Nikon d700 digital field guide

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<ol><li> 1. Nikon D700 Digital Field Guide </li><li> 2. Nikon D700Digital Field GuideJ. Dennis Thomas </li><li> 3. Nikon D700 Digital Field GuidePublished byWiley Publishing, Inc.10475 Crosspoint BoulevardIndianapolis, IN 46256www.wiley.comCopyright 2009 by Wiley Publishing, Inc., Indianapolis, IndianaPublished simultaneously in CanadaISBN: 978-0-470-41320-3Manufactured in the United States of America10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in anyform or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, scanning or otherwise,except as permitted under Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act, withouteither the prior written permission of the Publisher, or authorization through payment of theappropriate per-copy fee to the Copyright Clearance Center, 222 Rosewood Drive, Danvers, MA01923, (978) 750-8400, fax (978) 646-8600. Requests to the Publisher for permission should beaddressed to the Permissions Department, John Wiley &amp; Sons, Inc., 111 River Street, Hoboken, NJ07030, (201) 748-6011, fax (201) 748-6008, or online at http://www.wiley.com/go/permissions.LIMIT OF LIABILITY/DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTY: THE PUBLISHER AND THE AUTHOR MAKE NOREPRESENTATIONS OR WARRANTIES WITH RESPECT TO THE ACCURACY OR COMPLETENESSOF THE CONTENTS OF THIS WORK AND SPECIFICALLY DISCLAIM ALL WARRANTIES, INCLUDINGWITHOUT LIMITATION WARRANTIES OF FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. NO WAR-RANTY MAY BE CREATED OR EXTENDED BY SALES OR PROMOTIONAL MATERIALS. THEADVICE AND STRATEGIES CONTAINED HEREIN MAY NOT BE SUITABLE FOR EVERY SITUATION.THIS WORK IS SOLD WITH THE UNDERSTANDING THAT THE PUBLISHER IS NOT ENGAGED INRENDERING LEGAL, ACCOUNTING, OR OTHER PROFESSIONAL SERVICES. IF PROFESSIONALASSISTANCE IS REQUIRED, THE SERVICES OF A COMPETENT PROFESSIONAL PERSON SHOULDBE SOUGHT. NEITHER THE PUBLISHER NOR THE AUTHOR SHALL BE LIABLE FOR DAMAGESARISING HEREFROM. THE FACT THAT AN ORGANIZATION OR WEB SITE IS REFERRED TO INTHIS WORK AS A CITATION AND/OR A POTENTIAL SOURCE OF FURTHER INFORMATION DOESNOT MEAN THAT THE AUTHOR OR THE PUBLISHER ENDORSES THE INFORMATION THE ORGA-NIZATION OF WEB SITE MAY PROVIDE OR RECOMMENDATIONS IT MAY MAKE. FURTHER, READ-ERS SHOULD BE AWARE THAT INTERNET WEB SITES LISTED IN THIS WORK MAY HAVECHANGED OR DISAPPEARED BETWEEN WHEN THIS WORK WAS WRITTEN AND WHEN IT ISREAD.For general information on our other products and services or to obtain technical support, pleasecontact our Customer Care Department within the U.S. at (800) 762-2974, outside the U.S. at (317)572-3993, or fax (317) 572-4002.Wiley also publishes its books in a variety of electronic formats. Some content that appears in printmay not be available in electronic books.Library of Congress Control Number: 2008940370Trademarks: Wiley and the Wiley Publishing logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of JohnWiley &amp; Sons, Inc. and/or its affiliates in the United States and/or other countries, and may not beused without written permission. Nikon is a registered trademark of Nikon Corporation. All othertrademarks are the property of their respective owners. Wiley Publishing, Inc. is not associatedwith any product or vendor mentioned in this book. </li><li> 4. About the AuthorJ. Dennis Thomas is a freelance photographer based out of Austin, Texas. Hes been usinga camera for fun and prot for almost 25 years. Schooled in photography rst in high schoolthen at Austin College, he has won numerous awards for both his lm and digital photogra-phy. Denny has a passion for teaching others about photography and teaches black-and-white lm photography to middle school students as well as lighting and digital photographyseminars in Austin. He enjoys all types of photography and his photographic subjects arediverse, from weddings and studio portraits to concerts and extreme sports events. He haswritten six highly successful Digital Field Guides for Wiley Publishing and has another in theworks. His work has been featured in numerous galleries, magazines, and newspapers inthe central Texas area and beyond. </li><li> 5. CreditsAcquisitions EditorVice President and Executive GroupCourtney Allen Publisher Richard SwadleyProject EditorJama CarterVice President and Executive Publisher Barry PruettTechnical EditorMichael CorradoProject Coordinator Erin SmithCopy EditorLauren Kennedy Graphics and Production Specialists Andrea HornbergerEditorial ManagerJennifer MayberryRobyn B. SieskyChristin SwinfordBusiness Manager Quality Control TechnicianAmy KniesJohn GreenoughSenior Marketing Manager ProofreadingSandy SmithLinda Quigley Indexing Galen Schroeder </li><li> 6. AcknowledgmentsThanks to Courtney, Cricket, Jama, and Laura at Wiley. Thanks to Robert at Precision Camerain Austin for always getting me the camera as soon as it arrives. A special thanks to every-one who appears in my photos, without you the images would have no subject. </li><li> 7. Contents at a GlanceAcknowledgments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . viiIntroduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .xixPart I: Using the Nikon D700 ................................. 1Chapter 1: Exploring the Nikon D700 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3Chapter 2: Nikon D700 Essentials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31Chapter 3: Setting Up the Nikon D700 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35Part II: Capturing Great Images with the Nikon D700 .......... 113Chapter 4: Selecting and Using Lenses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .115Chapter 5: Essential Photography Concepts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .141Chapter 6: Working with Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .159Chapter 7: Advanced Shooting Techniques . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .191Chapter 8: Viewing and In-Camera Editing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 225Part III: Appendixes....................................... 235Appendix A: Accessories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .237Appendix B: D700 Specications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 243Appendix C: Online Resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 249Glossary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 251Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 257 </li><li> 8. ContentsAcknowledgments vii Shooting Info Display 24Chapter 2: Nikon D700Part I: Using the Essentials31Nikon D7001Chapter 1: Exploring the NikonD700 3Exposure Modes31 Programmed Auto32 Aperture Priority33 Shutter Priority 34 Manual 35Metering Modes36D700 FX-format CMOS Sensor 3 Matrix 36 From analog to digital4 Center-weighted38 CMOS versus CCD 4 Spot 39 CCD 4Focus Modes 39 CMOS4 How the D700 autofocus Pixels5 works39 Micro-lenses5Phase detection 40 Interpreting color5Contrast detection40Key Components of the D700 5 Continuous 40 Top of the camera 6 Single 41 Back of the camera8 Manual 41 Front of the camera11Autofocus Area Modes41 Right front12 Single-area AF 42 Left front 13 Dynamic-area AF42 Sides and bottom of camera 149 points43 Right side 1421 points 43 Left side1551 points 43 Bottom 1551 points (3D-tracking) 43Viewnder Display 16 Auto-area AF 43Control Panel 20 </li><li> 9. ISO Sensitivity 44 Playback Menu 65Auto ISO44Delete 66Noise reduction 45Playback folder67Long exposure NR46Hide image 67High ISO NR 46Display mode 67White Balance 47Image review 68What is Kelvin? 47After delete 68White balance settings48Rotate tall69Picture Controls51Slide show 69Original Picture Controls 51Print set (DPOF) 69Optional Picture Controls 52 Shooting Menu 70Custom Picture Controls 52Shooting menu bank 70JPEG57Reset shooting menu72TIFF59Active folder72Image Size59File naming73Image Quality 59Image quality73NEF (RAW) 60Image size 74Type of compression 60Image area 74Bit depth 61JPEG compression 75Live View 63NEF (RAW) recording75White balance76Chapter 3: Setting Up Using standard WBthe Nikon D70065 settings76Choosing a color temperature 77Preset white balance 78Set Picture Control80Manage Picture Control 81Color space82Active D-Lighting82Vignette control 83Long exp. NR 84High ISO NR84ISO sensitivity settings 85Live view85Multiple exposure85Interval timer shooting86 Custom Settings Menu87Custom setting bank87Reset custom settings87CSM a Autofocus87a1 AF-C priority selection 87a2 AF-S priority selection 88 </li><li> 10. a3 Dynamic AF area 88 d11 Battery order94a4 Focus tracking with CSM e Bracketing/ash 95 lock-on 89 e1 Flash sync speed95a5 AF activation 89 e2 Flash shutter speed 95a6 AF point illumination 89 e3 Flash cntrl fora7 Focus point built-in ash95 wrap-around 89 e4 Modeling ash96a8 AF point selection89 e5 Auto bracketing set96a9 Built-in AF-assist e6 Auto bracketing illuminator 89(Mode M) 96a10 AF-ON for MB-D10 90 e7 Bracketing order 96CSM b Metering/exposure90CSM f Controls 96b1 ISO sensitivity step f1 Switch 96 value 90 f2 Multi selector centerb2 EV steps for exposure button 97 cntrl.91 f3 Multi selector 98b3 Exp comp/ne tune 91 f4 Photo info/playback98b4 Easy exposuref5 Assign FUNC. button98 compensation91f6 Assign previewb5 Center-weighted area91button100b6 Fine tune optimalf7 Assign AE-L/AF-L exposure91button100CSM c Timers/AE lock 92 f8 Shutter spd &amp;c1 Shutter-release aperture lock 100 button AE-L 92 f9 Customizec2 Auto meter-off delay92command dials 100c3 Self-timer delay92 f10 Release buttonc4 Monitor off delay 92to use dial 101CSM d Shooting/display 92 f11 No memory card?101d1 Beep92 f12 Reverse indicators 101d2 Viewnder grid Setup Menu 101 display 92Format memory card102d3 Screen tips 93LCD brightness102d4 CL mode shootingClean image sensor102 speed 93Lock mirror up for cleaning 103d5 Max. continuous Video mode103 release 93 HDMI103d6 File number World time103 sequence93 Language103d7 Shooting info display 94 Image comment 104d8 LCD illumination94 Auto image rotation 104d9 Exposure delay mode94Dust off ref photo104d10 MB-D10 battery Battery info104 type94Wireless transmitter105 </li><li> 11. Image authentication 105 Third-Party Lenses 135 Copyright information105Sigma 135 Save/load settings 105Tamron136 GPS105Tokina137 Virtual horizon106 Lens Accessories 137 Non-CPU lens data106Teleconverters137 AF ne tune107Extension tubes 138 Firmware version 108Filters 138Retouch Menu108My Menu 109 Chapter 5: EssentialQuick Settings Display110 Photography Concepts141Part II: Capturing GreatImages with the NikonD700113Chapter 4: Selecting andUsing Lenses115Wide-Angle and Ultrawide Lenses 116 When to use a wide-angle lens 119 Understanding limitations119 Exposure141Mid-Range or Standard ZoomShutter speed 142 Lenses 120 Using fast shutter speeds 142Telephoto Lenses123 Using slow shutter speeds 143Special Purpose Lenses126 ISO 145 Perspective Control lenses 126 Aperture146 Macro (Micro-NIKKOR) Understanding Depth of Field146 lenses 128 Exposure Compensation 148 Fisheye lenses 129 Histograms149Using VR Lenses 130 Bracketing154Using DX Lenses 131 White Balance bracketing157 </li><li> 12. Chapter 6: WorkingFlash Exposure Compensation 168with Light159 Fill ash 168Bounce ash 170Nikon Creative Lighting System Basics171Understanding the Creative Lighting System172Speedlights 173 SB-900 Speedlight173 SB-800 Speedlight174 SB-600 Speedlight174 SB-400 Speedlight175 SU-800 WirelessSpeedlightcommander 175 R1/R1C1 Macro ash 176Using the Built-In Speedlight 177Studio Strobes178Continuous Lighting 181Incandescent and halogen182Fluorescent 183HMI 184Light Modiers184Umbrellas 184Natural Light 159Softboxes 185D700 Flash Basics 160Diffusion panels186 Achieving proper exposures 161Other light modiers187 Guide Number 161 Aperture 162Chapter 7: Advanced Distance 162Shooting Techniques 191 GN / Distance = Aperture 162 Flash exposure modes 162 i-TTL162 Manual 163 Auto 163 Auto Aperture163 Guide Number distancepriority163 Repeating ash 163 Flash sync modes 164 Action and Sports Photography 191 Sync speed 164Techniques 193 Front-curtain sync 165Action and sports Red-eye reduction165photography tips 196 Slow sync166 Rear-curtain sync167 </li><li> 13. Architectural Photography196 Retouch Menu Options228Perspective197D-Lighting 228Architectural photography Red-eye correction 228 tips199Trim 229Concert Photography200Monochrome 229Techniques 201Filter effects 231Concert photography tips 204Color balance231Macro Photography205Image overlay232Macro lens alternatives206Side-by-side comparison233Macro photography tips 207Night Photography208Techniques 208 Part III: Appendixes 235Night photography tips 209 Appendix A: Accessories 237Portrait Photography 210Studio considerations211Portrait lighting patterns 212Posing and compositionconsiderations 214Indoor 217Outdoor218Portrait photography tips219Product and Still-Life Photography 219Considerations 219Product and still-life MB-D10 Battery Grip 237photography tips 221 WT-4a Wireless Transmitter238Wildlife Photography 221 ML-3 Modulite RemoteConsiderations 222Control Set239Wildlife photography tips224 MC-36 Multi-Function RemoteCord 239Chapter 8: Viewing and Tripods 239In-Camera Editing225When to use a tripod 240Which tripod is right for you? 241 Camera Bags and Cases 241 Appendix B: D700 Specications 243Viewing Your Images225The Retouch menu 226 </li><li> 14. Appendix C: OnlinePhoto Sharing and CritiquingSites250Resources 249Flickr.com 250Photoworkshop.com250ShotAddict.com 250Online Photography Magazines 250Communication Arts 250Digital Photographer 250Digital Photo Pro250Outdoor Photographer 250Photo District News250Popular PhotographyInformational Web Sites 249 &amp; Imaging250Nikonusa.com249 Shutterbug 250Nikon School249Glossary 251Nikonians.org 249Photo.net 250Index257 </li><li> 15. IntroductionWelcome to the Nikon D700 Digital Field Guide. This guide is a handy reference book to getyou started using your new camera and help you understand the different features andfunctions that this amazing camera offers.It is aimed at a wide variety of readers, from beginners to advanced amateurs. Some of youare familiar with many of the concepts, while others of you may be new to digital photogra-phy with a digital single lens reex (dSLR) or new to photography altogether. Youll ndsections to help you, regardless of your level.With its many different buttons and features, the D700 can be daunting. My goal is toexplain these settings and features as clearly as possible as you learn the layout of the D700and how to use the features out in the eld.About the D700The D700 is the little brother to the D3, which came on t...</li></ol>