02x03 – Oceanic Imperialism

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University of Florida - Summer B 2007 - HIS3931 - Empire and Imperialism

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HIS3931 Oceanic Imperialism 07:30:00

11/07/2007

Power is the main theme for today with a sprinkle of movement

why did Europeans want to travel? curiosity, they wanted to know what was out there competition within the European powers desire for better access to Asian goods, especially pepper o spices, drugs, and aromatics were the most profitable goods in the world. Weight per revenue (extremely profitable) religious motivation

Trading-Post Empires until about 500 years ago most empires were concerned with commanding land and people

o the wanted power over the people where the goods were produced there is now empires that control trade o they control how goods move around the world o on land and sea land was more difficult than sea o a stranglehold on the trade within a geographic region you could take over ports control the routes of access able to patrol the routes of access and intersect competitors there are some examples of the classical period of trade empires, but they did not last very long the post empires of trade were much larger and lasted much longer

o the British empire has become the classic form of imperialism dominant sea going empires were Spain and Portugal o 1490s to mid 17th century o the Americas and Spain became the dominant power in the 3Americas o they were not so much conquers as they were traders The French, the Dutch, and the English then start to become into trade countries o The Dutch have just broken free from Spanish rule o England was not a major European power it was a small kingdom, not very powerful but they were able to establish global power because of their increasing of their navy

England is taking over the United Kingdom at this time o the French was just coming out of the reformation battles o These countries are termed as the fiscalmilitary states they were much better at collecting taxes fiscal and waging wars military side Differences between the land and sea empires (audio) o indigenes natives, indigenous people Technology gave Europeans a better advantage only at this point European ships were able to compete with Asian ships

by cracking the wind codes, they were able to establish long trade routes Europeans now could travel to Asia by going pat the African south 1490s Breakthrough decade o Columbus o John Cabot discovered direct route across the north Atlantic o Vasco da Gama Asian oceans Military Technology o They were able to make advances in ship firepower o Lighter guns, more mobile and could be put in ships o improvements in fortification

o there were no other ships with mounted artillery

The Indian Ocean the Portuguese seaborne empire o direct trade with southern India o establish a base in Goa o establish a direct access with south east Asia as well o direct contact with Thailand and china o and then Japan o they took over Malacca in modern Malaysia they were after nutmeg, cloves, aromatics o they also attacked the ships of their competitors o establish extensive bases all over Asia and Africa o Portuguese empire was feeble and shallow

they are not coming in as empirical power but as a pest o the Portuguese were participating as shippers and traders in the existing commerce of Asia, not as dominators o most of the Portuguese lived in places not under their control and married native peoples o they were welcomed into these areas because they enhanced the existing trade routes, they did not pose a threat o Francisco Vieira da Figueiredo A sense of an individual of somebody that operated at this time a poor Portuguese soldier in the east turned to trade to make a living Cosmopolite somebody who could move easily and readily throughout societies

some direct trade with Europe European participation in commerce was of commerce within Asian commerce in the Indian ocean region the Portuguese had a bit higher technology but the Asians had a better arms so they traded on their terms Portugals Rivals English East India Company (1600) o Trade of spices and textiles United East India Company of the Netherlands (1602) Portuguese were defeated and the English were granted the new trading rights with India by the Mughal Emperor (Jahangir) the Europeans were again working within the Indian commerce system and not as powerful lords

The Age of Partnership

the Europeans are trading on the terms of those they are trading with the Europeans are not longer taking over their land

11/07/2007 07:30:00

11/07/2007 07:30:00