عمليات راه اندازي سيستم عامل

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1 2 . . ( ) .

3 Desktop 4 Desktop Desktop :

.

5 6 (power) ( ) cpu ( !) .

CPU 7 bios 8 bios : : RAM, Keyboard, VGA,

bios cmos

beep ( ) .

9 post 10 post (cold boot) : ram .... .11 cmos 12 cmos cmos cmos check sum cmos bios .

13 bios 14 bios bios ide pci agp usb .... setup .15 boot strap 16 boot strap bios boot device ( ) ( MBR CD (boot .

17 MBR 18 MBRBoot strap MBR active boot .

: 1 7 NT xp 2000 2003 .19 20 MBR NT base ntldr boot.ini ntdetect.Com active .Boot.iniNtldr active boot .Ntdetect.com boot manger ntdlr ntdetect . profile profile .

21 (kernel) 22 (kernel) ntdlr ntoskrnl.exe System 32 . ( ntldr ) ntoskrnl.exe hall.dll cpu . .

23 session manager 24 session manager smss.exe system root . csrss.exe (user) . (page file.sys) .

25 26 session manager csrss.exe win32k.sys GDI32 .

27Login 28Login winlogon.exe login user password .

29 30 sam winlogon .exe lsass.Exe local security authority gina . gina sam lsa .

31 startup 32

startup startup explorer.exe desktop .33 : : http://kurdict.blogfa.com34