How It All Came About
What You Need To Know As
A Hobby Or Profession
What Factors Should You
Consider To Make Sure
You Choose The Right
PHOTOGRAPHY Why Your interest
Matters To Your
1. History Of Photography 1
2. Basics Of Photography 4
3. Choosing A Photography School 7
4. Choosing A Subject In Photography 10
5. Finding Photography Online 14
6. Candid Photography 17
HISTORY OF PHOTOGRAPHY
Have you ever wondered where modern photography originated?
While we are now moving into the digital age and away from film, the lighting techniques and
other photography techniques began in the 1820s.
Louis Daguerre and Joseph Niepce were the
first inventors of modern photography.
They used a chemical component from silver
and chalk, which darkens when exposed to light.
This type of technology used a glass negative to
cement the picture.
From the early cameras seen in western films
we have moved on to manual cameras with film.
This film or negative captured the image on a
roll to be developed in a dark room to prevent
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The manual cameras used a theory of setting up shots. You had to understand aperture,
shutter speed, white balance, and metering to obtain the best picture possible.
This meant you spent a lot of time setting up the shot and had to be a professional to catch
wildlife in their natural habits.
Aperture is measured by F-stops, or the amount of light the lens will let in.
Focusing and depth of field are also important when setting the aperture on your camera.
You have to know what numbers will allow more light to enter the lens and the converse to
avoid over exposure and blurriness.
Shutter speed is the amount of time a lens is open for the picture.
You may have found in a darkened room without flash your camera takes a while to imprint
the picture on the negative.
This is because the light is dim and the shutter must correct for the lack of light.
The lack of light induces a need to expose the film longer to obtain the picture where as more
light will have the shutter moving at a faster speed.
History Of Photography 3
From the manual cameras we moved into the automatic. The camera became lighter.
The shutter speed and aperture was programmed into the camera by the settings. ISO
became important. ISO is the film speed.
Instead of taking minutes to set up a shot you just had to pick the correct setting and hold
the button down to focus.
Many cameras came as automatic with manual options for those who still liked to treat
photography as an artistic vocation.
Digital cameras are the new era in photography. Now we can see the picture we take
without the use of film and negatives.
We can send the pictures to all of our friends and use our home printers to create prints.
Photography has moved from the concentration of taking the perfect shot with a skill born to
a few to everyone taking pictures.
This is not to say photography and photographers will not remain. There is still the need for
quality in taking professional grade photographs.
Light sensitivity is still important when dealing with a digital camera and unless you spend a
lot, you will find quality of photographs is still missing.
Photograph techniques lay within the lighting provided whether natural or artificial for the
You might wonder how to create a photograph in a dark room like a museum to share with
your friends and family.
Knowing the past photography techniques will help you in attaining that perfect photograph
with your digital camera.
Photography may have originated with few people, but we can see the advancements their
inventions have led us to now.
BASICS OF PHOTOGRAPHY
If you are a sports fan, you know what it means when a team goes into a rebuilding year.
It is just when the owners or coaches decide its time to train new members and correct bad
habits in others.
And invariably,what team leadership says when they go into such a time is that they are
going back to basics.
Sometimes its good for us as photographers to go back to basics.
And, of course, if you are just getting started in the world of photography and want to learn
the ropes, the basics are a natural start.
But you want the basics of what the professionals know about the craft of photography.
Anybody can take a picture. I attended a wedding reception where the wedding party left a
disposable digital camera on each table at the reception for guests to snap photos.
Basics Of Photography 5
Before the evening was over, it was the children who were running around taking pictures of
everything from the dirty dishes to their own underwear.
These were not photographers and while those pictures will no doubt get a few chuckles,
these are not the kind of professional pictures people want for their long-term memories.
Obviously, the cornerstone of the basics of photography is the camera.
When you see a camera geek walking around with enough equipment on his neck to launch a
space shuttle, you get the impression that cameras are phenomenally complex, more than
mere mortals can grasp.
But look at the professionals and you see them working with portable, relatively easy to
That is because the basics of running a camera come down to aperture and shutter speed.
Now dont get nervous about fancy terms. Aperture is just a term for how wide your camera
lens is open to let in light.
And shutter speed is just how long you let the light come in to affect the picture.
For getting a shot of a fast moving event, you want a wide aperture to let in a lot of light but
a short shutter speed so you capture the event quickly and close the window so the picture is
caught before more light hurts the quality.
Photography is really all about light. You can and will get learn a lot about lenses and flash photography and other ways to turn the control over the lighting of a shot to you.
So add to your core skills of photography a willingness to never stop learning.
The better and more sophisticated you get in your ability to work with the equipment, the
more you will learn and the more you will want to learn.
You can get a greater control over these basic controls of the camera such as aperture and
shutter speed by learning how to switch from automatic settings to manual settings.
The automatic settings of any camera are just there for the general public who are not
interested in learning the basics.
So they give you some basic settings like landscape, portrait and sports settings. By
switching to manual, you can learn what settings work best in different situations.
And that takes us to the most important basic about becoming a great photographer and that
Take some time with your equipment and play with it.
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Take it to situations and take photos with different aperture and shutter speed settings, in
outdoor and indoor settings and different orientations to light.
Dont get upset when some shots dont work.
Thats part of the learning curve.
By learning by doing, you will build your confidence in your work and eventually become a
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CHOOSING A PHOTOGRAPHY SCHOOL
There are many places you can learn photography, but what is the right place for you?
Sure there are online schools and courses, but they wont give you the hands on information
You need other students and the teachers eye to become a better photographer. The online
classes do have their uses for instance giving you the basic information to study.
It can be difficult to choose the right school. Some require recommendation while others
The information you wish to glean from a photography class will make part of the decision
For instance in a college setting that does not specialize in photography will offer the basic levels, but may not offer you an internship with a professional photographer in your field.
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If you are looking for photography as a hobby these basic level classes will often give you the
information you need to produce pictures you can be proud of.
Specialized schools as with any others will allow for more information on a specific topic.