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Speech- Language Pathologist Elizabeth Cox

Speech Language Pathology

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Speech Pathology

Speech- Language PathologistElizabeth Cox

What is a Speech Language Pathologist (SLP)?Someone who prevents, evaluates, diagnoses, and treats speech, language, social & cognitive communication, and swallowing disorders in individuals of all ages. Ranging from children to elderly Someone who not only diagnoses patients, but then determines the severity of the problem and the best future treatment. Someone who educates and trains families or caregivers as well as other medical professionals regarding patients.

History1925: Speech Pathology became a profession1926: American Academy of Speech Correction established Originally focused on effective communication and then grew into focusing on communication disabilities and rehabilitation. Colleges eventually created programs to educate students on diagnosing and treating communication disorders Early SLPs only had an undergraduate degree in speech-correction First schools to teach speech correction were Wayne State University and the University of Michigan 1950s: Soldiers returned from war with brain disabilities that resulted in speech problems. SLPs began to focus more on brain processing abilities in relation to speech 1970s: Language disorders were now treated separately from speech disorders

International Encyclopedia of Rehabilitation- http://cirrie.buffalo.edu/encyclopedia/en/article/333/3

Speech Language Pathology: Areas of Importance Most commonly work with individuals who have 1 or more of the following disordersSpeech Disorders: Difficulty making certain speech sounds correctly or vocal problems. Ex: Stuttering, Dysarthria, Apraxia, Speech Sound Disorders (Articulation) Language Disorders: Difficulty sharing thoughts or expressing feelings or difficulty understanding others. Ex: Aphasia (most common in adults and caused by a stroke)Child-Related Disorders Language Based Learning DisabilitiesPreschool Language DisordersSelective Mutism Social Communication Disorders: Difficulty communicating verbally or nonverbally especially in social settings Cognitive Communication Disorders: Difficulty paying attention, organizing and remember things, or problem solving. Swallowing Disorders: Difficulty with feeding or swallowing.

American Speech-Language-Hearing Association- http://www.asha.org/Students/Speech-Language-Pathologists/4

Employment Settings Education (Pre K-12 (53%)) College (3%))Screenings, evaluations, diagnostic tests Work with children with a range of disabilities Small-group, classroom based, or individual settings Train teachers, parents, others to aid student in all aspects of their life.Health Care (39% of SLPs) Diagnose, evaluate, treat communication and language disorders as well as swallowing disordersEducate and counsel patients, families, and other staff members Health Care Settings 16% Non-Residential10% Residential13% Hospitals Private Practice (19%)CorporateProvide services to a companyGovernment Public Health Depts., Air Force, Army, Navy, US Public Health Services

American Speech-Language-Hearing Association- http://www.asha.org/Students/Employment-Settings-for-SLPs/5

Employment by State States with Highest Paid SLPsMassachusetts Mississippi New YorkCaliforniaAlabamaConnecticut Georgia Illinois

Salary By State- http://salarybystate.org/healthcare/speech-language-pathologist-salary-by-state6

SalaryAnnual Salary Average: $71,550Below: $44,000-$56,000Above: $90,000-$111,000Annual Salary by EmploymentHome Health Care Services (~$95,000)Nursing Care Facilities (~$89,000)Offices of Other Health Practitioners (~$80,000)Specialty Hospitals (~$80,000)General Medical/Surgical Hospitals (~$79,000)Elementary/Secondary Schools (~$67,000)

Bureau of Labor Statistics- http://www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes291127.htm7

Growth PotentialGrowth Rate (2014-2024): 21%Average Growth Rate for all Occupations: 7%Employment Change Rate (2014-2024): +28,900 jobs Average Salary: Increased from $66,920 to $73,970 (2010-2013)

Bureau of Labor Statistics- http://www.bls.gov/ooh/healthcare/speech-language-pathologists.htm8

ASLHA Standards for an SLP (American Speech Language Hearing Association)Undergraduate Degree in CSD (not required)Graduate Degree in Speech-Language Pathology Post-Graduate Clinical Fellowship Pass the PRAXIS exam Used for ASHA Certification, State Professional Licensure, State Teacher Credential

American Speech-Language-Hearing Association- http://www.asha.org/Students/Speech-Language-Pathologists/


Graduate Programs University of South Carolina (USC)- Columbia, SCPre-requisites: Human Biological ScienceSocial/Behavioral Science Physics/Chemistry Statistics *Anatomy & Physiology of the Speech & Hearing Mechanism*Phonetics*Language Development*Articulation Disorders25 hours of supervised observation Average GPA: 3.70Average GRE score: 153 (verbal) 148 (quantitative) Costs:In-State Tuition: $22,896More than 80% of students in this program have financial aidScholarships are available*May be completed in the summer before starting the program in the fall. *Since I did not take these courses as a part of my undergraduate degree I will have to take these courses during the summer program before beginning my masters degree at USC

University of South Carolina- http://www.sph.sc.edu/comd/degreeprograms.htm


Graduate Programs University of North Carolina (UNC), Chapel Hill, NCPrerequisites Biological Sciences (2 credit hours)Physics/Chemistry (2 credit hours)Social/Behavioral Sciences (2 credit hours)Statistics (2 credit hours) *Anatomy & Physiology of the Speech and Hearting Mechanism *Speech Science*Intro to Audiology*Normal Language Acquisition *Phonetics Average GPA: 3.74Average GRE score: >50th percentile 100% Praxis passing rate 100% employment rate post-graduation *Priority given to students who have completed these courses prior to admission.

University of North Carolina- https://www.med.unc.edu/ahs/sphs/programs/ms-slp 11

Qualities of Speech Language PathologistO* NETDependability Concern for OthersIntegrity Cooperation Flexibility Attention to Detail Value of Relationships, Achievement, IndependenceCommunication skills

O*Net Profiler- http://www.onetonline.org/link/summary/29-1127.0012

Why is it for me? O-Net Profile Results Social, Artistic, Enterprising Speech Language Pathologist: SIASocial: Involve working, communicating, and teaching with people and providing help or service to others. Through babysitting and working at a restaurant I have maintained social skills in the work setting in past experiences. Investigative: Involve working with ideas and figuring out problems.Artistic: Involve working with forms, designs, and patterns but work allows for self-expression and does not have to be completed with a clear set of rules. Speech pathology provides a lot of room for being creative when coming up with activities, plans, and goals for each patient. My artistic skills will be beneficial as my career in SLP will not follow a clear set of rules.

*My O*Net Profile Results match the characteristics of a speech pathologist. My love for working with others, teaching, and being creative will promote success in this career path.

O*Net Profiler- http://www.onetonline.org/link/summary/29-1127.00


My Ideal SLP Career Masters Degree in Speech Language Pathology from USC or UNCPass the Praxis ExamCertification from ASHALocation: Georgia, South Carolina, New York, Mississippi, North Carolina Setting: Pediatric Hospital or Pediatric Private Practice


References "Degree Programs: Communication Sciences and Disorders." USC: Communication Sciences and Disorders. University of South Carolina. Web. 18 Jan. 2016."Employment Settings for SLPs." American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. Web. 18 Jan. 2016.Lubinski R. 2010. Speech Therapy or Speech-Language Pathology. In: JH Stone, M Blouin, editors. International Encyclopedia of Rehabilitation. "Speech-Language Pathologists." American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. Web. 18 Jan. 2016.Speech and Hearing Sciences." MS in Speech-Language Pathology. University of North Carolina. Web. 18 Jan. 2016."Speech-Language Pathologists." O*Net Online. American Job Center Network, 2014. Web. 18 Jan.2016."Speech-Language Pathologist Salary by State - Salary By State." Salary By State. 24 Mar. 2013. Web. 18 Jan. 2016."Speech-Language Pathologists." U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2014. Web. 18 Jan. 2016.