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HITACHI ZAXIS 600 EXCAVATOR Operator manual

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Text of HITACHI ZAXIS 600 EXCAVATOR Operator manual

INTRODUCTION
Read this manual carefully to learn how to operate and service your machine correctly. Failure to do so could result in personal injury or machine damage.
This standard specification machine can be operated under the following conditions without being modified. Atmospheric Temperature: -20°C to 45°C (-4°F to 113°F) Altitude: 0 m to 2000 m (0 ft to 6600 ft)
In case the machine is used under conditions other than described above, consult your nearest Hitachi dealer.
This manual should be considered a permanent part of your machine and should remain with the machine when you sell it.
This machine is of metric design. Measurements in this manual are metric. Use only metric hardware and tools as specified.
Right-hand and left-hand sides are determined by facing in the direction of forward travel.
Write product identification numbers in the Machine Numbers section. Accurately record all the numbers to help in tracing the machine should it be stolen. Your dealer also needs these numbers when you order parts. If this manual is kept on the machine, also file the identification numbers in a secure place off the machine.
Warranty is provided as a part of Hitachi's support program for customers who operate and maintain their equipment as described in this manual. The warranty is explained on the warranty certificate which you should have received from your dealer. This warranty provides you the assurance that Hitachi will back its products where defects appear within the warranty period. In some circumstances, Hitachi also provides field improvements, often without charge to the customer, even if the product is out of warranty. Should the equipment be abused, or modified to change its performance beyond the original factory specifications, the warranty will become void and field improvements may be denied. Setting fuel delivery above specifications or otherwise overpowering machines will result in such action.
Only qualified, experienced operators officially licensed (according to local law) should be allowed to operate the machine. Moreover, only officially licensed personnel should be allowed to inspect and service the machine.
Prior to operating this machine in a country other than a country of its intended use, it may be necessary to make modifications to it so that it complies with the local standards (including safety standards) and requirements of that particular country. Please do not operate this machine outside of the country of its intended use until such compliance has been confirmed. Please contact Hitachi Construction Machinery Co., Ltd. or any of our authorized distributor or dealer if you have any questions concerning compliance.
MACHINE NUMBERS
MODEL/TYPE:
TYPE:
TYPE:
Marks to indicate the start and end of the PIN
MACHINE NUMBERS
TYPE:
TYPE:
TYPE:
TYPE:
TYPE:
Remove Paint Before Welding or Heating........ S-26 Prevent Battery Explosions............................... S-27 Service Air Conditioning System Safely............ S-27 Handle Chemical Products Safely .................... S-28 Dispose of Waste Properly ............................... S-28
SAFETY SIGNS................................... S-29
COMPONENTS NAME .......................... 1-1
OPERATOR’S STATION Cab Features .......................................................1-3 Monitor Panel.......................................................1-4 Coolant Temperature Gauge .......................1-5 Fuel Gauge ..................................................1-5 Auto-Idle Indicator..........................................1-5 Auto-Acceleration Indicator ...........................1-5 Fuel Level Indicator .......................................1-6 Air Filter Restriction Indicator ........................1-6 Overheat Indicator .........................................1-6 Engine Oil Pressure Indicator........................1-6 Alternator Indicator ........................................1-6 Engine Oil Level Indicator..............................1-7 Coolant Level Indicator ..................................1-7 Preheat Indicator ...........................................1-7 Preciston Mode Indicator...............................1-7 Auto-Lubrication Indicator..............................1-7 Liquid Crystal Display (LCD)..........................1-8 Display Selection Switch................................1-8 Hour Meter.....................................................1-8 Trip Meter 1 and Trip Meter 2........................1-9 User’s Mode ..................................................1-9 Set Switch....................................................1-10 Work Mode Switch ......................................1-11 Switch Panel ....................................................1-12 Engine Control Dial......................................1-12 Auto-Idle/Acceleration Selector ...................1-13 Power Mode Switch .....................................1-14 Travel Mode Switch .....................................1-14 Work Light Switch........................................1-15 Wiper/Washer Switch ZAXIS600, 600LC....1-16 Wiper/Washer Switch ZAXIS650H, 650LCH ............................1-17 Switch Panel (Optional) .....................................1-18 Key Switch .........................................................1-20 Power Boost Switch ...........................................1-20 Horn Switch........................................................1-20 Cigar Lighter ......................................................1-21 Cab Light............................................................1-22 Installing Fire Extinguisher.................................1-22 Pilot Control Shut-Off Lever...............................1-23 Engine Stop Knob..............................................1-23 Fuse Box............................................................1-24 Air Conditioner Operation ..................................1-25 Auto Air Conditioner...........................................1-26
BREAK-IN Observe Engine Operation Closely ..................... 2-1 Every Eight Hours or Daily .................................. 2-1 After The First 50 Hours...................................... 2-1 After The First 100 Hours.................................... 2-1
OPERATING THE ENGINE Inspect Machine Daily Before Starting ................ 3-1 Before Starting Engine ........................................ 3-2 Level Check......................................................... 3-3 Starting the Engine.............................................. 3-4 Starting in Cold Weather ..................................... 3-5 Check Instruments After Starting ........................ 3-6 Using Booster Batteries....................................... 3-7 Stopping the Engine ............................................ 3-9
DRIVING THE MACHINE Drive the Machine Carefully ................................ 4-1 Steering the Machine Using Pedals .................... 4-2 Steering the Machine Using Levers .................... 4-3 Travel Mode Switch............................................. 4-4 Travel Alarm (Optional) ....................................... 4-4 Traveling.............................................................. 4-5 Operating on Soft Ground ................................... 4-6 Raise One Track Using Boom and Arm.............. 4-6 Towing Machine a Short Distance....................... 4-7 Operating in Water or Mud.................................. 4-8 Precautions for Traveling on Slopes ................... 4-9 Parking the Machine on Slopes......................... 4-10 Parking the Machine.......................................... 4-10
OPERATING THE MACHINE Control Lever (ISO Pattern) ............................... 5-1 Control Lever (HITACHI Pattern) ...................... 5-2
Pilot Control Shut-Off Lever.................................5-3 Engine Speed Control..........................................5-6 Auto-Idle...............................................................5-7 Auto Acceleration.................................................5-8 Work Mode ........................................................5-10 Power Boost.......................................................5-10 Power Mode.......................................................5-11 Precautions for Operations ................................5-12 Operate the Machine Safely ..............................5-13 Operating Backhoe ............................................5-14 Grading Operation .............................................5-14 Face Shovel Operation ......................................5-15 Avoid Abusive Operation ...................................5-15 Operating Tips ...................................................5-16 Select Correct Track Shoes...............................5-16 Precaution for Arm Roll-In/ Bucket Roll-In Combined Operation ...................................5-17 Object Handling --- If Equipped .........................5-18 Electronic Control System Bypass Procedure ...5-20 Overnight Storage Instructions ..........................5-21
MAINTENANCE Correct Maintenance and Inspection Procedures............................7-1 Check the Hour Meter Regularly .........................7-2 Use Correct Fuels and Lubricants .......................7-2 Prepare Machine for Maintenance.......................7-3
CONTENTS
Check Compressor Belt Tension.................7-65 Clean Condenser Core................................7-66 Check Looseness at Each of Fastened Areas .....................................7-66 Check In-Season and Off-Season...............7-67 I. Electrical System .......................................7-68 Batteries.......................................................7-68 Replace Batteries ........................................7-72 Replacing Fuses..........................................7-72 Connecting Batteries ...................................7-73 J Miscellaneous ............................................7-74 Check Bucket Teeth ....................................7-75 Change Bucket ..........................................7-80 Convert Bucket Connection Into Face Shovel...........................................7-81 Adjust the Bucket Linkage (Backhoe) .........7-82 Remove the Travel Levers ..........................7-83 Check and Replace Seat Belt ....................7-84 Check Windshield Washer Fluid Level........7-84 Check Track Sag.........................................7-85 Adjust Track Sag .........................................7-85 Loosen the Track.........................................7-86 Tighten the Track.........................................7-86 Replace the Track .......................................7-86 Clean Cab Floor...........................................7-87 Check Tightening Torque of Bolts and Nuts ................................................7-88
MAINTENANCE UNDER SPECIAL ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS Maintenance Under Special Environmental Conditions..............................9-1
STORAGE Storing the Machine...........................................10-1 Removing the Machine from Storage ................10-2 Installing Vandal-Proof Covers ..........................10-3 Help Prevent Crime ...........................................10-4 Record Identification Numbers ..........................10-4 Keep Proof of Ownership...................................10-4 Park Indoors out of sight....................................10-4 When Parking Outdoors ....................................10-5 Reduce Vandalism.............................................10-5 Report Thefts Immediately.................................10-5
TROUBLESHOOTING Engine ...............................................................11-1 Electrical System ...............................................11-5 Mode Selection ..................................................11-8 Control Levers ...................................................11-9 Hydraulic System ...............................................11-9
OPTIONAL ATTACHMENTS AND DEVICES Hydraulic Breaker.............................................. 13-1 Breaker Operation............................................. 13-2 Precautions for Breaker Operation.................... 13-3 Breaker Maintenance ........................................ 13-7 Replace Breaker Circuit Return Oil Filter .......... 13-8 Hydraulic Crusher.............................................. 13-9 Precautions for Crusher Operation ................. 13-11
INDEX ............................................................. 14-1
These are the SAFETY ALERT SYMBOLS.
When you see these symbols on your machine or in this manual, be alert to the potential for personal in- jury.
Follow recommended precautions and safe operating practices.
001-E01A-0001
SA-688
UNDERSTAND SIGNAL WORDS
On machine safety signs, signal words designating the degree or level of hazard - DANGER, WARNING, or CAUTION - are used with the safety alert symbol.
DANGER indicates an imminently hazardous situation which, if not avoided, will result in death or serious in- jury.
WARNING indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if not avoided, could result in death or serious injury.
CAUTION indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if not avoided, may result in minor or moderate injury.
DANGER or WARNING safety signs are located near specific hazards. General precautions are listed on CAUTION safety signs.
Some safety signs don’t use any of the designated signal words above after the safety alert symbol are occasionally used on this machine.
CAUTION also calls attention to safety messages in this manual.
To avoid confusing machine protection with personal safety messages, a signal word IMPORTANT indicates a situation which, if not avoided, could result in damage to the machine.
NOTE indicates an additional explanation for an element of information.
002-E01A-1223
SA-1223
SAFETY
S-2
FOLLOW SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
Carefully read and follow all safety signs on the machine and all safety messages in this manual.
Safety signs should be installed, maintained and re- placed when necessary.
If a safety sign or this manual is damaged or missing, order a replacement from your authorized dealer in the same way you order other replacement parts (be sure to state machine model and serial number when ordering).
Learn how to operate the machine and its controls cor- rectly and safely.
Allow only trained, qualified, authorized personnel to op- erate the machine.
Keep your machine in proper working condition.
Unauthorized modifications of the machine may impair its function and/or safety and affect machine life.
The safety messages in this SAFETY chapter are in- tended to illustrate basic safety procedures of machines. However it is impossible for these safety messages to cover every hazardous situation you may encounter. If you have any questions, you should first consult your supervisor and/or your authorized dealer before operat- ing or performing maintenance work on the machine.
003-E01B-0003
SA-003
PREPARE FOR EMERGENCIES
Be prepared if a fire starts or if an accident occurs.
Keep a first aid kit and fire extinguisher on hand.
Thoroughly read and understand the label attached on the fire extinguisher to use it properly.
To ensure that a fire-extinguisher can be always used when necessary, check and service the fire-extinguisher at the recommended intervals as specified in the fire-extinguisher manual.
Establish emergency procedure guidelines to cope with fires and accidents.
Keep emergency numbers for doctors, ambulance service, hospital, and fire department posted near your telephone.
004-E01A-0437
SA-437
SAFETY
S-3
WEAR PROTECTIVE CLOTHING
Wear close fitting clothing and safety equipment appro- priate to the job.
You may need: A hard hat Safety shoes Safety glasses, goggles, or face shield Heavy gloves Hearing protection Reflective clothing Wet weather gear Respirator or filter mask.
Be sure to wear the correct equipment and clothing for the job. Do not take any chances.
Avoid wearing loose clothing, jewelry, or other items that can catch on control levers or other parts of the machine.
Operating equipment safely requires the full attention of the operator. Do not wear radio or music headphones while operating the machine.
005-E01A-0438
SA-438
PROTECT AGAINST NOISE
Prolonged exposure to loud noise can cause impairment or loss of hearing.
Wear a suitable hearing protective device such as earmuffs or earplugs to protect against objectionable or uncomfortably loud noises.
006-E01A-0434 SA-434
INSPECT MACHINE
Inspect your machine carefully each day or shift by walk- ing around it before you start it to avoid personal injury.
In the walk-around inspection, be sure to cover all
points described in the “PRE-START INSPECTION” chapter in the operator’s manual.
007-E01A-0435 SA-435
GENERAL PRECAUTIONS FOR CAB
Before entering the cab, thoroughly remove all dirt and/or oil from the soles of your work boots. If any controls such as a pedal is operated while with dirt and/or oil on the soles of the operator’s work boots the operator’s foot may slip off the pedal, possibly result- ing in a personal accident.
Don’t leave parts and/or tools lying around the opera- tor’s seat. Store them in their specified locations.
Avoid storing transparent bottles in the cab. Don’t at- tach any transparent type window decorations on the windowpanes as they may focus sunlight, possibly starting a fire.
Refrain from listening to the radio, or using music headphones or mobile telephones in the cab while operating the machine.
Keep all flammable objects and/or explosives away from the machine.
After using the ashtray, always cover it to extinguish the match and/or tobacco.
Don’t leave cigarette lighters in the cab. When the temperature in the cab increases, the lighter may ex- plode.
524-E01A-0000
SAFETY
S-5
Falling is one of the major causes of personal injury.
When you get on and off the machine, always face the machine and maintain a three-point contact with the steps and handrails.
Do not use any controls as handholds.
Never jump on or off the machine. Never mount or dismount a moving machine.
Be careful of slippery conditions on platforms, steps, and handrails when leaving the machine.
008-E01A-0439
SA-439
ADJUST THE OPERATOR’S SEAT
A poorly adjusted seat for either the operator or for the work at hand may quickly fatigue the operator leading to misoperations.
The seat should be adjusted whenever changing the operator for the machine.
The operator should be able to fully depress the ped- als and to correctly operate the control levers with his back against the seat back.
If not, move the seat forward or backward, and check again.
009-E01A-0378
SA-378
SAFETY
S-6
FASTEN YOUR SEAT BELT
If the machine should overturn, the operator may be- come injured and/or thrown from the cab. Additionally the operator may be crushed by the overturning machine, resulting in serious injury or death.
Prior to operating the machine, thoroughly examine webbing, buckle and attaching hardware. If any item is damaged or worn, replace the seat belt or component before operating the machine.
Be sure to remain seated with the seat belt securely fastened at all times when the machine is in operation to minimize the chance of injury from an accident.
We recommend that the seat belt be replaced every three years regardless of its apparent condition.
010-E01A-0237
SA-237
MOVE AND OPERATE MACHINE SAFELY
Bystanders can be run over.
Take extra care not to run over bystanders. Confirm the location of bystanders before moving, swinging, or operating the machine.
Always keep the travel alarm and horn in working con- dition (if equipped). It warns people when the machine starts to move.
Use a signal person when moving, swinging, or oper- ating the machine in congested areas. Coordinate hand signals before starting the machine.
011-E01A-0426
SA-426
SAFETY
S-7
Inappropriate engine starting procedures may cause the machine to runaway, possibly resulting in serious injury or death.
Start the engine only from the operator’s seat.
NEVER start the engine while standing on the track or on ground.
Do not start engine by shorting across starter termi- nals.
Before starting the engine, confirm that all control lev- ers are in neutral.
012-E01B-0444
SA-444
Battery gas can explode, resulting in serious injury.
If the engine must be jump started, be sure to follow the instructions shown in the “OPERATING THE EN- GINE” chapter.
The operator must be in the operator’s seat so that the machine will be under control when the engine starts. Jump starting is a two-person operation.
Never use a frozen battery.
Failure to follow correct jump starting procedures could result in a battery explosion or a runaway ma- chine.
S013-E01A-0032
SA-032
KEEP RIDERS OFF MACHINE
Riders on machine are subject to injury such as being struck by foreign objects and being thrown off the ma- chine.
Only allow the operator on the machine. Keep riders off.
Riders also obstruct the operator’s view, resulting in the machine being operated in an unsafe manner.
014-E01B-0379
SA-379
SAFETY
S-8
INVESTIGATE JOB SITE BEFOREHAND
When working at the edge of an excavation or on a road shoulder, the machine could tip over, possibly resulting in serious injury or death.
Investigate the configuration and ground conditions of the job site beforehand to prevent the machine from falling and to prevent the ground, stockpiles, or banks from collapsing.
Make a work plan. Use machines appropriate to the work and job site.
Reinforce ground, edges, and road shoulders as nec- essary. Keep the machine well back from the edges of excavations and road shoulders.
When working on an incline or on a road shoulder, employ a signal person as required.
Confirm that your machine is equipped a FOPS cab before working in areas where the possibility of falling stones or debris exist.
When the footing is weak, reinforce the ground before starting work.
When working on frozen ground, be extremely alert. As ambient temperatures rise, footing becomes loose and slippery.
Beware the possibility of fire when operating the ma- chine near flammable objects such as dry grass.
015-E01A-0380
SA-380
PROTECT AGAINST FALLING STONES AND DEBRIS
Confirm that your machine is FOPS cab equipped before working in areas where the possibility of falling stones or debris exist.
015-E01A-0380
SA-490
SAFETY
S-9
PROVIDE SIGNALS FOR JOBS INVOLVING MULTIPLE NUMBERS OF MACHINES
For jobs involving multiple numbers of machines, pro- vide signals commonly known by all personnel involved. Also, appoint a signal person to coordinate the job site. Make sure that all personnel obey the signal person’s directions.
018-E01A-0481 SA-481
CONFIRM DIRECTION OF MACHINE TO BE DRIVEN
Incorrect travel pedal/lever operation may result in seri- ous injury death.
Before driving the machine, confirm the position of the undercarriage in relation to the operator’s position. If the travel motors are located in front of the cab, the machine will move in reverse when travel ped- als/levers are operated to the front.
017-E01A-0491 SA-491
Before driving the machine, always confirm that the travel levers/pedals direction corresponds to the direc- tion you wish to drive.
Be sure to detour around any obstructions.
Avoid traveling over obstructions. Soil, fragments of rocks, and/or metal pieces may scatter around the machine. Don’t allow personnel to stay around the machine while traveling.
Driving on a slope may cause the machine to slip or overturn, possibly resulting in serious injury or death.
When driving up or down a slope, keep the bucket facing the direction of travel, approximately 0.5 to 1.0 m (A) above the ground.
If the machine starts to skid or becomes unstable, immediately lower the bucket to the ground and stop.
Driving across the face of a slope or steering on a slope may cause the machine to skid or turnover. If the direction must be changed, move the machine to level ground, then, change the direction to ensure sage operation.
019-E01C-0492
SA-387
SA-388
SA-441
SA-589
SAFETY
S-11
AVOID INJURY FROM ROLLAWAY ACCI-DENTS
Death or serious injury may result if you attempt to mount or stop a moving machine.
To avoid rollaways: Select level ground when possible to park machine.
Do not park the machine on a grade.
Lower the bucket and/or other work tools to the ground.
Turn the auto-idle/acceleration switch and the H/P mode switch off.
Run the engine at slow idle speed without load for 5 minutes to cool down the engine.
Stop the engine and remove the key from the key switch.
Pull the pilot control shut-off lever to LOCK position.
Block both tracks and lower the bucket to the ground. Thrust the bucket teeth into the ground if you must park on a grade.
Position the machine to prevent rolling.
Park a reasonable distance from other machines.
020-E02A-0493
SA-391
SA-392
SAFETY
S-12
AVOID INJURY FROM BACK-OVER AND SWING ACCIDENTS
If any person is present near the machine when backing or swinging the upperstructure, the machine may hit or run over that person, resulting in serious injury or death.
To avoid back-over and swing accidents: Always look around BEFORE YOU BACK UP AND
SWING THE MACHINE. BE SURE THAT ALL BY- STANDERS ARE CLEAR.
Keep the travel alarm in working condition (if equipped). ALWAYS BE ALERT FOR BYSTANDERS MOVING INTO THE WORK AREA. USE THE HORN OR OTHER SIGNAL TO WARN BYSTANDERS BEFORE MOVING MACHINE.
USE A SIGNAL PERSON WHEN BACKING UP IF YOUR VIEW IS OBSTRUCTED. ALWAYS KEEP THE SIGNAL PERSON IN VIEW. Use hand signals, which conform to your local regula- tions, when work conditions require a signal person.
No machine motions shall be made unless signals are clearly understood by both signalman and operator.
Learn the meanings of all flags, signs, and markings used on the job and confirm who has the responsibility for signaling.
Keep windows, mirrors, and lights clean and in good condition.
Dust, heavy rain, fog, etc., can reduce visibility. As visibility decreases, reduce speed and use proper lighting.
Read and understand all operating instructions in the operator’s manual.
021-E01A-0494
SA-383
SA-384
SAFETY
S-13
KEEP PERSON CLEAR FROM WORKING AREA
A person may be hit severely by the swinging front at- tachment or counterweight and/or may be crushed against an other object, resulting in serious injury or death.
Keep all persons clear from the area of operation and machine movement.
Before operating the machine, set up barriers to the sides and rear area of the bucket swing radius to pre- vent anyone from entering the work area.
022-E01A-0386 SA-386
NEVER POSITION BUCKET OVER ANYONE
Never lift, move, or swing bucket above anyone or a truck cab. Serious injury or machine damage may result due to bucket load spill or due to collision with the bucket.
023-E01A-0487 SA-487
AVOID UNDERCUTTING
In order to retreat from the edge of an excavation if the footing should collapse, always position the undercar- riage perpendicular to the edge of the excavation with the travel motors at the rear.
If the footing starts to collapse and if retreat is not pos-
sible, do not panic. Often, the machine can be secured by lowering the front attachment, in such cases.
024-E01A-0488 SA-488
AVOID TIPPING
DO NOT ATTEMPT TO JUMP CLEAR OF TIPPING MACHINE --- SERIOUS OR FATAL CRUSHING INJU- RIES WILL RESULT
MACHINE WILL TIP OVER FASTER THAN YOU CAN JUMP FREE
FASTEN YOUR SEAT BELT
The danger of tipping is always present when operating on a grade, possibly resulting in serious injury or death.
To avoid tipping: Be extra careful before operating on a grade.
Prepare machine operating area flat.
Keep the bucket low to the ground and close to the machine.
Reduce operating speeds to avoid tipping or slipping.
Avoid changing direction when traveling on grades.
NEVER attempt to travel across a grade steeper than 15 degrees if crossing the grade is unavoidable.
Reduce swing speed as necessary when swinging loads.
Be careful when working on frozen ground. Temperature increases will cause the ground to be-
come soft and make ground travel unstable.
025-E01B-0495
SA-012
SA-440
NEVER UNDERCUT A HIGH BANK
The edges could collapse or a land slide could occur causing serious injury or death.
026-E01A-0489
SA-489
SAFETY
S-15
DIG WITH CAUTION
Accidental severing of underground cables or gas lines may cause an explosion and/or fire, possibly resulting in serious injury or death.
Before digging check the location of cables, gas lines, and water lines.
Keep the minimum distance required, by law, from ca- bles, gas lines, and water lines.
If a fiber optic cable should be accidentally severed, do not look into the end. Doing so may result in seri- ous eye injury.
Contact your local “diggers hot line” if available in your area , and/or the utility companies directly. Have them mark all underground utilities.
027-E01A-0382
SA-382
OPERATE WITH CAUTION
If the front attachment or any other part of the machine hits against an overhead obstacle, such as a bridge, both the machine and the overhead obstacle will be damaged, and personal injury may result as well.
Take care to avoid hitting overhead obstacles with the boom or arm.
028-E01A-0389 SA-389
AVOID POWER LINES
Serious injury or death can result if the machine or front attachments are not kept a safe distance from electric lines.
When operating near an electric line, NEVER move any part of the machine or load closer than 3 m plus twice the line insulator length.
Check and comply with any local regulations that may apply.
Wet ground will expand the area that could cause any person on it to be affected by electric shock. Keep all bystanders or co-workers away from the site.
029-E01A-0381
SA-381
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OBJECT HANDLING
If a lifted load should fall, any person nearby may be struck by the falling load or may be crushed underneath it, resulting in serious injury or death.
When using the machine for craning operations, be sure to comply with all local regulations.
Do not use damaged chains or frayed cables, sables, slings, or ropes.
Before craning, position the upperstructure with the travel motors at the rear.
Move the load slowly and carefully. Never move it sud- denly.
Keep all persons will away from the load.
Never move a load over a person’s head.
Do not allow anyone to approach the load until it is safely and securely situated on supporting blocks or on the ground.
Never attach a sling or chain to the bucket teeth. They may come off, causing the load to fall.
030-E01A-0014
SA-014
PROTECT AGAINST FLYING DEBRIS
If flying debris hit eyes or any other part of the body, se- rious injury may result.
Guard against injury from flying pieces of metal or de- bris; wear goggles or safety glasses.
Keep bystanders away from the working area before striking any object.
031-E01A-0432 SA-432
Lower bucket to the ground.
Turn auto-idle/acceleration switch and H/P mode switch off.
Run engine at slow idle speed without load for 5 min- utes.
Turn key switch to OFF to stop engine.
Remove the key from the key switch.
Pull the pilot control shut-off lever to the LOCK posi- tion.
Close windows, roof vent, and cab door.
Lock all access doors and compartments.
033-E08B-0390
SA-390
HANDLE FLUIDS SAFELY AVOID FIRES
Handle fuel with care; it is highly flammable. If fuel ig- nites, an explosion and/or a fire may occur, possibly re- sulting in serious injury or death.
Do not refuel the machine while smoking or when near open flame or sparks.
Always stop the engine before refueling the machine.
Fill the fuel tank outdoors.
All fuels, most lubricants, and some coolants are flam- mable.
Store flammable fluids well away from fire hazards.
Do not incinerate or puncture pressurized containers.
Do not store oily rags; they can ignite and burn spon- taneously.
Securely tighten the fuel and oil filler cap.
034-E01A-0496
SA-018
SA-019
SAFETY
S-18
Keep the work area clean and dry.
Do not spray water or steam inside cab.
Never lubricate or service the machine while it is mov- ing.
Keep hands, feet and clothing away from power-driven parts.
Before servicing the machine: 1. Park the machine on a level surface.
2. Lower the bucket to the ground.
3. Turn the auto-idle/acceleration switch off.
4. Run the engine at slow idle speed without load for 5 minutes.
5. Turn the key switch to OFF to stop engine.
6. Relieve the pressure in the hydraulic system by mov- ing the control levers several times.
7. Remove the key from the switch.
8. Attach a “Do Not Operate” tag on the control lever.
9. Pull the pilot control shut-off lever to the LOCK posi- tion.
10. Allow the engine to cool.
If a maintenance procedure must be performed with the engine running, do not leave machine unattended.
If the machine must be raised, maintain a 90 to 110 angle between the boom and arm. Securely support any machine elements that must be raised for service work.
Never work under a machine raised by the boom.
Inspect certain parts periodically and repair or replace as necessary. Refer to the section discussing that part in the “MAINTENANCE” chapter of this manual.
Keep all parts in good condition and properly installed.
Fix damage immediately. Replace worn or broken parts. Remove any buildup of grease, oil, or debris.
When cleaning parts, always use nonflammable de- tergent oil. Never use highly flammable oil such as fuel oil and gasoline to clean parts or surfaces.
Disconnect battery ground cable (–) before making adjustments to electrical systems or before performing welding on the machine.
500-E02B-0497
SA-028
SA-527