Biswajit Ray. December 1 st , 2007 The Baroque


Embed Size (px)



Citation preview

Page 1: Baroque

Biswajit Ray.December 1st ,


The Baroque

Page 2: Baroque


Striving to Impress

Page 3: Baroque

Baroque: Definition• A period of history :1600 – 1750

• A description of artistic/musical style after the Renaissance

• Originally a derogatory term:means excessive ornamentation of art, clothes, architecture, music.

Page 4: Baroque

Causes and Origins

• Counter reformation movement (glory of the church)

• Rulers wanted a style signifying glory

• Artist’s desire to be more expressive

• Originated in Italy

Page 5: Baroque


• How does Baroque compare with the Renaissance?

• Unique contributions– Emotion/Religious fervor/Realism– Dramatic (light and shade/perspective)– Exploration of form (elaborateness,

exaggeration) but all in control– Virtuosity

Page 6: Baroque

Architecture and Sculpture

Page 7: Baroque

Architecture Style

Versailles- Landscaping

Hall of MirrorsExtravagance

Page 8: Baroque
Page 9: Baroque

Gian Lorenzo Bernini

Baldacchino (Altar covering in St. Peters)

Page 10: Baroque



Page 11: Baroque

Different Countries, Different Styles

Present constant characteristics but acquires originality in each country.

Zacatecas Cathedral, Mexico

In South America, indigenous art is introduced to complement the typical barroque columns, pilars and cornices

Page 12: Baroque

Rococo Rococo was the French interior design answer to the Barroque movement.

Elegant and ornate furniture (shell like curves), small sculptures, ornamental mirrors, and tapestry complementing architecture, reliefs, and wall paintings.

Page 13: Baroque

THE PAINTERSMasters of the light

• Caravaggio - Italy• El Greco - Spain• Velazquez - Spain• Rubens - Belgium• Van Dyke - Belgium• Rembrandt - Holland• Vermeer - Holland• De La Tour - France

Page 14: Baroque

Caravaggio (Michelangelo Merisi)

• The Calling of Saint Matthew – Chiaroscuro– Realism

Page 15: Baroque

El Greco

• The Burial of Count Orgaz– Religious fervor– Virtuosity (color)

Page 16: Baroque

Diego Velazque

z• Las Meninas

(Maids of Honor)– Perspective– Virtuosity (detail)– The art of

creating art (similar to the view of literature making literature in Don Quixote)

Page 17: Baroque

Peter Paul RubensHenri IV

Receiving the Portrait of Marie De Medici

Rape of the Daughters of


Page 18: Baroque

Anthony Van DykeCharles I on Horseback

Charles I: King of England at the Hunt

Page 19: Baroque

Rembrandt: Night Watch

Page 20: Baroque

Jan VermeerThe Art of Painting

Study of a Young Woman

Page 21: Baroque

Georges de La TourChrist in the

Carpenter’s Shop

Page 22: Baroque


Page 23: Baroque

Baroque Music Innovations

• Invention of Opera• Homophony• Development of the orchestra and types

of orchestration• Development of new forms of vocal music• Development of purely instrumental

music• New instruments• Temperament

Page 24: Baroque

Invention of Opera

• Singing and orchestra work together• Use of an overture, several acts, etc• Size of the orchestra increased• Homophony

Page 25: Baroque

Baroque Music Innovations

• Purely instrumental music– Counterpoint (a type of polyphony)

• Fugues– Sonata, concerto, suite

Page 26: Baroque

Violin Invention

• Cremona, Italy– Amati, Stradivari, Guarneri

• Became the heart of the orchestra• Construction has not changed

Page 27: Baroque

Baroque composers

Page 28: Baroque

Antonio Vivaldi

• “Red Priest”• Details and complexity• Operas• Influenced Bach• The Four Seasons

Page 29: Baroque

Johann Sebastian Bach

• Musical Contributions:– Over 1000 pieces in every genre except

opera– Cantatas (one per week for 8 years)– Protestant themes (in search of God)– Counterpoint/fugue– Complex compositions (upside down)– Hymns (A Mighty Fortress)– Brandenburg Concertos

Page 30: Baroque

“Since the best man could not be obtained, mediocre ones would

have to be accepted.”

-Leipzig town council member commenting on the hiring of Bach

Page 31: Baroque

George Frederick Handel

• Oratorios– Long text with chorus and orchestra– No costumes and staging– Developed after lack of interest for operas

• Messiah– Overture– Glory to God– Hallelujah Chorus

Page 32: Baroque


• Cervantes – (Spain) = Don Quixote

• John Milton – (England) = Paradise Lost