Videography for Documentary Video

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Material for Lentera Ide workshop 4 February 2012


<ul><li> 1. Videography for Documentary VideoMaterial for Lentera Ide Workshop 20121</li></ul> <p> 2. Presentation Basic composition Elements in documentary video Equipments Suggestions2 3. Basic Composition Principles of videography compositiontechniques are similar to photography Pay attention to point of interest (POI) Pay attention on lighting 3 4. Enhancing POI4 5. Bigger Size5 6. Sharpness6 7. Brightness 7 8. Contrast 8 9. Rule of third9 10. Lighting Optimizing the available light sources:sunlight, room lights Do not direct camera to the light sources, itwill darken the subject For portrait, side lights are better Avoid shooting in the very bright sunlight, bestlighting is before 10am and after 3pm Use custom White Balance 10 11. Elements in Documentary Video Main: interviews or narration Filler: Situations Actual events Acting11 12. Interviews/Narrations (1) Can be done with or without interviewer inthe frame Lentera Ide uses the main actor as a narrator,with gestures as an interviewee person Rule of third mostly applied, with someimprovisation Use tight frames, shallow depth of field (DOF) Steady shots 12 13. Interviews/Narrations (2)Similar to model or portrait photography 13 14. Situations (1) Used to fill the narrations, as a substitution tothe actor scenes Used as a filler between segments (withoutnarrations) Use wide frames, maximum DOF Usually apply some movements: left-right orup-down panning14 15. Situations (2)Similar to landscape photography 15 16. Acting (1) Some functions as situations Sometimes can be use to explain the details inthe narrations Can use wide or tight frames 16 17. Acting (2)Wide frame for acting17 18. Acting (3)Tight frame for acting 18 19. Equipments (1) Cameras that can record in full HD resolution(1080 x 720) DSLR is an advantage: much better lens choices compared to standardhandycam Can freely apply the photography concepts Handycam is needed for long documentationshots19 20. Equipments (2) Always use tripod! Preferable tripods with levers instead ofballhead Sound recorder Reflector to direct the lights Optional light sources: desk lamp, torch light Spare batteries, spare memory card 20 21. Suggestions Put more filler to the narrations instead of theactor interview scenes Put more angles for the interview scenes Explore more situations frames, differentangles, different locations, different events Try high or low angles 21 22. End of presentation22</p>