A visual exploration of Romantic paintings and the history of Romanticism.
<ul><li> 1. RomanticismPaintingA visual exploration of the sublime, awesome, and naturalistic elementsof Romantic art.</li></ul>
<p> 2. What was Romanticism? Romanticism is a bit difficult to pindown, but generally it was an artistic,literary, and intellectual movementthat originated in Europe toward theend of the 18th century and reachedits peak from around 1800 to 1850. The term refers to an idealization ofreality.Caspar David Friedrich, WandererAbove the Sea of Fog, 1818 3. Romantism came to mean Anti Classicaland is somewhat easier to think of as a feeling more than a definition.SOME CHARACTERISTICS OFROMANTICISM ARE: It represented a movement towards the sublime and the picturesque. Nature (Awe of nature). A political shift from the norm and Aristocratic power. The individual as a unique spirit and creative force (genius). Opposition to the industrialization of Europe. An interest in the exotic and primitive. Melancholy. A desire for a new means of artistic expression. 4. The NightmareHenry Fuseli1781One of the firstRomantic paintings andalso one of the first todepict the dark terrainof the humansubconsciousWhy might Fuselihave titled thispainting TheNightmare?Why would he wantto make such apainting? 5. Romanticism in Literature:FRANKENSTEIN!Shelleys novel Frankenstein takes on the Romantic spirit asman becomes a monster wrought by human hands through theadvance of science.Other writers include:Keats, Byron, Blake, and Wordsworth sought to express beauty, glory,adventure, rebellion, and love of natureTo William Wordsworth, poetry should be "the spontaneous overflowof powerful feelings. From the Preface to the 2nd edition of Lyrical Ballads, quoted Day, 2 6. William Turner - Hannibal andHis Army Crossing the Alps - 1812Turners paintings captured the Romantic feeling with their portrayal of landscapes as emotional beings. 7. J.M.W. Turner, The SlaveShip (1840). Oil on canvas. 90.8 122.6 cm,Museum of Fine Arts,Boston.Turners painting, Slave Ship is anexcellent example of a Romantic viewof nature as being both beautiful andawesome.Romantic artists wanted to depictnature, not as a predictable naturalphenomenon, but rather assomething wonderful andmysterious. 8. J.M.W. TurnerDutch Boats in a Gale1801Oil on canvas, 163 x 221 cmNational Gallery, LondonNote the massive blackstorm clouds rolling inand literally pushing theship over. They can beseen as the awesomepower of nature or evenas the darksubconscious blowingagainst reason. 9. W.M. Turner The Burning of the Houses of Lords and Commons, October 16, 18341834-35Oil on canvas, 92 x 123 cmMuseum of Art, PhiladelphiaThe Burning of the Houses of Lordsand Commons is the title of two oilpaintings by J. M. W. Turner,depicting the fire that broke out atthe Houses of Parliament on theevening of 16 October 1834. Turnerhimself witnessed the Burning ofParliament from the south bank ofthe River Thames. He made sketchesusing both pencil and watercolor intwo sketchbooks from differentvantage points, including one from arented boat. 10. Turner: The Burning of the Houses of Lords and Commons 11. Francisco Goya - The Colossus - 1808-1812Edmund Burkes PhilosophicalEnquiry (1757) connected the sublime withexperiences of awe, terror and danger.Burke saw nature as the most sublimeobject, capable of generating the strongestsensations in its beholders. This Romanticconception of the sublime provedinfluential for several generations of artists. 12. Theodore Gericault: Charging Chasseur1812Louvre, ParisWhy would this painting be considered Romantic? 13. Thomas EakinsThe Gross Clinic , 1875Romantic art was meant totouch the audience directly withintense feeling. 14. Tiger and SnakeEugene Delacroix1862 15. Eugene Delacroix - Greece on the Ruinsof Missolonghi - 1827EUGENE DELACROIX- In the midst of the activities that distract me (shootingpartridges in the woods..), when I remember a few lines ofpoetry, when I recall some sublime painting, my spirit isroused to indignation and spurns the vain sustenance of thecommon herd. And in the same way, when I think of those Ilove, my soul clings eagerly to the elusive trace of thesecherished ideas. Yes, I am sure of it, great friendship is likegreat genius, and the remembrance of a great and enduringfriendship is like that of great works of genius. What alife would be that of two great poets who loved each otheras we do! (his friend J. B. Pierret, ed.) That would be toogreat for human kind.-* Eugene Delacroix, source of artist quote on daily life in the woods as youngRomantic artist, in: a letter to his friend J. B. Pierret 18 September 1818, fromthe Forest of Boixe; as quoted in Eugene Delacroix selected letters 1813 1863, ed. and translation Jean Stewart, art Works MFA publications, Museumof Fine Art Boston, 2001, p. 41 16. Casper David FriedrichMonastery Graveyard in the Snow (Cloister Cemetery in the Snow) 1819.Unfortunatley, this painting byFriedrich was destroyed in WWIIby the bombing. All that remainsis this black and white photo. 17. The course of empire: Destruction | Thomas Cole | 1836 18. Combat de chevaliers dans lacampagne (Confrontation ofknights in the countryside),by Eugne Delacroix, 1834. 19. Delacroix,(1830) A young tiger playing with its mother 20. Delacroix,The Battle ofGiaour andHassan, afterByron's Poem, "LeGiaour," 1835 21. The Gleaners, Jean Franois Millet, the Louvre, 1857The Gleaners is considered to bepart of the Realism movementthat developed after Romanticism.Here Millet paints peasant womenwith the dignity and structure ofnoble or mythic heroes.How might the Romanticmovement have influenced thiswork? 22. John William Waterhouse, The Lady of Shalott, 1888, after a poem by Tennyson.This painting is morecorrectly classified asVictorian, but one can alsosee the influence ofRomanticism in it.Do you think Romanticismis still alive today? Can youthink of any recent worksof art that might be seenas Romantic? 23. Andrew Wyeth Wind from the Sea, 1947Note how the birds stitched into the curtains seem to fly in the wind. Where doesthe road lead to?This is a contemporarypainting by AmericanRealist, AndrewWyeth. Discuss howthis painting could (orcould not) beassociated withRomantic ideas. 24. END SLIDE SHOWPRESENTED BY: WWW.BRUCEBLACKART.COM </p>