1 The Empty Tomb An intellectual argument for the Christian Faith

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  • *The Empty TombAn intellectual argument for the Christian Faith

  • *Buddhism IslamJudaismChristianity

  • *The Empty TombCentral tenet of the Faith19 Jesus answered them, Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up. ... 21 But He was speaking of the temple of His body. 22 So when He was raised from the dead, His disciples remembered that He said this; and they believed the Scripture and the word which Jesus had spoken.John 2:1922 (NASB95)

  • *The Empty TombCentral tenet of the Faith38 Then some of the scribes and Pharisees said to Him, Teacher, we want to see a sign from You. 39 But He answered and said to them, An evil and adulterous generation craves for a sign; and yet no sign will be given to it but the sign of Jonah the prophet; 40 for just as Jonah was three days and three nights in the belly of the sea monster, so will the Son of Man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth.Matthew 12:3840 (NASB95)

  • *The Empty TombCentral tenet of the Faith62 Now on the next day, the day after the preparation, the chief priests and the Pharisees gathered together with Pilate, 63 and said, Sir, we remember that when He was still alive that deceiver said, After three days I am to rise again. 64 Therefore, give orders for the grave to be made secure until the third day, otherwise His disciples may come and steal Him away and say to the people, He has risen from the dead, and the last deception will be worse than the first.Matthew 27:6264 (NASB95)

  • *The Empty TombCentral tenet of the FaithLet it simply be said that we know more about the details of the hours immediately before and the actual death of Jesus , in and near Jerusalem, than we know about the death of any other one man in all the ancient world Wilbur M. Smith (A Great Certainty in This Hour of World Crisis 1951)Historical fact which connects faith and reason

  • *The Empty TombCentral tenet of the FaithHistorical fact which connects faith and reasonThe meaning of the resurrection is a theological matter, but the fact of the resurrection is a historical matter...the fact that the body disappeared from the tomb is a matter to be decided upon by historical evidence Wilbur M. Smith (A Great Certainty in This Hour of World Crisis 1951)

  • *The Empty TombNow there was about this time Jesus, a wise man, if it be lawful to call him a man; for he was a doer of wonderful works, a teacher of such men as receive the truth with pleasure... This man was the Christ. And when Pilate had condemned him to the cross...those who had loved from the first did not forsake him, for he appeared to them alive on the third day...Josephus, Antiquities, 18.3.3

  • *The Empty TombHe was crucified and died under Pontius Pilate, he really, and not merely in appearance, was crucified, and died, in the sight of beings in heaven, and on earth, and under the earth...

  • *The Empty Tomb...He also rose again in three days...On the day of the preparation, then, at the third hour, He received the sentence from Pilate, the Father permitting that to happen; at the sixth hour He was crucified; at the ninth hour He gave up the ghost; and before sunset He was buried. During the Sabbath he continued under the earth in the tomb in which Joseph of Arimathaea hd laid Him...

  • *The Empty Tomb...He was carried in the womb, even as we are, for the usual period of time; and was really born, as we also are; and was in reality nourished with milk, and partook of common meat and drink, even as we do. And when He had lived among men for thirty years, He was baptized by John, really and not in appearance...

  • *The Empty Tomb...and when He had preached the gospel three years, and done signs and wonders, He who was Himself the Judge was judged by the jews, falsely so called, and by Pilate the governor; was scourged, was smitten on the cheek, was spit upon; He wore a crown of thorns and a purple robe; He was condemned; He was crucified in reality, and not in appearance, not in imagination, not in deceit...

  • *The Empty Tomb...He really died, and was buried, and rose from the dead...

  • *The Empty TombThe evidence for our Lords life and death and resurrection may be, and often has been shown to be satisfactory; it is good according to the common rules for distinguishing good evidence from bad...and I know of no one fact in the history of mankind which is proved by better and fuller evidence of every sort, to the understanding of a fair inquirer, than the great sign which God hath given us that Christ died and rose again from the deadThomas Arnold: Sermons on the Christian Life - Its Hopes, Its Fears, and Its Close (1859)

  • *The Empty TombCentral tenet of the Faith

  • *The Empty TombCentral tenet of the Faith

  • *The Empty Tombhis own new tombhewn out of the rockrolled a large stone against the entrancein which no one had yet been laid (Jn 19:41)Matthew 27:57-60

  • *The Empty TombThe proper location was knownWould have been a man-made cave with one entranceImpossible for one wounded as Jesus was to openNo opportunity for misidentificationMatthew 27:57-60

  • *A Fainting Savior?Jesus simply fainted from the trauma associated with the crossThe cool air and aroma from the burial spices revived himAwakened he left the tomb and lived in hiding until his eventual deathThe Swoon Theory

  • *A Fainting Savior?The testimony of the witnesses assures us that Jesus was truly deadOne hundred pounds of spices made into a paste and placed between the layers of the linen wrappings A man weakened by a failed crucifixion would surely have been suffocated by this mummificationThe Swoon Theory39 Nicodemus, who had first come to Him by night, also came, bringing a mixture of myrrh and aloes, about a hundred pounds weight. 40 So they took the body of Jesus and bound it in linen wrappings with the spices, as is the burial custom of the Jews.John 19:3940 (NASB95)

  • *A Fainting Savior?Jesus died while on the crossJohns testimony of the blood and water coming from the side of Jesus is proof that He was truly dead

    The Swoon Theory32 So the soldiers came, and broke the legs of the first man and of the other who was crucified with Him; 33 but coming to Jesus, when they saw that He was already dead, they did not break His legs. 34 But one of the soldiers pierced His side with a spear, and immediately blood and water came out. 35 And he who has seen has testified, and his testimony is true; and he knows that he is telling the truth, so that you also may believe.John 19:3235 (NASB95)

  • *A Fainting Savior?...death by crucifixion causes a condition of blood in the lungs similar to that produced by drowning...(blood followed by water) would occur in a crucified person who had suffered from a ruptured heart...There remains, therefore, no supposition possible to explain the recorded phenomena except the combination of the crucifixion and rupture of the heart.Samuel Houghton M.D.The Swoon Theory32 So the soldiers came, and broke the legs of the first man and of the other who was crucified with Him; 33 but coming to Jesus, when they saw that He was already dead, they did not break His legs. 34 But one of the soldiers pierced His side with a spear, and immediately blood and water came out. 35 And he who has seen has testified, and his testimony is true; and he knows that he is telling the truth, so that you also may believe.John 19:3235 (NASB95)

  • *A Fainting Savior?The eyewitness clearly attached great importance to this. Had Jesus been alive when the spear pierced his side, strong spouts of blood would have emerged with every heart beat. Instead, the observer noticed semi-solid dark red clot seeping out, distinct and separate from the accompanying watery serum. This is...exceptionally strong medical proof of death...The Swoon Theory32 So the soldiers came, and broke the legs of the first man and of the other who was crucified with Him; 33 but coming to Jesus, when they saw that He was already dead, they did not break His legs. 34 But one of the soldiers pierced His side with a spear, and immediately blood and water came out. 35 And he who has seen has testified, and his testimony is true; and he knows that he is telling the truth, so that you also may believe.John 19:3235 (NASB95)

  • *A Fainting Savior?...Is is all the more impressive because the evangelist could not possibly have realized its significance to a pathologist. The blood and water from the spear-thrust is proof positive that Jesus was already deadMicheal GreeneMan Alive pg. 22The Swoon Theory32 So the soldiers came, and broke the legs of the first man and of the other who was crucified with Him; 33 but coming to Jesus, when they saw that He was already dead, they did not break His legs. 34 But one of the soldiers pierced His side with a spear, and immediately blood and water came out. 35 And he who has seen has testified, and his testimony is true; and he knows that he is telling the truth, so that you also may believe.John 19:3235 (NASB95)

  • *A Stolen Savior?Was the Body Moved?62 ...the chief priests and the Pharisees gathered together with Pilate, 63 and said, Sir, we remember that when He was still alive that deceiver said, After three days I am to rise again. 64 Therefore, give orders for the grave to be made secure until the third day, otherwise His disciples may come and steal Him away and say to the people, He has risen from the dead, and the last deception will be worse than the first. 65 Pilate said to them, You have a guard; go, make it as secure as you know how. 66 And they went and made the grave secure, and along with the guard they set a seal on the stone.Matthew 27:6266 (NASB95)To assume this theory we must ask who moved it?The Romans had no reasonThe Jews had no desireThe Disciples had no power

  • *A Stolen Savior?Was the Body Moved?62 ...the chief priests and the Pharisees gathered together with Pilate, 63 and said, Sir, we remember that when He was still alive that deceiver said, After three days I am to rise again. 64 Therefore, give orders for the grave to be made secure until the third day, otherwise His disciples may come and steal Him away and say to the people, He has risen from the dead, and the last deception will be worse than the first. 65 Pilate said to them, You have a guard; go, make it as secure as you know how. 66 And they went and made the grave secure, and along with the guard they set a seal on the stone.Matthew 27:6266 (NASB95)A Roman guard - 4-12 highly trained and disciplined soldiersThe Temple Guard - three rotating squads of 10 armed menThe disciples - 11 men and 2 swords

  • *A Stolen Savior?Was the Body Moved?62 ...the chief priests and the Pharisees gathered together with Pilate, 63 and said, Sir, we remember that when He was still alive that deceiver said, After three days I am to rise again. 64 Therefore, give orders for the grave to be made secure until the third day, otherwise His disciples may come and steal Him away and say to the people, He has risen from the dead, and the last deception will be worse than the first. 65 Pilate said to them, You have a guard; go, make it as secure as you know how. 66 And they went and made the grave secure, and along with the guard they set a seal on the stone.Matthew 27:6266 (NASB95)The punishment for quitting post was death, according to the lawsGeorge CurrieThe Military Discipline of the Romans from the Founding of the City to the Close of the Republic

  • *A Stolen Savior?Was the Body Moved?62 ...the chief priests and the Pharisees gathered together with Pilate, 63 and said, Sir, we remember that when He was still alive that deceiver said, After three days I am to rise again. 64 Therefore, give orders for the grave to be made secure until the third day, otherwise His disciples may come and steal Him away and say to the people, He has risen from the dead, and the last deception will be worse than the first. 65 Pilate said to them, You have a guard; go, make it as secure as you know how. 66 And they went and made the grave secure, and along with the guard they set a seal on the stone.Matthew 27:6266 (NASB95)During the night the captain of the Temple made his rounds. On his approach the guards had to rise and salute him in a particular manner. Any guard found asleep when on duty was beaten, or his garments were set on fire - a punishment, as we know, actually awardedAlbert Edersheim The Temple: Its Ministry and Services

  • *A Stolen Savior?Was the Body Moved?62 ...the chief priests and the Pharisees gathered together with Pilate, 63 and said, Sir, we remember that when He was still alive that deceiver said, After three days I am to rise again. 64 Therefore, give orders for the grave to be made secure until the third day, otherwise His disciples may come and steal Him away and say to the people, He has risen from the dead, and the last deception will be worse than the first. 65 Pilate said to them, You have a guard; go, make it as secure as you know how. 66 And they went and made the grave secure, and along with the guard they set a seal on the stone.Matthew 27:6266 (NASB95)The officer of the Temple Mount used to go round to every watch with lighted torches before him, and if any watch did not stand up and say to him, o officer of the Temple Mount, peace be to thee! and it was manifest that he was asleep, he would beat him with his staff, and he had the right to burn his raiment...

  • *A Stolen Savior?Was the Body Moved?62 ...the chief priests and the Pharisees gathered together with Pilate, 63 and said, Sir, we remember that when He was still alive that deceiver said, After three days I am to rise again. 64 Therefore, give orders for the grave to be made secure until the third day, otherwise His disciples may come and steal Him away and say to the people, He has risen from the dead, and the last deception will be worse than the first. 65 Pilate said to them, You have a guard; go, make it as secure as you know how. 66 And they went and made the grave secure, and along with the guard they set a seal on the stone.Matthew 27:6266 (NASB95)...And they would say, What is the noise in the Tempt Court? The noise of some levite that is being beaten and having his raiment burn because he went to sleep during his watch. R. Eliezer b. Jacob said: They once found my mothers brother asleep and burnt his raimentThe Mishnah

  • *A Stolen Savior?Was the Body Moved?12 And when they had assembled with the elders and consulted together, they gave a large sum of money to the soldiers, 13 and said, You are to say, His disciples came by night and stole Him away while we were asleep. 14 And if this should come to the governors ears, we will win him over and keep you out of trouble. 15 And they took the money and did as they had been instructed; and this story was widely spread among the Jews, and is to this day.Matthew 28:1215 (NASB95)The tomb was clearly well guardedDemonstrated by the concocted story of the EldersIf the guards were complicit why were they protectedIt seems the Elders believed their story and sought to cover it up

  • *A Stolen Savior?Was the Body Moved?The seal was...

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