= H K L IEC 61140-2012 A Z s b l Z h l “°â€°Œ°¢ IEC 61140-2012... = H K L IEC 61140-2012 A Z s b l Z

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  • IEC 61140-2012 .

    ( )

    IEC 61140-2012

    *

    Protection against electric shock Common aspects for installation and equipment

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    2013 . N 557- IEC 61140-2012 01 2014 .

    5 IEC 61140:2009* Protection against electric shock. Common aspects for installation and equipment (

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    IEC 104 /IEC 51

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    2 IEC,

    , 2 IEC 61140:2009, IEC.

    IEC 61140:2009 IEC, , IEC.

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    IEC 60038:2009 IEC IEC 60050(131) ( ). 131.

    IEC 60050(195):1998 ( ). 195.

    1 (2001) IEC 60050(351):1998 ( ). 351.

    IEC 60050(826):2004 ( ). 826.

    IEC 60071-1:2011 . 1. , IEC 60071-2:1996 . 2. IEC 60364-4-41:2005 . 4-41.

    . IEC 60364-4-44:2007 . 4-44.

    .

  • 60364-5-54:2011 . 5-54.

    .

    IEC 60364-6:2006 . 6. IEC 60417-2 . 2.

    IEC 60445:2010

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    IEC 60479-1:2005 . 1. IEC 60529:2001 , ( IP) IEC 60601 ( ) IEC 60601-1:2005 . 1.

    IEC 60664-1:2007 .

    1. , IEC 60721 ( ) IEC 60990:1999 IEC 61201:2007 .

    IEC 62271-102:2012

    . 102.

    /IEC 51:1999 .

    IEC 104:2010

    3. 3

  • : 3.1 (electric shock): ,

    , .

    195-01-04] 3.1.1 (basic protection):

    .

    195-06-01] 3.1.2 (fault protection):

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    195-06-02] 3.2 ) ((electric) circuit): ,

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    131-01-01]

    - . 826-14-01, . 3.3 ) ((electrical) equipment): ,

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    826-16-01, ]

    3.4 , (live part): ,

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    195-02-19]

    : 1 . 2 " " "PEL- " . 195-02-13 195-02-14.

  • 3.5 , (hazardous-live-part): ,

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    3.6 (exposed-conductive-part):

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    195-06-10]

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    195-06-11]

    3.8 3.8.1 ) ((effective) touch voltage):

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    195-01-11] 3.8.2 (prospective touch voltage):

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    195-05-09] 3.9 (touch current): ,

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    195-05-21]

    3.10

    - , ( , ), .

    3.10.1 (basic insulation): ,

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    195-06-06] 3.10.2 (supplementary insulation): ,

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    195-06-07] 3.10.3 (double insulation): ,

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    195-06-08] 3.10.4 (reinforced insulation): ,

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    195-06-09]

  • 3.11 (non-conducting environment): , , , ,

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    195-06-21]

    3.12 ) ((electrically) protective obstacle): ,

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    195-06-16]

    3.13 ) ((electrically) protective barrier): ,

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    195-06-15]

    3.14 ) ((electrically) protective enclosure):

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    3.15 (arm's reach): ,

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    195-06-12] 3.16 (equipotential bonding):

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    195-01-10]

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  • 3.16.1 (protective equipotential bonding):

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    195-01-15, ]

    - 195-01-16. 3.16.2 (equipotential bonding terminal): ,

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    195-02-32]

    3.16.3 (protective bonding terminal):

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    3.16.4 ( ) (protective conductor, ): ,

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    195-02-09] 3.16.5 (PEN-

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    195-02-12]

    3.17

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    195-01-01]

    3.17.2 ) ((local) earth, (local) ground (US)): ,

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  • 195-01-03] 3.17.3 (earth electrode, ground electrode (US)):

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    195-02-01] 3.17.4 (earthing conductor, grounding conductor (US)): ,

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    195-02-03] 3.17.5 (earthing arrangement, grounding arrangement (US)):

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    3.17.6 (protective earthing, protective grounding (US)):

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    [IEC 195-01-11] 3.17.7 (functional earthing, functional grounding (US)):

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    [IEC 195-01-13] 3.18 (automatic disconnection of supply):

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    195-04-10]

    -

    .

  • 3.19 (enhanced protective provision): ,

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    3.20 ) ((conductive) screen, (conductive) shield (US)): ,

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    195-02-38] 3.21 ) ((electrically) protective screen, (electrically) protective shield (US)): , ( )

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    195-06-17] 3.22 ) ((electrically) protective screening, (electrically) protective shielding (US)):

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    195-06-18] 3.23 (simple separation):

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    195-06-19] 3.25 (electrical separation): ,

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    3.26 ) (extra-low-voltage (ELV)): ,

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  • 3.26.1 ) (SELV system): , :

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    . 3.26.2 ( ) (PELV system):

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    . 3.27

    (limitation of steady-state touch current and charge):

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    . 3.28 (limited-current-source): ,

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    . 3.29 (protective impedance device):

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    . 3.30 ) ((electrically) skilled person): ,

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    195-04-01]

    3.31 ) ((electrically) instructed person): ,

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  • 195-04-02]

    3.32 (ordinary person): ,

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    195-04-03] 3.33 (step voltage):

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    3.34 (potential grading): ,

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    195-05-15] 3.37 (stationary equipment): - ; - , - ,

    . 3.38 (protective conductor current): ,

    . [IEC 60990 .3.2] 3.39 (system): ,

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  • :

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    351-11-01] 3.40 ) ((electrical) installation):

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    3.41 (isolation):

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    826-17-01]

    3.42 (impulse withstand voltage):

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    4. 4

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