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¬µ 2553 - Silpakorn University€¦ · µ¦¡ µ¦³ µ¦ Á «Á¡´ º° µ¦ É Á ´È ¨³ µ¦º o 宦 µ¦ ¦´·®µ¦ µ » ¨ ³°´ ¬¦«µ ¦r¤®µª· ¥µ¨¥«´·¨

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Page 1: ¬µ 2553 - Silpakorn University€¦ · µ¦¡ µ¦³ µ¦ Á «Á¡´ º° µ¦ É Á ´È ¨³ µ¦º o 宦 µ¦ ¦´·®µ¦ µ » ¨ ³°´ ¬¦«µ ¦r¤®µª· ¥µ¨¥«´·¨

2553

Page 2: ¬µ 2553 - Silpakorn University€¦ · µ¦¡ µ¦³ µ¦ Á «Á¡´ º° µ¦ É Á ´È ¨³ µ¦º o 宦 µ¦ ¦´·®µ¦ µ » ¨ ³°´ ¬¦«µ ¦r¤®µª· ¥µ¨¥«´·¨

2553

Page 3: ¬µ 2553 - Silpakorn University€¦ · µ¦¡ µ¦³ µ¦ Á «Á¡´ º° µ¦ É Á ´È ¨³ µ¦º o 宦 µ¦ ¦´·®µ¦ µ » ¨ ³°´ ¬¦«µ ¦r¤®µª· ¥µ¨¥«´·¨

INFORMATION SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT FOR STORING AND RETRIEVING FOR

PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT IN FACULTY OF ARTS SILPAKORN UNIVERSITY

By

Sanan Wanthae

An Independent S Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree tudy Submitted in Partial

MASTER OF EDUCATION

Department of Educational Technology

SILPAKORN UNIVERSITY

Graduate School

2010

Page 4: ¬µ 2553 - Silpakorn University€¦ · µ¦¡ µ¦³ µ¦ Á «Á¡´ º° µ¦ É Á ´È ¨³ µ¦º o 宦 µ¦ ¦´·®µ¦ µ » ¨ ³°´ ¬¦«µ ¦r¤®µª· ¥µ¨¥«´·¨

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( . )

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Page 5: ¬µ 2553 - Silpakorn University€¦ · µ¦¡ µ¦³ µ¦ Á «Á¡´ º° µ¦ É Á ´È ¨³ µ¦º o 宦 µ¦ ¦´·®µ¦ µ » ¨ ³°´ ¬¦«µ ¦r¤®µª· ¥µ¨¥«´·¨

49257318 :

: /

:

. : . . 191 .

1)

2)

3)

2553 70

1) 2)

3)

1. 2

2.

4

3.

( =4.01)

( =4.13)

( =4.05)

X

X

X

2553

..........................................................................................................................................................................

......................................................................................................................................

Page 6: ¬µ 2553 - Silpakorn University€¦ · µ¦¡ µ¦³ µ¦ Á «Á¡´ º° µ¦ É Á ´È ¨³ µ¦º o 宦 µ¦ ¦´·®µ¦ µ » ¨ ³°´ ¬¦«µ ¦r¤®µª· ¥µ¨¥«´·¨

49257318 : MAJOR: EDUCATIONAL OF TECHNOLOGY KEYWORD : INFORMATION SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT / PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT

SANAN WANTHAE: INFORMATION SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT FOR STORING AND RETRIEVING FOR PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT IN FACULTY OF ARTS SILPAKORN UNIVERSITY. INDEPENDENT STUDY ADVISOR: ASSOC.PROF.SOMYING JAROENJITTAKAM. 191 pp. The purposes of this research were to 1) study expert’s opinion on development information system for storing and retrieving for personnel management in the Faculty of Arts, Silpakorn University, 2) analyze, design and develop information system for storing and retrieving for personnel management in the Faculty of Arts, Silpakorn University, and 3) assess the efficiency of an information system for storing and retrieving for personnel management in the Faculty of Arts, Silpakorn University. The analysis based on 70 samples of government officials and member of staff of the Faculty of Arts, Silpakorn University collected during the fiscal year 2553 by way of specific choosing. The research instruments were 1) structured interview form for retrieving of experts in the field, 2) the information system for storing and retrieving for personnel management currently in use at the Faculty of Arts, Silpakorn University, and 3) the evaluation form for information system for storing and retrieving for personnel management used by the Faculty of Arts, Silpakorn University. The retrieved data were statistically analyzed by mean ( X ), standard deviation (S.D.). The results of this research were as following:

1. The field expert’s opinion showed that personnel administration in higher education institutions should comprise of the following fields: manpower planning, recruitment, personnel management, training and skill development, compensation and promotion, and discipline action. The personnel information should consist of following data: personal, educational, insignia, academic position, training and development, operation, periods of leave, promotion and discipline action. The process of information system development should survey the availability of hardware, requirements of user and then system analysis design and development with procedure of system development life cycle theory. For choosing database should consider the security, volume of data, investment worthiness. For the report design should support the user requirements and show on screen or print out. For the security system should grant a privilege differently and every user has to fill out username and password before accessing.

2. The result of information system development was implemented into the local network; special attention was paid to matters of ssecurity, recording, editing, retrieving and reporting for personnel management. In addition, the new system had functions support 4 groups following operator, quality assurance staff, executives, and end user. 3. The result of the evaluation by experts revealed that the information system shows a level of good overall sufficiency ( X =4.01), an equally good sufficiency in term of operator staff ( X =4.13), as well as by end users ( X =4.05).

Department of Educational Technology Graduate School, Silpakorn University Academic Year 2010 Student Signature: ....................................................................................................................................... Independent Study Advisor’s Signature: .....................................................................................................

Page 7: ¬µ 2553 - Silpakorn University€¦ · µ¦¡ µ¦³ µ¦ Á «Á¡´ º° µ¦ É Á ´È ¨³ µ¦º o 宦 µ¦ ¦´·®µ¦ µ » ¨ ³°´ ¬¦«µ ¦r¤®µª· ¥µ¨¥«´·¨

.

7

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1 ................................................................................................................................. 1

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2 ........................................................................................... 10

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MySQL ............................................................. 42

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3 .................................................................................................................. 49

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............................................................................ 50

................................................................... 68

................................................................................ 69

4 ........................................................................................................ 70

1

..................................................................................... 70

2

...................................................................................... 72

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5 ................................................................................ 83

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1 Data Flow Diagram ................................ 29

2 ER-Diagram............................................. 32

3 ............ 51

4 ........ 53

5 ............................... 58

6 ................................................. 76

7 ........................ 78

8 ....................................... 80

9

................................. 143

10 .................................................................................................... 144

11 ................................................................................................. 144

12 ................................................................................................................ 145

13 .................................................................................. 145

14 ............................................................................... 146

15 ............................................................................. 146

16 / ............................................................................................. 146

17 ............................................................................................. 146

18 ....................................................................... 147

19 ................................................................................................................. 147

20 ................................................................................................ 147

21 .................................................................................................. 147

22 .................................................................................................. 148

23 ........................................................................... 149

24 .......................................................................................................... 149

25 .............................................................................................................. 149

26 .................................................................................................. 150

27 .................................................................................................. 150

Page 12: ¬µ 2553 - Silpakorn University€¦ · µ¦¡ µ¦³ µ¦ Á «Á¡´ º° µ¦ É Á ´È ¨³ µ¦º o 宦 µ¦ ¦´·®µ¦ µ » ¨ ³°´ ¬¦«µ ¦r¤®µª· ¥µ¨¥«´·¨

28 ................................................................................. 150

29 ..................................................................................... 151

30 ....................................................................................... 151

31 .................................................................................... 151

32 .......................................................................................... 152

33 ............................................................................................................... 152

34 .................................................................................................................... 152

35 ...................................................................................................... 153

36 ........................................................................................................... 153

37 login ......................................................................................... 153

38 .................................. 167

39 ...... 169

40 ......................... 171

Page 13: ¬µ 2553 - Silpakorn University€¦ · µ¦¡ µ¦³ µ¦ Á «Á¡´ º° µ¦ É Á ´È ¨³ µ¦º o 宦 µ¦ ¦´·®µ¦ µ » ¨ ³°´ ¬¦«µ ¦r¤®µª· ¥µ¨¥«´·¨

1 .......................................................................................... 8

2 SDLC Water Fall ............................... 22

3 SDLC Adapter Water Fall ................ 23

4 SDLC Evolutionary ................................................................... 24

5 SDLC Increatmental................................................................. 25

6 SDLC Spiral ......................................... 26

7 ....................................................... 51

8 (Cause and Effect Diagram).................................................................. 60

9

............................................. 66

10

............................................. 68

11 Context Diagram

.............................................................................. 125

12 Data Flow Diagram Level 1

............................................. 128

13 Data Flow Diagram Level 2 ....................................... 129

14 Data Flow Diagram Level 3 Process 2.1 ....................................... 130

15 Data Flow Diagram Level 3 Process 2.2 .................................................. 131

16 Data Flow Diagram Level 3 Process 2.3 ......................................... 132

17 Data Flow Diagram Level 2 Process 3.0

................................................................................................................ 133

18 Data Flow Diagram Level 2 Process 4.0 ............................ 134

19 Data Flow Diagram Level 2 Process 5.0 ............................ 135

20 ER-Diagram

.............................................................................. 140

21 .............................................................................................. 154

Page 14: ¬µ 2553 - Silpakorn University€¦ · µ¦¡ µ¦³ µ¦ Á «Á¡´ º° µ¦ É Á ´È ¨³ µ¦º o 宦 µ¦ ¦´·®µ¦ µ » ¨ ³°´ ¬¦«µ ¦r¤®µª· ¥µ¨¥«´·¨

22.1 ............................................................................ 154

22.2 ............................................................................ 155

23.1 ............................................................................. 155

23.2 ............................................................................................. 156

24 ...................................................................................... 156

25 ........................................................................................... 157

26 ........................................................................................ 158

27 ............................................................................... 158

28 .............................................................................................................. 159

29 .......................................................................................... 159

30 Login ......................................................................... 160

31 ............................................................................... 160

32 .............................................................................. 161

33 ........................................................... 161

34 ....................................................................................... 162

35 ............................................................................................ 162

Page 15: ¬µ 2553 - Silpakorn University€¦ · µ¦¡ µ¦³ µ¦ Á «Á¡´ º° µ¦ É Á ´È ¨³ µ¦º o 宦 µ¦ ¦´·®µ¦ µ » ¨ ³°´ ¬¦«µ ¦r¤®µª· ¥µ¨¥«´·¨

1

(Information Technology)

(Digital Format)

1

Page 16: ¬µ 2553 - Silpakorn University€¦ · µ¦¡ µ¦³ µ¦ Á «Á¡´ º° µ¦ É Á ´È ¨³ µ¦º o 宦 µ¦ ¦´·®µ¦ µ » ¨ ³°´ ¬¦«µ ¦r¤®µª· ¥µ¨¥«´·¨

2

(2547:202-207)

6

1. (Office Automatic System : OAS)

2. (Transaction Processing System :TPS)

3. (Management Information System : MIS)

4. (Decision Support System : DSS)

5. (Executive Support System :ESS)

6. (Expert System)

(Management Information System : MIS)

(Scheduled Report)

(Exception Report) (Demand Report)

1.

Page 17: ¬µ 2553 - Silpakorn University€¦ · µ¦¡ µ¦³ µ¦ Á «Á¡´ º° µ¦ É Á ´È ¨³ µ¦º o 宦 µ¦ ¦´·®µ¦ µ » ¨ ³°´ ¬¦«µ ¦r¤®µª· ¥µ¨¥«´·¨

3

2.

10%

3.

5

20 2511

( , 2550 :1)

13 1) 2)

3) 4) 5) 6)

7) 8) 9) 10)

11) 12) 13)

Page 18: ¬µ 2553 - Silpakorn University€¦ · µ¦¡ µ¦³ µ¦ Á «Á¡´ º° µ¦ É Á ´È ¨³ µ¦º o 宦 µ¦ ¦´·®µ¦ µ » ¨ ³°´ ¬¦«µ ¦r¤®µª· ¥µ¨¥«´·¨

4

/ / - -

1.

2.

2

3.

Page 19: ¬µ 2553 - Silpakorn University€¦ · µ¦¡ µ¦³ µ¦ Á «Á¡´ º° µ¦ É Á ´È ¨³ µ¦º o 宦 µ¦ ¦´·®µ¦ µ » ¨ ³°´ ¬¦«µ ¦r¤®µª· ¥µ¨¥«´·¨

5

4.

( .)

(Management Information System: MIS)

(2548:88-93) “

Page 20: ¬µ 2553 - Silpakorn University€¦ · µ¦¡ µ¦³ µ¦ Á «Á¡´ º° µ¦ É Á ´È ¨³ µ¦º o 宦 µ¦ ¦´·®µ¦ µ » ¨ ³°´ ¬¦«µ ¦r¤®µª· ¥µ¨¥«´·¨

6

(2547:93-94)

“ ”

(2549: ) “

” (2546: ) “

( . . .) ( .)

( ) ( .)

1.

2.

3.

1.

Page 21: ¬µ 2553 - Silpakorn University€¦ · µ¦¡ µ¦³ µ¦ Á «Á¡´ º° µ¦ É Á ´È ¨³ µ¦º o 宦 µ¦ ¦´·®µ¦ µ » ¨ ³°´ ¬¦«µ ¦r¤®µª· ¥µ¨¥«´·¨

7

(Web Application) Microsoft Internet

(Intranet)

1.1

1.2

1.3

1.4

1.5

1.6

2.

2552-2553

2.1

2.2

2.3

2.4

2.5

2.6

2.7

2.8

2.9

2.10

2.11

3.

3.1

3.2

70

1. 2

2.

16

3. 1

4.

51

Page 22: ¬µ 2553 - Silpakorn University€¦ · µ¦¡ µ¦³ µ¦ Á «Á¡´ º° µ¦ É Á ´È ¨³ µ¦º o 宦 µ¦ ¦´·®µ¦ µ » ¨ ³°´ ¬¦«µ ¦r¤®µª· ¥µ¨¥«´·¨

8

4.

4.1

4.2

4.2.1

4.2.2

2

(System Development Life Cycle: SDLC)

2

2

(System Development Life Cycle: SDLC)

1. (Problem Definition)

2. (Analysis)

3. (Design)

4. (Development)

5. (Testing)

6. (Implement)

7. (Maintenance )

..

1

Page 23: ¬µ 2553 - Silpakorn University€¦ · µ¦¡ µ¦³ µ¦ Á «Á¡´ º° µ¦ É Á ´È ¨³ µ¦º o 宦 µ¦ ¦´·®µ¦ µ » ¨ ³°´ ¬¦«µ ¦r¤®µª· ¥µ¨¥«´·¨

9

(System Development Life Cycle:

SDLC)

(Server)

(Client)

(Intranet)

1.

2.

3.

Page 24: ¬µ 2553 - Silpakorn University€¦ · µ¦¡ µ¦³ µ¦ Á «Á¡´ º° µ¦ É Á ´È ¨³ µ¦º o 宦 µ¦ ¦´·®µ¦ µ » ¨ ³°´ ¬¦«µ ¦r¤®µª· ¥µ¨¥«´·¨

2

5

1.

1.1.

1.2

1.3

1.4

1.5

1.6

2.

2.1

2.2

2.3

2.4

2.5

2.6

3.

3.1

3.2

3.3

3.4

3.5 MySQL

4.

4.1

4.2

4.3

10

Page 25: ¬µ 2553 - Silpakorn University€¦ · µ¦¡ µ¦³ µ¦ Á «Á¡´ º° µ¦ É Á ´È ¨³ µ¦º o 宦 µ¦ ¦´·®µ¦ µ » ¨ ³°´ ¬¦«µ ¦r¤®µª· ¥µ¨¥«´·¨

11

4.4

5.

5.1

5.2

1.

1.1

(2545:5) “

(2541: 5) “

(2542:35) “

1. (Relevance)

2. (Accuracy)

3. (Timeliness)

Page 26: ¬µ 2553 - Silpakorn University€¦ · µ¦¡ µ¦³ µ¦ Á «Á¡´ º° µ¦ É Á ´È ¨³ µ¦º o 宦 µ¦ ¦´·®µ¦ µ » ¨ ³°´ ¬¦«µ ¦r¤®µª· ¥µ¨¥«´·¨

12

4. (Verifiable)

(2544:12-14)

1.

2. (Verifiable)

3. (Completeness)

4. (Timeliness)

5. (Conciseness)

6. (Relevance)

1.2

2 (System)

(Information

System)

Page 27: ¬µ 2553 - Silpakorn University€¦ · µ¦¡ µ¦³ µ¦ Á «Á¡´ º° µ¦ É Á ´È ¨³ µ¦º o 宦 µ¦ ¦´·®µ¦ µ » ¨ ³°´ ¬¦«µ ¦r¤®µª· ¥µ¨¥«´·¨

13

5 ( 2547:203)

1. (Hardware)

2. (Sostware)

3. (Data)

4. (Peopleware)

5. (Procedures)

5

(2545:33) “

“ ”

1.3

(Management Information System)

(Decision Support System) (Expert System)

(Executive Information System)

(2547:218-227) 6

1.3.1 (Transaction Processing System: TPS)

-

( ) -

Page 28: ¬µ 2553 - Silpakorn University€¦ · µ¦¡ µ¦³ µ¦ Á «Á¡´ º° µ¦ É Á ´È ¨³ µ¦º o 宦 µ¦ ¦´·®µ¦ µ » ¨ ³°´ ¬¦«µ ¦r¤®µª· ¥µ¨¥«´·¨

14

1.

(Operator)

2.

-

3.

1.3.2 (Management Information System: MIS)

1.

2. (Integrated

Database)

3.

4.

Page 29: ¬µ 2553 - Silpakorn University€¦ · µ¦¡ µ¦³ µ¦ Á «Á¡´ º° µ¦ É Á ´È ¨³ µ¦º o 宦 µ¦ ¦´·®µ¦ µ » ¨ ³°´ ¬¦«µ ¦r¤®µª· ¥µ¨¥«´·¨

15

5.

(Decision Support System)

1.3.3 (Executive Information System :EIS)

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16

5 3

1.3.4 (Decision Support System : DSS)

(Executive Support System :

EES)

1.

2.

3. Semi

Structured Unstructured Problems

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

(TPX) (MIS)

(DDS)

Query Language Spreadsheet

Graphic

(DSS)

Page 31: ¬µ 2553 - Silpakorn University€¦ · µ¦¡ µ¦³ µ¦ Á «Á¡´ º° µ¦ É Á ´È ¨³ µ¦º o 宦 µ¦ ¦´·®µ¦ µ » ¨ ³°´ ¬¦«µ ¦r¤®µª· ¥µ¨¥«´·¨

17

(EIS)

2

1. (DSS) 1

(MIS)

2. (DSS)

1.3.5 (Office Automation System: OAS)

(Paperless

System)

(Computer Network)

(Electronic Data

Intershange : EDI) (Electronic Mail :E-Mail)

2

1. (Electronic Publishing & Processing

System)

2. (Electronic Meeting System)

(Tele Conference) 3

1. (Audio Conference) Voice Mail

2. (Image Conference)

3. (Video Conference)

Voice Mail E-Mail Fax

(Order

Form)

(Point Sale Germinal : POS)

Page 32: ¬µ 2553 - Silpakorn University€¦ · µ¦¡ µ¦³ µ¦ Á «Á¡´ º° µ¦ É Á ´È ¨³ µ¦º o 宦 µ¦ ¦´·®µ¦ µ » ¨ ³°´ ¬¦«µ ¦r¤®µª· ¥µ¨¥«´·¨

18

(Electronic Funds Transfer : EFT)

1.3.6 (Artificial Intelligence System : AIS)

(Expert System : ES)

( )

1.4

(2544:4) (Information System)

(2542: 89)

(Systemanalysis and Design)”

Page 33: ¬µ 2553 - Silpakorn University€¦ · µ¦¡ µ¦³ µ¦ Á «Á¡´ º° µ¦ É Á ´È ¨³ µ¦º o 宦 µ¦ ¦´·®µ¦ µ » ¨ ³°´ ¬¦«µ ¦r¤®µª· ¥µ¨¥«´·¨

19

(2544:3) “ (Information System

Development)

(data) (Information)

(2542: 88)

(2544: 10-11)

1.

2.

3.

4.

(2542: 101-103) 5

1. (Preliminary Investigation)

Page 34: ¬µ 2553 - Silpakorn University€¦ · µ¦¡ µ¦³ µ¦ Á «Á¡´ º° µ¦ É Á ´È ¨³ µ¦º o 宦 µ¦ ¦´·®µ¦ µ » ¨ ³°´ ¬¦«µ ¦r¤®µª· ¥µ¨¥«´·¨

20

2. (Requirement Analysis)

3. (System Design)

4. (System Acquisition)

5. (System implementation and Maintenance)

1.5

SDLC (System Development Life Cycle)

Spiral Model

7

(Kendal and Kendal 1998)

1. (Problem Definition)

(Current System)

2. Analysis) 2

(Data Flow Diagram) (Data Dictionary)

(Structured decision)

(Requirement Specification)

3. (Design)

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21

pupose System Output, Input, E-R model

Database

4. (Development)

2

3

5. (Testing)

3 Module Test, Component Test Final Test

6. (Implement)

7. (Maintenance)

(2542: 101-103)

5

1. (preliminary investigation)

2. (requirement analysis)

3. (system design)

4. (system acquisition)

5. (system implementation and maintenance)

(2546:34-37)

(Logical Process)

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22

(Phase)

(Planning Phase) (Analysis Phase) (Design

Phase) (Implementation Phase)

(Steps)

1. Waterfall

2

Planning Phase

Analysis Phase

Design Phase

Implementation

Phase

Feasibility

System

Investigation

System

Analysis

System Design

Implementation

Review and

Maintenance

(a)

(b)

2 SDLC Werter Fall

: .

( : , 2546) 35.

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23

2. Adapted Waterfall

Waterfall

3

3 SDLC Adapter Werter Fall

: .

( : , 2546) 35.

3. Evolutionary

Version Product Version

Product Version 2 Version

Product Version

Products Product Version Product

Version 4

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24

4 SDLC Evolutionary

: .

( : , 2546) 36.

4. Incremental Evolutionary

Product Product Product Product

( Product ) 2 Product 2

Product

Product Product Product

SDLC Evolutionary Product

Version 5

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5 SDLC Incremental

: .

( : , 2546) 36.

5. Spiral – – – (Analysis –

Design – Implementation – Testing)

Product SDLC

1 Product Product Analysis, Design,

Implementation Testing

6

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6 SDLC Spiral

: .

( : , 2546) 37.

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1.6 (Methodologies)

Methodology

Methodology Methodology

(Model) (Tools) (Techniques)

(Model)

(Data Model) (Process Model)

1. Flow Chart

2. Data Flow Diagram (DFD)

3. Entity Relationship Diagram (ERD)

4. Structure Chart

5. Use Case Diagram

6. Class Diagram

7. Sequence Diagram

8. PERT Chart

9. Gantt Chart

10. Organization Hierarchy Chart

11. Financial Analysis Models – NPV, ROI

(Tools)

1. Project Management Application

2. Drawing / Graphics Application

3. Word Processor / Text Editor

4. Computer – Aided System Engineering (CASE) Tools

5. Integrated Development Environment (IDE)

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6. Database Management Application

7. Reverse – Engineering Tool

8. Code Generator Tool

(Techniques)

1. Strategic Planning Techniques

2. Project Management Techniques

3. User Interviewing Techniques

4. Relational Database Design Techniques

5. Structured Analysis Technique

6. Structured Design Technique

7. Structured Programming Technique

8. Software – Testing Technique

9. Object – Oriented Analysis and Design Techniques

“ ”

(Diagrams)

(Process Modeling)

“ (Data Flow Diagram: DFD)”

1. (Logical Model)

2. (Physical Model)

Logical Model Physical Model

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29

1.

2.

3. (End Users)

(Process Modeling)

(Logic) (Policies) (Procedures)

3

1. (Data Flow Diagram)

2

Gane and Sarson (1979) DeMacro and

Yourdon (DeMacro 1979, Yourdon and Constantine 1979) 1

( 2546:150)

1 Data Flow Diagram

DeMarco&Yourdon Gane&Sarson

Process –

Data Store –

(File of Database)

External – Agent –

Data Flows –

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1.1 Process /

/ /

Process

1.2.1

(Process) “Black Hole”

1.2.2 Process

1.2.3

“Gray Hole”

1.2.4 Process (Verb) Prepare Management

Report, Calculate Data

1.2 Data Store /

/

1 Data Store

D1, D2 2 Data Store

Employee, Application, Member Data Store

1.2.1 Data Store Data Store

Process

1.2.2 External Agent External Agent

1.2.3 Data Store CustomerFile,Inventory

Employee File

1.3 External-Agent Source Destination

“External Entity”

External Agent External Agents

1.3.1 External Agent External Agent

Process External Agent

1.3.2 External Agent (Noun) Customer, Bank

Government

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1.4 Data Flow (Process)

Process

Process

Data Flow Diagram “Data Store” Data Flow

(Packet of Data) “Single Data Flow”

Data Flow

1.4.1 Data Flow

1.4.2 Data Flow Process Data Flow

(Inputs) (Outputs) Process

1.4.3 Data Flow External Agent External Agent

1.4.4 Data Flow External Agent Data Store

1.4.5 Data Flow Data Store External Agent

1.4.6 Data Flow Data Store Data Store

1.4.7 Data Flow (Noun) Inventory Data, Goods Sold

Data

DFD

Top-Down DFD

0 (The Level-0 Data Flow Diagram) 0

Process Context

Diagram

1 (The Level-1 Data Flow Diagram) 1

Context Diagram

2 (The Level-2 Data Flow Diagram) 2

1

3 (The Level-3 Data Flow Diagram) 3

2

2. Entity Relationship Diagram

(System Requirements Structuring)

DFD

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3

(Conceptual Database Design) ER-

diagram

2.1 ER-Diagram ER- Diagram

Chen Model Crow’s Foot Model

2 ( 2546:201)

2 ER-Diagram

Chen Model Crow’s Foot Model

Entity

Relationship Line

Entity

-

Relationship

Entity Crow’s Foot Model

Attribute Attribute Entity

(Identifier)

Identifier

Associative Entity

Weak Entity

Entity

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3. Data Dictionary

2. (Information Technology)

2.1

. .2530

(2547:21-24) “

(IT)

(Technology)

(Information) (Raw Data)

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2

1.

(Barcode)

2.

3.

4.

5.

2.2

2.2.1

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2.2.2

2.2.3

2.2.4

2.3

3

1. (Input)

2. (Data Processing)

2.1 (Classifiying)

2.2 (Sorting)

2.3 (Summarizing)

2.4 / ( Reproducing)

2.5 (Calculating)

2.6 (Storing)

2.7 (Controling)

2.8 (Output)

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2.4

2.5

1.

2.

3.

4.

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5.

6.

2.6

(Computer Network)

Software

3

2.6.1 (Local Area Network LAN )

LAN

2.6.2 (Metropolitan Area Network MAN)

LAN

5-40

2.6.3 (Wide Area Network WAN)

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38

WAN

3.

3.1

(2548:19) (Database)

(data) (real fact)

1

(2544 :40)

(Database)

(2541:41) “ (Database)

(Database

Management System: DBMS)

(2542 : 113) “

(2543 : 240) “

1

” (2544: 31) “

(Database)

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(Database System)

1

“ ” (

2544 :41)

3.2

4 (

2542 :45)

3.2.1. (Data)

(File)

(Database)

1

3.2.2. (Hardware)

3.2.3. (Software)

2

1. (Database Management System)

DBMS Microsoft Access , MySQL, Oracle

DBMS

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2. (Data dictionary) DBMS

1.

2.

3.

3. (Application Software)

(Programmer)

PHP

3.2.4. (People) 5

1. (End User)

2. (Operator)

3. (System Analysis)

4. (Programmer)

5. (Database Administrator : DBA)

3.3

3 ( 2535 : 94-96)

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3.3.1 (Hierarchical Data Model)

3.3.2 (Network Data Model)

3.3.3 (Relational Data Model)

3.4

( 2547:13)

3.4.1

3.4.2

3.4.3

(Logical Sstructure)

3.4.4

-

3.4.5

4

(Graphic User Interface:GUI) (Report

Generator)

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3.4.6

3.4.7

3.5 MySQL

MySQL MySQL AB

2 David Axmark Allan Larson

Michael Monty Widenius MySQL

GNU General Public License (GPL)( 2551:175)

MySQL

Open Source

SQL(Structures Query Language)

(Relational Database) ( 2545 : 22-23)

4.

4.1 (Personnel Management)

( 2537:65)

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4.2

( 2539:45)

1.

2.

3.

4.

4.3

(2539:42) 2

4.3.1.

1. (Policy Initiationand

Formulation)

2. (Advice)

3. (Service)

4. (Control)

4.3.2

1. (Manpower Planning)

2. (Recruitment)

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3. (Selection)

4. (Training and Developing)

5. (Evaluation)

6. (Promotion,

Transfer, Demotion and Separation)

7. (Compensation)

8. (Health and Safety)

9. (Discipline and Grievance)

10. (Labor Relations)

11. (Personnel Management Research)

4.4

5 (

2537 : 64)

1.

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2.

3.

4.

5.

5

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

5.

5.1

(2545: ) “

3

(2546: ) “

1

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(2545: ) “

2544

127 108 85.04

1)

2)

1. Microsoft Windows

2.

(2548:88-93) “

3

/

(2548: ) “

285

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MySQL PHP

800

3

(2545: ) “

Linux MySQL Apache Web Server PHP

Software Tool Internet Explorer Netscape Software

3

(2547: ) “

(2546: ) “

(2549: ) “

” 5

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5

(2544 : ) “

74.76

75.4 100

5.2

Almutairi (2001) ( 2546 : 45) “

:

( )”

DeLone McLean

DeLone McLean 3

DeLone

McLean

Valenzuela (1992) ( 2546 : 47)

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(Research and Development)

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

1.

2552

167

70

1. 2

2.

16

3. 1

4.

51

2.

2.1

49

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2.2

2.2.1

2.2.2

3.

1. 2

2.

3.

4.

1. 2

1.1

( 2549: 28-30)

1.2

1.3

1.4

6 3

3 ( )

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6

0

7

3

3

3

1.

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3 ( )

2.

3.

4.

5.

-

6.

Login

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3

Login

-

4

1.

-

-

-

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4 ( )

2.

(SDLC :System Development

Life Cycle) 7

1. (Problem Definition)

2. (Analysis)

3. (Design)

4. (Development)

5. (Testing)

6. (Implement)

7. (Maintenance )

(Bug)

3.

-

-

- Open Source Freeware

MySQL PostgreSQL

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4 ( )

4.

-

-

-

. . .

-

5.

-

-

-

-

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4 ( )

6.

-

backup

backup

-

logfile

- Admin

Operator

End user

-

Administrator section manager

User

7. - 1

-

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4

(SDLC :System Development Life Cycle)

Web Application Open Source MySQL

PostgreSQL

-

(Backup)

Log file

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2.

2.1

Microsoft Office

Visio Macromedia Dreamweaver Edit Plus MySQL

PHP HTML Aphache

2.2 2

(System Development Life Cycle: SDLC)

2.2.1

2.2.1.1

2.2.1.2.

5

1. -

-

-

-

-

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5 ( )

2. -

- /

-

-

-

- /

-

-

-

- /

-

3. -

-

-

-

4. - /

-

-

-

2.2.1.3.

2

1.

2.

2.2.1.4.

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3 6 12

(Cause and Effect Diagram)

8

8 (Cause-and-effect Diagram)

2.2.2

2.2.2.1.

4 1) 2) 3) 4)

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2.2.2.2. (Process Modeling)

(Process Modeling)

(Data Flow Diagram)

0

(Boundary) (Process) (Flow)

(Data store) 2-3

( 11-19 125-135)

2.2.2.3. (ER-Diagram)

(ER-Diagram)

(Entity)

(Relation)

(Attribute)

( 20 140-142)

2.2.2.4. (Data Dictionary)

(Data Dictionary)

28 ( 143-153)

2.2.2.5. (Database design)

MySQL phpMyadmin

“arts_personnel” ( 21 154)

2.2.2.6. (Coding)

PHP

Java Script HTML

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(Bug)

1. (Output Design)

2

( 22.1-23.2 155-156)

2. (Input Design)

-

(List menu)

(List Menu) ( 24-27 157-158)

3. (User Interface Design)

Text Box 2 Text Box Username Password

“Login Login

4

(

28 159)

4. (Security Control Design)

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Login

(User Name) (Password)

Login

3 (Administrator)

- (Operator)

(End user)

(User Name) (Password)

( 29-31 159-160)

2.3

2.4

(Sever) Appserv 2.5.9

Apache 2.2.4

PHP Script Languge 5.2.3

MySQL Database 5.0.45

phpMyadmin Database Manager 2.10

MySQL

2.5

2 (

105)

(IOC : Index

of item objective congruence) ( IOC 167-172)

2.6 2

5

6 4.01

3.51-4.50

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1.

2.

3.

4.

Login

5.

2.7

2.8

6

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2.8.1

Login

2.8.2

2.8.3

Login

13

Login

2.8.4

2.8.4.1

2

2.8.4.2

2.8.4.3

2.8.4.4

2.8.5

2.9

2

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2

6

2

(Bug)

2 6

Appserv 2.5.9

k 9

3.

3.1

3.2

3

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Kendall, K.E. and J.E., Kendall. System analysis and design. 4th ed., Prentice Hall

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7.

...................................................................................................................................................................

...................................................................................................................................................................

...................................................................................................................................................................

...................................................................................................................................................................

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.................../.................../...................

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1.

(Functional Requirement Evolution)

2. (Function Evolution)

3. (Usability Evolution)

4. (Security Evolution)

2

1

2

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1

1. (Functional Requirement Evolution)

1.1 -

1.2 -

1.3

1.4

1.5

1.6 ..........................................................................................................................

..............................................................................................................................................................

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2. (Function Evolution)

2.1 -

2.2 -

2.3

2.4

2.5

2.7 ..........................................................................................................................

..............................................................................................................................................................

3. (Usability Evolution)

3.1

3.2

3.3

3.4

3.5

3.6

3.7 ..........................................................................................................................

..............................................................................................................................................................

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4. (Security Evolution)

4.1

4.2

4.3

4.4 .........................................................................................................................

..............................................................................................................................................................

2

...................................................................................................................................................................

...................................................................................................................................................................

...................................................................................................................................................................

...................................................................................................................................................................

...................................................................................................................................................................

.......................................................

................../................./..............

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1.

2. /

3.

4.

5.

2

1

2

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1

1.

1.1

1.2

1.3

1.4

1.5

1.6

................................................................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................................................................

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2.

2.1

2.2

2.3

2.4

2.5

2.6

2.7

...............................................................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................................................................

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3.

3.1

3.2

3.3

3.4

3.5

3.6

3.7

................................................................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................................................................

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4.

4.1

4.2

4.3

4.4

..............................................................................................................................................................

..............................................................................................................................................................

..............................................................................................................................................................

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5.

5.1

5.2

5.3

5.4

..............................................................................................................................................................

..............................................................................................................................................................

..............................................................................................................................................................

2

...................................................................................................................................................................

...................................................................................................................................................................

...................................................................................................................................................................

..................................................................................................................................................................

...................................................................................................................................................................

...................................................................................................................................................................

..................................................................................................................................................................

...................................................................................................................................................................

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119

1.

2.

3.

4.

1

1

2

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1

1.

1.1

1.2

1.3

1.4

1.5

1.6 ............................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................................................................

...............................................................................................................................................................

2.

2.1

2.2

2.3

2.4

2.5

2.6 ............................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................................................................

...............................................................................................................................................................

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3.

3.1

3.2

3.3

3.4

3.5 ..............................................................................................................................

..................................................................................................................................................................

..................................................................................................................................................................

4.

4.1

4.2

4.3

4.4

4.5

4.4 ..............................................................................................................................

..................................................................................................................................................................

..................................................................................................................................................................

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2

..................................................................................................................................................................

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123

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124

(Data Flow Diagram)

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0

Login

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.

11 Context Diagram

1. Context Diagram

Level-0

External Entity Process

4

1.1

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1.2

1.3

1.4

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127

D9

1.0

3.0

4.0

2.0

D7

D8

D6 D9

5.0

D1

D2

D5

D7

D8

D2

D5

D9

D3

D3

D7

D5

D2

D6

D4

D4

D3

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128

D7

D8

D6

D9

D3

D5

2.0

2.1

2.2

2.3 D

7

D9

D5

D2

D4

D2

D3

D4 D5

D9

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2.12.1

.1

2.1.2

D3

D5

D2

D4

D7

D8

D6

D9

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130

2.22.2

.12.2

.2

2.0

D2D7

D8

D3 D4

D5

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131

2.32.3

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2.0

D2

D7

D8

D3 D4

D5

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3.13.2

3.3

3.0

D2

D7

D3

D5

D9

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4.14.2

4.3

4.0

D2

D7

D3

D5

D6

D9

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5.15.2

5.3

5.0

D2

D7

D8D3 D4

D5

D6

D9

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2. (Data Flow Diagram Level -1)

(Process) Context Diagram DFD Level-1

2.1 1.0

2.2 2.0

2.3 3.0

2.4 4.0

2.5 5.0

3. (Data Flow Diagram Level-2)

DFD Level-1 DFD Level-1

2.0

3.1 2.1

3.2 2.2

3.3 2.3

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3.4 3

3.5 4

3.6 5

4. (Data Flow Diagram Level -3)

(Process) Data Flow Diagram Level -2 DFD Level-3

2.1-5.2

4.1 2.1.1

4.2 2.1.2

4.3 2.2.1

4.4 2.2.2

4.5 2.3.1

4.6 2.3.2

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4.7 3.1

4.8 3.2

4.9 4.1

4.10 4.2

4.11 5.1

4.12 5.2

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(ER-Diagram)

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140

(Entity Relationship Diagram)

(Entity Relationship Diagram)

(Entity) (Attribute) (Relation)

One to Many

1

One to

Many

One to Many

One to Many

One to Many

One to Many

One to Many

One to Many

One to One

One to One

One to Many

One to Many

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141

One to Many 1

One to Many

One to Many

1

One to Many

One to Many

Many to Many

Many to Many

One to One

One to Many

1

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142

(Data Dictionary)

28

9

1 activity

2 activity_type

3 amphur

4 contract

5 decoration

6 decoration_type

7 department /

8 development

9 development_type

10 distric

11 education

12 education_degree

13 employee

14 employee_status

15 employee_type

16 geography

17 images

18 leave

19 leave_rights

20 leave_type

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9 ( )

21 opposition

22 oposition_type

23 promotion

24 province

25 title

26 user

27 user_type

28 user_login_statistic login

10 activity

Fild Name Type(length) Description Remark

citizen_id varchar(13) Primary key

actype_id char(2) Foreign key

work_level char(2)

subject mediumtext

place_type varchar(100)

inviter varchar(255)

eduyear varchar(4)

start date Primary key

end date

special_date varchar(120)

time varchar(120)

hour_total varchar(10)

place varchar(255)

payment varchar(120)

confer_date varchar(10)

up_user varchar(20)

up_datetime datetime

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11 activity_type

Fild Name Type(length) Description Remark

actype_id char(2) Primary key

actype_name varchar(100)

12 amphur

Fild Name Type(length) Description Remark

amphur_id char(4) Primary key

amphur_name varchar(2)

geo_id char(4)

province_id varchar(2) Foreign key

13 contract

Fild Name Type(length) Description Remark

district_id char(4) Primary key

amp_name_th varchar(2)

amp_name_en char(4)

pvr_id varchar(2) Foreign key

14 decoration

Fild Name Type(length) Description Remark

citizen_id varchar(13) Primary key

decotype_id char(3) Primary key

receive_date varchar(12)

broad_date varchar(255)

no varchar(255)

series varchar(255)

up_user varchar(20)

up_datetime datetime

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15 decoratoin_type

Fild Name Type(length) Description Remark

decotype_id char(3) Primary key

deco_lngname varchar(40)

deco_shtname varchar(10)

16 / department

Fild Name Type(length) Description Remark

dep_id char(2) Primary key

dep_name varchar(70)

dep_engname varchar(80)

17 development

Fild Name Type(length) Description Remark

citizen_id varchar(13) Primary key

devtype_id char(2) Foreign key

edu_year varchar(4)

dev_level varchar(120) ( )

subject varchar(150) /

fund varchar(120)

place varchar(150)

dev_start date Primary key

dev_end date

dev_time varchar(30)

status varchar(30)

up_user varchar(20)

up_datetime datetime

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18 development_type

Fild Name Type(length) Description Remark

devtype_id char(2) Primary key

dev_name varchar(25)

19 distric

Fild Name Type(length) Description Remark

district_id char(4) Primary key

distric_name varchar(2)

geo_id char(4) Foreign key

province_id varchar(2) Foreign key

ampphur_id Foreign key

20 education

Fild Name Type(length) Description Remark

citizen_id varchar(13) Primary key

edudegree_id char(2) Foreign key

major varchar(30) Primary key

institution varchar(50)

country varchar(50)

grad_year varchar(4)

GPA varchar(4)

up_user varchar(20)

up_datetime datetime

21 education_degree

Fild Name Type(length) Description Remark

edudegree_id char(2) Primary key

education_degree_name varchar(15)

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147

22 employee

Fild Name Type(length) Description Remark

citizen_id varchar(13) Primary key

staffid varchar(12)

pre_name varchar(12)

emp_name varchar(20)

emp_surname varchar(20)

emp_eng_name varchar(20)

emp_eng_surname varchar(20)

gender char(1)

birthday varchar(10)

emp_type varchar(4) Foreign key

depid char(2) Foreign key

positionid char(2) Foreign key

emp_start varchar(10)

emp_status char(2)

emp_level char(2)

edu_level char(2)

edu_name varchar(150)

edu_major varchar(120)

edu_institution varchar(150)

edu_grad_year varchar(10)

GPA varchar(4)

geo_id int(5) Foreign key

province_id int(5) Foreign key

amphur_id int(5) Foreign key

district_id int(5) Foreign key

post_code varchar(5)

nationallity varchar(15)

religion varchar(25)

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22 ( )

Fild Name Type(length) Description Remark

marry_status char(2)

child_qtt char(1)

mother_flname varchar(30) -

father_flname varchar(30) -

up_user varchar(20)

up_datetime datetime

23 employee_status

Fild Name Type(length) Description Remark

emptype_id char(2) Primary key

emptype_name varchar(50)

24 employee_type

Fild Name Type(length) Description Remark

emptype_id char(2) Primary key

emptype_name varchar(50)

25 geography

Fild Name Type(length) Description Remark

pvrid varchar(2) Primary key

geo_name_th char(4)

prv_name_en char(2)

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149

26 image

Fild Name Type(length) Description Remark

citizen_id varchar (13) Primary key

contenttype varchar(20)

image binary

up_user varchar(20)

up_datetime datetime

27 leave

Fild Name Type(length) Description Remark

leave_id int(5) Primary key

citizen_id varchar(13) Primary key

leavetype_id char(2) Foreign key

leave_year varchar(4)

start date Primary key

end date

special_date varchar(70)

leaved float

this_leave float

total float

up_user varchar(20)

up_datetime datetime

28 leave_rights

Fild Name Type(length) Description Remark

lve_year varchar(2) Primary key

citizen_id varchar(20) Primary key

lve_hold float

lve_total float

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Fild Name Type(length) Description Remark

up_user Varchar(20) Primary key

up_datetime datetime

29 leave_type

Fild Name Type(length) Description Remark

leavetyp_id varchar(2) Primary key

leavetype_name varchar(20)

30 otherposition

Fild Name Type(length) Description Remark

citizen_id varchar(13) Primary key

opostype_id int(2) Primary key

get_year varchar(4)

req_position varchar(50)

req_level char(2)

send_date varchar(10) ( )

get_date varchar(10)

order_no varchar(25)

order_date varchar(10)

up_user varchar(20)

up_datetime datetime

31 position_type

Fild Name Type(length) Description Remark

positiontype_id char(2) Primary key

postion_name varchar(30)

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32 promotion

Fild Name Type(length) Description Remark

citizen_id varchar(13) Primary key

bud_year varchar(4)

time_promotion char(2) Primary key

level_qtt char(3)

money_qtt int(4)

this_salary Float

note varchar(100)

order_num varchar(25)

order_date varchar(10)

up_user varchar(20)

up_datetime datetime

33 province

Fild Name Type(length) Description Remark

province_id varchar(2) Primary key

province_name char(4)

geo_id char(2)

34 title

Fild Name Type(length) Description Remark

title_id int(5) Primary key

title_name varchar(20)

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152

35 user

Fild Name Type(length) Description Remark

citizen_id char(13) Primary key

user_type varchar(4) Primary key

user_name varchar(13)

password varchar(32)

email varchar(20)

user_ip varchar(15)

lastlogin datetime

dated datetime

36 user_statistic

Fild Name Type(length) Description Remark

citizen_id char(13) Primary key

user_name varchar(13) Primary key

lastlogin datetime

dated datetime

37 user_type

Fild Name Type(length) Description Remark

user_type varchar(4) Primary key

user_type_name varchar(13)

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21

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154

22.1

22.2

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155

23.1

23.2

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24

25

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26

27

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29

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30 Login

31

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33

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34

35

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162

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163

6 6

1

2

3

4

5

6

1. (Functional Requirement Evolution)

1. -

4 4 5 4 4 4 4.17

2. -

4 4 5 4 4 4 4.17

3.

3 4 4 4 4 4 3.83

4.

3 5 4 4 4 4 4.00

5.

4 4 4 4 4 5 4.33

2. (Function Evolution)

1. -

4 4 4 4 4 4 4.00

2.

3 4 4 4 4 5 4.17

3.

4 4 4 4 4 5 4.33

4.

4 4 4 4 4 5 4.33

5.

3 4 4 4 4 5 4.17

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1

2

3

4

5

6

3. (Usability Evolution)

1.

2 5 5 4 4 4 3.83

2.

1 5 5 4 4 4 4.00

3.

4 4 4 4 4 4 4.00

4.

1 4 4 4 4 4 3.50

5.

5 5 5 3 4 4 4.33

6.

3 4 5 4 4 4 4.00

4. (Security Evolution)

1.

4 5 5 4 3 3 4.00

2.

4 5 5 4 3 4 4.33

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1

2

3

4

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3.

2 5 4 4 3 4 3.83

3.26 4.37 4.42 3.95 3.84 4.21 4.00

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166

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4 19

/

1 2 3

IOC

1. (Functional Requirement Evolution)

1.1 -

+1 +1 +1 3 1.00

1.2 -

+1 +1 +1 3 1.00

1.3

+1 +1 +1 3 1.00

1.4

+1 +1 +1 3 1.00

1.5

+1 +1 +1 3 1.00

2. (Function Evolution)

2.1 -

+1 +1 +1 3 1.00

2.2 - +1 +1 +1 3 1.00

2.3 +1 +1 +1 3 1.00

2.4 +1 +1 +1 3 1.00

2.5 +1 +1 +1 3 1.00

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167

167

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/

1 2 3

IOC

3. (Usability Evolution)

3.1

+1 +1 +1 3 1.00

3.2

+1 +1 +1 3 1.00

3.3

+1 +1 +1 3 1.00

3.4

+1 +1 +1 3 1.00

3.5

+1 +1 +1 3 1.00

3.6

0 +1 +1 2 0.67

4. (Security Evolution)

4.1

+1 +1 +1 3 1.00

4.2

+1 +1 +1 3 1.00

4.3

+1 +1 0 2 0.67

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168

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5 23

/

1 2 3

IOC

1.

1.1

+1 +1 +1 3 1.00

1.2

+1 +1 +1 3 1.00

1.3

+1 +1 +1 3 1.00

1.4

+1 +1 +1 3 1.00

2.

2.1

+1 +1 +1 3 1.00

2.2

+1 +1 +1 3 1.00

2.3

+1 +1 +1 3 1.00

1.4

+1 +1 +1 3 1.00

3.

3.1

+1 +1 +1 3 1.00

3.2

+1 +1 +1 3 1.00

3.3 +1 +1 +1 3 1.00

3.4

0 +1 +1 2 0.67

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169

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1 2 3

IOC

4.

3.1

+1 +1 +1 3 1.00

3.2 +1 +1 +1 3 1.00

3.3

+1 +1 +1 3 1.00

3.4

+1 +1 0 2 0.67

5.

5.1 +1 +1 +1 3 1.00

5.2

+1 +1 +1 3 1.00

5.3

+1 +1 +1 3 1.00

5.4

+1 +1 +1 3 1.00

3.5

+1 +1 +1 3 1.00

3.6

+1 +1 +1 3 1.00

5.7

+1 +1 +1 3 1.00

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170

170

40

4 19

IOC

/

1 2 3

1.

1.1

1 1 1 3 1.00

1.2

1 1 1 3 1.00

1.3

1 1 1 3 1.00

1.4

1 1 1 3 1.00

2.

2.1

1 1 1 3 1.00

2.2 1 1 1 3 1.00

2.3

1 1 1 3 1.00

2.4

0 1 1 2 0.67

3.

3.1

1 1 1 3 1.00

3.2 1 1 1 3 1.00

3.3

1 1 1 3 1.00

3.4

1 1 0 2 0.67

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IOC

4.

4.1

1 1 1 3 1.00

4.2

1 1 1 3 1.00

4.3

1 1 1 3 1.00

4.4

1 1 1 3 1.00

3.5

1 1 1 3 1.00

3.6

1 1 1 3 1.00

4.7

1 1 1 3 1.00

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2.

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6.

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