(1831) The Naval Gallery of Greenwich

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1831 - Edward Hawke Locker, 1777-1849

Text of (1831) The Naval Gallery of Greenwich

UNIVERSITY OF PITTSBURGH

Uarlington Alemorial Library

2^

THE

NAVAL GALLERYOF

GREENWICH HOSPITAL;COMPRISING A SERIES OF

PORTRAITS AND MEMOIRSOF CELEBRATED

NAVAL COMMANDERS.BY

EDWARD HAWKE LOCKER,

Esq. F.R.S. F.S.A.

ONE OF THE COMMISSIONERS OF THE INSTITUTION.

HARDING AND LEPARD,MDCCCXXXI.

LONDON: PRINTEP UY WILLIAM NICOL, AT THE

TO THE

KING'S

MOST EXCELLENT MAJESTY.

SIRE,

The

accession of

Your Majesty

to the

Throne

of your Fathers, has opened the most cheering prospect to

your subjects, and especially to those of the HonourableProfession in which during a course of active service in

every successive rank,

Your Majesty

acquired that

inti-

mate knowledge ofso

its

true interests, which was applied with

much

zeal

and

solicitude in the important station of

Lord High Admiral.In an undertaking designed to do honour to the Royal

Navy

in

which

I

have passed through a long and arduoushave hesitated to submitit

service, I should

to a

judgementwere I

so well skilled as

Your Majesty's

in

Naval

affairs,

not encouraged by the gracious readiness with which your

Royal Patronage was conferred onlayingit

this

Work, and

in

now

at

Your Majesty's

feet, I

may

be permitted thus

publicly to express the profound gratitude for this distin-

guished favour, which bindsto

me

with increased attachment

Your Majesty's

service, as a loyal subject

and

faithful

servant.

EDWARD HAWKE LOCKER.Royal Hospital, Greenwich, January 1, 1831.

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MEMOIRSOF

CELEBRATED NAVAL COMMANDERS,ILLUSTRATED BV

ENGRAVINGS FROM ORIGINAL PICTURESIN

THE NAVAL GALLERYOF

GREENWICH HOSPITAL,BY

EDWARD HAWKE LOCKER,

Esq. F.R.S. F.S.A.

ONE OF THE COMMISSIONERS OF THE INSTITUTION.

HARDING AND LEPARD.MDCCCXXXII.

LONDON

:

PRINTED BY WILLIAM NICOL, AT THE

ADVERTISEMENT.

The Workfair

here offered to the Pubhc has been curtailed of

its

proportion owing to the declining health of the Author, and

other circumstances which have obliged

him

to hmit his labours toit

a single volume.least four

The;

original plan

would have extended

to atar-

volumes

and these Memoirs when chronologically

ranged, and illustrated by the whole series of Pictures in the Galleryof Greenwich Hospital, would have presented a connected historyof the Royal

Navy

of England, in a biographical form.

He muchnow bewill

regrets that a design

which promised sospirit

well,

and which was prose-

cuted with so hberal a

by

his Pubhshers, should

reduced to a selection of detached Memoirs, which perhapsread with interest only by those

be

who

are

more or

less

connected

with the persons and the transactions here recorded.

But although the Author has been thus disappointedto complete the whole undertaking,tion of having succeeded

in his wishsatisfac-

he enjoys the higher

beyond

his

hopes in the formation of a

Naval Gallery. His ancestors for some generations having servedwith honour in the Naval Profession, and being himself associated

with

it

during the greater part of his

life,

he no sooner became

officially

connected with Greenwich Hospital, than he formed the

design of founding there a Gallery of Paintings illustrative of the

eminent services of the Royal Navy.ingly proposed the

In the year 1823, he accord-

scheme to the

late Directors of the Institution,

suggesting that the " Painted Hall," (originally erected as the Refectory of the Pensioners, but which had then remained unoccupied

ADVERTISEMENT.nearly a century,) oiFered the most appropriate receptacle for aCollection of Paintings and Sculpture;

and

after obtaining the con-

current opinion of Sir

Thomas Lawrence, Mr. Chantrey, and Mr.it

Smirke, as to the fitness of the building for this object,adopted.tures,

was

finally

As theits

Institution at that time possessed only a few pic-

and

funds could not be employed in the pm-chase of

Works

of Art, he

made

great personal exertions to secure the success of

the Gallery, by obtaining donations to the Collection, and so wellsucceeded, that within three years he had the gratification of seeingthe walls covered with portraits of most of the distinguished Naval

Commanders, and representations of their

actions.

Through the medium ofborough, he hadin

his

much-valued friend Lord Fam-

the

first

instance submitted the plan of the

Naval Gallery to

his late

Majesty King George the Fourth, who

was pleasedmediately

to

entertain the proposition

most graciously, and im-

commanded

that the whole of the Naval Portraits in the

Royal Palaces of Windsor and Hampton Court should be removed to

Greenwich

;

and

in

succeeding years, the King further contributed

several valuable pictures from his private collection.

To the

effectual

influence of

Lord Farnborough, the Gallery was

also indebted for

four large historical paintings, recording the principal victories of thelast

war, which

the Directors of the British Institution for theArts, ordered to be painted

Encouragement of the Finesented to theliberal donors,

and preotherlate

Naval Gallery.following

His Lordship, withmunificent

many

theall

example of their

Sovereign, have presented

the pictures which have been since

added

to the Collection.spirit

The same

which prompted these donations

will doubtless

extend to others, and gradually enrich the Gallery with worksstill

wanting to render

it

complete, especially historical subjects in

ADVERTISEMENT.whichliarit

is

chiefly defective.

Many

of our readers

who

are fami-

with the annals of the British Navy, will have seen, in some of

the private Collections of this country, works of great merit peculiarly

appropriate to Greenwich Hospital, and though the proprietors

of such pictures have not been persuaded to present

them

to this

National Depository,able artists

we cannot doubt

that Hberal patrons as well as

will hereafter

be found to contribute other pictures,

representing the most brilliant exploits of our seamen which have

not hitherto been so commemorated, and that the Naval Gallerythus become a splendid memorial of their services.

will

Such a Collection cannot

fail

of attracting pubhc interest, andfifty

it

deserves mention that not less thanvisit

thousand persons annually

the Painted Hall, where the small fee required for admission

now produces an amount which forms an importantRevenues of this NobleInstitution.

item in the

E. H. L.

Oreenwick Hospital,1st

August, 1832.

CONTENTS.1.

Charles Howard, Earl of Nottingham, K. G. Lord

High Admiral.

2. 3.

Robert Blake, Admiral and General of the Parliament Forces.

George Monk, Duke of Albemarle, K. G. Lord General of the Forcesby Land and Sea.

4.

Edward Montague,of England.

First Earl of Sandwich,

K. G. Lieutenant Admiral

5. Sir 6.7.

George Rooke, Knt. Lieutenant Admiral of England.

Vice Admiral John Benbow.

Edward

Russell, Earl of Orford, Admiral, First Commissioner of the

Admiralty.8.

George Byng, Viscount Torrington, K. B. Admiral,of the Admiralty.

First

Commissioner

9.

Edward, Lord Hawke, K. B. Admiral,Admiralty.

First Commissioner of the

10. Sir

Charles Saunders, K. B.

Admiral,

First Commissioner of the

Admiralty.11.

Rear Admiral John Kempenfelt.Alexander, Viscount Bridport, K. B. Admiral.

12. 13. 14.

Captain James Cook.

Hon. Samuel Barrington, Admiral.

15. Cuthbert,16. 17.

Lord CoUingwood, Vice Admiral.

Lieutenant Governor William Locker.

The Harry Grace

a Dieu, a

first rate

Ship, bearing

King Henry VIIL

to Calais, 1520.18.19.

The Defeat

of the Spanish Armada, 1588.

TheThe

Victory off Ushant by Earl Howe, 1794. Victory off the Nile by Sir Horatio Nelson, 1798.

20.

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