1 The Empty Tomb An intellectual argument for the Christian Faith.

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  • *The Empty TombAn intellectual argument for the Christian Faith

  • *Buddhism IslamJudaismChristianity

  • *The Empty TombCentral tenet of the Faith19 Jesus answered them, Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up. ... 21 But He was speaking of the temple of His body. 22 So when He was raised from the dead, His disciples remembered that He said this; and they believed the Scripture and the word which Jesus had spoken.John 2:1922 (NASB95)

  • *The Empty TombCentral tenet of the Faith38 Then some of the scribes and Pharisees said to Him, Teacher, we want to see a sign from You. 39 But He answered and said to them, An evil and adulterous generation craves for a sign; and yet no sign will be given to it but the sign of Jonah the prophet; 40 for just as Jonah was three days and three nights in the belly of the sea monster, so will the Son of Man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth.Matthew 12:3840 (NASB95)

  • *The Empty TombCentral tenet of the Faith62 Now on the next day, the day after the preparation, the chief priests and the Pharisees gathered together with Pilate, 63 and said, Sir, we remember that when He was still alive that deceiver said, After three days I am to rise again. 64 Therefore, give orders for the grave to be made secure until the third day, otherwise His disciples may come and steal Him away and say to the people, He has risen from the dead, and the last deception will be worse than the first.Matthew 27:6264 (NASB95)

  • *The Empty TombCentral tenet of the FaithLet it simply be said that we know more about the details of the hours immediately before and the actual death of Jesus , in and near Jerusalem, than we know about the death of any other one man in all the ancient world Wilbur M. Smith (A Great Certainty in This Hour of World Crisis 1951)Historical fact which connects faith and reason

  • *The Empty TombCentral tenet of the FaithHistorical fact which connects faith and reasonThe meaning of the resurrection is a theological matter, but the fact of the resurrection is a historical matter...the fact that the body disappeared from the tomb is a matter to be decided upon by historical evidence Wilbur M. Smith (A Great Certainty in This Hour of World Crisis 1951)

  • *The Empty TombNow there was about this time Jesus, a wise man, if it be lawful to call him a man; for he was a doer of wonderful works, a teacher of such men as receive the truth with pleasure... This man was the Christ. And when Pilate had condemned him to the cross...those who had loved from the first did not forsake him, for he appeared to them alive on the third day...Josephus, Antiquities, 18.3.3

  • *The Empty TombHe was crucified and died under Pontius Pilate, he really, and not merely in appearance, was crucified, and died, in the sight of beings in heaven, and on earth, and under the earth...

  • *The Empty Tomb...He also rose again in three days...On the day of the preparation, then, at the third hour, He received the sentence from Pilate, the Father permitting that to happen; at the sixth hour He was crucified; at the ninth hour He gave up the ghost; and before sunset He was buried. During the Sabbath he continued under the earth in the tomb in which Joseph of Arimathaea hd laid Him...

  • *The Empty Tomb...He was carried in the womb, even as we are, for the usual period of time; and was really born, as we also are; and was in reality nourished with milk, and partook of common meat and drink, even as we do. And when He had lived among men for thirty years, He was baptized by John, really and not in appearance...

  • *The Empty Tomb...and when He had preached the gospel three years, and done signs and wonders, He who was Himself the Judge was judged by the jews, falsely so called, and by Pilate the governor; was scourged, was smitten on the cheek, was spit upon; He wore a crown of thorns and a purple robe; He was condemned; He was crucified in reality, and not in appearance, not in imagination, not in deceit...

  • *The Empty Tomb...He really died, and was buried, and rose from the dead...

  • *The Empty TombThe evidence for our Lords life and death and resurrection may be, and often has been shown to be satisfactory; it is good according to the common rules for distinguishing good evidence from bad...and I know of no one fact in the history of mankind which is proved by better and fuller evidence of every sort, to the understanding of a fair inquirer, than the great sign which God hath given us that Christ died and rose again from the deadThomas Arnold: Sermons on the Christian Life - Its Hopes, Its Fears, and Its Close (1859)

  • *The Empty TombCentral tenet of the Faith

  • *The Empty TombCentral tenet of the Faith

  • *The Empty Tombhis own new tombhewn out of the rockrolled a large stone against the entrancein which no one had yet been laid (Jn 19:41)Matthew 27:57-60

  • *The Empty TombThe proper location was knownWould have been a man-made cave with one entranceImpossible for one wounded as Jesus was to openNo opportunity for misidentificationMatthew 27:57-60

  • *A Fainting Savior?Jesus simply fainted from the trauma associated with the crossThe cool air and aroma from the burial spices revived himAwakened he left the tomb and lived in hiding until his eventual deathThe Swoon Theory

  • *A Fainting Savior?The testimony of the witnesses assures us that Jesus was truly deadOne hundred pounds of spices made into a paste and placed between the layers of the linen wrappings A man weakened by a failed crucifixion would surely have been suffocated by this mummificationThe Swoon Theory39 Nicodemus, who had first come to Him by night, also came, bringing a mixture of myrrh and aloes, about a hundred pounds weight. 40 So they took the body of Jesus and bound it in linen wrappings with the spices, as is the burial custom of the Jews.John 19:3940 (NASB95)

  • *A Fainting Savior?Jesus died while on the crossJohns testimony of the blood and water coming from the side of Jesus is proof that He was truly dead

    The Swoon Theory32 So the soldiers came, and broke the legs of the first man and of the other who was crucified with Him; 33 but coming to Jesus, when they saw that He was already dead, they did not break His legs. 34 But one of the soldiers pierced His side with a spear, and immediately blood and water came out. 35 And he who has seen has testified, and his testimony is true; and he knows that he is telling the truth, so that you also may believe.John 19:3235 (NASB95)

  • *A Fainting Savior?...death by crucifixion causes a condition of blood in the lungs similar to that produced by drowning...(blood followed by water) would occur in a crucified person who had suffered from a ruptured heart...There remains, therefore, no supposition possible to explain the recorded phenomena except the combination of the crucifixion and rupture of the heart.Samuel Houghton M.D.The Swoon Theory32 So the soldiers came, and broke the legs of the first man and of the other who was crucified with Him; 33 but coming to Jesus, when they saw that He was already dead, they did not break His legs. 34 But one of the soldiers pierced His side with a spear, and immediately blood and water came out. 35 And he who has seen has testified, and his testimony is true; and he knows that he is telling the truth, so that you also may believe.John 19:3235 (NASB95)

  • *A Fainting Savior?The eyewitness clearly attached great importance to this. Had Jesus been alive when the spear pierced his side, strong spouts of blood would have emerged with every heart beat. Instead, the observer noticed semi-solid dark red clot seeping out, distinct and separate from the accompanying watery serum. This is...exceptionally strong medical proof of death...The Swoon Theory32 So the soldiers came, and broke the legs of the first man and of the other who was crucified with Him; 33 but coming to Jesus, when they saw that He was already dead, they did not break His legs. 34 But one of the soldiers pierced His side with a spear, and immediately blood and water came out. 35 And he who has seen has testified, and his testimony is true; and he knows that he is telling the truth, so that you also may believe.John 19:3235 (NASB95)

  • *A Fainting Savior?...Is is all the more impressive because the evangelist could not possibly have realized its significance to a pathologist. The blood and water from the spear-thrust is proof positive that Jesus was already deadMicheal GreeneMan Alive pg. 22The Swoon Theory32 So the soldiers came, and broke the legs of the first man and of the other who was crucified with Him; 33 but coming to Jesus, when they saw that He was already dead, they did not break His legs. 34 But one of the soldiers pierced His side with a spear, and immediately blood and water came out. 35 And he who has seen has testified, and his testimony is true; and he knows that he is telling the truth, so that you also may believe.John 19:3235 (NASB95)

  • *A Stolen Savior?Was the Body Moved?62 ...the chief priests and the Pharisees gathered together with Pilate, 63 and said, Sir, we remember that when He was still alive that deceiver said, After three days I am to rise again. 64 Therefore, give orders for the grave to be made secure until the third day, otherwise His disciples may come and steal Him away and say to the people, He has risen from the dead, and the last deception will be worse than the first. 65 Pilate said to them, You have a guard; go, make it as secure as you know how. 66 And they went and made the grave secure, and along with the guard they set a seal on the stone.Matthew 27:6266 (NASB95)To assume this theory we must ask who moved it?The Romans had no reasonThe Jews had no desireThe Disciples had no power

  • *A Stolen Savior?Was the Body Moved?62 ...the chief priests and the Pharisees gathered together with Pilate, 63 and said, Sir, we remember that when He was still alive that deceiver said, After three days I am to rise again. 64 Therefore, give orders for the grave to be made secure until the third day, otherwise His disciples may come and steal Him away and say to the people, He has risen from the dead, and the last deception will be worse than the first. 65 Pilate said to them, You have a guard; go, make it as secure as you know how. 66 And they went and made the grave secure, and along with the guard they set a seal on the stone.Matthew 27:6266 (NASB95)A Roman guard - 4-12 highly trained and disciplined soldiersThe Temple Guard - three rotating squads of 10 armed menThe disciples - 11 men and 2 swords

  • *A Stolen Savior?Was the Body Moved?62 ...the chief priests and the Pharisees gathered together with Pilate, 63 and said, Sir, we remember that when He was still alive that deceiver said, After three days I am to rise again. 64 Therefore, give orders for the grave to be made secure until the third day, otherwise His disciples may come and steal Him away and say to the people, He has risen from the dead, and the last deception will be worse than the first. 65 Pilate said to them, You have a guard; go, make it as secure as you know how. 66 And they went and made the grave secure, and along with the guard they set a seal on the stone.Matthew 27:6266 (NASB95)The punishment for quitting post was death, according to the lawsGeorge CurrieThe Military Discipline of the Romans from the Founding of the City to the Close of the Republic

  • *A Stolen Savior?Was the Body Moved?62 ...the chief priests and the Pharisees gathered together with Pilate, 63 and said, Sir, we remember that when He was still alive that deceiver said, After three days I am to rise again. 64 Therefore, give orders for the grave to be made secure until the third day, otherwise His disciples may come and steal Him away and say to the people, He has risen from the dead, and the last deception will be worse than the first. 65 Pilate said to them, You have a guard; go, make it as secure as you know how. 66 And they went and made the grave secure, and along with the guard they set a seal on the stone.Matthew 27:6266 (NASB95)During the night the captain of the Temple made his rounds. On his approach the guards had to rise and salute him in a particular manner. Any guard found asleep when on duty was beaten, or his garments were set on fire - a punishment, as we know, actually awardedAlbert Edersheim The Temple: Its Ministry and Services

  • *A Stolen Savior?Was the Body Moved?62 ...the chief priests and the Pharisees gathered together with Pilate, 63 and said, Sir, we remember that when He was still alive that deceiver said, After three days I am to rise again. 64 Therefore, give orders for the grave to be made secure until the third day, otherwise His disciples may come and steal Him away and say to the people, He has risen from the dead, and the last deception will be worse than the first. 65 Pilate said to them, You have a guard; go, make it as secure as you know how. 66 And they went and made the grave secure, and along with the guard they set a seal on the stone.Matthew 27:6266 (NASB95)The officer of the Temple Mount used to go round to every watch with lighted torches before him, and if any watch did not stand up and say to him, o officer of the Temple Mount, peace be to thee! and it was manifest that he was asleep, he would beat him with his staff, and he had the right to burn his raiment...

  • *A Stolen Savior?Was the Body Moved?62 ...the chief priests and the Pharisees gathered together with Pilate, 63 and said, Sir, we remember that when He was still alive that deceiver said, After three days I am to rise again. 64 Therefore, give orders for the grave to be made secure until the third day, otherwise His disciples may come and steal Him away and say to the people, He has risen from the dead, and the last deception will be worse than the first. 65 Pilate said to them, You have a guard; go, make it as secure as you know how. 66 And they went and made the grave secure, and along with the guard they set a seal on the stone.Matthew 27:6266 (NASB95)...And they would say, What is the noise in the Tempt Court? The noise of some levite that is being beaten and having his raiment burn because he went to sleep during his watch. R. Eliezer b. Jacob said: They once found my mothers brother asleep and burnt his raimentThe Mishnah

  • *A Stolen Savior?Was the Body Moved?12 And when they had assembled with the elders and consulted together, they gave a large sum of money to the soldiers, 13 and said, You are to say, His disciples came by night and stole Him away while we were asleep. 14 And if this should come to the governors ears, we will win him over and keep you out of trouble. 15 And they took the money and did as they had been instructed; and this story was widely spread among the Jews, and is to this day.Matthew 28:1215 (NASB95)The tomb was clearly well guardedDemonstrated by the concocted story of the EldersIf the guards were complicit why were they protectedIt seems the Elders believed their story and sought to cover it up

  • *A Stolen Savior?Was the Body Moved?The seal was broken and the stone moved (Matt 27:60,66; 28:2) The body was freed from its wrappings (Jn 19:40-42; 20:2-8)The burial cloth was then folded and laid neatly on the couch (Jn 20:2-8)All without alerting the guard12 And when they had assembled with the elders and consulted together, they gave a large sum of money to the soldiers, 13 and said, You are to say, His disciples came by night and stole Him away while we were asleep. 14 And if this should come to the governors ears, we will win him over and keep you out of trouble. 15 And they took the money and did as they had been instructed; and this story was widely spread among the Jews, and is to this day.Matthew 28:1215 (NASB95)

  • *A Stolen Savior?Was the Body Moved?While this story [of the theft] was afterwards commonly reported among the Jews... not once is it adverted to on those trials of the Apostles which soon took place at Jerusalem, on account of their bold and open proclamation of their Masters resurrection. Though the Apostles were cited before their very body who had given currency to the report of the disciples theft they are not even once taxed with the crime; not even a whisper escapes the lips of the Sanhedrin on the subject; and the story was soon abandoned as untenable and absurd.John F. Whitworth Legal and Historical Proof of the Resurrection of the Dead

  • *A Hallucinating World?4 and that He was buried, and that He was raised on the third day according to the Scriptures, 5 and that He appeared to Cephas, then to the twelve. 6 After that He appeared to more than five hundred brethren at one time, most of whom remain until now, but some have fallen asleep; 7 then He appeared to James, then to all the apostles; 8 and last of all, as to one untimely born, He appeared to me also.1 Corinthians 15:48 (NASB95)Five hundred people having the same hallucination at once?

    Were People Just Fooled?

  • *A Hallucinating World?Were People Just Fooled?... the hallucination is not a static phenomenon but essentially a dynamic process, the instability of which reflects the very instability of the factors and conditions associated with its originHeinrich KluererPsychopathology of PerceptionFive hundred people having the same hallucination at once?

  • *A Hallucinating World?27 Then He said to Thomas, Reach here with your finger, and see My hands; and reach here your hand and put it into My side; and do not be unbelieving, but believing. 28 Thomas answered and said to Him, My Lord and my God!John 20:2728 (NASB95)Five hundred people having the same hallucination at once?Intimate acquaintances seeing, hearing and touching Jesus?

    Were People Just Fooled?

  • *A Hallucinating World?27 Then He said to Thomas, Reach here with your finger, and see My hands; and reach here your hand and put it into My side; and do not be unbelieving, but believing. 28 Thomas answered and said to Him, My Lord and my God!John 20:2728 (NASB95)Five hundred people having the same hallucination at once?Intimate acquaintances seeing, hearing and touching Jesus?People being convinced who did not want to believe?

    Were People Just Fooled?

  • *The Empty TombIn all the fragments and echoes of this far-off controversy which have come down to us are nowhere told that any responsible person asserted the the body of Jesus was still in the tomb. We are only given reasons why it was not there. Running all through these ancient documents is the persistent assumption that the tomb of Christ was vacantFrank Morison Who Moved the Stone 1958

  • *The Empty TombThe tomb was empty; and the foes of Christ were unable to deny itErnest Kevan The Military Discipline of the Romans from the Founding of the city to the Close of the Republic

  • *Confucius Tomb - occupiedBuddhas Tomb - occupiedMohammeds Tomb - occupiedJesus Tomb - EMPTY

    More and more we as Christians are being called on to support the reason for our faith rather than the distinctions between those claiming faith.Arguments about doctrinal differences will always exist but increasingly we are called on to offer proof that there is a God in whom one should have faith.These questions call on us to approach our study from a different perspective too often Believers who may attempt to logically defend a doctrinal position from Scripture has failed to consider a rational explanation for the very concept of faith in God

    Heb 11:1 - True faith, saving faith is based in reasonsubstance - the essential or basic structure/nature of an entity, substantial nature, essence, actual being, reality (BDAG) - faith is the substance beneath our hope giving reason for our hopeevidence - The word often signifies a process of proof or demonstration. So yon Soden: a being convinced. Therefore not a rash, feebly-grounded hypothesis, a dream of hope, the child of a wish. (Vincent)

    All but four of the major world religions are based on mere philosophical propositions. Of the four that are based on personalities rathe than a philosophical system, only Christianity claims an empty tomb for its founders

    the earliest accounts of the death of Buddha stated that he died with that utter passing away in which nothing whatever remains behind and no resurrection is attributed to him

    Mohammed died June 8 632 A.D. and Muslims to this day take a pilgrimage to his tomb

    Genesis gives an account of the death of Abraham somewhere around 1900 B.C. and no resurrection is attributed to him

    Only Christianity bases its claims around the resurrection of it founder

    The FACT that the body disappeared from the tomb is a matter to be decided upon by historical evidence

    If the historical facts surrounding the death and events immediately following the death of Jesus were examined in the same manner that the facts surrounding the life of George Washington or Alexander the Great have been examined, i.e. with an open and critical mind rather than starting from a philosophical predisposition which limits the outcome of such an investigation, there is no doubt that the honest examiner would come to the conclusion that Jesus rose from the deadThe resurrection is an event in history wherein God acted in a definite time-space dimension. This was not a vision or a message delivered in a dream but a real observable event

    The place is of geographical definitenessThe man who owned the tomb was a real man living in the first centurythe tomb was made of rock in a hillside in Jerusalem not composed of mythological gossamer, or cloud-dust, but something with geographical significanceThe guards were real soldiers not beings from Mt. Olympusthe Sanhedrin was a real body of men meeting regularly in JerusalemJesus was a real historical person which a mass of literature speaks of as a real man His disciples were real men who ate, slept, thirsted suffered worked and diedWhat is there doctrinal about this? This is a historical problemNon-inspired historians such as Josephus certainly corroborate the Biblical story. Josephus was not a Christian he was a true historian operating in the first century writing to please the Romans as such he had no reason to include the resurrection account if he believed it were non-factualIgnatius 50-115 AD pupil of John lived in Antioch was killed in the Colosseum at Rome

    Ignatius 50-115 AD pupil of John lived in Antioch was killed in the Colosseum at Rome

    Ignatius 50-115 AD pupil of John lived in Antioch was killed in the Colosseum at Rome

    Ignatius 50-115 AD pupil of John lived in Antioch was killed in the Colosseum at Rome

    Ignatius 50-115 AD pupil of John lived in Antioch was killed in the Colosseum at Rome

    Thomas Arnold headmaster of Rugby, author of History of Rom (3 vols.) chair of Modern History at Oxford

    There is no doubt that proper location of the tomb was knownscholars tell us that the phrase hewn out or the rock indicates a man-made cave there was no back entranceCod. Bez. contains a gloss (phrase written in the text put in parenthesis) in Mk 16:4There is no doubt that proper location of the tomb was knownscholars tell us that the phrase hewn out or the rock indicates a man-made cave there was no back entranceCod. Bez. contains a gloss (phrase written in the text put in parenthesis) in Mk 16:4 And when he was laid there, he (Joseph) put against the tomb a stone which twenty men could not roll awayThere is no doubt that proper location of the tomb was knownscholars tell us that the phrase hewn out or the rock indicates a man-made cave there was no back entranceCod. Bez. contains a gloss (phrase written in the text put in parenthesis) in Mk 16:4 And when he was laid there, he (Joseph) ut against the tomb a stone which twenty men could not roll awayThere is no doubt that proper location of the tomb was knownscholars tell us that the phrase hewn out or the rock indicates a man-made cave there was no back entranceCod. Bez. contains a gloss (phrase written in the text put in parenthesis) in Mk 16:4 And when he was laid there, he (Joseph) ut against the tomb a stone which twenty men could not roll awayThere is no doubt that proper location of the tomb was knownscholars tell us that the phrase hewn out or the rock indicates a man-made cave there was no back entranceCod. Bez. contains a gloss (phrase written in the text put in parenthesis) in Mk 16:4 And when he was laid there, he (Joseph) ut against the tomb a stone which twenty men could not roll awayThere is no doubt that proper location of the tomb was knownscholars tell us that the phrase hewn out or the rock indicates a man-made cave there was no back entranceCod. Bez. contains a gloss (phrase written in the text put in parenthesis) in Mk 16:4 And when he was laid there, he (Joseph) ut against the tomb a stone which twenty men could not roll awayThere is no doubt that proper location of the tomb was knownscholars tell us that the phrase hewn out or the rock indicates a man-made cave there was no back entranceCod. Bez. contains a gloss (phrase written in the text put in parenthesis) in Mk 16:4 And when he was laid there, he (Joseph) ut against the tomb a stone which twenty men could not roll awayThere is no doubt that proper location of the tomb was knownscholars tell us that the phrase hewn out or the rock indicates a man-made cave there was no back entranceCod. Bez. contains a gloss (phrase written in the text put in parenthesis) in Mk 16:4 And when he was laid there, he (Joseph) ut against the tomb a stone which twenty men could not roll awayLuke 22:38 And they said, Lord, behold here are two swords. And He said unto them it is enoughquotes Polybious as saying that running a gauntlet of cudgels was punishment for faulty night watches

    quotes Polybious as saying that running a gauntlet of cudgels was punishment for faulty night watches

    quotes Polybious as saying that running a gauntlet of cudgels was punishment for faulty night watches

    quotes Polybious as saying that running a gauntlet of cudgels was punishment for faulty night watches

    If they were asleep how could they know the disciples stole the body

    A.B. Bruce (The Expositors Greek New Testament) The report to be sent abroad assumes that there is a fact to be explained, the disappearance of the body. And it is implied that the statement to be given out as to that was known by the soldiers to be falseIf they were asleep how could they know the disciples stole the bodyIf they were asleep how could they know the disciples stole the bodyIf they were asleep how could they know the disciples stole the body

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