China Steps Up Digitization to Preserve Cultural Relics

  • Published on
    05-Dec-2014

  • View
    121

  • Download
    2

Embed Size (px)

DESCRIPTION

China is increasing the use of digital methods to preserve its cultural relics and make them available to the general public.

Transcript

<ul><li> 1. China Steps Up Digitization to Preserve Cultural Relics Chinaisincreasingtheuseofdigitalmethodstopreserveitsculturalrelicsand makethemavailabletothegeneralpublic. Digitizationseemstobetheidealsolutionwhenitcomestopreservingcultural heritage.Therearereportseverydayoforganizationsacrosstheworldtaking thedigitalpathtosafeguardtheircountrysheritagethroughdigitizationand make the collection available online for present and future generations. Museums,libraries,archives,photoandfilmarchives,andcentersforregional historyarefacilitatingonlineaccesstotheirvastdigitalarchives.Now,Chinahas steppeduptheuseofdigitalmethodstopreserveitsculturalrelics.Chinas culturalrelicsinitsmuseumsincludevaluableancientartworks,handicrafts, historicaldocuments,booksandmuchmore. PublicAccesstoaNationalDatabaseofChineseCulturalRelics Accordingtoarecentreport,Chinaisplanningtocreateanationaldatabaseof moveableculturalrelicsforonlineaccessandalsoinvolvethepublicinthe preservationprocess. In2013,Chinalaunchedanationwidecensusonits moveableculturalrelics,coveringmorethan1.5millionpublicinstitutions.This investigationisexpectedtobecompletedin2016.Theinitialstageofthepilot projectwhichinvolvedasurveyofmoveableculturalrelicswithgovernment agencies,militaryandpublicinstitutions,hasbeencompleted.Thisyearthe State Administration of Cultural Heritage, the agency responsible for the www.managedoutsource.com 18006702809 </li> <li> 2. developmentandmanagementofmuseumsandalsotheprotectionofcultural relicsofnationalimportance,willfocusonidentificationandregistrationofitems. Thechallengeposedbysuchaprojectisimmense.Xinhua reports thatthe numberofculturalrelicsownedbyChinasPalaceMuseumalonehassurpassed 1.8million.However,themuseumcuratorsaysthatagreatdealofthecollection has deteriorated and that proper restoration and preservation practices are necessary. DigitizingandPreservingCulturalRelics Historicaldocumentsinpaperformatorasphotographsaresubjecttoscanning andindexing.Digitalimagecapturewithdigitalcameras/scanners(nontouch) forstillimageswouldinvolvethecreationofmasterfiles,imageparameters,and digitization.Advancedscanningsystemstakehighqualityimagesofbooksand performvariousmanipulationstoconverttheminopticalcharacterrecognition (OCR)andcompressthem.Theresultisattractiveprintableversionsofbooks thatarealsosearchable.TheculturalrelicdigitizationdriveinChinawilloffer manybenefits Makethematerialbroadlyaccessibletoalargesegmentofthepopulation MakeChinasdiverseheritageclearlyvisibletothepublic Speedupsearchmethods Preservethecollectionforfuturegenerations Lessenthemanualhandlingoffragilemanuscripts Savestoragespace www.managedoutsource.com 18006702809 </li> <li> 3. Electronicallyenhancedimagescanbeviewedwithgreaterlegibility Theprojectisnotwithoutchallenges.Alocalculturalrelicssurveyorreportedthat many institutions were not willing to declare what they have, although the governmenthassaidthatthesurveywillnotaffecttheownershipoftheitems.In additiontothis,thelackofpropertechnology,professionalpersonnelandfunds are a problem. This is probably the reason why many institutions rely on professionaldocumentscanningservices.Companiesofferingsuchservices arewellequippedwiththenecessarytechnologyandmanpowertoprovidetheir clientswithcosteffectivesolutions. Preservingculturalheritageisessentialtoprotectasenseofidentityinthis culturallydiverseworld.Avirtualvisittoalibraryormuseumoffersrealtime onlineaccesstoobjectsofculturalheritage.Archive,museums,librariesand culturalinstitutionsinmanycountriesaregoingdigitaltopreservetheirprecious materials. www.managedoutsource.com 18006702809 </li> </ul>