the articles in paragraphs (a) and (b) of this category. if the equipment is sp~ifically designed or modified for military use or for use with spacecraft. Fixed land-based arresting gear is not included in this category.
(f) Power supplies and energy sources specifically designed or modified for spacecraft.
(g) Components. parts. accessories. ·attachments. and associated equipment (inchiding ground support equipment) specifically designed or modified for the articles in paragraphs (a) through (f) of this category. excluding aircraft tires and propellors used with reciprocating engines.
(h) Developmental aircraft components which have a significant military application. excluding aircraft components' conc.erning which Federal Aviation Agency certification has been granted.
*(i) Ground effect machines (GEMS) specifically designed or modified for military use. including but not Iimite'd to surface effect machines and other air cushion vehicles. and all components. parts. and accessories. attachments. and associated equipment specifically designed or modified for use with such machines.
*!i)lnertial navigation systems and components designed specifically for luch systems. Systems or components which are standard equipment in civil aircraft. including spare partl and spare units to be used exclUSively for the maintenance of inertilil
, navigation equipment incorporated in civil aircraft. and which are certified by the Federal Aviation Administration all being an integral part of such aircraft are subject to export regulation by the Office of Munitions Control only if the export is intended for a controlled country described in section 620(f) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961. as amended (22 U.S.C. 2370(f)) (except Yugoslavia). The Export Administration Act of 1979. as amended (SO U.S.C. App. section 2416(c)) deals with the export of such items to non-controlled countries. All exportl of technical data (regardless of destination) relating to the design. development. production or manufacture of inertial navigation equipment (regardless of accuracies) or its related plITta. components. or subsystems are subject to the reqllirementa of the regulations contained in this subchapter. The export of technical data relating to the repair of parts. components. or subsystems of inertial navigation systems (including accelerometers and gyroscopes) which are not certified by the FAA as being an integral part of civil aircraft are subject to the requirements of this subchapter. The provisions of XI(e) and XII(c) are not applicable to such exports of technical data.
Category IX-Military Training Equipment
(a) Military training equipment including but not limited to attaclc trainers. radar target trainers. radar target generators. gunnery training devices. antisubmarine warfare trainers. target equipment. armament training units. operational flight trainers. air combat training systems. radar trainers. navigation trainers. and simulation devices related to defense articles.
(b) Compo·nents. parts. accessories. attachments. and a~iated equipment speCifically designed or modified for the articles in paragraph (a) of thia category.
Category X-Protective Penonnel EquipmeDt
(a) Body armor specifically deaigned. modified or equipped for military use; articles. including but not limited to clothing. deSigned. modified or equipped to protect against or reduce detection by radar. infrared (IR) or other sensors; military helmell equipped with communications hardware. optical sights. slewing device. or lIIechaniams to protect against thermal flash or lasen. excluding standard military helmets.
(b) Partial pressure suits and liquid oxysen converters used in aircraft in Category VIII(a).
TABLE 2-111-1 (Continued)
2-10 Change No.4, 1 Ma~ 1985
(c) Protective apparel and ~~uipment . specifically des.igned or modified for use ~Ith the articles in paragraphs (a) through (d) m Category XIV. .
(d) Components. parts. accessories. attachments .. and associated equipment . specifically designed or modified for use with the articles in paragraphs (a). (b). and (c) of this category.
Category XI-Military and Space Electronics (a) Electronic equipment not included i~
Category XU of the Munitions List ~hlch IS assigned a military designatIOn or IS .
specifically designe~. modlfted or conflgur.ed for military applicahon. This mcludes but IS
not limited to the following: '(1) Underwater sound equipment. .
including but not limited to towed arrays. electronic beam forming sonar. target . classification equipment. and spectrographic displays: search. a·cquisition. tracking. moving target indication and Imagmg radar systems: active and passive countermeasures and counter-countermeasures equipment: electronic fuses: identification systems: command. control and communications systems; and. regardless of designation. any experimental or developmental electront~ equipment specifically designed or modified for military application. or for use with a military system and
(2) Sonic depth finders: underwater . telephones: electro-mechanical beam formm!! sonars and elementary sonobuoys: radiOS. (including transceivers): weather. navlgahon. and air traffic control radar systems: navigation. guidance. object-locati~8 equipment; displays; and telemetenng equipment.
(3) Armored coaxial cable capable ?f~. optical. or higb voltage power transmissIon.
(b) Space electronics·: *(1) Electronic equipment specifically
designed or modified for spacecraft and spaceflight. and
(2) Electronic equipment specifically designed or modified fOf use ~th non­ military communications satellites.
'(c) Electronic systems or equipment specifically designed. modified. configured, used or intended for use in search. reconnaissance. collection. monitoring, direction-finding. display. analysis and production of information fro~ the. electromagnetic spectrum for mteiligence .or security purposes and electronic systems or equipment designed or modified to counteract such surveillance and monitoring.
(d) Very High Speed Integrated Circuit (VHSIC) semiconductor dey~ces that ~re . specifically designed for military applicatIons and which have a high-speed signal and image processing capability with an operational parameter (gate-time-clock­ frequency) or greater than 10 II 8ate~ X hertz for an individual semiconductor deVice.
(e) Components. parts. accessories. attachments. and associated equipment spp.cifically designed or modified for use or currently used with the equipment in paragraphs (a) through (c) of this category. except for such items as are in normal commercial use.
Category XII-F'lI'8 Control. Range F'mder. Optical and Guidance and Control Equipment
"(a) Fire control systems; gup and missile tracking and guidance systems: military infrared. image intensifier and other night sighting and night viewing equipment; military masers Bnd military lasers; gun laying equipments; rBnge. position and height finders Bnd spotting instruments; aiming devices (electronic. gyroscopic, optic. and BcouStiC); bomb sights. bombing computers. military television sighting Bnd viewing units. inertial platforms. and periscopes for the articles of this section.
"(b) Inertial Bnd other weapons or lIPace vehicle guidance Bnd control systems; spacecraft guidance. control and stabilization systems; astro compasses; Bnd star trackers.
(c) Components. parts. accessories. attachments. Bnd Bssociated equipment specifically designed or modified for the articles in paragraphs (a) and (b] of this category. except for such items as are in normal commercial use.
Category XIII-Auxiliary Military Equipment (a) Aerial cameras. space cameras. special
purpose military cameras. and specialized processing equipment therefor; military photointerpretation. steroscopic plotting. and photogrammetry equipment. and components specifically designed or modified therefore.
(bl Speech scramblers. privacy devices. • cryptographic devices and software (encoding and decoding). and components specifically designed or modified therefore. ancillary equipment. and protective appraratus specifically designed or modified for such devices. components. and equipment.
(c) Self-contained diving and underwater breathing apparatus specifically designed or modified for a military purpose and components specifically designed or modified therefore.
(d) Armor plate and structural materials (including but not limited to plate. rolled and extruded shapes. bars and fOllings. castings. welding consumables. carbon/carbon and metal matrix composites) specifically designed or modified for defense articles.
(e) Concealment and deception equipment, including but not limited to special paints. decoys. and simulators and components. parts and accessories speCifically designed or modified therefor.
10 Energy conversion devices for producing electrical energy from nuclear. thermaL or solar energy. or from chemical reaction which are specifically designed or modified for military application.
(g) Chemiluminescent compounds and solid state devices specifically designed or modified for military application.
(h) Devices embodying particle beam and electromagnetic pulse technology.
(i) Metal embrittling agents.
Category XIV-Toxicological Agents and Equipment and Radiological Equipment
"(a) Chemical agents.lncludi~ but not limited to lung irritants. vesicants. lachrymators. tear gases (except tear gas formulations containing 1% or less CN or CS). sternutators and irritant smoke. and nerve gases and incapacitating agents. (See 1121.7.)
"(b) Biological agents. "(c) Equipment for dissemination.
detection. and Identification of. and defense against, the articles In paragraphs (a) and (b) of this category.
"(d) Nuclear radiation detection and measuring devices. manufactured to military specification.
(e) Components. parts. accessories. attachments. and associated equipment specifically designed or modified for the articles In paragraphs (c) and (d) of this category.
Category XV-{Reserved]
Category XVI-Nuclear Weapons Design and Test Equipment
·(a) Any article. materia\' equipment, or device which is specifically designed or modified for use In the design. development, or fabrication of nuclear weapons or nuclear explosive devices. (See 1123.21 and . Department of Commerce Export Regulations. 15 CPR Part 378).
"(b) Any article. material. equipment. or device which Is specifically designed or modified for use in the devising. carrying out, or evaluating of nuclear weapons tests or allY other nuclear explosions. except such items as are In normal commercial use for other purposes.
Category XVU-:-Classilied Articles Not OtherwilMl Enumerated
• All articles and technical data (as defined In 1120.21) relating thereto which are classified In the interests of national security and which are not otherwise enumerated in the U.s. Munitions Ust.
Category XVlII-Teclmir.al Data '
Technical data (as defined in 1120.21) relating to the defense articles listed in the other categories 01 the United States Munitions Ust. (See 1125.4 for exemptions; see also 1123.21.)
Category XIX-Delense Services
Defense services (as defined in 1120.8) related to the defense articles listed in the other categories of the United States Munitions Ust.
Category XX-Submersible Vessels. Oceanographic and Associated Equipment
"(a) Submersible vessels. mann~d and unmanned. designed or modified for military purposes or having Independent capability to maneuver vertically or horizontally at depths below 1.000 feet or powered by nuclear propulsion plants.
"(b) Submersible vessels. manned or unmanned, designed or modified in whole or In part from technology developed by or for the U.S. Armed Forces.
(c) Any of the articles In Categories VI. IX. XI. XIU. and elsewhere In this subchapter specifically designed or modified for use with submersible vessels. and oceanographic or associated equipment assigned a military designation.
(d) Equipment. components. parts. accessories. and attachments specifically designed or modified for any of the articles In paragraphs (a) and (b) of this category.
Category XXl-MiscaIlaneous Articles
Any article not specifically enumerafed In the uther categories of the U.S. Munitions Ust which has substantial military applicability and which has been specifically designed or modified for military purposes. The decision on whether any article may be included In this category shall be made by the Director 01 the Office of Munitions Control.
I 121.2 interpretations of the UnHed Stat .. MunltloM Ust.
The following interpretations (listed alphabetically) explain and amplify the terms used in 1121.1. These interpretations have the same force as if they were a part of the United States Munitions List category to which they refer .
1121.3 Alrcr.ft and ..... ted 8J1JcIea.
In Category VIII. "aircraft" means aircraft designed. modified. or equipped for a military purpose. including aircraft described as "demilitarized." All aircraft bearing an original military designation are included in Category VIII. However. the follOwing aircraft are not included so long as they have not been specifically equipped, re-equipped. or modified tor military operations:
(a) Cargo aircraft bearing "C" designations and numbered C-45 through C-118 inclusive. C-121 through
TABLE 2-111-1 (Continued)
C-125 inclnsive. and C-131. using recipros;ating engines only.
(b) Trainer aircraft bearing "T" designations and using reciprocating engines or turboprop~ngines with less than 600 horsepower (Soh.p.).
(c) Utmty aircraft bearing~'U" designations and usirig reciprocating engines only.
(d) All liaison aircraft bearing an "L" designation.
(e) All observation aircraft bearing "0" designations and using J
reciprocating engines.
§ 121.4 Amphibious vehicles. An "amphibious vehicle" in Category
VII(f) is an automotive vehicle or chassis which embodies all-wheel drive. is equipped to meet special military requirements. and which ha~ sealed electrical systems or adaptation features for deep water fording.
§ 121.5 Appa'IRus and devices CInder Category IV(i:).
Category IV includes but is not limited to the following: Fuzes and components for the items listed in that category. bomb racks and shackles. bomb shackle release units. bomb ejectors. torpedo tubes. torpedo and guided missile boosters. guidance system equipment and parts. launching racks and projectors. pistols (exploders). igniters. fuze arming devices. intervalometers. guided milfsile launchers and specialized handling equipment. and hardened missile-launching facilities.
§ 121.6 Cartridges and shen casings. Cartridge and shell casings are
included in Category III unless. prior to export, they have been rendered useless beyond the possibility of restoration for use as a cartridge or shell casing by means of heating. flame treatment. mangling, crushing. cutting. or popping.
§ 121.7 Chemlc.t agent .. A chemical agent in Category XIV(a}
is a substance having military application which by its oroiaary and direct chemical action produces a powerful physiological effect. The term "chemical agent" includes. but is not -limited to. the following chemical compounds: .
(a) Lung irritants: (1) Diphenylcyanoarsine (DC). (2) Fluorine (but not fluorene). (3) Trichloronitl'o methane
(chloropicrin PS). (b) Vesicants: (1) B-ChloroviDyldichloroa1'$ine
(Lewisite. L). (2) Bis( didtloroethyl)sulpbide
(Mustard Cas. HD or H). (3) EthyldicbloroaMiine (ED'. (4) Methyldichloroarsme (MO). (c) Lachrymators and tear gases: (1) A-Bromobenzyl cyanide (BBC). (2) Chloroacetophe!lone (CN). (3) Dibromoc:iirnethyl ether. (4) Dichlorodimethyl ether (ClCi). (5) Ethyldibromoarsine. {5} Phenylcarbylamine chloride. (7) Tear gas solutions (CNB and CNS). (8) Tear gas
orthochlorobenzalmalononitrile (CS). (d) Sternutators and irritant smokes: (1) Diphenylamine chloroarsille
(Adamsite. OM). (2) Diphenylchloroarsine (BA). (3) Liquid pepper. (e) Nerve agents. gases and aerosols.
These are. toxic compounds which affect the nervous system. such as:
(1) .
§ 121.8 End-Items, componenta, accessories,' attachments, parts, flrmwar., softw .... and .,sterna.
(a) An "end-item" is an assembled article ready for its intended use. Only ammunition. fuel or another energy source is required to place it in an operating state.
(b) A "component" is an item which is. useful only when used in conjunction wCth an end-item. A major component includes any assembled element wQich forms a portion of an end-item without which the end-item is inoperable. (Example: airframes. tail sections. transmissions. tank treads. hulls. etc.) A minor component includes any assembled element of a major component.
TABLE 2-111-1 (Continued)
2-13 Change No.4, 1 May 1985
(c) "Accessories" and "attachments" are associated equipment for any component. end-item or system. and which are not necessary for their operation. but which enhance their usefulness or effectiveness. (Examples: riflescopes. special paints. etc.)
(d) A "part" is any single unassembled element of a major or a minor component. accessory. or attachment which is not normally subject to disassembly without the destruction or the impairment of design use. (Examples: rivets •. wire. bolts. etc.)
(e) Firmware and any related unique support tools (such as computers. linkers.. editors. test case generators. diagnostic checkers. library of functions and system teat diagn<ntics) specifically designed for equipment or systems covered under any cateSOIl' of tbe United States Munitions List are considered as part of the end-item or component. "Firmware" includes but is not limited to circuits into which software has been programmed.
(f) "Software" includes but is not limited to the system functional design. logic flow. algorithms. application programs. operating systems· and support software for design. implementation. test. operation. diagnosis and repair. A person W'lO
intends to export software only should. unless it is specifically enumerated in § 121.1. apply for a technical data license pursuant to Part 125 of this subchapter.
(g) A "system" is a combination of end-items. components. parts. accessorie