Introduction to Wildlife Photography 2014

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    06-Sep-2014

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An introduction to wildlife photography

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  • Wildlife Photography By David Elms

What is the best Camera? Compact Bridge Camera Consumer SLR Professional SLR Remember the quality of the lens has a big effect on the quality of the final image Fill the Frame 14 x 7 Squares = 98 10 MP = 10,000,000 Pixels 10,000,000 / 100 = 100,000 Pixels Therefore the Rabbit is 1 hundredth of the total image size Or less then 1 Mega Pixel Fill the Frame Fill the Frame Get as close to the subject as possible using what ever method you can if you intend to crop the image or blow it up for printing or any visual application. Circle of Alertness Get close to your subject Camera Options Digital Zoom Optical Zoom Teleconverters Telephoto Lenses Human Options Practice Field Craft Knowledge Focal Length 18mm Focal Length 35mm Focal Length 50mm Focal Length 100mm Focal Length 200mm Focal Length 300mm Focal Length 400mm Focal Length 600mm Focal Length 800mm The Basics - Part 1 Know your Camera work out the best settings. Highest Resolution (Raw/Jpeg) Mode = Aperture Priority Metering = Evaluative/Matrix Focus Pattern = Ai Servo or Predictive Focus Focus Mode = Continuous Focus / Single Focus Shooting Mode = Single or Multishot. The Basics Part 2 Remember the old adage F8 and youre there. i.e. F8, ISO 400 is a good starting point Know your Kit Remember that light is king Time of day Sunrise & Sunset warms. Position of sun to subject. Understand how to combat poor or bright light. Use filters, polarisers as required. Remember without light you will have no image. Practice makes perfect Get out and practice Zoos Safari Parks Parks Garden Countryside Nature Reserves Holidays Other Locations Pros See species that you normally wouldn't encounter Cons Glass or wires can prove tricky to remove Zoos and Safari Parks Zoos and Safari Parks Pros See species that you normally wouldn't encounter Allows you to get close to the wildlife Cons Glass or wires can prove tricky to remove Tags, rings or markings will give the game away Pros See species that you normally wouldn't encounter Allows you to get close to the wildlife Allows you to see many different species in a limited time Cons Glass or wires can prove tricky to remove Tags, rings or markings will give the game away Backgrounds can be problematic Zoos and Safari Parks Pros No or Low cost Cons Furniture and Backgrounds can be problematic Parks and Gardens Pros No or Low cost Can spend long hours on location with facilities close to hand. Cons Furniture and Backgrounds can be problematic. May have limited wildlife available Parks and Gardens Pros No or Low cost Can spend long hours on location with facilities close to hand. You can modify the environment to attract different species. Cons Furniture and Backgrounds can be problematic. May have limited wildlife available. Finding suitable quiet times Parks and Gardens Pros Photograph wildlife in their natural habitat. Cons Distance to subject can cause problems Countryside and Reserves Pros Photograph wildlife in their natural habitat. Access to other like minded people. Cons Distance to subject can cause problems. Other people may become a distraction or a hindrance. Countryside and Reserves Pros Photograph wildlife in their natural habitat. Access to other like minded people. Availability of multiple habitats within a small radius of yourself. Cons Distance to subject can cause problems. Other people may become a distraction or a hindrance. You can never be sure what you will find (or not find). Countryside and Reserves Pros Combine your photography with a relaxing break. Cons You may not be able to devote as much time to photography as you would like. Holidays Pros Combine your photography with a relaxing break. A little planning can help reduce time and costs. Cons You may not be able to devote as much time to photography as you would like. Additional kit to carry. Holidays Pros Combine your photography with a relaxing break. A little planning can help reduce time and costs. You never know what you will find Thats half of the fun. Cons You may not be able to devote as much time to photography as you would like. Additional kit to carry. You may have to accept that sometimes you cant get the perfect shot. Holidays My Fish Tank Other places of interest My Fish Tank Conservation and Animal welfare organisations Other places of interest My Fish Tank Conservation and Animal welfare organisations Friends Gardens Pets Work Hobbies Other places of interest Common Issues Wrong settings Practice, always take a test shot. Subject too distant Get closer! Subject out of focus Focus on the eyes Camera Shake Brace it or increase shutter speed Motion Blur Increase shutter speed or light. Be patient! Be prepared have you camera ready. Keep you eye on the ball you never know what is going to happen next. Keep a cool head. Keep still and quiet. Have patience sometimes it all falls into place beautifully. Close-ups. Place the subject in its environment. Look for interesting angles. Aim to remove clutter. Keep the eyes sharp. Consider alternative camera settings. Consider Composition Composition Rules Remember what you have learnt before Rule of thirds Odd numbers work better Get down to the subjects level Work your subject Take plenty of photos Remember you can always change crops etc post capture. Know Your Subject What is its habitat? What does it eat? When is it active? Does it migrate / hibernate? When does it breed and Is it more active/visible during the time? Does it have seasonal coats? How close can you get to it? So in short Know your Kit. Know your subject. Practice. Be patient. Take images of the subjects normal behaviour. Look for interesting/unusual behaviour. Take many shots, use few. Remember the Country code etc. Take only pictures, leave only footprints. Thanks!

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