ContentIntroduction1.01.1 Introduction to Site Pg1Site Safety
2.02.1 Site safety Pg2 (John)2.2 Construction Safety Pg3 (John)External WorksFoundationSuperstructure
3.03.1 Signage 3.2 Temporary Buildings 3.3 Services and Facilities3.4 Fencing Works3.5 Machineries 3.6 Equipment 3.7 Sewerage works 3.8 Drainage system4.04.1 Introduction4.2 Foundation Types 4.3 Foundation Laying Process5.05.1 Beams and columns 5.1.1 Beams 5.1.2 Types 5.1.3 Installation 5.1.4 Connections 5.1.5 Columns 5.1.6 Joints
5.4 Staircase5.4.1 Introduction5.4.2 Methodology5.4.3 Material Types5.4.4 Installation I5.4.5 Stair Plans5.4.6 Installation II5.4.7 Skirting5.4.8 Finishes5.4.9 Standard Requirements
5.5 Railings5.5.1 Types5.5.2 Methodology5.5.3 Safety Issues
5.6 Floors5.6.1 Introduction5.6.2 Types5.6.3 Concrete Ground Slab5.6.4 Concrete Slab5.6.5 Ground Slab5.6.6 Reinforce Concrete Floor 5.6.7 Material
5.2 Walls5.2.1 Types of masonry5.2.2 Structural Support5.2.3 On-site brick wall5.2.4 Construction Technique
5.3 Ceiling 5.3.1 Introduction5.3.2 Types5.3.3 Jointless ceiling5.3.4 Skim coating5.3.5 Installation6.06.1 Introduction6.2 Roof Type6.3 Installation6.4 Roof InsulationDoor7.07.1 Introduction7.2 Type7.3 Subframing7.4 Main Frame7.5 Door Panel & Iron Mongery7.6 Architraves
Window8.08.1 Introduction8.2 Material8.3 Type8.4 Sub-frame8.5 Installation8.6 GlazingSummaryPg11 (Victor)Pg11 Pg12-13Pg14 (Raymond)Pg14 Pg14 Pg15 Pg15 Pg16 Pg16 Pg17 (Jia Jun)Pg18 Pg19 Pg20 Pg21
Pg22 (John)Pg22 Pg22 Pg23 Pg23 Pg24-25
Pg26 (Pui San)Pg26 Pg27Pg28-29 Pg30 Pg31 Pg32 Pg32 Pg33 Pg34
Pg35 (Nianzi)Pg35 Pg36 Pg37
Pg38 (Jit Ying)Pg38 Pg38 Pg38 Pg39 Pg40 Pg41-42 Pg43
Pg44Pg45-46 Pg46 Pg47
Pg48 (Nianzi)Pg48 Pg49 Pg50Pg51Pg52
Pg53 Pg53 Pg54 Pg55 Pg55 Pg55
Pg5 (Jit Ying)Pg5 (Jit Ying)Pg5 (Jit Ying)Pg6 (Jit Ying)Pg6-8 (John)Pg9 (John)Pg10 (Andrew)Pg10 (Andrew)9.0 Reflection & citation
1.1 Introduction to Project This project requires us, in a group of 9, to select a minimum of one on-going construction site to survey. The site chosen should be a medium rise building with a maximum of 4-storeys level or a low rise building such as a bungalow house, etc. From the site, we are to identify various types of the building elements. Apart from that, we need to observe as well as to record the construction process, the details such as the specification of the materials used, including the diameters, sizes and procedures in constructing the components. In addition to that, we need to analyse and explain on how the construction chosen affect its surroundings.We have decided to survey only one site for this project. This is because the information from the site are enough us to obtain on the processes that occur on the construction site due to the variation of the type of elements, material as well as the process in completing the building.1.2 Introduction to sites Kota Puteriis a new township inSelangor,Malaysia. Have 12 Section in this township.Selangor State Development Corporationis the developer forKota Puteri. Kota Puteri are under the administration ofMajlis Perbandaran Selayang. This township is located nearIjok. Kota Puteri also known as Bandar Baru Batu Arang. Kota Puterilocated at theeastofKuala SelangorandwestofRawang. It is at the end of theGombakdistrict andKuala Selangordistrict border. In addition, Kota Puteri nearBatu Arang,Bandar Tasik Puteri,Ijok,Kampung Bukit Badong,Bestari JayaandHutan Simpan Rantau Panjang.The site we visit is the Double storeys townhouse in Kota Puteri, Rawang, Selangor.
The biggest attraction of the townhouse is it consist two storeys respective house for two different families. Such arrangement allows the selling price to be lower than the normal terrace house. Aslo, sprawling a vast 820 acres (approximate value), Kota Puteri is located at the east of Kuala Selangor, close to the town of Ijok. With a master plan of 12 sections, Kota Puteri features a range of homes and commercial space, amongst other amenities such as school, recreational hubs and more.In the pipeline are elegant homes in a wide 24 x 45 built up. In its very own enclave of Kota Puteri within Seksyen 5, these thoughtfully-designed homes are just around the corner from the Kota Puteri Lake. Kota Puteri is developed by Perbadanan Kemajuan Negeri Selangor (PKNS) which has become synonymous with success and growth in the property development sector within Selangor.
2.0 Site Safety
2.1 Site safetyThe Department of Occupations Safety and Health (DOSH) has stipulated roles of 1994 Section 17 Duties of employers and self-employed to their employees which contractors are aware to play in promoting safety programs and safe behaviour. They have an obligation to ensure that their workers are not exposed to risks which can affect their safety and health. This role in not only the workers at the place of work but also the public. These roles and regulations are supply to all Construction Sites in Malaysia who cover by the Occupational Safety and Health Act 1994, Act 514.
2.1 Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
Personal protective equipment, commonly referred to as "PPE", is equipment worn to minimize exposure to serious workplace injuries and illnesses. These injuries and illnesses may result from contact with chemical, radiological, physical, electrical, mechanical, or other workplace hazards. Personal protective equipment may include items such as gloves, safety glasses and shoes, earplugs or muffs, hard hats, respirators, or coveralls, vests and full body suits. Equipment worn to minimize exposure to serious workplace injure and illnesses, items such as gloves, safety boots, safety helmet, respirators and vests. All personal protective equipment should fit well and be comfortable to wear. If the personal protective equipment does not fit properly, it can make the difference between being safely covered or dangerously exposed.
Asafety helmetis a type of helmet predominantly used in workplace environments such as industrial orconstruction sites to protect theheadfrom injury due to falling objects, impact with other objects, debris, rain, and electric shock. Suspension bands inside the helmet spreads the helmet's weight and the force of any impact over the top of the head. A suspension also provides space of approximately 30mm (1.2 inch) between the helmet's shell and the wearer's head, so that if an object strikes the shell, the impact is less likely to be transmitted directly to the skull. Some helmet shells have a mid-line reinforcement ridge to improve impact resistance.
Safety gloves arehand garments meant for the protection of the wrist, hand, fingers, and thumbs from adverse processes or conditions. These items are virtually limitless in application and findemployment inboth industrial and commercial marketplaces. Their functionalityis determined by the material and design of the glove.
Safety boots is a durablebootorshoethat has a protective reinforcement in the toewhich protects the foot from falling objects or compression, usually combined with a mid-sole plate to protect against punctures from below. Although traditionally made of steel, the reinforcement can also be made of acomposite material, a plastic such as thermoplastic (TPU) or evenaluminum. Steel-toe boots are important in the constructionindustry and in many industrial settings.
2.2 Construction Safety
Construction is one of the most dangerous land-based work sectors. The problem is not that the hazards and risks are unknown, it is that they are very difficult to control in a constantly changing work environment.
Various workplace safety signs commonly used at construction sites and industrial work environments. Some of the main health hazards on site are asbestos, solvents, noise and manual handing activities.
Afire extinguisher, orextinguisher, is anactive fire protectiondevice used to extinguish or control small fires, often in emergency situations. It is not intended for use on an out-of-control fire, such as one which has reached theceiling, endangers the user, or otherwise requires the expertise of a fire department. Typically, a fire extinguisher consists of a hand-held cylindrical pressurecontaining anagent which can be discharged to extinguish a fire.ABC is the most used and most popular multipurpose powder fire extinguisher for construction sites, can be used on class A (burning solids), B (liquid fires) & C (gases fires).
Temporary Handrail do provide temporary handrail leading people go to the site office and prevent people fall from the slope or staircases.
Fencing Temporary fencing prevent people get into the side easily and provide security and safety.
Asafety harnessis a form of protective equipmentdesigned to protect a person, animal, or object frominjuryor damage. The harness is an attachment between a stationary and non-stationary object and is usually fabricated fromrope,cableor webbingand locking hardware.Some safety harnesses are used in combination with ashock a