C omposition in photography Presented by M a r ia m a s f o u
C omposition in photography Composition is the arrangement of
visual elements within the frame of a photograph.
Snapshot vs. Photograph Snapshot is just a memory of something,
event, person or an object.
Snapshot vs. Photograph Photograph is an artistic
interpretation of an event or person or object.
Composition Depends on : Structure Balance Dynamic
Structure structural elements Position Line Shape
non-structural elements Light Texture Perspective Motion
the Nine-Grid Zone - Theorem of thirds. - Each zone needs to
produce a different effect in order to be doing its Job. - Most of
the zones may be exactly the same with one or two different zone.
(ex) - Weighing a photograph
the Nine-Grid Zone Some effects we can achieve by positioning
weighing toward the bottom
the Nine-Grid Zone center-weighted photograph (static
the Nine-Grid Zone Slightly off-center whieghted toward the
top, bottom, one side,.
Line and Shape Line and Shape are the building blocks of the
photograph. Control them and Dont allow them to control you. They
can help You a lot to control the eye of the viewer when exploring
Line We have 3 types of lines : Horizontal Vertical
HOriZontal line Makes you feel relax Ex: the distant horizon. A
Question: Why do you think he had put the line on the upper line
zone and didnt used the lower ?
VertiCal line Makes you feel the power of Height Specially when
the photo is in the portrait format (ex) a building, a tree, a
DiaGonal line The strongest type, Use it to guide your viewers
eye to your main subject Also, imagine it makes the flat 2D plane
of a photograph into a 3D sense
Shape The shape affect the photograph by two ways : where it is
+ve where it isn't ve Composition takes care to make the ve space
Shape What is the negative space? The area between the borders
of the shape and the borders of the frames The closer these borders
to each others the more interesting the negative space will be
Balance Balance is an equal relationship between two things or
more. A photograph is balanced when various elements weigh the same
That dont mean they should take the same amount.
Dynamic Dynamic is the movement of a viewer's eye as it
explores a photograph.
Dynamic Ideal dynamic, 1-Move begin with the most important
subject (primary subject) 2-Proceeds to less Important ones
(secondary subjects) 3-Makes a full circle back to the primary
Dynamic In a poorly composed photograph The eye of the viewer
may stuck to one of the secondary objects
Dynamic How can we do to control dynamic -Try to arrange your
subjects in the frame -Try to make your main Subject big -Try to
make it near -Try to make your main different (ex) by light
intensity by colors -Use lines to guid the viewer
Dynamic Using lines in dynamic In this case the diagonal helps
a lot Look at the photograph dont you feel these diagonal lines
leading your eye to this train
Dynamic Implied lines (ex) Some one looking
Top 10 tips 1- Back Ground, Back Ground, Back Ground.. 2- keep
it simple. 3- get in close. 4- Personalize it . 5- Get into the
habit of scanning the edges of the frame.
Top 10 tips 6- Edit your image. 7- shoot a lot of frames 8-
Raise your aspiration . 9- study photography. 10- Always carry a
camera with you.