Nikon d700 digital field guide

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  1. 1. Nikon D700 Digital Field Guide
  2. 2. Nikon D700Digital Field GuideJ. Dennis Thomas
  3. 3. Nikon D700 Digital Field GuidePublished byWiley Publishing, Inc.10475 Crosspoint BoulevardIndianapolis, IN 46256www.wiley.comCopyright 2009 by Wiley Publishing, Inc., Indianapolis, IndianaPublished simultaneously in CanadaISBN: 978-0-470-41320-3Manufactured in the United States of America10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in anyform or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, scanning or otherwise,except as permitted under Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act, withouteither the prior written permission of the Publisher, or authorization through payment of theappropriate per-copy fee to the Copyright Clearance Center, 222 Rosewood Drive, Danvers, MA01923, (978) 750-8400, fax (978) 646-8600. Requests to the Publisher for permission should beaddressed to the Permissions Department, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 111 River Street, Hoboken, NJ07030, (201) 748-6011, fax (201) 748-6008, or online at http://www.wiley.com/go/permissions.LIMIT OF LIABILITY/DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTY: THE PUBLISHER AND THE AUTHOR MAKE NOREPRESENTATIONS OR WARRANTIES WITH RESPECT TO THE ACCURACY OR COMPLETENESSOF THE CONTENTS OF THIS WORK AND SPECIFICALLY DISCLAIM ALL WARRANTIES, INCLUDINGWITHOUT LIMITATION WARRANTIES OF FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. NO WAR-RANTY MAY BE CREATED OR EXTENDED BY SALES OR PROMOTIONAL MATERIALS. THEADVICE AND STRATEGIES CONTAINED HEREIN MAY NOT BE SUITABLE FOR EVERY SITUATION.THIS WORK IS SOLD WITH THE UNDERSTANDING THAT THE PUBLISHER IS NOT ENGAGED INRENDERING LEGAL, ACCOUNTING, OR OTHER PROFESSIONAL SERVICES. IF PROFESSIONALASSISTANCE IS REQUIRED, THE SERVICES OF A COMPETENT PROFESSIONAL PERSON SHOULDBE SOUGHT. NEITHER THE PUBLISHER NOR THE AUTHOR SHALL BE LIABLE FOR DAMAGESARISING HEREFROM. THE FACT THAT AN ORGANIZATION OR WEB SITE IS REFERRED TO INTHIS WORK AS A CITATION AND/OR A POTENTIAL SOURCE OF FURTHER INFORMATION DOESNOT MEAN THAT THE AUTHOR OR THE PUBLISHER ENDORSES THE INFORMATION THE ORGA-NIZATION OF WEB SITE MAY PROVIDE OR RECOMMENDATIONS IT MAY MAKE. FURTHER, READ-ERS SHOULD BE AWARE THAT INTERNET WEB SITES LISTED IN THIS WORK MAY HAVECHANGED OR DISAPPEARED BETWEEN WHEN THIS WORK WAS WRITTEN AND WHEN IT ISREAD.For general information on our other products and services or to obtain technical support, pleasecontact our Customer Care Department within the U.S. at (800) 762-2974, outside the U.S. at (317)572-3993, or fax (317) 572-4002.Wiley also publishes its books in a variety of electronic formats. Some content that appears in printmay not be available in electronic books.Library of Congress Control Number: 2008940370Trademarks: Wiley and the Wiley Publishing logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of JohnWiley & Sons, Inc. and/or its affiliates in the United States and/or other countries, and may not beused without written permission. Nikon is a registered trademark of Nikon Corporation. All othertrademarks are the property of their respective owners. Wiley Publishing, Inc. is not associatedwith any product or vendor mentioned in this book.
  4. 4. About the AuthorJ. Dennis Thomas is a freelance photographer based out of Austin, Texas. Hes been usinga camera for fun and prot for almost 25 years. Schooled in photography rst in high schoolthen at Austin College, he has won numerous awards for both his lm and digital photogra-phy. Denny has a passion for teaching others about photography and teaches black-and-white lm photography to middle school students as well as lighting and digital photographyseminars in Austin. He enjoys all types of photography and his photographic subjects arediverse, from weddings and studio portraits to concerts and extreme sports events. He haswritten six highly successful Digital Field Guides for Wiley Publishing and has another in theworks. His work has been featured in numerous galleries, magazines, and newspapers inthe central Texas area and beyond.
  5. 5. CreditsAcquisitions EditorVice President and Executive GroupCourtney Allen Publisher Richard SwadleyProject EditorJama CarterVice President and Executive Publisher Barry PruettTechnical EditorMichael CorradoProject Coordinator Erin SmithCopy EditorLauren Kennedy Graphics and Production Specialists Andrea HornbergerEditorial ManagerJennifer MayberryRobyn B. SieskyChristin SwinfordBusiness Manager Quality Control TechnicianAmy KniesJohn GreenoughSenior Marketing Manager ProofreadingSandy SmithLinda Quigley Indexing Galen Schroeder
  6. 6. AcknowledgmentsThanks to Courtney, Cricket, Jama, and Laura at Wiley. Thanks to Robert at Precision Camerain Austin for always getting me the camera as soon as it arrives. A special thanks to every-one who appears in my photos, without you the images would have no subject.
  7. 7. Contents at a GlanceAcknowledgments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . viiIntroduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .xixPart I: Using the Nikon D700 ................................. 1Chapter 1: Exploring the Nikon D700 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3Chapter 2: Nikon D700 Essentials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31Chapter 3: Setting Up the Nikon D700 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35Part II: Capturing Great Images with the Nikon D700 .......... 113Chapter 4: Selecting and Using Lenses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .115Chapter 5: Essential Photography Concepts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .141Chapter 6: Working with Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .159Chapter 7: Advanced Shooting Techniques . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .191Chapter 8: Viewing and In-Camera Editing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 225Part III: Appendixes....................................... 235Appendix A: Accessories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .237Appendix B: D700 Specications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 243Appendix C: Online Resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 249Glossary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 251Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 257
  8. 8. ContentsAcknowledgments vii Shooting Info Display 24Chapter 2: Nikon D700Part I: Using the Essentials31Nikon D7001Chapter 1: Exploring the NikonD700 3Exposure Modes31 Programmed Auto32 Aperture Priority33 Shutter Priority 34 Manual 35Metering Modes36D700 FX-format CMOS Sensor 3 Matrix 36 From analog to digital4 Center-weighted38 CMOS versus CCD 4 Spot 39 CCD 4Focus Modes 39 CMOS4 How the D700 autofocus Pixels5 works39 Micro-lenses5Phase detection 40 Interpreting color5Contrast detection40Key Components of the D700 5 Continuous 40 Top of the camera 6 Single 41 Back of the camera8 Manual 41 Front of the camera11Autofocus Area Modes41 Right front12 Single-area AF 42 Left front 13 Dynamic-area AF42 Sides and bottom of camera 149 points43 Right side 1421 points 43 Left side1551 points 43 Bottom 1551 points (3D-tracking) 43Viewnder Display 16 Auto-area AF 43Control Panel 20
  9. 9. ISO Sensitivity 44 Playback Menu 65Auto ISO44Delete 66Noise reduction 45Playback folder67Long exposure NR46Hide image 67High ISO NR 46Display mode 67White Balance 47Image review 68What is Kelvin? 47After delete 68White balance settings48Rotate tall69Picture Controls51Slide show 69Original Picture Controls 51Print set (DPOF) 69Optional Picture Controls 52 Shooting Menu 70Custom Picture Controls 52Shooting menu bank 70JPEG57Reset shooting menu72TIFF59Active folder72Image Size59File naming73Image Quality 59Image quality73NEF (RAW) 60Image size 74Type of compression 60Image area 74Bit depth 61JPEG compression 75Live View 63NEF (RAW) recording75White balance76Chapter 3: Setting Up Using standard WBthe Nikon D70065 settings76Choosing a color temperature 77Preset white balance 78Set Picture Control80Manage Picture Control 81Color space82Active D-Lighting82Vignette control 83Long exp. NR 84High ISO NR84ISO sensitivity settings 85Live view85Multiple exposure85Interval timer shooting86 Custom Settings Menu87Custom setting bank87Reset custom settings87CSM a Autofocus87a1 AF-C priority selection 87a2 AF-S priority selection 88
  10. 10. a3 Dynamic AF area 88 d11 Battery order94a4 Focus tracking with CSM e Bracketing/ash 95 lock-on 89 e1 Flash sync speed95a5 AF activation 89 e2 Flash shutter speed 95a6 AF point illumination 89 e3 Flash cntrl fora7 Focus point built-in ash95 wrap-around 89 e4 Modeling ash96a8 AF point selection89 e5 Auto bracketing set96a9 Built-in AF-assist e6 Auto bracketing illuminator 89(Mode M) 96a10 AF-ON for MB-D10 90 e7 Bracketing order 96CSM b Metering/exposure90CSM f Controls 96b1 ISO sensitivity step f1 Switch 96 value 90 f2 Multi selector centerb2 EV steps for exposure button 97 cntrl.91 f3 Multi selector 98b3 Exp comp/ne tune 91 f4 Photo info/playback98b4 Easy exposuref5 Assign FUNC. button98 compensation91f6 Assign previewb5 Center-weighted area91button100b6 Fine tune optimalf7 Assign AE-L/AF-L exposure91button100CSM c Timers/AE lock 92 f8 Shutter spd &c1 Shutter-release aperture lock 100 button AE-L 92 f9 Customizec2 Auto meter-off delay92command dials 100c3 Self-timer delay92 f10 Release butt