(1854) American Flower-Garden Directory

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1854 - Robert Buist, 1805-1880


<p>Iie</p> <p>^. ^. ^tU pbrar^</p> <p>^ortij (Elarclma ^tat^ College</p> <p>t)b405 ^i^~,"''</p> <p>^nr-Mi mil</p> <p>mill arjggT-u</p> <p>ii'i</p> <p>i.^..</p> <p>~...</p> <p>.-</p> <p>.</p> <p>..J</p> <p>^O P</p> <p>NORTH CAROLINA STATE UNIVERSITY LIBRARIESIIIII</p> <p>111</p> <p>III</p> <p>iiii</p> <p>iiiiiniiiii</p> <p>Qnn7n;Qi;'3</p> <p>t</p> <p>Digitized by tine Internet Arciiivein</p> <p>2009</p> <p>witii</p> <p>funding fromLibraries</p> <p>NCSU</p> <p>littp://www.arcliive.org/details/americanflowergOObuis</p> <p>;'-^</p> <p>*</p> <p>'i'^</p> <p>LIBRARY.A-'^QC^fSTB/Jf .nSL</p> <p>Diciaion of Horticuiittpe;-H. 0. Dec't of AffWnnn</p> <p> u&amp;Y</p> <p>19 190</p> <p>AMERICAN FLOWER-GARDEN DIRECTORY:CONTAINma</p> <p>PRACTICAL DIRECTIONS FOR THE CULTURE OP PLANTS,in</p> <p>THE FLOT\^R-GARDEN, HOT-HOUSE, GREEN-HOUSE, ROOMS, OR PARLOUR WINDOWS,</p> <p>FOR EVERY MONTH IN THE YEAR.WITH</p> <p>A BESCRIPTION OF THE PLANTS MOST DESIRABLE IN EACH, THE NATURE OF THE SOIL AND SITUATION BEST ADAPTED TO THEIR GROWTH, THE</p> <p>f</p> <p>PROPER SEASON FOR TRANSPLANTING, ETC.</p> <p>WITH INSTRUCTIONS FOR ERECTING</p> <p>THE WHOLE</p> <p>ADAPTED TO EITHER LARGE OR SMALL GARDENSWITH INSTRUCTIONS FOR PREPARING THE SOIL, PROPAGATING, PLANTING, PRUNING, TRAINING, AND FRUITING;</p> <p>THE GRAPE</p> <p>VINE,</p> <p>WITH DESCRIPTIONS OP THE BEST SORTS POR CULTIVATIl^Q IN THE OPEN AIR,</p> <p>BY ROBERT BUIST,NURSERYMAN AND SEED-GROWER.</p> <p>Zixil</p> <p>H5&amp;itiDiT, initfj</p> <p>Numtrou^</p> <p>EJJifitionif.</p> <p>NEWC.</p> <p>YORK:CO., 25</p> <p>M.</p> <p>SAXTON, BARKER &amp;SAN FRANCISCO:H. H.</p> <p>PARK ROW.CO.</p> <p>BANGKOET &amp;</p> <p>UBRakY.</p> <p>1860...^</p> <p>Ditisicri. oi Horncui^^ui-^, . _ , ^ _ii...-. MAY</p> <p>'</p> <p>Entered, according to Act of Congress, in the year 1854, by</p> <p>C.</p> <p>M.</p> <p>SAXTON,NewYork.</p> <p>En the Clerk's OfiSce of the District Court of the United States, in and for the Southern District of</p> <p>a</p> <p>INTRODUCTION.</p> <p>We</p> <p>are again called</p> <p>upon</p> <p>to present to the public the</p> <p>6th</p> <p>work on the Culture of Flowers taste that is now widely disseminating itself; in fact, a knowledge of which is requisite before a refined education is comedition of this popularpleted.</p> <p>We</p> <p>boldly and fearlessly say that no country hasin the art</p> <p>made such rapid advancementthe taste prevails,participantsit</p> <p>and science of Horti-</p> <p>culture in so short a period as the United States.diffuses a peace</p> <p>Whereverits</p> <p>and harmony among</p> <p>without either symbol or mystery.</p> <p>In this</p> <p>edition, a feast oflists</p> <p>new</p> <p>materials has been served</p> <p>up</p> <p>;</p> <p>entire</p> <p>have been cancelled and replaced with those of newerfiner</p> <p>and</p> <p>forms and habits</p> <p>;</p> <p>extraneous matter and plants of</p> <p>indifierent character are dropped.</p> <p>The</p> <p>great and successful</p> <p>adaptation ofdescribed,</p> <p>Hot waterto those</p> <p>to Horticultural purposes is explicitly</p> <p>who wish to examine the results, we A new and distinct list of hardy Evergreens has been added, and a new chapter on the ever-tobe-admired ROSE, and every improvement in the art up toandBay "</p> <p>Come and</p> <p>see."</p> <p>this present</p> <p>time introduced.the wonderful effects of</p> <p>True, we have not dilated onelectricity</p> <p>in</p> <p>upon vegetation, nor have we been extravagant With rethe results of guano in the growth of plants.its</p> <p>gard to the former, the capability ofpractice</p> <p>reduction to generalthelatter</p> <p>has</p> <p>yet to</p> <p>be proven</p> <p>and</p> <p>has to be</p> <p>; ;</p> <p>iv</p> <p>INTRODUCTION.efi'ects</p> <p>cautiously used, and even then its beneficialuniversal.</p> <p>arc not</p> <p>However,as</p> <p>it</p> <p>can in a liquid state be used to</p> <p>advantage</p> <p>on almost any plant, especially those of strongthe Hose,</p> <p>habits, such</p> <p>Geranium, Fuchsia, Heliotrope,such, thelb.</p> <p>Chrysanthemum, &amp;c.will be very beneficialafter standing:</p> <p>To1</p> <p>following</p> <p>proportions</p> <p>of guano to 5 galls, of water</p> <p>12 or more hours, can be used in the routine</p> <p>of watering once ato plants that</p> <p>week</p> <p>or even once in two weeksrootlets,</p> <p>;</p> <p>but</p> <p>have more delicate and silky</p> <p>such as</p> <p>Epacris, Erica, Azalea, &amp;c., the liquid must be reduced onehalf.</p> <p>Our</p> <p>descriptions of plants have been conveyed</p> <p>more with</p> <p>the view of giving an idea of their character to the general reader than an accurate botanical synopsis, which would have</p> <p>been known to the botanist alone.</p> <p>All that we have described and recommended have, with a few exceptions, passed under</p> <p>our own observation, and are such as are worthy of cultivation,</p> <p>either for beauty of flower, foliage, or habit, together</p> <p>with those celebrated in arts and medicine.</p> <p>Many may,</p> <p>possibly, have passed unobserved, either from not being very</p> <p>generally</p> <p>known</p> <p>or difficult to obtain</p> <p>;</p> <p>but in no case has</p> <p>there been suppression, from business prejudices.</p> <p>Where</p> <p>the</p> <p>words " our collections" occur, they are meant for those ofthe country generally.</p> <p>All our observations have been guided by dint of practiceand, although othersfessedly givenas</p> <p>may</p> <p>difi'er,</p> <p>this is designedly</p> <p>and pro-</p> <p>the result of our</p> <p>own</p> <p>experience.;</p> <p>The</p> <p>plan laidthose</p> <p>down is our own whicn we adopt ; but,is</p> <p>routine of cultureat the</p> <p>the soils are</p> <p>same time, conceding that</p> <p>every art and profession</p> <p>subject to improvement, and none</p> <p>more</p> <p>so than</p> <p>American</p> <p>horticulture.</p> <p>The</p> <p>table of soils</p> <p>was</p> <p>originally constructed at the expense of</p> <p>much</p> <p>investigation</p> <p>and labour, and has,able improvement.</p> <p>also, in this edition,</p> <p>undergone consider-</p> <p>To every one</p> <p>that has but a single plant</p> <p>INTRODUCTION.it</p> <p>V</p> <p>will</p> <p>be found invaluable.</p> <p>Although the publications in</p> <p>Europe on Gardening and Floriculture are profuse, yet many of their directions, when practised in the United States, prove Not so with their architectural and almost a dead letter.horticultural designs.ble of great</p> <p>The</p> <p>estates of the wealthy are suscepti-</p> <p>improvement ; they want more of the picturesque,words of the veteran pioneer of horticulture)premises from the monoall.</p> <p>and</p> <p>(to use the</p> <p>gardenesque</p> <p>effect, to relieve their</p> <p>tonous erections and improvements which seem to govern</p> <p>On</p> <p>culture, a</p> <p>work adapted</p> <p>to the climate:</p> <p>must (and no other</p> <p>can) be the guide in this countrylike the</p> <p>on</p> <p>this account, a</p> <p>work</p> <p>present has been a desideratum to aid those</p> <p>who</p> <p>desire to</p> <p>employ</p> <p>their leasure hours either for</p> <p>amusement,or to gain</p> <p>the benefit of health, to sweeten the decline of</p> <p>life,</p> <p>a more intimate knowledge of the various</p> <p>productions of</p> <p>nature throughout the world.</p> <p>Every year brings from other;</p> <p>climes some remarkable flower, fruit, or plantthat</p> <p>and as a point</p> <p>we are at least in some of our undertakings second to none, we have only to refer to the very successful culture and flowering of the Victoria Regia Water Lily, at SpringBrook, the country seat of Caleb Cope, Esq., whereit</p> <p>has</p> <p>bloomed with more regal grandeur than</p> <p>at</p> <p>any of the Abbeys,</p> <p>Castles, or Palaces of the Eastern world.</p> <p>ROBERT BUIST.ROSEDALE NUESEEIES, Near Philadelphia, 1854.</p> <p>1*</p> <p>PEETACETO THE FIRST EDITION.</p> <p>This volume owesrequests of a</p> <p>its</p> <p>existence principally to ine repeated</p> <p>number</p> <p>of our fair patrons</p> <p>and amateur sup-</p> <p>porters, whose inquiries and wishes for a practical manual on Floriculture at last induced us to prepare a work on the</p> <p>subject.</p> <p>That now</p> <p>offered is given unaffectedlytreatise</p> <p>and simply</p> <p>as a plainsubject.</p> <p>and easy</p> <p>on this increasingly interestingdirections are given in the</p> <p>It will at once</p> <p>be perceived that there are no pre-</p> <p>tensions to literary claims</p> <p>simplest mannerin our</p> <p>powerits</p> <p> and</p> <p>the the arrangementthe wholeis</p> <p>made</p> <p>as lucidly as</p> <p>was</p> <p>presented with the single</p> <p>wish of</p> <p>being practically useful.</p> <p>Howandall</p> <p>far our object has</p> <p>been attained,the result of</p> <p>of course our readers must judge.;</p> <p>Nothingassertedis</p> <p>has been intentionally concealed</p> <p>that</p> <p>is</p> <p>minute observation,</p> <p>close</p> <p>application,</p> <p>and an</p> <p>extended continuous experience from childhood. We pretend not to infallibility, and are not so sanguine as to declare ourviews the most perfect that can be attained.far say that the practice here</p> <p>But we can so recommended has been found</p> <p>very successful.</p> <p>Some, very probably, may be disappointed in not havingthe</p> <p>means of propagating;</p> <p>as</p> <p>clearly delineated as those ofall</p> <p>culture</p> <p>but to have entered into</p> <p>the minutiae connected(vii)</p> <p>Vlll</p> <p>PREFACE.formed materialsfor two volumes might have described that</p> <p>therewith would havelarger than</p> <p>the present.</p> <p>We</p> <p>branch, as</p> <p>it</p> <p>has already been done in works published both</p> <p>on</p> <p>this continent''</p> <p>and in Europe.propagate</p> <p>In one of the former,</p> <p>it is</p> <p>said</p> <p>You may nowto,</p> <p>many</p> <p>kinds (^Exotic Plants)</p> <p>by</p> <p>suckers, cuttings, and layers, which should be duly atparticularly such as are scarce</p> <p>tended</p> <p>and</p> <p>difficult to</p> <p>be</p> <p>obtained."</p> <p>And</p> <p>the directions given in one of the most ex-</p> <p>tensive works in</p> <p>Europe on the propagation of an extensiveand constitution, ran thus:</p> <p>genus varied</p> <p>in character</p> <p>" Cut-</p> <p>tings of most kinds will strike root.</p> <p>From</p> <p>the strongest-</p> <p>growing kinds, take</p> <p>off large</p> <p>cuttings at a joint, and plunge</p> <p>them</p> <p>in a pot of sand</p> <p>under a hand-glass in the bark bed.</p> <p>Of</p> <p>the smaller kinds, take younger kinds and put</p> <p>them underplants are</p> <p>a bell-glass, also plunged in heat.</p> <p>The sooner the</p> <p>potted off after they are rooted the better."</p> <p>Such instructionsunavailing, which,</p> <p>to the inexperienced are imperfectflatter</p> <p>and</p> <p>we</p> <p>ourselves, is not the character</p> <p>that will attach to the present work.</p> <p>We</p> <p>are well aware that</p> <p>there are persons who, to show their</p> <p>own</p> <p>superior abilities,</p> <p>may cavil and say that there is nothing new. To such critics it may be answered, if arranging, simplifying, digesting, andrendering Floriculture attainable by the humblest capacity,</p> <p>with</p> <p>useful</p> <p>lists</p> <p>and tables on a plan quite novel, as weit</p> <p>believe, offer nothing new,</p> <p>may</p> <p>at</p> <p>least</p> <p>be called an im-</p> <p>provement.</p> <p>Howevei-,</p> <p>whom we</p> <p>are already</p> <p>we submit under many</p> <p>all to</p> <p>a generous public, to</p> <p>obligations.</p> <p>HIBBEUT &amp; BUIST.Philadelphia, April 18th, 1832.</p> <p>TABLE OF CONTENTS.</p> <p>CONTENTS.</p> <p>APRIL.Annuals,Biennials and p&gt;2rennials, Roses,roses, of Chinese roses, Hybrid roses, striped, spotted, or marbled, Perpetual roses,.</p> <p>Hybrid ChineseSelectlist</p> <p>Hybrid perpetualGrafting roses,</p> <p>roses,</p> <p>Bourbon roses, Bengal roses, Tea rose,Noisette roses.</p> <p>.</p> <p>Musk</p> <p>roses.</p> <p>Climbing roses, Microphylla roses. Climbing plants, Deciduous shrubs, Of planting evergreen shrubs, Care of choice bulbs. Anemones and ranunculus, Character of a fine ranunculus,Auriculas,.</p> <p>Character of a fine auricula,Carnations, pinks, &amp;c.. Character of a polyanthus, Polianthes tuberosa flore pleno, Heart's ease or pansy, . Gladiolus, or sword lily,</p> <p>Jacobea</p> <p>lily.</p> <p>Tiger flower. Walks, Evergreen hedges, Box-edgings, General care of plants coming into flower,. .</p> <p>MAT.Dahlia, propagationDahlias, list of, Dahlia, character.</p> <p>of,</p> <p>by</p> <p>cuttings,</p> <p>grafting,of.</p> <p>Annuals, hardy and tender. Care of hyacinths, tulips, &amp;c., Anemones and ranunculus. Tuberoses and amaryllis,</p> <p>.</p> <p>CONTENTS.</p> <p>XIPAGB</p> <p>Auriculas, polyanthus, and primroses,</p> <p>.</p> <p>Double wall-floTvers, General observations,</p> <p>110 110111</p> <p>.</p> <p>JUNE AND JULY.Holland bulbs,.</p> <p>Autumn</p> <p>flowering bulbs. Carnations and pinks, . laying</p> <p>111 111of.</p> <p>Budding roses, Of watering,</p> <p>.</p> <p>112 113 114 116</p> <p>AUGUST.Evergreen hedges, Carnations and pinks, . Bulbous roots, Sowing seeds of bulbous roots,.</p> <p>116 117 117 118</p> <p>SEPTEMBEB.Ofdahlias,</p> <p>General care of plants in pots, Beds for bulbous roots. General observations.</p> <p>Sowing and saving</p> <p>seed,</p> <p>118 119 119 119 120</p> <p>OOTOBEB.Of planting bulbous and tuberous Of planting and transplanting. Grass and gravel walks,.</p> <p>roots,</p> <p>.</p> <p>Planting evergreens, General observations,</p> <p>.</p> <p>120 125 125 126 126</p> <p>Dahlias, Tuberoses, tigridias, and amaryllis,Erythi-inas,</p> <p>Primroses, polyanthus, and daisies. Choice carnations, pinks, pansies, and auriculas, Of protecting plants in the garden. Protection of seedling bulbs, Of planting deciduous trees and shrubs. General observations,</p> <p>..... .....NOVEMBEB.</p> <p>....</p> <p>XU</p> <p>CONTENTS.</p> <p>General observations,</p> <p>......DECEMBER.</p> <p>PAQB</p> <p>130</p> <p>HOT-HOUSE.CONSTKUCTION OF A HOT-HOUSE,.</p> <p>.</p> <p>.</p> <p>133</p> <p>Of firing and fuel, Of watering the plants, Of insects their destruction, Of cleansing plants, house, &amp;c.,.</p> <p>Of insects, &amp;c., Of repotting plants, Of cleansing plants, hwise,</p> <p>Of repotting</p> <p>plants,</p> <p>Repottint cacti, &amp;c.,</p> <p>Of repotting plants, &amp;c., Of bringing out the hot-houseSucculent plants, as</p> <p>..... ..... .... ...... ..... .... ...... ...... ......</p> <p>JANUARY..</p> <p>.</p> <p>.</p> <p>.138189 140 143</p> <p>FEBRUARY.&amp;c.,</p> <p>145 146 147</p> <p>MARCH.APRIL.</p> <p>148</p> <p>149</p> <p>MAY.</p> <p>plants,</p> <p>. . .</p> <p>. .</p> <p>.</p> <p>150 177</p> <p>cacti, &amp;c.,</p> <p>.179</p> <p>JUNE AND JULY.General observations,. .</p> <p>.</p> <p>.</p> <p>.</p> <p>.179180 180</p> <p>AUGUST.Repotting,..</p> <p>.</p> <p>.</p> <p>.</p> <p>.</p> <p>. .</p> <p>Of painting, repairing, and cleansing the house,</p> <p>.</p> <p>Dressing the plants, Of taking in the plants, General observations,</p> <p>...... .....SEPTEMBER..</p> <p>181 181</p> <p>.</p> <p>.</p> <p>-</p> <p>.182</p> <p>CONTENTS.</p> <p>OCTOBER.PAGB</p> <p>General observations,</p> <p>182</p> <p>NOVEMBER.Ofair</p> <p>and water,</p> <p>183</p> <p>General observations,</p> <p>184</p> <p>DECEMBER.Of shutters, Of bulbous roots..</p> <p>.</p> <p>General observations, . Epiphyte, or air plants,</p> <p>185 186 186 18S</p> <p>GREEN-HOUSE.COKSTRUCTION OF A GEEEN-H0U8E,189</p> <p>JANUARY.Of watering,Camellia japonica, Of oranges, lemons, &amp;c., Of cape bulbs, Of hyacinths and other bulbs,.</p> <p>191 191 192 192 193</p> <p>EEBRUART.Of oranges and lemons, Of cape bulbs.Camellia japonica,</p> <p>Of Of</p> <p>shifting,</p> <p>cleansing, &amp;c.,</p> <p>194 194 195 196 197</p> <p>MARCH.Of watering, Of oranges, lemons,.. .</p> <p>.</p> <p>&amp;c.,</p> <p>Myrtles, oleanders, &amp;c.,</p> <p>Geraniums, Herbaceous plants, Of cape bulbs, &amp;c..Repotting, . . . Of enarching, or grafting by approach,.</p> <p>198 198 199 199 200 200 200 262</p> <p>o</p> <p>XIV</p> <p>CONTENTS.</p> <p>APRIL.Watering,</p> <p>Oranges and lemons, Myrtles and oleanders, Geraniums, Flowering plants,.</p> <p>Insects,</p> <p>Flowering stocks,</p> <p>MAY.Watering, . . Of bringing out the green-house plants, Repotting plants, . . ..</p> <p>.</p> <p>Camellias,</p> <p>Cape bulbs,</p> <p>.... .....</p> <p>JUNE AND JULY.General observations,</p> <p>AUGUST.Geraniums, . Oranges and lemons, Pruning oranges and lemons, Repotting plants. General observations, ..</p> <p>.</p> <p>SEPTEMBER.Of watering.Preparing for taking in the plants, Stocks and wall-flowers, .</p> <p>Chrysanthemums, Cape and Holland bulbs,.</p> <p>OCTOBER,Of taking in and arranging the Of repotting.Camellias, Sowing camellia seed.</p> <p>....plants.</p> <p>NOVEMBER.Of air and water. Of tender bulbs.General observations;</p> <p>286 287 287</p> <p>CONTENTS.</p> <p>XV</p> <p>Bulbous roots,</p> <p>.......DECEMBER.</p> <p>PAQB</p> <p>288</p> <p>ROOMS.Tbeatmentop plants in rooms,</p> <p>......</p>


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