Aldous Huxley Brave New World

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<ul><li>1.Aldous Huxley:Brave New World Aldous Huxley(1894-1963)</li></ul> <p>2. Aldous Huxley:Brave New World ( : ) 3. Aldous Huxley:Brave New World ( : ) </p> <ul><li> ? </li></ul> <ul><li> ? </li></ul> <ul><li> ? </li></ul> <ul><li> ? </li></ul> <ul><li> ? </li></ul> <ul><li> : ? </li></ul> <p>4. Aldous Huxley:Brave New World ( : ) </p> <ul><li>Aldous Huxley (1894-1963): Brave New World(1932) </li></ul> <ul><li>H.G Wells (1866-1946) : The Time Machine(1895),The Invisible Man(1897), andThe War Of The Worlds(1898). </li></ul> <ul><li>E. M. Forster (1879-1970) : The Machine Stops(1909) </li></ul> <ul><li>1928: </li></ul> <ul><li>1929: </li></ul> <ul><li>George Orwell (1903-1950):Animal Farm(1945),Nineteen Eighty-Four(1949)</li></ul> <p>5. Aldous Huxley:Brave New World ( : ) </p> <ul><li>Dystopian novel </li></ul> <p>6. Aldous Huxley:Brave New World ( : ) </p> <ul><li>Henry Ford (1863-1947 ) </li></ul> <p>7. Aldous Huxley:Brave New World ( : ) </p> <ul><li>The Assembly Line( ) </li></ul> <ul><li>The innovation sequence leading to the moving assembly line went like this:</li></ul> <ul><li>From 1910 , when Henry Ford opened the 60-acre Highland Park plant, the company had a policy of replacing machines producing parts as quickly as the tool room could develop those specialized, single purpose machines that so greatly improved the production rates for parts. The Ford tool room was a major center for innovation in machining and tooling. They built the machines that made the plant go. The new specialized machines for producing parts were positioned strategically according to 'what' they produced in order to produce parts as close to the assembly area as possible.By 1914 , the tool room had built and installed 15,000 of its special purpose machines. They were installed in a line parallel to the chassis assembly area. Workers on the production machines dropped their parts into bins lined up between their own work area and the assembly area. </li></ul> <ul><li>The parts runners carried parts and sub-assemblies from the centrally located parts bins to the assembly areas, but they had trouble keeping up with the pace set by either the parts producers or the assemblers unless they were just swarming all over the place. When there were too many runners, the parts really didn't seem to get delivered any faster--there was just more confusion.</li></ul> <p>8. Aldous Huxley:Brave New World ( : ) </p> <ul><li>The Assembly Line( ) </li></ul> <ul><li>Clarence Avery , the scientific management specialist Ford hired in1912 , suggested installingconveyor belts ( )to take parts from the production areas to the assembly areas more quickly. That cut out the need for so many runners and made things flow better. Next (by early1913 ) the bottleneck showed up in key sub assemblies, particularly the fly-wheel magneto C&amp;S talk about, but also with engines and transmissions. All the other parts could be produced faster and delivered to the assembly areas more quickly than these key components. Moreover, the assemblers still had an easy time. They could work very comfortably at the rates determined by the delivery of the key sub assemblies.</li></ul> <p>9. Aldous Huxley:Brave New World ( : ) </p> <ul><li>The Assembly Line( ) </li></ul> <ul><li>By mid1913 , the production people set up moving assembly lines for the magnetos, the engines, and the transmissions. As C&amp;S indicate, the assembly time for the magnetos (total labor hour inputs / no. of magnetos produced) dropped from 20 minutes to 5 minutes as a result. Now the magneto line, the engine line, and the transmission line could turn out their assemblies as fast as all the other parts people, but the assembly teams on the chassis line couldn't deal with all the parts pouring into the assembly areas on the conveyor belts.</li></ul> <p>10. Aldous Huxley:Brave New World ( : ) </p> <ul><li>The Assembly Line( ) </li></ul> <ul><li>By December 1913, the plant people had set up the experiment withwinches and ropes ( )pulling the chassis down a line where the assemblers stood in one place with their parts piles. They put on their wheels, or fenders, or whatever, as each chassis moved past them. In other words, the innovation reversed the old process in which the workers moved in teams down the line receiving their parts at each chassis as they arrived. One of the primary features of the new process is that all work--or as much as possible--was arranged so workers used their tools at waist height--a clear innovation thatAveryintroduced on the basis of the Gilbreth motion studies.</li></ul> <p>11. Aldous Huxley:Brave New World ( : ) </p> <ul><li>The Assembly Line( ) </li></ul> <ul><li>The1914improvements C&amp;S mention, which dropped assembly time to 90 minutes, resulted from the fact that the rope and winch system was really only used for one month. It proved so successful that inJanuary 1914the Ford production engineersinstalled thecontinuous chainto keep the chassis line moving . Working out the 'bugs'dropped the time very rapidlyfrom the6 hrsusing the winches--a dramatic drop from the17 hr.labor input in the old moving team system.</li></ul> <p>12. Aldous Huxley:Brave New World ( : ) </p> <ul><li> ? </li></ul> <ul><li>1. </li></ul> <ul><li>2. </li></ul> <ul><li>3. </li></ul> <ul><li>4. </li></ul> <ul><li>5. </li></ul> <p>13. Aldous Huxley:Brave New World ( : ) </p> <p>14. Aldous Huxley:Brave New World ( : ) </p> <ul><li> ( ) </li></ul> <ul><li>BERNARD MARX </li></ul> <ul><li>Asleep-learning specialistat the Hatchery and Conditioning Centre. Bernard is amisfit . He is unusually short for an Alpha; an accident with alcohol in Bernard's blood-surrogate before his decanting has left himslightly stunted . Bernard's independence of mind stems more from hisinferiority-complexand depressive nature than any depth of philosophical conviction. </li></ul> <p>15. Aldous Huxley:Brave New World ( : ) </p> <ul><li> ( ) </li></ul> <ul><li>JOHN THE SAVAGE </li></ul> <ul><li>Theillicit sonof the Director and Linda. He was born and reared on theSavage Reservation ("Malpais")afterLinda was unwittingly left behind by her errant lover . John the Savage isan outsider both onthe Reservation - where the ignorant natives still practise marriage, natural birth, family life and religion - and the ostensibly civilised Brave New World: a totalitarian welfare-state based on principles of stability and happiness, albeit happiness of a shallow and insipid nature. The Savage has read nothing butThe Complete Works of William Shakespeare .</li></ul> <p>16. Aldous Huxley:Brave New World ( : ) </p> <ul><li> ( ) </li></ul> <ul><li>LENINA CROWNE </li></ul> <ul><li>A young, beautiful and sexually liberated Alpha. Lenina is a popular and promiscuousvaccination-workerat the Hatchery and Conditioning Centre. Somewhat quirky - she normally dates only one person at a time - Lenina is basically happy and well-conditioned. Sheuses soma to suppress unwelcome emotions . Lenina has a date with Bernard, to whom she feels ambivalently attracted; and she goes to the Reservation with him. On returning with relief to civilisation, she tries and fails to seduce John the Savage. The Savage loves and desires Lenina; but owing to his quixotic nature, he is repelled by her forwardness and the prospect of pre-marital sex. So he casts her aside as an " impudent strumpet ".</li></ul> <p>17. Aldous Huxley:Brave New World ( : ) </p> <ul><li> ( ) </li></ul> <ul><li>HELMHOLTZ WATSON </li></ul> <ul><li>Handsome and successfulAlpha-plus lecturer at the College of Emotional Engineering . Helmholtz is a friend of Bernard. He isrestive at the stifling conformismandphilistinismof theWorld State . Not least, he feels unfulfilled writing endless propaganda doggerel. Helmholtz is ultimately exiled to an Island - a cold asylum fordisaffectedAlpha-plus non-conformists - after reading a heretical poem to his students on the virtues of solitude.</li></ul> <p>18. Aldous Huxley:Brave New World ( : ) </p> <ul><li> ( )</li></ul> <ul><li>THOMAS / 'TOMAKIN', 'THE DIRECTOR </li></ul> <ul><li>Administratorin the year 632AF of the Central London Hatchery and Conditioning Centre. The Director runs afuturistic baby-factorywhere theassembly-lineproduction ofgenetic castesisstreamlined and controlled , and maturing youngsters arebrainwashedvianeo-Pavlovian conditioning and hypnopaedia ["sleep-learning"]into being happy with their state-allotted roles in life.</li></ul> <p>19. Aldous Huxley:Brave New World ( : ) </p> <ul><li> ( ) </li></ul> <ul><li>MUSTAPHA MOND </li></ul> <ul><li>Resident World Controller of Western Europe . He presides over one of theten zones of the World State , the global government set up after thecataclysmic Nine Years' War and great Economic Collapse . Sophisticated and good-natured, His Fordship is an urbane and hyperintelligentapologist for Brave New Worldand its velvet-gloved totalitarianism.</li></ul> <p>20. Aldous Huxley:Brave New World ( : ) </p> <ul><li> : </li></ul> <ul><li>MUSTAPHA MOND ARGUES: </li></ul> <ul><li>The Controller arguesthat art, literature and scientific freedom must be sacrificedin order to secure the ultimate utilitarian goal ofmaximising societal happiness . He defends thegenetic caste system ,behavioural conditioningand the lack ofpersonal freedomin the World State as a price worth paying for achieving social stability.Stability is the highest social virtuebecause it leads to lasting happiness.</li></ul> <p>21. Aldous Huxley:Brave New World ( : ) </p> <ul><li> ( / ) </li></ul> <ul><li>LINDA </li></ul> <ul><li>Ageingmother of John the Savage . Linda isa Beta-minusleft behind for dead after a storm on the Reservation whileshe was pregnant with the Director's child . Linda had been too ashamed to go back on her own initiative to the Other Place with her illegitimate son; but shemisses soma and the comforts of civilisation . She ages and grows fat in the medically primitive conditions of the Reservation. After returning home with Bernard and her now grown-up child to the world she had lost, Linda ends up in Park LaneHospital for the Dyingafteroverdoing her permanent "soma-holiday". </li></ul> <p>22. Aldous Huxley:Brave New World ( : ) </p> <ul><li> ( ) </li></ul> <ul><li>HENRY FOSTER </li></ul> <ul><li>A young, cheerful, conventional Alpha male. Henry is a scientist, a statistician, andassistantto the Director at the Hatchery and Conditioning Centre. He is one ofLenina's ex-lover s.</li></ul> <p>23. Aldous Huxley:Brave New World ( : ) </p> <ul><li>(quoting intensively from William Shakespeares works) </li></ul> <p>24. Aldous Huxley:Brave New World ( : ) </p> <ul><li> : ? </li></ul> <ul><li>"But I like the inconveniences." </li></ul> <ul><li>"We don't," said the Controller. "We prefer to do things comfortably." </li></ul> <ul><li>"But I don't want comfort. I want God, I want poetry, I want real danger, I want freedom, I want goodness. I want sin." </li></ul> <ul><li>"In fact," said Mustapha Mond, "you're claiming the right to be unhappy." </li></ul> <ul><li>"All right then," said the Savage defiantly, "I'm claiming the right to be unhappy." </li></ul> <ul><li>"Not to mention the right to grow old and ugly and impotent; the right to have syphillis and cancer; the right to have too little to eat; the right to be lousy; the right to live in constant apprehension of what may happen tomorrow; the right to catch typhoid; the right to be tortured by unspeakable pains of every kind." There was a long silence. </li></ul> <ul><li>"I claim them all," said the Savage at last. </li></ul> <ul><li>Mustapha Mond shrugged his shoulders. "You're welcome," he said. </li></ul> <p>25. Aldous Huxley:Brave New World ( : ) </p> <ul><li> : ? </li></ul> <ul><li> ? </li></ul> <ul><li> ? </li></ul> <ul><li> ? </li></ul> <ul><li> ? </li></ul> <ul><li> ? ? </li></ul> <p>26. Aldous Huxley:Brave New World ( : ) </p> <ul><li> ( 73 ) </li></ul> <ul><li>7: -- </li></ul> <ul><li>7: (conditioning)-Skinner </li></ul> <ul><li>9: 632 (A F 632/A D 2532), incubator/incubation </li></ul> <ul><li>10: (eugenics) </li></ul> <ul><li>11: X-ray </li></ul> <p>27. Aldous Huxley:Brave New World ( : ) </p> <ul><li>12: 15000 </li></ul> <ul><li>14: </li></ul> <ul><li>16:220m x 200m x 10m </li></ul> <ul><li>17: </li></ul> <ul><li>18: </li></ul> <ul><li>18-19: </li></ul> <ul><li>20: </li></ul> <ul><li>20: </li></ul> <p>28. Aldous Huxley:Brave New World ( : ) </p> <ul><li>24-26: </li></ul> <ul><li>27: Ford as God </li></ul> <ul><li>27-28: </li></ul> <ul><li>29: ( ) 214 AF </li></ul> <ul><li>31: </li></ul> <ul><li>33: </li></ul> <ul><li>35-38: </li></ul> <p>29. Aldous Huxley:Brave New World ( : ) </p> <ul><li>38: </li></ul> <ul><li>40: </li></ul> <ul><li>43: fling </li></ul> <ul><li>43: </li></ul> <ul><li>44: FreudFord </li></ul> <ul><li>45: sex mates </li></ul> <ul><li>45-47: </li></ul> <p>30. Aldous Huxley:Brave New World ( : ) </p> <ul><li>48: </li></ul> <ul><li>49: </li></ul> <ul><li>53-54: </li></ul> <ul><li>55: genecide(59) </li></ul> <ul><li>60: TR Malthus belt </li></ul> <ul><li>65: Soma </li></ul> <ul><li>66: </li></ul> <ul><li>72: </li></ul> <ul><li>83: </li></ul> <p>31. Aldous Huxley:Brave New World ( : ) </p> <ul><li>85: </li></ul> <ul><li>86: </li></ul> <ul><li>87: </li></ul> <ul><li>88: </li></ul> <ul><li>89: </li></ul> <ul><li>101: </li></ul> <ul><li>104: </li></ul> <p>32. Aldous Huxley:Brave New World ( : ) </p> <ul><li>107: </li></ul> <ul><li>109: </li></ul> <ul><li>111: 56 </li></ul> <ul><li>115: </li></ul> <ul><li>125: John </li></ul> <ul><li>128: Linda </li></ul> <ul><li>135: / </li></ul> <ul><li>141: quotations begin here </li></ul> <ul><li>143: Oedipus complex </li></ul> <p>33. Aldous Huxley:Brave New World ( : ) </p> <ul><li>147: Tomorrow </li></ul> <ul><li>150-151: BNW (fromThe Tempest ) </li></ul> <ul><li>160-161: Linda </li></ul> <ul><li> : </li></ul> <ul><li>Linda = = </li></ul> <ul><li>169: ? </li></ul> <p>34. Aldous Huxley:Brave New World ( : ) </p> <ul><li>179: John </li></ul> <ul><li>180: </li></ul> <ul><li>182: John </li></ul> <ul><li>189: Sanction on publication </li></ul> <ul><li>193: </li></ul> <ul><li>197: Shakespeares skill of propaganda </li></ul> <ul><li>201: </li></ul> <p>35. Aldous Huxley:Brave New World ( : ) </p> <ul><li>209: great quotations from Shakespeare </li></ul> <ul><li>210: John </li></ul> <ul><li>216: </li></ul> <ul><li>220: </li></ul> <ul><li>224: Linda </li></ul> <ul><li>228: John </li></ul> <ul><li>232: ( ) </li></ul> <p>36. Aldous Huxley:Brave New World ( : ) </p> <ul><li>235-260: </li></ul> <ul><li>224: </li></ul> <ul><li>247: </li></ul> <ul><li>261: John </li></ul> <ul><li>280: John </li></ul> <p>37. Aldous Huxley:Brave New World ( : ) </p>