(1854) American Flower-Garden Directory

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1854 - Robert Buist, 1805-1880

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NORTH CAROLINA STATE UNIVERSITY LIBRARIESIIIII

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Diciaion of Horticuiittpe;-H. 0. Dec't of AffWnnn

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19 190

AMERICAN FLOWER-GARDEN DIRECTORY:CONTAINma

PRACTICAL DIRECTIONS FOR THE CULTURE OP PLANTS,in

THE FLOT\^R-GARDEN, HOT-HOUSE, GREEN-HOUSE, ROOMS, OR PARLOUR WINDOWS,

FOR EVERY MONTH IN THE YEAR.WITH

A BESCRIPTION OF THE PLANTS MOST DESIRABLE IN EACH, THE NATURE OF THE SOIL AND SITUATION BEST ADAPTED TO THEIR GROWTH, THE

f

PROPER SEASON FOR TRANSPLANTING, ETC.

WITH INSTRUCTIONS FOR ERECTING

THE WHOLE

ADAPTED TO EITHER LARGE OR SMALL GARDENSWITH INSTRUCTIONS FOR PREPARING THE SOIL, PROPAGATING, PLANTING, PRUNING, TRAINING, AND FRUITING;

THE GRAPE

VINE,

WITH DESCRIPTIONS OP THE BEST SORTS POR CULTIVATIl^Q IN THE OPEN AIR,

BY ROBERT BUIST,NURSERYMAN AND SEED-GROWER.

Zixil

H5&itiDiT, initfj

Numtrou^

EJJifitionif.

NEWC.

YORK:CO., 25

M.

SAXTON, BARKER &SAN FRANCISCO:H. H.

PARK ROW.CO.

BANGKOET &

UBRakY.

1860...^

Ditisicri. oi Horncui^^ui-^, . _ , ^ _ii...-. MAY

'

Entered, according to Act of Congress, in the year 1854, by

C.

M.

SAXTON,NewYork.

En the Clerk's OfiSce of the District Court of the United States, in and for the Southern District of

a

INTRODUCTION.

We

are again called

upon

to present to the public the

6th

work on the Culture of Flowers taste that is now widely disseminating itself; in fact, a knowledge of which is requisite before a refined education is comedition of this popularpleted.

We

boldly and fearlessly say that no country hasin the art

made such rapid advancementthe taste prevails,participantsit

and science of Horti-

culture in so short a period as the United States.diffuses a peace

Whereverits

and harmony among

without either symbol or mystery.

In this

edition, a feast oflists

new

materials has been served

up

;

entire

have been cancelled and replaced with those of newerfiner

and

forms and habits

;

extraneous matter and plants of

indifierent character are dropped.

The

great and successful

adaptation ofdescribed,

Hot waterto those

to Horticultural purposes is explicitly

who wish to examine the results, we A new and distinct list of hardy Evergreens has been added, and a new chapter on the ever-tobe-admired ROSE, and every improvement in the art up toandBay "

Come and

see."

this present

time introduced.the wonderful effects of

True, we have not dilated onelectricity

in

upon vegetation, nor have we been extravagant With rethe results of guano in the growth of plants.its

gard to the former, the capability ofpractice

reduction to generalthelatter

has

yet to

be proven

and

has to be

; ;

iv

INTRODUCTION.efi'ects

cautiously used, and even then its beneficialuniversal.

arc not

However,as

it

can in a liquid state be used to

advantage

on almost any plant, especially those of strongthe Hose,

habits, such

Geranium, Fuchsia, Heliotrope,such, thelb.

Chrysanthemum, &c.will be very beneficialafter standing:

To1

following

proportions

of guano to 5 galls, of water

12 or more hours, can be used in the routine

of watering once ato plants that

week

or even once in two weeksrootlets,

;

but

have more delicate and silky

such as

Epacris, Erica, Azalea, &c., the liquid must be reduced onehalf.

Our

descriptions of plants have been conveyed

more with

the view of giving an idea of their character to the general reader than an accurate botanical synopsis, which would have

been known to the botanist alone.

All that we have described and recommended have, with a few exceptions, passed under

our own observation, and are such as are worthy of cultivation,

either for beauty of flower, foliage, or habit, together

with those celebrated in arts and medicine.

Many may,

possibly, have passed unobserved, either from not being very

generally

known

or difficult to obtain

;

but in no case has

there been suppression, from business prejudices.

Where

the

words " our collections" occur, they are meant for those ofthe country generally.

All our observations have been guided by dint of practiceand, although othersfessedly givenas

may

difi'er,

this is designedly

and pro-

the result of our

own

experience.;

The

plan laidthose

down is our own whicn we adopt ; but,is

routine of cultureat the

the soils are

same time, conceding that

every art and profession

subject to improvement, and none

more

so than

American

horticulture.

The

table of soils

was

originally constructed at the expense of

much

investigation

and labour, and has,able improvement.

also, in this edition,

undergone consider-

To every one

that has but a single plant

INTRODUCTION.it

V

will

be found invaluable.

Although the publications in

Europe on Gardening and Floriculture are profuse, yet many of their directions, when practised in the United States, prove Not so with their architectural and almost a dead letter.horticultural designs.ble of great

The

estates of the wealthy are suscepti-

improvement ; they want more of the picturesque,words of the veteran pioneer of horticulture)premises from the monoall.

and

(to use the

gardenesque

effect, to relieve their

tonous erections and improvements which seem to govern

On

culture, a

work adapted

to the climate:

must (and no other

can) be the guide in this countrylike the

on

this account, a

work

present has been a desideratum to aid those

who

desire to

employ

their leasure hours either for

amusement,or to gain

the benefit of health, to sweeten the decline of

life,

a more intimate knowledge of the various

productions of

nature throughout the world.

Every year brings from other;

climes some remarkable flower, fruit, or plantthat

and as a point

we are at least in some of our undertakings second to none, we have only to refer to the very successful culture and flowering of the Victoria Regia Water Lily, at SpringBrook, the country seat of Caleb Cope, Esq., whereit

has

bloomed with more regal grandeur than

at

any of the Abbeys,

Castles, or Palaces of the Eastern world.

ROBERT BUIST.ROSEDALE NUESEEIES, Near Philadelphia, 1854.

1*

PEETACETO THE FIRST EDITION.

This volume owesrequests of a

its

existence principally to ine repeated

number

of our fair patrons

and amateur sup-

porters, whose inquiries and wishes for a practical manual on Floriculture at last induced us to prepare a work on the

subject.

That now

offered is given unaffectedlytreatise

and simply

as a plainsubject.

and easy

on this increasingly interestingdirections are given in the

It will at once

be perceived that there are no pre-

tensions to literary claims

simplest mannerin our

powerits

and

the the arrangementthe wholeis

made

as lucidly as

was

presented with the single

wish of

being practically useful.

Howandall

far our object has

been attained,the result of

of course our readers must judge.;

Nothingassertedis

has been intentionally concealed

that

is

minute observation,

close

application,

and an

extended continuous experience from childhood. We pretend not to infallibility, and are not so sanguine as to declare ourviews the most perfect that can be attained.far say that the practice here

But we can so recommended has been found

very successful.

Some, very probably, may be disappointed in not havingthe

means of propagating;

as

clearly delineated as those ofall

culture

but to have entered into

the minutiae connected(vii)

Vlll

PREFACE.formed materialsfor two volumes might have described that

therewith would havelarger than

the present.

We

branch, as