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<ul><li> Mercedes-BenzCompany Analysis &amp; Recommendations 5180026 5180372 5180574 5180676 5280020 5280379 </li></ul><p> History Mercedes Benz Thailand was first registered as Mercedes Benz Marketing Thailand company in 1998 The companys goal is to establish import and to deal with Benz automobile business, which used to be controlled by TAAP (Thonburi Automotive Assembly Plant Co., Ltd) At the beginning, they emphasized on Branding and Marketing before going full scale on importing and selling cars. They merged with the Benz Daimler Group and the Chrysler Group in 1999. The name of their joint-company was changed to Daimler Chrysler, which also sell Chrysler and Jeep. In 2007, the companys was renamed again to Mercedes Benz Thailand after the Daimler AG sold 80.1% share of their stock to the Chrysler Group. Structure Daimler AG (The worlds largest manufacturer of Mercedes Benz vehicle in Germany). Mercedes Benz Thailand (MBTH) Mercedes Benz Leasing Thailand (MBLT) Mercedes Benz Manufacturing Thailand (MBMTh) Mercedes Benz Thailand (MBTh) MBTh provides: marketing and selling, research and development, maintenance, repairs, and after sales service. Mercedes Benz(Thailand) LTD., has a network of 31 authorized dealers that were established throughout the country. There are 17 branches of authorized dealers located in Bangkok, and about 14 branches located in countryside. Most car parts and accessories are imported from DAG and DSEA (Daimler in South East Asia). Cars that are completely imported will be charged with extremely high tax of about 169-300%. Cars that are assembled in Thailand will be charge with lower tax of about 94-189%. Therefore, MBTh emphasizes on this type of market. MercedesBenz LeasingThailand (MBLT) MBLT was found in 1996 as one of the leading financial firms that provides financial services for Mercedes Benz cars in Thailand. They aim to support the business of Mercedes Benz Thailand by providing credit to Mercedes Benz distributors in Thailand and other services such as: Hire Purchase which allows their customers to purchase Benz cars with a down payment of some proportion and pay the rest by installments with same rate Operating Lease - this service allows customers to rent Benz cars with the exact price and period of time. The cars will need to be returned at the end of the deal. Finance Lease - the cars will be rented to customers with fixed price and duration. After that period of time, customers can decide to own the cars at a price, subtracting depreciation cost, set by the finance officer. MercedesBenz ManufacturingThailand (MBMTh) MBMTh was founded in 1998 as the firm that company that provide importation, assembly, and distribution. The Product line of MBMTh can be categorized into: Hatchback A- Class B- Class E- Class Estate CLS- Shooting Brake Sedan C- Class E- Class S- Class CLS- Class Sport SLK- Class CL- Class SL- Class E Coupe C Coupe Off-Road G- Class M- Class Van Vito Viano MB100 Supercar SLS- Class Porters Five Force Model Industry Competitors The Intensity of Rivalry Threat of New Entrants Bargaining Power (Suppliers) Bargaining Power (Buyers) Threat of Substitutes Industry The industry competitive structure is consolidated The growth rate of the market shows that the demand condition is increasing dramatically in the past 4 years The increasing of the industry growth rate encourage the rivalry and competition for market share and revenue Intensity of Rivalry Intensity of Rivalry Industry growth Value ( Millions) Units of cars sold Source: Bangkok Post, Bangkok Biz, Manager Market Growth Rates 2009-2012 2009 2010 2011 2012 CAGR 6.59% 31.65% 3.58% 44.76% Market Value 30,800 40,548 42,000 60,800 Units Sold 7,700 10,137 10,500 15,200 Thailand GDP Growth Rate -2.3% 7.8% 0.1% 5.5% * Market Value ( Millions) Intensity of Rivalry Source: Bangkok Post, Bangkok Biz, Manager Competitors There are 3 main companies that are dominate in this market in this industry which control approximately 86% of the market share in year 2012; Mercedes-Benz, BMW and Volvo Intensity of Rivalry Mercede s-Benz BMW Volvo Others 2010 Mercedes -Benz BMW Volvo Others 2011 Mercede s-Benz BMW Volvo Others 2012 Source: Bangkok Post, Bangkok Biz, Manager Positioning of key players Intensity of Rivalry Classic Prestige Comfortable driving experience The Best or Nothing Ultimate Performance Sporty The Ultimate Driving Machine Safe and comfortable drive Volvo for Life Intensity of Rivalry Exit barrier for automotive industry The exit barrier for this industry is considered very high Capital investment There would be huge capital invested in both building the brand equity and the constructing the manufacturing plant For manufacturing plant, there are few companies that invested in manufacturing base in Thailand due to the fact of complexity in cooperate and signing contract with the Thai government Mercedes-Benz manufacture in Daimler Manufacturing BMW manufacture in BMW manufacturing Thailand Volvo manufacture in Thai-Swedish manufacturing Cost and penalties Cost of establishing the authorize dealers network High redundancy cost Cost of hiring the labor Employment contract Severance cost Penalty fee It would be difficult to exit if the firm have already sign a contract with the suppliers Intensity of Rivalry : Trends Downsizing is now the trends where manufacturers use a smaller engine but yet more efficient or introducing a small yet luxury segment (ex. BMW series 1, Mercedes CLA) BMW no longer sending out there famous straight six, instead there offer more efficient four-cylinder engine Downsizing has become the flavor of the decades Most of the highline luxury car manufacturer has introduce hybrid technology To save the environment and to introduce a fuel efficient vehicles and use sustainable materials as part of manufacturing The new technology to serve the environmental issue and downsizing the car. This cause the SUV market to decrease down Intensity of Rivalry High entry barrier Few dominants players in market It is very difficult to enter to this industry (luxury car) since the players such as Mercedes-Benz and BMW had already dominate the Thai market Capital requirement Capital requirement of building the brand of luxury car, in term of expense and time consume, is very high Cost of constructing the showroom High marketing expense to create the brand identity toward Thai customers Economy of Scale (EOS) Car production is difficult to reach the economy of scale Tax Tax policy of imported car is very high (317%) Threat of New Entrants Threat of New Entrants Grey dealers, Low entry barrier (Exceptional new entrant) Permission and requirements To open a grey dealer, no official permission from the selling brands require Implementation cost The cost of establishing the grey dealer is relatively low No standard format require Gap in the law allows grey dealer to import the automobile with a lower tax rate around 210%-300% Some dealers sell the car on credit (Dealer receive money before handing the actual car to the customer) Economic instability of Europe The depreciation of EURO currency make it cheaper to import the cars Threat of New Entrants Competitive strength of Grey dealers Tax benefits Grey dealers have the ability to import with lower tax rate and take fewer time Customization Availability of customized options for customer to choose Ex. Harman Kardon Stereo, Special Leather seats, mirror roof Better operating system The operating system is flexible No standard price, focus more on price competitiveness No requirement for after sale service Bargaining Power (Suppliers) The bargaining power of suppliers is higher over Mercedes-Benz Few suppliers and substitutes Product that suppliers sell to Mercedes-Benz has few substitutes and is vital to the manufacturing process Raw material such as Advance alloy steel, carbon fiber are imported from the European countries It is very important to maintain the relationship with the suppliers. This is because, it would be very difficult for Mercedes-Benz to backward integrate to the sourcing process Not authorize Mercedes-Benz Thailand is not authorize to select the supplier by themselves without the permission from the head company Bargaining Power (Buyers) The emerging of Japanese cars in the mind of consumers: The bargaining power of Mercedes-Benz towards the emerging of Japanese car in the mind of customers is consider to be low Perception In the past people think that European cars are better than Japanese cars in terms of quality and service provide to customers Nowadays, the perception has been change. Japanese car provide better quality of the car they produce with great before and after services, also the maintenance cost is much cheaper Price With affordable price that comes along with standard quality, customers choose to buy what is worth for their money (value) Eg. Camry Hybrid, Honda Accord, Nissan Teana etc. There are some series of Mercedes-Benz car that are risky to be takeover by the top Japanese car models Eg. A-Class and C-Class People can use the money they have to pay for one standard Mercedes-Benz C-Class ( 2,250,000) to buy the top series of Honda Accord with full options and still have money in their pocket. Bargaining Power (Buyers) Strong brand image in luxury cars industry : Mercedes-Benz has higher bargaining power in terms of the strong brand image in luxury cars over the consumers Top of mind The brands that stand out of the customers minds when thinking about luxurious cars are Mercedes-Benz and BMW Mercedes-Benz has a long history in Thai automotive industry The first Mercedes-Benz that had been import to Thailand is in the year 1920, it is owned by King Rama 5 at that time Convenience There are only few brands in the luxury cars industry in Thailand that have many authorize dealers and showrooms to provide services to customers such as Mercedes and BMW Mercedes-Benz has 17 branches of its authorizes dealer in Bangkok and over 14 branches in suburb area in Thailand, where other competitors has only few in the suburb area Eg. BMW has only 5 branches By having many dealers and showroom, this can be one of the most influencing factors that lead the consumers to choose Mercedes-Benz over the other brand if the buyers are considering about after sales service and maintenance For eg. - The adequate of spare parts - The short maintenance queue Threat of Substitutes The high switching cost: Value People nowadays tend to have a habit of changing their car often. This means people would have to resale their current car to be able to buy a new one. For Mercedes-Benz, the resale price is very low, the price of used Mercedes-Benz are after 5 years of usage, the price decrease to approximately 40% of the real price. Complexity The switching cost is high because there are many process to buy and own a car. For example to reserve, to wait for the car, to register for license plate, to transfer the ownership, etc.. Threat of Substitutes The substitutes products: Big Bike Motorcycles People might switching from using cars to motorcycle because of bad traffics For High end car users like Mercedes-Benz, the motorcycle brand they might buy should be luxurious brand Eg. Ducati, Harley Davidson, Kawasaki, etc. So these brand can be consider as the substitution for Mercedes users Second hand luxury cars The price of second hand cars are more cheaper than buying a new car For some brands, the price drop to around 50% of the official price Eg. BMW, Lexus, etc The conditions of the cars are reasonable compare to the price the buyers have to pay Threat of Substitutes Substitute products Alternative prestige products Mercedes-Benz cars are consider to be luxurious product, they might be threaten by other prestigious products categories that consumers might choose to buy instead of Luxury Cars These products varies in many product categories; Eg. - Designer clothing (Chanel, Prada) - Jewelries - Luxury house SWOT analysis Strengths Strong brand image in luxury car category People view the brand Mercedes-Benz as having an innovative engineering and high capability Mercedes-Benz had achieve many reward in safety perspective Higher resale value The resale price of Mercedes-Benz are relatively high compare to other luxury brand because of the high demand and reliable of the brand Strong authorize dealer network 31 Authorize dealers in Thailand Mercedes-Benz also penetrate in the suburb area 14 dealers located in suburb area Training program for sale representative in every dealers Relatively cheaper parts and maintenance fee Financial advantage Mercedes-Benz Thailand has vary source of fund from the Daimler company, making it easier to manage the investment fund in the future SWOT analysis Weaknesses Still considered expensive Comparing to the major competitor like BMW, the price of Mercedes-Benz is around 12% higher Customers perception Most of the Gen Y still have the perception of Old toward Mercedes-Benz Slow delivery time It can take a long period of time in delivering the product to customer after they purchase Many models debut in Thailand very late after the official global debut Availability Some Mercedes-Benz models are not available in Thailand SWOT analysis Opportunities New market emerge Thai people current, became emotionally attach luxury brand especially Gen Y whose purchasing power is increasing(sale of C-class increase by 7% in year 2012) GDP increase by 5.5%, people have more purchasing power and spend more on unnecessary products Trend of clean energy Would lead to major opportunity if Mercedes-Benz can provide the right technology (hybrid) Politic Government support the authorize dealers by increase the tax of imported car by 15%, since they would receive more tax revenue from those dealers Thai currency appreciate and Euro depreciate The cost of production reduce Higher profit margin SWOT analysis Threat New entrants(Grey dealers) The total revenue of all grey market dealers increase by 15% in 2012 Grey dealers have higher ability in acquiring new models of luxury car earlier than the authorize dealers Conversion of Authorize dealers Some authorize dealers converse themselves to grey dealers in order to serve the demand of other luxury brand apart from Mercedes-Benz Poor dealership structure (unnecessary regulation from the mother company) Take longer time for Diamler Crysler to import the new models Public transportation The BTS sky train is expanding all over Bangkok Although the target group of Mercedes-Benz who have enough money to afford the luxury car still consider using public transportation instead, due to the fact of traffic problem in Bangkok 7Ps Mercedes-Benz did not only provide the sales of their luxury cars, but also the before and after sales services The Ps 1. Product 5. People 2. Pri...</p>