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fair trade in the world and palestine

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  • 1. FAIRTARDEContemporary Selected IssuesPrepared bySameeh Swaitti & Johnny AnstasSupervised byDr.Sameer Abuznaid2014

2. Learning ObjectivesUpon completing the presentation you aresupposed to have general info about: What does Fair Trade mean ? What are Fair Trade principles? What are the main benefits of Fair Trade? What are its effects on producers andconsumers? How does Fair Trade certification work? What about Fair Trade in Palestine? 3. Fair Trade Definition Is a trading partnership, based on dialogue,transparency and respect, that seeks graterequity in international trade. It contributesto sustainable development by offeringbetter trading conditions to marginalizedproducers and workers especially in theSouth. 4. FAIRTARDE Fair Trade believes that its movement can befundamental driver of poverty reduction and greatersustainable development if it is well managed for thispurpose. Fair Trade believes that marginalized and disadvantagedpeople can develop the capacity to take more control overtheir lives if they are better organized, sourced andsupported. 5. Fair Trade Fair Trade believes that people and institutions in thedeveloped world are supportive for trading in thisway if they are informed of the needs of producersfor improving their situation. Generally, it enables citizens to make a difference toproducers through their actions and to consumersthrough their choices. 6. FAIRTARDE PRINCIPLES(5) Market access for marginalized producers who are excludedfrom mainstream and added-value markets. (help shorten tradechain to receive more from final selling price of their goods). Sustainable and equitable long-term trading relationships(trading terms offered by Fair Trade enable producers andbuyers to maintain a sustainable livelihood; economic, social,and environment as a whole now and in the future). Capacity building and empowerment which assist producersto understand more about market conditions and trends todevelop knowledge and skills to control their lives. 7. FAIRTARDE PRINCIPLES Consumer awareness raising & advocacy by connectingproducers and buyers for the benefit of social justice andopportunities for change and reform the international tradingrules. Fair Trade as a social contract where buyers agree to domore than is expected by the conventional market by:1. Paying fair price2. Providing pre-finance3. Offering support for capacity buildingIn return, producers use these benefits to improve their social andeconomic conditions.(so, Fair Trade is not charity but a partnership for change anddevelopment through trade) 8. Fair Trade BenefitsFair price for good work(producers and workers)Environmentally sound & healthyorganic production(Go Green)Socially just work (no child labour)Stable, transparent and long-termpartnershipDignity & respectPhoto: Credit: Fairtrade Foundation 9. Fair Trade BenefitsPhoto: Fairtrade Austria Fair market access for poverty alleviation & sustainabledevelopment. Guaranteed minimum wages & prompt payment Financial assistance, when needed (pre-harvest or pre-productionfinancing) Encouraging better environmental practices 10. Effects on producers andcommunity Farmers become empowered because ofthe democratic cooperatives. Ensure price covers cost of productionand cost of living Gain a long term commitment from buyer Environmental protection that aremandated. Education and capital to help diversifycrops. 11. Effects on the buyer Feel like part of a larger movement Make a connection to farmers Help lift farmers in developing countriesout of poverty Support organic and sustainableproduction 12. Why buy Fair Trade products?Contribution to sustainable development Effective alternative to development aid Helps to reduce poverty Helps to improve working conditions in the in themajority of the world. 13. Why buy Fair Trade products?Good image Fair Trade has very highrecognition & approval amongthe general publicAttractive, stable andtransparent market Rapidly expanding market From niche to the mass market highly transparent supply chainPhoto: Fairtrade Austria 14. Where can Fair Trade products be used?Photo: Credit: Fairtrade Foundation Vending machines (coffee, tea, snacks) Canteens (offices, schools, hospitals) Catering (events, ) Gifts (anniversaries, Christmas) 15. Who checks Fair Trade products?FLO Fairtrade LabellingOrganizations International isthe worldwide Fairtradestandard setting andcertificating organisation 16. Conditions for CertificationTo label Fair Trade products by FLO theproducers should do: Create democratic cooperatives Establish standards for hired labor Avoid forced or child labors Adhere to health and safety standards Implement programs to improve environmentalsustainability and organic products. 17. Fair Trade CertificationFair Trade Certification is a third-party certification process that sets standards for the wayproducts is produced and how much a farmer/farming cooperative earns per pound ofsold. The criteria are: Fair prices for farmers and decent working and living conditions for workers Direct trade with farmers, bypassing middlemen Free association of workers and co-ops, with structures for democratic decision-making Access to capital Sustainable agricultural practices including restricted use of agrochemicalsFrom TransfairUSA.orgCertification ensures the farmer will always have a steady price to depend on, and leads to economic development in cooperatives, with some cooperatives financing health care,schools, and infrastructure, as well as diversification into other crops and into subsistenceagriculture. How can I tell if its Fair Trade Certified?The Fair Trade label is a way for consumers to know these criteria were met before theproduct ever makes it to the shelf. Look for the label on your products if its not there, itsnot Fair Trade certified. 18. Fair Trade Facts Fair Trade products are goods and services thatare produced, traded and sold in accordancewith Fair Trade principles and whereverpossible, verified by credible, independentassurance systems such as by FLO. All Fair Trade products originate from producersand workers should be committed to Fair Tradeprinciples. 19. Distribution ChannelsAll Fair Trade products should be traded andmarketed through two distinct but complementarychannels:1. The integrated supply chain route whereby products areimported and distributed by organizations that have FairTrade at the core of their mission and activities to supportdisadvantaged producers to reduce poverty.2. The product certification route whereby productscomplying with international standards are certifiedindicating that they have been produced, traded, processedand packaged in accordance with the FLO standards. 20. Good Practice: Cities making a change!Barcelona - Vending machinesAt the Autonomous University of Barcelona,approximately 6,500 kilos of Fair Tradecoffee are sold annually through 50 vendingmachines which are run by three dealercompanies.Achievement: Around 15 to 20 producerfamilies in Chiapas/Mexico and Tanzania canmake their living from the amount of coffeesold. 21. Good Practice: Cities making a change! Rome - School canteensIn its technical specifications,Rome asked suppliers to supplyone Fair Trade banana every weekto each pupil.Achievement: In Italian schoolscanteens public authorities serveat least 3 million kg of Fair Tradebananas per year. 22. Good Practice: Cities making a change! Vienna - Catering at EUPresidencyFor all events held relating toAustrias EU Presidency in 2006,the official caterer had toprovide the organising ministrywith the choice of offering FairTrade Coffee, chocolate (cocoa),tea, and orange juice.Achievement: A high number ofministries chose the Fair Tradeoption 23. The Buy Fair project Partner: European Fair TradeAssociation Funded by the Dutch Ministry ofHousing, Spatial Planning andthe Environment. Objective: To develop practicalguidelines for public authorities inEurope wishing to purchase FairTrade products Credit: Fairtrade Foundation 24. Synopsis Fair Trade has led the way in encouraging and enablingconsumers to take regard of the social, economic andenvironmental consequences of their purchasing. There is a growing interest and consciousness from globalconsumers to buy certified FLO products to supportdisadvantaged producers and workers especially in south. There is a great trust placed in FLO products by publicbecause the good reputation gained in addition to the highquality and organic characteristics maintained across yearsago. 25. Synopsis (continued) Growing demand on FLO products globally Sustainable development for disadvantagedproducers and workers to reduce poverty. Environmental sound and organic products arehighlighted universally. Encouraging establish cooperatives amongsmall farmers and artisans in a democraticways to lever their livelihoods. 26. First SectionThan you for listening 27. The Palestine Fair Trade AssociationPalestine Fair Trade Association (PFTA) is a national union of fair tradeproducing cooperatives, processors, and exporters. The association wasfounded in 2004 in Jenin and maintains offices there.PFTAs mission is to provide social and economic empowerment of small,marginalized, and excluded Palestinian communities through the concept offair trade.Strategic objectives of fair trade in Palestine are:1) to move marginal producers and workers from vulnerability to economicsecurity,2) to engage producers and workers to participate in their organization, and3) to assist producers and workers to build commercial capacity. 28. The Palestine Fair Trade AssociationThe production of all 43 PFTA cooperatives, as well as 6 women'scooperatives is certified Fair Trade by the Institute of Market Ecology(IMO) of Switzerland.Certification requires strict adheren

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