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< BackNext >PreviewMain Chemical Bonding Preview Chapter 13 CRCT Preparation

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  • < BackNext >PreviewMain Chemical Bonding Preview Chapter 13 CRCT Preparation
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  • < BackNext >PreviewMain Chapter 13 CRCT Preparation 1.How many electrons are in the second energy level of the atom shown? A2 B7 C8 D9
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  • < BackNext >PreviewMain Chapter 13 CRCT Preparation 1.How many electrons are in the second energy level of the atom shown? A2 B7 C8 D9
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  • < BackNext >PreviewMain Chapter 13 CRCT Preparation 2.Which of the following statements about helium atoms is true? AHelium atoms can never have a full set of valence electrons. BHelium atoms need only 2 valence electrons to have a full outermost energy level. CHelium atoms do not have valence electrons. DHelium atoms have the same number of valence electrons as sulfur atoms do.
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  • < BackNext >PreviewMain Chapter 13 CRCT Preparation 2.Which of the following statements about helium atoms is true? AHelium atoms can never have a full set of valence electrons. BHelium atoms need only 2 valence electrons to have a full outermost energy level. CHelium atoms do not have valence electrons. DHelium atoms have the same number of valence electrons as sulfur atoms do.
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  • < BackNext >PreviewMain 3.Sodium chloride, or table salt, forms when a chlorine atom takes an electron from a neighboring sodium atom. Which of the following describes the force that holds sodium chloride together? Aan ionic bond Ba hydrogen bond Ca metallic bond Da covalent bond Chapter 13 CRCT Preparation
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  • < BackNext >PreviewMain Chapter 13 CRCT Preparation 3.Sodium chloride, or table salt, forms when a chlorine atom takes an electron from a neighboring sodium atom. Which of the following describes the force that holds sodium chloride together? Aan ionic bond Ba hydrogen bond Ca metallic bond Da covalent bond
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  • < BackNext >PreviewMain 4.An aluminum ion has 13 protons, 14 neutrons, and 10 electrons. What is the charge of an aluminum ion? A10 B3 C1 + D3 + Chapter 13 CRCT Preparation
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  • < BackNext >PreviewMain Chapter 13 CRCT Preparation 4.An aluminum ion has 13 protons, 14 neutrons, and 10 electrons. What is the charge of an aluminum ion? A10 B3 C1 + D3 +
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  • < BackNext >PreviewMain 5.What property of copper allows copper wire to bend without breaking? ACopper atoms have 29 protons. BCopper is found in Group 11 on the periodic table. CCopper atoms do not have a full outermost energy level. DCopper atoms form metallic bonds with each other. Chapter 13 CRCT Preparation
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  • < BackNext >PreviewMain Chapter 13 CRCT Preparation 5.What property of copper allows copper wire to bend without breaking? ACopper atoms have 29 protons. BCopper is found in Group 11 on the periodic table. CCopper atoms do not have a full outermost energy level. DCopper atoms form metallic bonds with each other.
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  • < BackNext >PreviewMain Chapter 13 CRCT Preparation 6.According to the electron-dot diagram of oxygen shown, how many more valence electrons does the oxygen atom need to fill its outermost energy level? A1 B2 C6 D8
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  • < BackNext >PreviewMain Chapter 13 CRCT Preparation 6.According to the electron-dot diagram of oxygen shown, how many more valence electrons does the oxygen atom need to fill its outermost energy level? A1 B2 C6 D8
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  • < BackNext >PreviewMain 7.The ions that make up an ionic compound are bonded in a repeating three-dimensional pattern. What is this pattern called? Achloride lattice Bcovalent bond Ccrystal lattice Dcrystal pattern Chapter 13 CRCT Preparation
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  • < BackNext >PreviewMain Chapter 13 CRCT Preparation 7.The ions that make up an ionic compound are bonded in a repeating three-dimensional pattern. What is this pattern called? Achloride lattice Bcovalent bond Ccrystal lattice Dcrystal pattern
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  • < BackNext >PreviewMain 8.Which of the following forms when a neutral atom loses an electron? Aa negative atom Ba neutral ion Ca positive ion Da negative ion Chapter 13 CRCT Preparation
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  • < BackNext >PreviewMain Chapter 13 CRCT Preparation 8.Which of the following forms when a neutral atom loses an electron? Aa negative atom Ba neutral ion Ca positive ion Da negative ion
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  • < BackNext >PreviewMain 9.During a laboratory experiment at Georgia State University, Juanita observes a model of two bonded atoms. She is told that the atoms are both nonmetals. Which of the following is a valid conclusion? AShe is looking at a model of atoms held together by a covalent bond. BShe is looking at a model of atoms held together by an ionic bond. CShe is looking at a model of a metalloid. DShe is looking at a model of a crystal lattice. Chapter 13 CRCT Preparation
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  • < BackNext >PreviewMain Chapter 13 CRCT Preparation 9.During a laboratory experiment at Georgia State University, Juanita observes a model of two bonded atoms. She is told that the atoms are both nonmetals. Which of the following is a valid conclusion? AShe is looking at a model of atoms held together by a covalent bond. BShe is looking at a model of atoms held together by an ionic bond. CShe is looking at a model of a metalloid. DShe is looking at a model of a crystal lattice.
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  • < BackNext >PreviewMain 10. Which of an atoms electrons are most likely to be involved in chemical bonding? Why? Chapter 13 CRCT Preparation
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  • < BackNext >PreviewMain 10. Answer - Full-credit answers should include the following points: The valence electrons are most likely to be involved in chemical bonding. When two atoms are close to each other, the outermost electrons of one atom are closest to the nucleus of the other atom. The attraction between the outermost electrons in one atom and the positively-charged nucleus of the other atom contributes to the bond between the two atoms. The outermost electrons are shared, lost, or gained most easily. Chapter 13 CRCT Preparation
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  • < BackNext >PreviewMain 11. Why do atoms of the noble gases, in Group 18 on the periodic table, usually not form chemical bonds? Chapter 13 CRCT Preparation
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  • < BackNext >PreviewMain 11. Answer - Full-credit answers should include the following points: The number of electrons in the outermost energy level of an atom determines whether an atom will form bonds. Atoms of the noble gases (Group 18) do not usually form chemical bonds because each atom has a full set of valence electrons. When the outermost energy level of an atom is full, the atom does not usually form bonds. Chapter 13 CRCT Preparation