Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicles: Beginning the Commercial Launch Bill Elrick Technical Program Director

Hydrogen Station Design from CaFCP

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Bill Elrick's presentation from the GNA/ACT Expo webinar on February 19, 2014. Bill gives an overview of hydrogen stations in California, commonly used equipment, and codes and standards information.

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Page 1: Hydrogen Station Design from CaFCP

Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicles:Beginning the Commercial Launch

Bill Elrick

Technical Program Director

Page 2: Hydrogen Station Design from CaFCP

Why hydrogen?

• Excellent energy carrier• Nonpolluting• Reduced GHGs• Economically competitive• As safe as gasoline • Every region can make its own fuel

Page 4: Hydrogen Station Design from CaFCP

The cars are coming

Page 5: Hydrogen Station Design from CaFCP


Other fuel cell applications

• Transit» Already meet or exceed US DOE

performance and reliability goals» Next focus on cost reduction and full

replacement of conventional fleet

• Medium- and heavy-duty» US DOE development of new FC platforms» Seeking volunteer fleets for demonstrations

• Material handling and lift trucks» Capabilities and cost effectiveness has led to private

company transition without co-funding (Sysco, FedEx, Whole Foods, BMW, etc)

Page 6: Hydrogen Station Design from CaFCP


California hydrogen infrastructure goals

• 68 stations –minimum to start the market (CaFCP Roadmap)» Clusters – 45 stations

• Santa Monica and West LA• Torrance and Nearby Coastal Cities• Coastal / Southern Orange County• South San Francisco Bay Area • Berkeley

» Connectors » Destinations

• 100 stations –facilitate market growth (AB8)» Expansion of cluster, connector & destination station

communities » Develop new communities

} 23 stations

Page 7: Hydrogen Station Design from CaFCP


Hydrogen stations are:

• Public stations» Dispensers & storage equip added to existing gas

stations» Purpose-built stations (only for H2)

• Private stations for fueling company vehicles» Transit buses» Forklifts

On-site production Tanker delivery

Page 8: Hydrogen Station Design from CaFCP


Retail hydrogen stations

Harbor City• Retail fueling location• Gaseous H2 delivery• ~1200-1500 sq ft


Newport Beach• Retail fueling location• Onsite production (SMR)• Two dispensers on an

island under the canopy

Page 9: Hydrogen Station Design from CaFCP


Co-located hydrogen stations

Emeryville – transit & public fueling• Buses fueled inside fenced yard

» Hydrogen delivered as liquid• Cars access fuel from street

» Hydrogen produced using solar power

Page 10: Hydrogen Station Design from CaFCP

Renewable hydrogen stations

Fountain Valley • H2 from wastewater• 100kg/day of H2 for

vehicles• Produces 11% of the

facility’s electricity and provides heat for wastewater treatment

Page 11: Hydrogen Station Design from CaFCP


Hydrogen station equipment


Liquid Pipeline


• Compressor• Buffer storage

• Booster compression

(opt)• Chiller

• Dispenser

• Gaseous compressed


• Liquid storage

• Vaporizer

• H2 supply • Scrubber

• NG supply• SMR unit• PSA

• Electrical supply

• H20 purifier• Electrolyzer

• Smaller footprint

• Flexible placement• Least

storage capacity

• Greater storage capacity

• Larger footprint• Fuel boil off


• Larger capacity

• Larger footprint

• More equip.

• On site production

• Larger capacity• More expensive

• On site production• Carbon credits• Larger footprint• More expensive

Page 12: Hydrogen Station Design from CaFCP


Station zoning, codes, & permitting• Primary permitting guidelines established:

» California Fire Code» NFPA 55 – Gaseous & Liquid Hydrogen Storage» NFPA 52 – Vehicle Fuel Dispensing

• NFPA 2 – Hydrogen Technologies Code» H2 safety» Installation & operation of H2 fueling stations» Associated hydrogen storage and repair facilities

• Typically, adding H2 fueling to existing station is “by right” process w/no zoning changes

Page 13: Hydrogen Station Design from CaFCP


Workshops, training and resources• California Fuel Cell Partnership

» Fire and Safety Resources, Permitting Workshops

• US Dept of Energy and NREL» Intro to H2 for Code Officials, H2 Station Development &

Setbacks, Codes & Standards for CA H2 Dispensing, National C&S Template

• State of California » ZEV Action Plan,

ZEV Community Guidebook

• Clean Cities Fuel Retailers Toolkit

Page 14: Hydrogen Station Design from CaFCP


Projected hydrogen station costs• Argonne Ntl Lab

• 25 unit serial production, 200 kg/day capacity

• Based upon station builder feedback and predictions

• Release in 2014

Page 15: Hydrogen Station Design from CaFCP


Station funding

• California» Stations co-funded by CEC - up to 70% of capital

costs and 3 years O&M in recent solicitation» AB8 secures $20M/yr for up to 100 stations» SCAQMD funds for upgrading existing stations» Clean Vehicle Rebate Program

• Federal» 10% federal credit for alternative fueling

properties» EV tax credit» Clean vehicle fleet rebates

• Many, many more…

Page 16: Hydrogen Station Design from CaFCP


In summary

• Vehicles ready to launch

• Basic safety codes and standards established

• Many applications to consider» Passenger cars, M/HD, transit, forklift, stationary, etc

• Retail focused infrastructure» Consider leveraging these public access locations first

• Resources and materials exist» CaFCP

» California (Gov’s office, ARB, CEC) and other states

» DOE, National Labs and H2USA


FCEVs – the next step in the evolution of electric drive!