à¸à¸²à¸•à¸¸à¹à¸—รนซิà¸à¸±à¸™ (Transition elements)

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สมบัติของธาตุแทรนซิชัน สารประกอบของธาตุแทรนซิชัน สารประกอบเชิงซ้อนของธาตุแทรนซิชัน. ธาตุแทรนซิชัน (Transition elements). ธาตุแทรนซิชัน. ธาตุแทรนซิชัน. Electron configurations of Cr and Cu. สมบัติของธาตุแทรนซิชัน. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Text of à¸à¸²à¸•à¸¸à¹à¸—รนซิà¸à¸±à¸™...

  • (Transition elements)

  • Electron configurations of Cr and Cu

  • 1. 1 IIIB Sc +3 IIB (Zn, Cd) +2 2. Fe, Co, Ni 3. ( IIIB) 4. 5. 2 ( Cr, Cu 1) 18 ( Cu Zn)

  • ( ) ) IE1 , IE2 , IE3

  • Atomic radii

  • Transition metal densities

  • ScTiVCrMnFeCoNiCuZn+3+4+5+6+7+6+5+4+3+2+3+4+5+6+5+4+3+2+2+3+4+5+4+3+2+1+1+2+3+4+3+2+1+1+2+3+2+1+1+2+1+1

  • * IA IIA (Complex Compound) (anions) Cu(NH3)42+, 2

  • (Central atom ion)

    F-, Br-, OH-, SCN-, S2-,CO, NH3, H2O

  • Common ligands

  • 1 (Cr, Cu) 2 IA IIA 1

  • KMnO4K+[MnO4]-K2MnO4K+[MnO4]2-PbCrO4Pb2+[CrO4]2+K3[Fe(CN)6]K+[Fe(CN)6]3-Cu[(NH3)4SO4][Cu(NH3)4]2+[SO4]2-Cu[(H2O)5SO4][Cu(H2O)5]2+[SO4]2-

  • CrCrO42-+ O2(g)+6H+OH-Cr2O72-+6+ H2O2Cr3+H+Cr2+S2-MnMnO2+4NaOHMnO42-+6Mn2+H+MnO4-+7H+ S2-Mn(OH)3OH-+3

  • *

    Cr2+Cr3+CrO42-Cr2O72-Mn2+Mn(OH)3*MnO2*MnO42-MnO4-Chromium (II) ionChromium (III) ionChromate ionDichromate ionManganese (II) ionManganese (III) hydroxideManganese (IV) oxideManganate ionPermanganate ion

  • (II) CuSO4.5H2O NH3 ()CuSO4.5H2O()+ 4NH3[Cu(NH3)4]SO4.H2O + 4H2O()[Cu(NH3)3SO4]+ NH3 + H2O()

  • TMFormula of Hydroxide PrecipitateColourExcess NaOHExcess AmmoniaCrCr(OH)3green[Cr(OH)6]3-(aq)MnMn(OH)2creamFeFe(OH)2greenFe(OH)3red/brownCoCo(OH)2light blueNiNi(OH)2green[Ni(NH3)6]2+(aq)CuCu(OH)2blueCu(NH3)4]2+(aq)ZnZn(OH)2white[Zn(OH)4]2- (aq) [Zn(NH3)4]2+(aq)

  • ** 1) -ide -o

    Cl-Br-I-CN-O2-chloridebromideIodidecyanideoxidechlorobromoIodocyanooxo

  • ** 2) ite ate ito , ato

    CO32-S2O32-SCN-

    C2O42-carbonatethiosulfatethiocyanatethiocyanateoxalateCarbonatoThiosulfatothiocyanato Sisothiocyanato Noxalato

  • ** 3) :

    H2ONH3COaquaamminecarbonyl

  • ** 4) :

    23456ditritetrapentahexa

  • ** 1) : ate

    AlCrMnNiCoZnMoWAluminiumchromiummanganesenickelcobaltzincmolybdenumtungstenAlminateChromateManganateNickelateCobaltateZinccateMolybdateTungatate

  • ** 2) : ate

    FeCuPbAgAuSnironcopperleadsilvergoldtinFerrumCuprumPlumbumArgentumAurumStannumFerrateCupratePlumbateArgentateAurateStannate

  • 3.

  • K3[Fe(CN)6]

    [Cu(NH3)4]SO4

    [Cr(H2O)4Cl2]ClO4

    Na3[Cr(NO2)6]

    Fe2[Fe(CN)6]

    [Ni(NH3)6]Br2...................

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