Linked Open Data Linked Open Data

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Linked Open Data Linked Open Data. 1. 2. . 1. Semantic Web Linked Open Data2. Linked Open Data = Linked Data + Open Data3. Linked Open Data Web4. LOD 5. ? LOD ?6. 5 7. 8. . 10 12 14 18 20 27 29 356 7CONTENTS. 40. 1. 2. 6 | 1 (Big Data), (Linked Data), (Open Data) (Data) .- 21 2 (data is the new oil)1) , , , , , .- , , . , (Linked Open Data : LOD) , , . , , (, 2014 2)) LOD . Linked Open Data LOD LOD LOD , , LOD .1)Clive Humby, ANA Senior marketers summit, 2006(http://ana.blogs.com/maestros/2006/11/data_is_the_new.html)2)http://koreadb.data.go.kr/ Linked Open Data | 7 2 . - , LOD LOD .1. Semantic Web Linked Open Data : LOD Semantic Web LOD .2. Linked Open Data = Linked Data + Open Data : LOD .3. Linked Open Data Web : LOD .4. LOD : LOD .5. ? LOD ? :LOD , -(Tim Berners-Lee) 5 (Five Star Open Data) .6. 5 : Five Star Open Data 5 (LOD) .7. : 4 , RDF .8. : LOD .. 1. Semantic Web Linked Open Data 2. Linked Open Data = Linked Data + Open Data 3. Linked Open Data Web 4. LOD 5. ? LOD ? 6. 5 7. 8. . 10 | 1 Semantic Web Linked Open Data Linked Open Data Semantic Web . Semantic Web . Semantic Web Linked Open Data , Linked Open Data Semantic Web . (Web, World Wide Web) (Tim Berners-Lee) Semantic Web . , .3) . , , . , (web of documents) . , ( ) , () . 3)Berners-Lee, T., Hendler, J., & Lassila, O. (2001). The semantic web. Scientific american, 284(5), 28-37. Linked Open Data | 11 , . , . , Linked Data RDF, SPARQL, OWL, SKOS .4) Linked Open Data . (, machine) , Linked Open Data . 4)http://www.w3.org/standards/semanticweb/12 | 2 Linked Open Data = Linked Data + Open Data Linked Open Data Linked Data Open Data . Linked Data Open Data . LOD . Open Data , .(Open Knowledge Foundation, 2012)5)- (Availability and Access) : , . .- (Reuse and Redistribution) : , ( ) .- (Universal Participation) : , , . , ( ) .5)Open Knowledge Foundation. (2012). Open Data Handbook Documentation. Retrieved from http://opendatahandbook.org/en/ Linked Open Data | 13 Linked Data (publishing) .6) - Linked Data HTTP, RDF, URIs () (machine readable and processable) - Linked Data Linked Open Data (web of documents) (web of data) . , . . LOD . 6)http://tomheath.com/papers/bizer-heath-berners-lee-ijswis-linked-data.pdf14 | 3 Linked Open Data 7) Web LOD LOD . LOD . LOD , . Hypertext, HTML, HTTP, URI. , 7)(platform) . LOD , , .http://ko.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hypertext, HyperlinkHTML Linked Open Data | 15 (Hypertext) , . HTML . HTML . HTML ( ) HTTP . (address) URL URI . URI (identifier). LOD (Hypertext, HTML, HTTP, URI) . LOD (document) (:) . (: , ) . LOD Hypertext, HTML . RDF (interlinking) . HTML web of documents web of data . HTML (web of documents) . 16 | (web of documents) HTML HTML . . (web of data) (_City): Class: , . : http://schema.org/CityCity : () Data: : Data: : 100,210km ()City :, , : , , , , : : ,: 50,912,264: : , , , , : Linked Open Data | 17 (web of data) HTML HTML . LOD . LOD HTML ( ) () . . , , . . , . , () . LOD . . 18 | 4 LOD - . . . . . . , . ? . . . 1 Linked Open Data | 19 ( ) . apple, . 2 . 3. Linked Open Data Web LOD HTML (syntax) (description) , ( : , , , , ) . , , ( : , , , , , ) . , LOD . apple20 | 5 ? LOD ? , , (), . . Linked Open Data Linked Data Open Data Linked Data . . Tim Berners-Lee Five Star Open Data8) . Five Star Open Data8) : http://5stardata.info/, : http://5stardata.info/kr/OL: On-Line [ ]RE: machine Readable [ ]OF: Open Format [ ]OF: Open Format [ ]URI: URI LD: Linked Data Linked Open Data | 21 (OL: On-Line) ( ) . PDF . (OL, RE: machine REadable) , () . 22 | , . (OL, RE, OF: Open Format) , . , CSV . (OL, RE, OF: Open Format, URI) URI . Linked Open Data | 23 RDFa . HTML . .------------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------- , (Seoul) (metro) (Place) . () () (Place) (Seoul) .24 | ------------------------------------------- 2012 2 5 -4 ------------------------------------------- , resource=#forecast20120205 URI , (metro) (predicted) , xsd:dateTime . (OL, RE, OF: Open Format, URI, LD: Linked Data) . 4 . Linked Open Data | 25 ------------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------- 4 dbpedia .------------------------------------------- (C)-------------------------------------------26 | wikipedia, dbpedia dbpedia Celsius . 4 5 . 2012 2 5 -4 . . . , , . 4 5 , () . 5 , , . . , . , . , . . , () , , , . . Linked Open Data | 27 6 5 5 () LOD . 1 ~ 3 , . , . A B . A B , , . , . A B , () A B name sex fullname gender () () birthday 0000-00-00g birthday 0000 00 00() 28 | . . . . . LOD . LOD (Global Database) . () . (syntax) , (semantics) . 5 . LOD LOD , . Linked Open Data | 29 7 Tim Berners-Lee 49) . (web of data) . (web of documents) . URI . , . . URI . LOD URI . . URI : dbpedia.org/page/Seoul URI : dbpedia.org/page/Computer HTTP . HTTP . LOD HTTP . HTTP URI : http://dbpedia.org/page/Seoul HTTP URI : http://dbpedia.org/page/Computer9)http://www.w3.org/DesignIssues/LinkedData.html30 | LOD HTTP RDF, SPARQL . URI RDF(S), SPARQL . RDF(S), SPARQL . RDF LOD . HTML(, Syntax) . LOD . , HTML LOD RDF. RDF Resource Description Framework . Resource URI , . , , Resource. Description Resource . Framework . RDF (, ) , . RDF SPO . SPO , , . HTTP URI Linked Open Data | 31RDF = (Subject) - (Predicate) - (Ojbect) (Subject) , (Resource) . URI . , , . RDF RDF . . RDF RDF . 1 . . . , , , , (Predicate)(Subject)(Object)(Predicate)32 | . . (literal) . URI . . , . , . LOD (Class) . LOD . . LOD . 2 URI . creator creator dc:creator . dc:creator . http://www.ktvshow.kr/Infinite_Challengedc:creator Linked Open Data | 33 LOD RDF . () , () . RDF SPARQL . SPARQL Simple Protocal and RDF Query Language . LOD . SQL(Structured Query Language) . SPARQL . KData(http://kdata.kr) SPARQL Endpoint http://homepage.kr1 30http://www.imbc.com/broad/tv/ent/challenge/main.html34 | (link) . LOD . . () .LOD . LOD . , RDF LOD . http://ko.dbpedia.org/page/http://ko.dbpedia.org/page/ Linked Open Data | 35 8 . . - LOD . LOD (Web) . LOD RDF , . RDF , , (triple) . , , . . , , . . ? () . 36 | RDF RDF . RDF . . RDF 2 . , () () . . () ( ) . RDFS(RDF Schema), OWL(Web Ontology Language) RDF, RDFS, OWL . ? Linked Open Data | 37 . () , () . RDF 2 LOD () (, , ) . . LOD RDF, RDFS, OWL . . . : O . 40 | . Big Data, Linked Data, IoT, Open Data, Gov3.0 . , . LOD . LOD , (, machine), . LOD ? ? LOD , . . , . LOD . LOD . . LOD , . , , , , , . LOD . ( ) . Linked Open Data | 41 . LOD LOD LOD . , LOD . , . LOD . (LOD) . . , , , , , , LOD . LOD LOD . . LOD () . , . 2015 4 2015 4 , , , , LOD MOU 14 (02) 2131-0114 () Linked Open Data1. LOD MOU .2. , . LOD MOU : , , , , , , , , ( )-LOD-153-225.PDF.pdf